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Unit 4 Notes 4:

Outcomes of the War

What were the 14 points?


Created by US President Woodrow
Wilson
A post war plan designed to create a
just and lasting peace

If you were writing a peace plan to end


WWI, what idea or rule would you be
sure to include?

What were the post war concerns and


goals of France and Great Britain?
Concern: Afraid that Germany would
start another war
Goal: To punish Germany as harshly
as possible

What was the Treaty of


Versailles?

The peace treaty signed at the Paris


Peace Conference (1919) by
Germany and the Allied powers after
World War I

In what ways did they punish


Germany?
Germany
loses
territory of
its country
to France
and Poland
Germany
surrenders
all of its
overseas
colonies in
Africa and
the Pacific

In what ways did they punish


Germany?
Limited the size of their army
Prohibited from importing or
manufacturing weapons or war
material
Prohibited from building or buying
submarines
Could not have an air force

In what ways did they punish


Germany?
Given sole
responsibility for
war (War Guilt)
Forced to pay the
Allies $33 billion in
reparations over
30 years
(estimated to
equal $1 Trillion in
2011)

How did the Treaty of Versailles


change the world map?
Austria-Hungary: Austria, Hungary,
Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia
Ottoman Empire: Turkey
(Independent), Palestine, Iraq, and
Transjordan (British), Syria and
Lebanon (French)
Russia: Finland, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, and Poland

What was the League of


Nations?
An international association whose
goal was to maintain peace among
nations
Woodrow Wilsons 14th point. The
only one adopted by the Treaty of
Versailles

Who was not allowed to join the


League of Nations?
Germany
Left out as a punishment for World War
One

Russia
Left out as a punishment for
surrendering to Germany before the end
of the war

Why did the US reject the Treaty of


Versailles and the League of Nations?
Americans
believed that
their best hope
for peace was
to not get
involved in
European
affairs

How did this rejection affect the


League of Nations?
After WWI the US
was considered the
strongest military in
the world.
Their absence
greatly weakened
the strength of the
League

Why did many countries feel bitter


and cheated as a result of the Treaty?
Germanys African and Asian
colonies: Upset that they were not
granted self-determination, or the
freedom to choose their government,
the way the new European countries
had been. Instead they were treated
as protectorates by Britain and
France.

Why did many countries feel bitter


and cheated as a result of the Treaty?
Germany: The Treaty, especially the war
guilt, created bitterness and hatred in the
hearts of most Germans

Why did many countries feel bitter


and cheated as a result of the Treaty?
Italy and Japan: Both joined the
Allies in the hopes of gaining new
territories, and both gained much
less than what they had hoped for.

Guess which 3 countries start World


War Two.
Germany

Italy

Japan

Why was the League of Nations


considered a dog with no teeth?
Lacked the support of
the United States,
Italy, and Japan
Absence of Germany
and Russia
The League had little
power to settle any
disputes or to take
action on any
complaints

Why was the Treaty of Versailles thought


of as a peace built on quicksand?

The bitterness
created by the
Treaty coupled
with the
weakness of the
League of
Nations all but
guaranteed the
start of a new
war