You are on page 1of 11

FLUID POWER SYSTEMS

THE PROBLEM

Pressure

Movinginduced
pressure shock

Hydraulic capacitor
absorbing

Stroke

Hydraulic accumulators

ACCUMULATOR
A type of power storage devices,
functioning as a temporal storage tank
of fluid energy to provide or absorb
momentary flow.

An accumulator can serve as


o
o
o
o
o

an auxiliary power source,


a pulsation absorber,
a shock damper,
a leakage makeup source, and
a thermal expansion compensator

FUNCTIONS OF AN ACCUMULATOR
o
o
o
o
o
o

Energy storage
Pulsation absorption
Shock cushioning
Supplementing pump flow
Maintaining pressure
Fluid dispensing

TYPES COMMONLY USED


ACCUMULATORS

Weight-loaded

Spring-loaded

Pressure gas-loaded

SPRING LOADED ACCUMULATORS

Qk

d P Ppreload

dt

In a spring loaded accumulator, a


change in fluids volume is
proportional to its pressure.
As the spring compression
increases as fluid enters the
chamber and decreases as the
accumulator is discharged, the
pressure is not constant.

POWER REGENERATION DEVICES

-- PRESSURE INTENSIFIER

POWER REGENERATION DEVICES

-- TWO SPEED CYLINDER

POWER REGENERATION DEVICES

-- STAND-BY RECHARGER

10

LECTURE SUMMARY
Discussed the basic principles of different
types of hydraulic power regulation devices:
Hydraulic Shock absorber/hydraulic spring
Hydraulic Accumulator
Hydraulic power regenerators

11