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9/19/2014

Wild horse behavior


Working definitions:

Wild horse ... A horse with no ancestral history of domestication


Domesticated horse .. Ancestral history of dependence and peaceful co-existence with Man
Feral horse ... Domesticated horse that manages to function as free-ranging

Female defence
polygymous mating
system in which
_____________
_____________

Bands of horses:
1. Harem or family band
2. Bachelor band
3. Mares/offspring no stallion

Band size influenced by:


1.

2.

3.

4.

9/19/2014

Working definitions:
Herd:

Home range:

Birds eye view of a typical band


of horses, with a mare in the lead,
a single file of females and
juveniles behind, and the stallion
keeping the others in line.

Territoriality:
Defined in the classic sense where bands defend
areas of exclusive use against other bands has only
been reported in a few cases .
Habitat Selection depends on:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

9/19/2014

Horses need:
Food
Water
Freedom to move
Opportunity to rest

Free ranging horses:


Eating or Resting = 90 - 98% of their time
Drinking, grooming, aggressive and reproductive behavior = 2 - 10% of their time

Social interactions

Rank or hierarchy
1
2
3
4

Reproduction

Post- partum parental care