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Station 1

Vampire bats drink blood. Their throats


are so small they cannot swallow solid
food, yet they have molars (teeth) for
chewing.

The molars in a vampire bat are an example of


which type of structure?
According to evolutionary theory, explain why
vampire bats have molars.

Station 2

Cacti and porcupines both have spines


that allow them to protect themselves
from predators. Look at the picture below
for more information.

Made up of modified
leaves
Mad up of
modified hairs

Which term best describes the structures found


on both the cactus and the porcupine?

What does this suggest about the evolution of


these two organisms?

Station 3

Below are parts of the mitochondrial DNA


codes for the American black bear, the
giant panda, the red panda, and the
raccoon.

Based on this information, which two species


are most closely related?

Which species is least closely related?

What does this evidence suggest about the


evolution of these organisms?

Station 4

Examine the images below and use it to


answer the questions that follow.

Explain why a human hand and a whale flipper


are examples of homologous structures. (Hint:
think about what the prefix homo means)

What does this suggest about humans and


whales?

Station 5

Animals have muscles that allow them to


move their ears around and focus on
sounds of approaching predators. Some
humans have muscles that allow them to
wiggle their ears, but cant turn them
toward sound.

What type of structure best describes the


muscles used by some people to wiggle their
ears?
How does this help support evolution?

Station 6

Each leaf on the plant below has a very


different shape and function, yet each is
derived from a common ancestor.
Common
ancestor

Which term best describes the leaves above?


Be careful this is a tricky one!
Give evidence to support the answer you
chose.

Station 7

Plants have evolved different ways of


standing up against gravity. Some plants
that dont have strong stems will grow
little vine like extensions called tendrils.
These tendrils can attach to other objects
to hold the plant up.
The plant below has
adapted to create
tendrils made up of
leaf tissue in order to
hold itself up.

The plant below has


adapted to create
tendrils made up of
tissues from the
stem in order to hold
itself upright.

What kind of structure is displayed in the


tendrils of the plants above?

Why did both plants evolve to have similar


traits?

Station 8

Scientists are studying how four species


of deer are related. The scientists believe
that Species 1 is the common ancestor.
The four species have some traits in
common. They also have traits that are
unique to their species.

Scientists used the process of gel


electrophoresis to study the relatedness
of the four deer species.

Identify which species is most closely related to


the common ancestor; explain your answer
using the results of their gel electrophoresis

Explain what factors affect this process in the


deer species