Tigers

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By: Alec Venter Gr. 5 B
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Introduction!

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Tiger Territory!

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Tiger Appearances!

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Females and Babies!

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Ligers!

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Tiglon!

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Marking their Prey !

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Extinction and what is left of them !

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Fun Facts !

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Glossary!

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Introduction!

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Tigers are the most majestic animals on earth and there are not that
many left of these tigers. In 1970 there were so many tigers that no one
cared about their population, until poachers started realising how much
worth tigers are. Their population decreased by insane amounts and
caught everyones attention. Now there are approximately 3,300 left in
the world. People should not give up on this species, they should try to
save this breed and keep this majestic animal, which is so amazing to
learn about, alive. Learn about them here and tell the world to help this
animal in need. !

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Tiger Territory!

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Tropical rain forests, evergreen forests, mangrove swamps,
grasslands, savannahs, and temperate forests, tigers live in all sorts of
places. If tigers live in the mountains it will most likely go to the top of
the peak because it loves to have a towering vantage over it’s territory. A
tiger loves his towering vantage to look if other animals trespass. There
is only one male or female in a territory. A tiger marks its territory by
scratching the trees or spraying urine around its territory. Other tigers
will then know if it is a territory that is owned by another. These felines’
territory can be from 25 to 95 square kilometres. It usually chooses a big
territory with lots of space to be able to hunt and also to have secluded
areas for a female to litter her cubs.


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Tiger Appearances!

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If you think of a cat you think of a cute and cuddly animal. Not this
cat, this is a 317 kg, 4 - 10 foot long and vicious wild animal. A tiger has
a golden brown and orange coat with black stripes to help blend in with
the surroundings. Tigers have strong bodies and sharp claws to hunt
and to kill their prey. They have long tails to stabilise their balance and
they have strong and long legs to jump high and far. These predators
have about 36 teeth and it’s front canine teeth can reach up to lengths
of 10 centimetres, but usually it averages between 6.3 and 7.6
centimetres. A tiger also has a rough tongue to take off the skin of its
food. Tigers have whiskers to feel in the dark and they are also
nocturnal animals so they can see extremely well in the dark. Tigers in
captivity don’t live extremely long, only about 20-26 years and can weigh
up to 700 pounds (317.5 kg).
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Spot the tiger!!!!

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Females and Babies!
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Females give birth to between two and six cubs at a time. The word
cub or whelp means baby tigers. Female tigers give birth nearly every
two years. The female litters the cubs in a secluded area and it only
takes approximately one hour for the female to give birth. Cubs only
weigh two pounds on average when born. Cubs can not hunt until they
are 18 months old and remain with their mothers until they are two or
three. When the cubs are old enough they can disperse to their own
area and concur their own territory. The only way to produce a white
tiger or a white lion is through inbreeding brother to sister or father to
daughter.!

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Ligers!
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Female tigers do not just like male tigers but also male lions … This
may sound weird but in captivity there are ligers. When only a female
tiger and a male lion mate they make ligers but that is very rare and the
cubs are usually held in captivity.!

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Tiglon!
Tiglons are the
opposites of ligers. This means that the male tiger
mates with a female lion and make a tiglon. This
species is even more rare than the liger. In captivity
there are only two that are known of. 


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Marking their Prey !

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Tigers don’t have knives to slit the prey’s throat, they only have
approximately 6.3 to 7.6 centimetres canine teeth. The tiger crouches
down and softly walks to their target, this we call stalking. A tiger will not
approach from the front but only from the back. The tigers black stripes
helps to blend in in the swamps, grasslands, and jungles. This
camouflages the predator that the prey can not see the predator coming
from behind. The predator aims for the neck to kill the prey instantly and
also uses its razor sharp claws to dig in and hold its food still. !

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In India people wear masks on the back of their heads when they are
in the wild so that it looks like they have faces on both sides. The tiger
does not approach from the “front” and in this case it means from both
sides. The tiger will most likely leave the masked people alone. A tiger’s
fear is attacking from the front for it could get stabbed by a person’s
spear or shot by a gun.


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Extinction and what is left of them !

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There are about 3,300 tigers
left in the world at this moment
EXTINCT
Javan tiger-1980!
in time. Back in 1970 there
Bali tiger-1930 !
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were about 40,000 tigers in
total and with time the
population decreased by insane amounts. The World Wildlife Fund's
(WWF) goal is to get the population of tigers up to more than double,
and that would roughly be 7,000 in 2022. During the past few years
three types of tigers became extinct in the wild as you can see in the
graph.!
Caspian tiger-1968!

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Tigers are not hunted for fun. They are
poached and people pay poachers to hunt
Malayan!
Indo-Chinese ! and kill them. The average a poacher gets
paid for killing a tiger is approximately 50$.
Amur!
ALIVE
Bengal!
Poachers poach with pleasure for they get
Siberian!
50$ and close to 3,000$ to 6,000$ by
Chinese!
selling their body parts. This much money
Sumatran!
can be made by selling the tiger’s pouch
White!
and teeth only . For killing a tiger the fine
can be up to 160$
Close to extinction but still in
and a sentence of
captivity : South Chinese
a year in a cold
and heartless jail. Almost all tigers live in India.
Lots of poor people live in India and they hunt
tigers to make money. This is most likely their
job. The more rare the animal the more it is
worth. The fur and body parts that is used for
medicine are sold for high prices. This is what is
happening to tigers, these majestic animals are
becoming more extinct every day. People would like to say “We have a
tiger skin” when it is extinct but this is not the right thing to do. We could
rather keep them alive.


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Fun Facts !
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Tigers are the largest member in the cat family.

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A tiger is capable of killing an animal twice its size.

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It is one of natures most feared animals.

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If a tiger loses its canine teeth it can no
longer hunt and is most likely to die.

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A tiger lives alone in its territory.

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Tigers will travel lots of
miles to find prey.

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They can eat up to 21kg a day.
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They kill up to 30 buffaloes a year.
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A roar of a Bengal tiger can be heard
from 2 km away at night.

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Bengal tigers can not out run fleet footed
animals such as deer.
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If a kill is large the tiger will burry it loosely and come back later.

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Ligers are a mix of lions and tigers.

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Glossary!

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Nocturnal!
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- an animal that lives and hunts in the dark and spends most of their life
in the dark!

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Disperse!
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- to distribute and spread over a large area !
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Vantage!
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- a place or positions affording a good view of something!
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Seclude!
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- a place not seen or visited by many people or animals!
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Predator!
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- an animal that naturally preys on others.!
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Prey!
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- an animal that is hunted and killed by another for food.!
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Sources !

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www.onekind.org/be_inspired/animals_a_z/tiger/!
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www.google.com!
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www.todayonline.com!
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www.answers.com!
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http://www.tigers.org.za/jaws-and-teeth.html!
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http://bigcatrescue.org/abuse-issues/issues/white-tigers/ !
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Go to this site to
contact WWF to help
tigers in need !!!!
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http://www.worldwildlife.org/pages/text-for-tigers

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