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Jack Roosevelt Jackie Robinson

Justin ONeal
Core 2
2/13/15

Early Life

Born on January 31, 1919


Born in Cairo, Georgia
Youngest of 5 Children
Raised in poverty with single mother
Attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior
College
Played football, basketball, baseball, and track at these
schools
A & E Television Networks. "Jackie Robinson."

A&E Television Networks. "About Jackie Robinson." The Jackie Robinson


Foundation. Jackie Robinson Foundation Staff, 2009. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
<http://www.jackierobinson.org/about/jackie.php>.

Biography. A&E Television Network,


2015. Web. 6 Mar. 2015.
<http://www.biography.com/people/
jackie-robinson-9460813>.

Later Life
Finished College career at UCLA, where he was forced to leave because
of financial problems ( right before graduation)
Moved to Hawaii and played semi-pro Honolulu Bears
Left season early because he was called into the army
From 1942-1944, he served as a Second Lieutenant
He never even saw combat
Arrested because he would not move to the back of the segregated bus
during boot camp
1.A&E Television Networks. "About Jackie Robinson." The Jackie Robinson
Foundation. Jackie Robinson Foundation Staff, 2009. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
<http://www.jackierobinson.org/about/jackie.php>.
2.National Baseball Hall of Fame Staff. "Jackie Robinson." Baseball Hall. National
Baseball Hall of Fame Staff, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
<http://baseballhall.org/hof/robinson-jackie>.

Later Life Cont.

After leaving the Army in 1944, he played Pro Baseball


At this time the sport was segregated
Played in the Negro Leagues, until Vice President, Branch Rickey, for the Brooklyn Dodgers
chose him to integrate baseball
He played for the farm team for the Brooklyn Dodgers, Montreal Royals,in 1945
Rickey made Robinson promise not to fight when confronted with racism, because Rickey knew
hard times were coming

1.A&E Television Networks. "About Jackie Robinson." The Jackie Robinson


Foundation. Jackie Robinson Foundation Staff, 2009. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.

<http://www.jackierobinson.org/about/jackie.php>.

2.National Baseball Hall of Fame Staff. "Jackie Robinson." Baseball Hall. National
Baseball Hall of Fame Staff, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.
<http://baseballhall.org/hof/robinson-jackie>.

Racial Abuse During Baseball

From the beginning of Robinsons Dodgers career he was tested


Some of his teammates protested an African-American on the team
People in crowds yelled at Robinson, some even threatened his family
One game with Philadelphia Phillies yelled derogatory terms from the
dugout
Teams went to the point to not even play the Dodgers
The Manager for the Dodgers stood up for Jackie, which set the tone for
the rest of his career as a Dodger

Defended by Some?
League President Ford Frick
Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler
Jewish baseball star Hank Greenberg
Dodgers shortstop Pee Wee Reese
All of these important people defended Jackies rights to
play in the major leagues.
A&E Television Networks. "About Jackie Robinson." The Jackie Robinson
Foundation. Jackie Robinson Foundation Staff, 2009. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
<http://www.jackierobinson.org/about/jackie.php>.

Importance

His success opened the door to other African-American Athletes


Satchel Paige, Willie Hays, and Hank Aaron
Also a vocal champion for African-American Athletes
Civil Rights, social causes, and political causes
Testified on discrimination to the House of Un American Activities
Committee
Publicly called the Yankees racist in 1952
Robison died on October 24, 1972
from heart problems and diabetes.
A&E Television Networks. "About Jackie Robinson." The Jackie Robinson
Foundation. Jackie Robinson Foundation Staff, 2009. Web. 13 Feb. 2015.
<http://www.jackierobinson.org/about/jackie.php>.

Jackie Robinson Letter to President Dwight Eisenhower about Civil Rights