You are on page 1of 266

7. 10.

SERBIAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY


Occasional editions 5

ORE JANKOVI

SRIN MARIIE
FRO 7th O 10th NTUR

BELGRADE, 2007

7. 10.


7. 10.

, 2007

/ Serbian archaeological society


/ PI Regional
museum and The art gallery Josip Bepo Benkovi Herceg Novi

5 / Occasional editions 5
/ Medieval archaeology

/ Editor
/ Dragica Premovi
/ Reviewed by
/ dr Radomir Popovi
/ dr Gordana Tomovi
/ Proofreading
/ Maja Stefanovi
/ Translated by
/ Dragana Rajkov
/ Typesetting & layout
, / TPA Janus, Belgrade
/ Graphic design by
/ Nenad Petrovi

/ Printed by
, / elnid, Belgrade
/ Circulation
500 / 500 copies
ISBN 978-86-904455-5-4

: , www.rastko.org.yu & www.rastko.net, 21 2007.





7
9

(10)

( . . 27-34, 35-37) 

19

(19), (23), (27), (33), (34), (37), (46), (48), ,


(49), (52)

55

56
6. , 600. (57), 7. 660. (57), 8. ,
9. (61), 9. , 866. (61), 10. ,
924, 10. (62)

866. ( . ) 
(65) (66), , , (67), (68), (68)

(68), , (69)




( . . 89-95) 

65
68
78
78
80

83

, , (85), , (87), (88), , (89),


(96), (104), (105), (106), ,(108), (109), , (116), (117), ,
(120), , , (122), , , (123), , ,
(124), (125), (126), , (128), (129),
(130), (132)

137
(137), (139), (141),
(144), (149), , (154).

157

(158), (159), (159), (160), (160), (162),


(162), (162), (163), (163), (165), (165),
(165), (168)

169

171









173
174
181
185
185
186
186

211

(211), (212), (213), (214), (215),


(225).

231

247

Summary 

259


7-10. ,
. , ,
. ,
. ,

. , .
, ,
. , ,
.
, .
,
, ,
2001. (,
18, 2002: 329-331, 19, 2003: 181). ,
. ,
.
.
.
, .
, ,
, , (,
, ). , , .
.
( ),
. ,
,
, . ,
. .
.
866., .

,
, .

1: 6. 10.


,
VII ,
,
. , ,
,
.
( ).
, ,

7-10. .

.
,
( 2).
;
,
20 . ,
, .
,
,
. , 1.000
5 ,
.
:
,
,
,
.
,
.
,

. ,
: ,
,
,
, ,
.
,
.
, , ,
.

.


.
7-10.
. ,
,
,
, ,
,
,
, .
,
,
e .

,
. ,
, ,
.
,
, .
,
, .

,
.
, ,
9. 11.
. e ,
.
,
, ;
, .
,

.1

.
,

,
.

.
, ,

.
, , ,
, .
.
1

10

.
, ,
,
. ,
, .
.
,
- ,

,
.

, .
13-15.
2/1, 2/2 ( 1970),
, ,
, , , ,
, , , , , .

9-12. .
1979,
,
. ,
, ,

.
,
.
,
.
, ,
, ;
,
.

, -
.
.
,
,
.

,
- .

,
. ,

, ,
.
2

-
;
.2

:
,
,
,

. ,
,
.

, , ,
.
, .
.
,

, ,

. , .


( 1988: 216, . 10, 3),

( 1950: 173, . 183).
,
, ,
,

. ,

, .
,

.

, . ,
, ,
, .

866.

, , ,
.
, ,
,

7-10. :

. , 1988: 1; .

7. 10.

,
,
,
. , ,
,
,

, .




7-10. ,
? ,
?
, , ,
. . ,
, (1952:
65). ,
.
(, )
( 1950: 53, 56),

15. .
19. ,
. .
VII
,
(1959: 63).
12.
,
13. ,
.
,
.
,

, .
(1852),
( )
, Ruinen von Dioclea.
, : ...

,
,
,
( ) .

,
,
( 1913: 75-79).
, ,
;
,
. :
,

11

;
, ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
( 1973: 408-409; ,
1970: 111-112).
,
; ,
, ( 1952: 33, 97).
,

, .
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
( 1987:
299-300, 353-354).
j
( 1967: 94),
.
. 168.
(
1967: 112-113).
,
, (
1967: 195). ,
VII (913-959)
.
(1201-1268), Historia salonitana . IV,

: In terrra uero Getarum, que nunc Seruia seu
Rasia nuncupatur, prope stagnum quoddam ciuitatem fe
cit construi, quam ex suo nomine Diocliam appellauit,
( 1967:
28, . 174).

. , ,
, , ,
,
.
,
.
,
,
,
. e
( ,
), .

. (),
,
.
,

12

. ,
, .
, 7-10.
,
11-14. .
,
7-10. .
10.
VII
, ,
De administrando Imperio.
. , 10. ,
,
,
. ,

, ,
, . , , (
),
,
, ,
.
, ,
,
952-959. .
, ,
, , , (1959:
78). ,

, .

.

, .
,
30
. 29
,

, ,
10. . 31


,
30.
, , 31,
.

(
1996: 119-125) ,
( 1977).
. 29
, 35,


.
VII
, , ,
,
. 68.
( ) , 9-10.
.

,
II (
).
, ,
.
, ,
,
.

29
, (Dikleia),
, ,

().

.
(t Dektera), (t `Raosin),
(t Asplaqon), (t Tetraggorin),
(t Didwra), ( Arbh), ( Bkla)
(t Oysara),3
.4
, ,

,
,
. ,
,
, 36
(t
Botoba) ( `Rssa )
(t kstron t Dektera, t ktw).
(. )
15 . ,
, ,
:
. ,
, ,
, , 100 .
, , ,

. ,
40
.
, ,

1991: 131, , , , , , , .

, 151, .

7. 10.


. , ,

,

,
( )
.
5
(Sklabrhontaj)
.
,
,
La,
(),
. ,
,
(`Raousaoi).
(Ptaura),
,
, ,
, , ,
,
.
, ,
,
.
: ,
, , ,
.
500 ,
VII 6457 (= 948/9) .

30
( Dikleia) ,
. (tn Elissn), (tn Elknion)
(tn Antbarin) ,
.
( rhonta Terbounaj)
, 6
.

32


, (

),

;
, ,
.
5

, 117, ... ...

. 1959: 34, . 108

13

34
.
,

,
. ...
, . ...
: ( ),
(t Ormj), (t `Rsena), (t
Loukbetai), (t Zetlbh).

35
( Diokleaj)
, ,
,
.
,
, , , ,
.
,
(Dikleia).
:
(t Grdetai), (t Nougrde),
(t Lontodkla).
,
,
( , ).
,
,
.

, ( 1959:
63, . 229).
7-10. ,
, ;
.
925. 928,
A
Hi
st

oria

sa

lo

nitan


maior,
,
. (
rex)
, (
dux
) , ,
( 96-105);
(Srborum 1967: 98-99)
(
Urborum 1973: 255-264).
,
,
, .
11-12.
.



. 11.
,

14

(1966: 157),
(1966:
159); , (1966:
160-161). , ,
(1966: 162).

. (
)
(1966: 210-211);
( )
(1966: 212).

, , .
,
, 822.
( 1981: 147).

.
, , ,
, , regi

Dioclie, Dalmatie,
Tribunie, Toplize et Cosne.
( 1997: 27-28),
12.
. ,
,
, , ,
, , , , (1988: 73).

;

()
,
(1988: 93). ,
.

,
(1988: 109),
,


(1988: 117-118).

, ,
,
, ,
, , , ,
, , , ,
, , . (1924: 3-4).

, ,
, ,
,
,
, ,
, , .

, , ;

.
(1924: 24).

.
, () ,

, .
,
, ,
( ),

( ).
, ,
... ,
, ... (1988:
55).
,
... (1988:136),

,
, ,
. (1988,
156-157),
.

(1988, 197).
(1988: 254).

...
, , ,
,
. (1988: 102) ,
... , ...
(1988: 224).
.
,
... , ... (1988:
266). 14.
, , ,
.
,
, ,
,
. ,
,
.

. , II

, (1988: 195, 201).

,
, ,
.
,
(
) (
), (
) .

7. 10.

.
,
,
.

, ,
, ,
.

Sclavonia, Slauonia,
10. ( 1967: 89, 94, 97, 106-107,
). 1096,
(Sclauonia
); , ,
, , ;
( 1965: 18, 24, 55, 79, 85,
102, 107). (Sclavorum terra),
, (
12: 59). ,
( ,
), : ...
Servia inter
Dalmatiam et Hungariam et Illyricum media iacet,
( 1965: 195).


(
, ).
, , ,
,
.
Sclauonia, Rassa, Rax
ia, Rascia, Servia .
, domine Regine Seruie et
totius maritime. , ,
, ,
.
(, ,
, ).
, (de Genta, de Trebigna),
(Chelmo) .
Ragusa
.
,
.

, .
,
1, ,
1.
, 16.
.
,
,
.

(1988),
(1950),
7-10. .

15

,
. ,
. , ,
, , ,
. ;


.
, , .

,
4. 9-10. .
.

, . , (),
(491-518)
(492-496),
(516-531), (514-556)
(529-543).
,
, 499,
535.
,
,
, 492-496,

?
529-531. ,
?
A, ,
(),
( 1962: 58).7

10. ,
, .
.

10. ,
, ,
,
11.
12. .
.
, ,
.
,
,
.
, 12. 15. ,
,
.

1441,
, 1571, .

1553, ,

,
, (1243), .
7

16

,
, .
, 1512. (
), (
1962: 115).
. ,
,
.
,
,
,
.
,
.
10. .
,
, ,
,
, .

,
. ,
(?), 1509/10,
,
1546. ( 1950: 14),
.
.
14-15. .
( 1970:
183-187, . 125-126), .

1510.
,

.
, .,

, .

.


, ,
15. .
( )
, .
,
,
.
,
.
,
,
.
.

( ut consecrarentur archie
piscopi, unius in Salona et alius in Dioclia. Commisso
denique bello in Dioclia supra fluvium, qui Moracia dici
tur, ) (civitate Dioclitiana),
Dioclitanae ecclesiae, Di
ocletanam ecclesiam (1950: 39, 53, 54, 56, 99).
: ,
, , (
);
.
,
, ;
,

,
. , ,
, ,
.
,

. , (9-10. )
,
.
( ),
11. ,
.

, 10. ,
, 13. ; 11.
.

,
.
, ,
,
. ( )
.
7-10.

.
,
, ,
.
(284-305)
,
, (
1967: 241-243).
.

, .
,

, .
,

,
. 20.

7. 10.


,
,
.
,
.
,
,
( 1967: 195). 20.

.

,
,

,

,
.
(Scodra),
, 5. .
401,
.
,
, .
, , ,
,
?
( 1967:
241).
. ,
.
;
,

.
, .
, , ,
, .

,
, ?
(1988:
93). ,

.
,

(. 173).
.
, ,
, .

17

,
, ,

, .
,
, .

, ,

, .
,
.
4. ,
,
.
,

(, , , ).

, .
,
.
10. ,
.
, .

,
. ,
,
(

).
, 11.
. ;

, . ,
,
.

, .

,
,
.

.
10-11. ,
.
, .
,
.

2. 10. : ; ; ;
; ; , ; 924.

3. : 1. , 2. , 3. , 4. , 5. , 6. , 7. , 8. , 9.
(), 10. , 11. , 12. , 13. , 14. , 15. , 16. , 17. , 18. , 19. ,
20. , 21. , 22. , 23. , 24. , 25. , 26. , 27. , 28. - , 29. , 30.
, 31. , 32. , 33. , 34. , 35. , 36. , 37. , 38. , 39.
, 40. , 41. , 42. , 43. , 44. , 45. , 46. , 47. , 48. , 49.
, 50. , 51. , 52. , 53. , 54. , 55. .



,
.
,
, ,
.
, .
600,
866,
924. ,
10. .
1,

.

, .
710. .
,
,
. ,
.
,
,

.
,
7-10. .

.
( 3).

,
; .
, , 37
, 6. 7.
(Pren
di

1980). ,

, .

. 6
, 7
, , 6 , 5 ,
18 , 4 , 4
, , 35 , 8 , 6 , 1
, 7 ,
, 2
, 3 (. 1-4).

.

.

, ,
,
, ,
, , ,
, ,
, .
- ,
. -
,
4 .
, ,
,
, .
,

. ,
- ,
7. .
7,
36 32.
7 8.
( 22)
, ( 1979).
22, 31, 33 ,
,
, 7, 8. .
.
.

, 8. , 3,
8, 20, 31, 33 35.
; ,
9.
. , 9. ,
.
,

, .
, ,

.

20

. 1. , Pren

di
1980: . 1-4.

7. 10.

21

. 2. , Pren


di
1980: . 5-8.

22

. 3. , Pren


di
1980: . 9-12.

7. 10.

23

. 4. , Pren


di
1980: . 13-14.

,

.
(
Spa
hiu Ko

ma

ta 1975;

Ko
ma

ta 1980). (. 5).

,
;
. ,
.

; ,
(. 6).
, .
,
. ,
,
.
9-10.
.
,
. ,
9. ( ), 11-12.
(, ) 14-15.
( ).
,
, ,
9-10. (. 7).

, ,

,
, ,
(. 9. 2).

11 ,
. 10
15 . 15
10 4 (. 10. 1).

, ,
.
,
, 8 .

( 1992),
( - 1984),
11-12. (
1976). ,
(Jovanovi Vuksanovi
1981: Y
241), 10. 11. .

10. 12. .
.
(. 8),
. ,
9. 10-11. .
22 , ,
; 68. (
Ko
ma

ta

1980). ,
.
,
,
.
.
,
- .
,
, ,

24

,
- , 6 ,
(. 9. 3-4).

, , ,
10-11. (. 10. 2); ,

. 10
.
,
.
,
.

. 7. , Spahiu Komata 1975.

. 8. , , Komata

1980.

. 5. , Spahiu

Komata 1975.

. 6. , ,
Spahiu Komata 1975.

7. 10.

25

. 9. , (1-2), Spahiu Komata 1975: . 10-11, (3-4), Komata 1980: . 3-4.

26

. 10. , 10 (1),
Spahiu Komata 1975: . 12; (2), Komata 1975: . 5.

. 11. : I
7/1-2,
I
48/1,
I
51/1,
I
55/1,
II 1
/1.

7. 10.

, ,
,
, .
5 ,
85 . ,
(489 ), ,

VII ( 1959: 46).
Ta 570 ,
.
,
,
.

27


.

.
, ,
(. 12).
,
.
30 , :
(, , ),
, , , , . (. 13-15).

.

1985,
( 1989).

6-7. 10-11,
. , 12.
, ,
,
,
1571.

1242. ,
,
.
.
7-9.
.
,
.
, 280 55 ,

(. 11).
6-7. ( ,
);
; 11.
. ,
, ,
3 .
,
.
11-12. ,
.
.
,
,
.
9-10.
.

;
. ,

. 12. ,
.

,
6. : ;

6. ; ,
6.
.
,
6. 7. .
.
6.
.
,
. ,
( )

28


6. , 6.
(Jankovi 2004).
, .
.
,

6. ,
.

, 7. , 8.
9-10. .

2
1

3
4

5
7

11

12

23

28

24

25

26

29

30

31

15

14

13

10

27

32
36

35

34
33
18
19

16

42

21

17
20

22

38

37

46

39

41

44

43

47

40

45
48

. 13. , 1, ; (1-7),
(8), (9), (10), (11-15, 24-35, 37-40, 42-48), (36, 41) (16-33).

7. 10.

29

6
7

10

. 14. , 1, (), ().

7-10. .
, , ,
. ,

.


,
, 6-7. (
).
, .
,
, ( I 51/1).
.

,
.
. ,
, (.
16. 4). (.
16. 3).
,
,
8-9. (, . 34. 1-4),
( 2000: 154-157).
, ,
; (.
16. 1). .
, ,
.

30

.

(. 13. 14).
,
( 1974: 19-21).

, 6. (

5
2

. 15. , 2, ; (1-3), (4) (5-6).

), 7.
, .
;
6. 7. .
.



( I 48/1). ,
,
,
, . ,
,
, (. 17-19).
,
.
, ,
(. 17. 1).

3
4

. 16. , .

7. 10.

31

3
2

6
7

8
8

. 17. : , I 48/1.

, .
, . 19. 5,
, . 19. 3;
."
;
.
, ,
(. 19. 10).
,
. (?),
(. 19. 16).
(. 17. 7-8).

.
(. 17. 34).
(. 17. 5).
, ,
(. 17. 6).
.
(. 14. 1-2).
, 7-9.
.
,
. ,
, .
,
,
,
(. 19. 9).

. 18. : , I 48/1.

,
,
(. 19. 11)
,
(. 18. 3). ,
,
,
6. 7.
( 1997).
, (. 19. 7-8), .
(. 19.
2, 7);
.
, ; ,
.
,
(. 18. 6). , .
,
.
(. 18. 7).
- .

, ,
, , 585.
615. ( 1981: 142).

, .
, (. 18.
2).
(. 18. 1).

32

2
4

3
6

7
4

10

5
6

. 20. , .

11

12

. 19. , , I 48/1.

, ,
, ,
, 585. (
1981: . 60).
,
(. 18. 2).
.
.

.
600, ,
.
,
,
7. .


,
, ,
( I 7/1-2)
.
,
, ,
, .
,
, (. 20).
,
,
(. 20. 3). ,
, ,
,
, ,
8. .

, ,
, .
, .

,

( ),
.
. ,
,
.
,
, - .

(. 14. 3);
, ,
. (.
14. 4).
,
(. 14. 7). 2
15 (),
9-10. ( 1956: 38,
. 1. , , 7. 1, 3). ,
23 , (. 14. 8-10).
(. 14. 56),
. 14. 7. ,
117 ( 1956: 33, . 1
).
9. 10. .

(. 13. 36).
,
, 10. 11.
( 1992); ,
.

7. 10.

33

9-10.
.
I 48/1 ,
,
. (. 18. 5),

(. 18. 4). ,
11.
. , ,
10. .

.
6. ,
.

, .
8.
,
. 9-10.
,
.


,
8 .
,

3
2
. 21. , .

,
(I 55/1)
.
5
(. 21. 2).
, 9-11. .
,
(. 21. 3).
12. ,

10. 12. .
,
6. 15-16. .

. 23. , - 1981.

, 7.
(- 1966). 4
, , ,
(. 22. 2). 7
,
, , ,
(. 22. 1).
( 1980: . 61-66)
,

2
. 22. , - 1980.

34

. 24. , 1980: . 61-66.


(. 24).
- ; ,
, 8. 9. .


, ,
. ,
,

( 1975: . 30)
, .

(. 25).
,
8, (.
75).
7. .

. 7.
9. .
866.
.

,
. ,
8

. 25. , , 1975.

,
.

, 6. 7.
.
.

.
.

1979, .
, - 1987.
, ,
. , , .
.

7. 10.

35

,

. ,

.
,
,
.
,
.
,
.

, .

(Chevalier 1998
: 176-179,

. 8-9).

8.
(Auth 1976
:
151), .


(. 26. 7).
. ,
. ,
,
,
5-7. ,
(Chevalier 1998
:
180, . 10d).
,

. ,
8-9. . ,
6-9. ,
,
7-8. .

7
9

10

. 26. , .


.
,
, .
,
, (. 26. 9-10).
, ,
4. .
,
5-7.
(Chevalier 1998: 170-173, . 3).


,
867.
(
Newby 1991
:
36, . 3b). ,

, ,
.
, (. 26. 2-5).

4-7. ,

. 27. , ,
.

42
, , ,
,
(. 27).

, .
(
, ),
.
,
, , .

36

5
1

2
. 28. , , 1 2.

,
, 60 + 7,
67. 8. 7. .

7. .
.
,
.
,

.
- ,
9. (. 28),
.
,
.
.
866.
.

. ,
12. ,

(. 29).
,
,
. 6.
7. 800.

,
7. 9. .
, .

9. ,

,
11.

. 29. , , .

7. 10.

37

. 29. .


,
.
( 1893);
1956-1957. ( 2001).
1997. ( 2000).

11-12. ( 1930),

.
9-10. , ,
( 1967), 9.
. (2001: 140).
11-12. . (1971).

( 2004),
( 2004).
-.

,
,
.
,
,
.

5. ,
. ,

;
(. 29).
,
600.
;
.
9. .
866,
e . ,

600, 800, 866. ,

.
.
79. ,

.
,
; .
,
.
7-9.
,

38

1
2

3
5

4
8

11
10

12

. 30. : ( 1).

,
.

(
),
,
1,5 .
(
,
).
. (1)
;
( )
.

.
. (2),
0,3 0,4 , ,
;

,
0,3 0,4 .
,
;
. (3)
,
, .
,
9

13. . 2004.

,
.
,
.

.
, ,
.

, 13. .
,

.
,
.
, , ,
,
(
).
, ,
12. ,
10-11. .
40
12. ,
. 9
(. 30),
12. .
.

7. 10.

39

1

.
, (.
31. 11) (. 31. 5).
( )
.
, ,
. ,

. 31.
.

3
1
4

6
7

11

10

12

13
14
15
16
17

18
19

. 32. : 7. ; . 13-15, 18 , .

40

(. 31. 1), (. 31. 2),


(. 31. 3).
e e,

, .

, .

7
8
. 33. : , 2, 7. ; . 2-6 , .

1
2

4
7

6
9

10

12 13
. 34. : .

8
11

7. 10.

41

.
.

(); ,

(. 32. 9).
,
6. .
,
,
(. 32. 1).
(. 32. 11),
,
() 6.
7. ( 1981: 142, . 57).

. ,
,
(. 32. 5),
.
- , ,
,
, ;
(. 32. 18). 7.
,
( 1998: 26, . 25. 14).
, ,
6. ,
.


, . ,
, ,
,
(. 32. 3-4, 6).
,
,
,
6. 7. .
,
(. 32. 5, 13-15).
, 7-9.
( 1980: . 1, 7-8).
(. 18. 8)
(. 32. 8).
,
, ,
,
(. 32. 7, 16).
, ,
,
, ,
(. 32. 10, 12).
,
.

1
3

2
6

8
7

11

10
13

12
. 35. : ( 3), 7-8. .

42


.
, ,

(. 33. 3).
, ,

.

(
Teodor 1978: . 20)
(Dolinescu-Ferche Constantiniu 1981: . 12. 3).
,

,
(. 33. 1).
,
(. 33. 5).

; ,
. 6 ,

. ,
, .
,
(. 33).

. 36. : ( 3), 9. 866.

7. 10.

43

. 37. : , 9. 866. .

3
,
. ,
, .
,
,
.
,

( . 35. 5).
, , ,
.
, 0,2 0,25
(. 34. 5-13).
.
,
,
.
; ,
.
, , ,
.
,
. ,
4-6. ,
,
.

(. 34. 1-4).
,
.
.
,
.
.
10


, ,
.
. , ,
,
(. 35. 5-7). ,
,
;

. - ,
.

. 8-9. ,
(Ss
Salamon

1995: . 43/1, 3).


6. 8.
, ;
7. .
,
,
, ,
(. 35. 8-12; 10 ?).

, .

(
Aupert
1980: 373-394).10
( 2003: . 6. 1),
- ( 2003: . 4. 20),
( 1976: . 17. 8).
, 9.
.
( ) ,
.
(. 35. 2),
(. 35. 1).

( 1990: 168, . 25. 1), ,
8. ( 1998: 79, . 164.

585,
. 7. .
II .

44

4
1

5
7

10

13
11
14

12

15

3
19

18
24

16

20

17

21

22

23

. 38. : , 9. .

10), ( 2000: 159-160, . 24:


107).
(. 35. 13),
.
,
.

.
.

, (
),
(. 36. 2).

(. 36. 4).
, ;

.
,

.
;
.
,
, ( ),
,
.
,


( 1959: . 1. 5).
.
, ,
,
.
,
,
,
.
,
.

7. 10.

45

3
5

7
9

10

11

. 39. : , 9. .

, ,
,

,
, .

.
, ,
, (. 36. 1).
, 7 ,
.
,
7. , .
.
, (. 36. 5).

, .
,
, .

,


(. 36. 3). ,
, .
.
, ,
,
, (. 36. 6).
,
,
, .
.

.
( ),
(. 37).
, ,
; . ,
, 8-9.
(, , , ), (.
14. 1-2), ( 1980:
. 6). (. 38-

46

4
5
7

6
8
11

10

12

. 40. , 12. : (1, 3, 5-6);


, - (2, 4); (7-8); (9-12).

39),
.

. ,
;
.
,
.

,
.

, -
866. 6.
,
,
, (
1). (2)
, ,

.
,
7. .



. ,
7. 8. ,
.

,
9.
. 3
.

800,
. 866.




. , ,
(1967) .
9 ,
( ),
(. 41).
,

7. 10.

; ,
, .
9-10. .
,

47

4 : ,
,
(. 42. 8).
5:
,

,
(. 42. 9).
6 :
, ,
, ;
3;
, ( 9 2)
,
, (. 42. 10-11).
7 , ,
0,7 .
8 ( 0,95
):
,
, (. 42. 12).
9 :
,
, ,
(. 42. 13).

. 41. : , 1967.

.

(
,
,
).
,
.
.
.
1 : ,
,
;
,
(. 42. 1-2).
2 , :
, (?),
6 (. 42. 3-5).
3 : ,
,
;
, ,
(. 42. 6-7).

10 ( 0,55 ):
.

,
, ,
, ,
(. 42. 14).
,
, 8. .
7. 8. .
3
(. 35. 5),
. 6 ,
, ( 1997:
. 4. 19), .
9
, ,
.
,
,
7, .
,

7. .
,

48

3
2

10
11

12
13

14
. 42. : 1 (1-2), 2 (3-5), 3 (6-7), 4 (8), 5 (9), 6 (10-11), 8 (12), 9 (13), (14).

, .
(
),

. ,
3,
.
2
,
, .
,
,
,
.
. ,
,
, .

, , ,

. , , .

, ,
.
,
.
, .
,
, ,
,
.

7. 10.

49

. 43. , , 1988.

13 , ,
(. 43).
,
(. 43), 12
(527-565),
( 1988).
, .

.


,
.

9-12.
(
2002: 10-11).
(. 1980).

,
,
(. 44),
( 1981, 1984).
6. ,

574/5. ( 1982). ,
;
( 1981: 151-152,
. 2-5), (
1984: 13; 1974: 26-27, . 19. 1-2).
9. ,
.
,
.

,

. 44. : , 1981.

50

4
3

10

12

11

13

20

19

17
18
14

15

16

21

. 45. , , 1984, .

.
.
,
, (. 45).

.
(. 45. 5, 10, 13),
(. 45. 2, 6).
,
(. 45. 16).
(. 45. 5);
,
(. 45. 14).

7. ,
( 1989: . 72-75),
,
.
, ,
8-9. .
.
7. .


,
(. 36. 3) (. 18. 5), 9.

. 46. , , 1984.

7. 10.

51

. 9.
(. 45. 19-21).
,
8-9. . ,
.
,
,
, ,
, ,
, (. 47).
, 866-867.

, ,
(. 46).
, (.
48), , .

,
.
,
, a
866-867, .

. 48. , , 1984.

6
8
10

7
9

11
13
12

,
140 .
1972-1989. ( 2001: 7-8).
,

.
.
,
,
,
(. 49). ,
.
, 180 ,
1,5 .
.
,
.

14

. 47. , , 1984.

,
.
. , ,
,
II.
.
7. ,
.
, ,
, .
,
,
7. . ,
, .

. 49. , , 2001.

52


,
,
.

(892-917), 9.
11. (2001: 180-185).
, (
),
, ,
.
, .
,
. ,
917; 924.
, ,
, 10. .
( 1988:
126).
,
10. .
.

. 50. : , 2001.


.11 ;
14
(
?), 3 , .
. (1976: 41-44)
10-12. .
(),
(. 39) 9. .

(. 50).
9-10. .
,

, .

,
, ;
( 2001: 207-209, . 2, 4).
9-10. , ,
, ( 2001:
204-205, . 1-2).

(. 51. 1, 6).
11

, ,
9-11. . ,
, 10. ,
;
.
, .
(),
.
(
), ,
,
(). .

. 9. .

.
, 10-11.
. ,
(
),
.
,
, .

.

,
(. 51. 1).
, , ,
;
e
.

. .

,
9. .
,
;
(840-855) 9. (
1980: 90).
( 1995: . 1),
( 1997:
T
. 1. 6),
( 1990: . 2. 2).
112 ( 1956: . 10)
9. (. 51. 15).
. , 10. ,

,
( 1996: .
42) ( 1992: . 15/77).


(. 51. 8). .

2001: 197-204 , , ;
201.

7. 10.

53

4
2
1

3
5

6
6

10

14

11

12

15
18

13

16

17

. 51. : , (1) (8), 2001; (2) (3, 12),

1992; (4),
1997;
(5), 1995; (6), 1990; (7, 10), 1996;

(9), 1983; (11)


(13), -- 1984; , 112 (14-17), 1956.

, .
.
. ,
,

( 1992: . 16/77). ,
,
( 1983: . 4. 6),
(- 1986: 354, . 5. 1-2),
(- 1984: . 2. 9; 18. 9).
9-10. ; 9.

( ),
10. .
,

, .

.
112,
,

,
,
(. 51. 14-17).

54

10

11

. 52. , (1) (8), 2001; (2), 1959; (3), Davidson 1952; (45), 1973; (6), he Ancient Hungarians; (7), 1985; , Stormhren (9) Velik Morava (10); (11),
1980.


( 1980: 88, . 78. 1-2, 6),12

9. 9. .
,
. ,
. ;
9.
10. . ,
, ,
29,
( 1953: . 7);
10. .

. 53.

: .

, ,
(Davidson 1952:
. 2032). ,
, , .
.
3 , , ,
(.
52. 1). .
12


, ,
.
( 1973: . 14;
1985: 154, . 42; 1993: 165, .
8, . 2). (. 52. 3)
(
Davidson
1952: . 2212).
3 ;
(. 52. 5).
,

( 1980: . 26-29 ).

( 1993; .
1993: 165, . 2),
(
Bialekov 1977:

143-144, .
17-18). ( 1959:
231, . 274) (. 52.
2).
, .

.

, 9. .
,
,
.

, .
,

, 8. 9. , .

7. 10.

55

- ,
(. 53).

9. 10. ;
9.
10. . ,
,
.
,
. ,
,

.
,
,
917. ( 54-55).
.
, 924. .

, .
,

.
.



,
.
(
)
.
, 7. ,
;
8. , .
,
,
, 9. .
, ,
.

. , 6. ,
,
.
,
,
. 7-9.
,
. 9-10. , ,
,
, .
.
,
, ,
7.
. , 7. ;

.

;
.
7. .
,

. ,

.

,
, ,
6. .
,
, ,
.
(, ), .

,

.

. 54.

, 1962.


,
,
.
, ,
. (. 54).
2-4 .

( 2003: 6. 1), (
1976: . 17. 2), -
( 2003: . 19-20),
,
, .

, (
Aupert
1980)

( 1963).

56

7. 9. .
,
7. ,

,
( 1970: . 7).
, 9.
(. 192. 16-17).
8-10. .
,
(. 1965: .
4. 3, 57),
. ,
7. ,
, ,
(Szymanski 1967: . 44. 11, 13, 16; 76. 14).
, 8-10.
,
, .
,
,
, (
Brachmann
1978: . 11, 17, 21, 23, 24,
). ,
(
Dost

l
1985: . 17. 30, 34, 37),
(
Poul

k
1950: . 115, ).

, ,
, .
6. ,
.
6-7. ,
.

, .
,
,
6. 7.
(- 1956: . 37. 23-24).
.13

,
,
( 1973: 11-12, . 5. 1; 10. 12;
18. 6) (
Hasegawa 1973: 23-24, . 6; 7. 3;
Parczewski 1988: . 83. 7).
(Parczewski 1988:
. 11. 12).
,
,
600. (Skari
1932: 19, .
3. 9).
, , 8,
9. .
,

(
Brachmann
1978: . 11).
, ,
,
,
. 910. . , ,
, , , ,

, (, ).

, .



,
7 10. .
,

.
, ,
, .
,

. VII

: 6.
7. , ,
;
, 9. ,
13

;
866; 924.
. , 10.
.

, .
,
, .

10. .


.
.

,

. (1965: 191, . 6. 30).

7. 10.

. ,
; ,

, .

6. , 600.

.

a

.
,
.
, ,
, ,
.


,
, ,

( 1981: 157, 172).
,
.
,
,
; .
, .


( ).
,
.
,
,
(, ?).
,
(,
, ).
600, .
.

,
,
.
( ), ;

( ).
.

.
568. 10.000
, 570,
II ( 1955: 88
).
582, 584-586.

57

, , .
,

, , ,
,
. 596,
. ,
,
, ,
. 597. ,
( 2004).
. .
600,
,
, .

.

,
,
, ,
( 1997).
,
7. ( 1998: 15-20).
,
,

6. ,

( 2004).
(
),
.
,
.

6. , .
(602-610)
, ,
.
, 623-626.
.

,
.
,
. .

7. 660.

.
, ,
,
.

, ,
6. 7.

58

.
,
, .

,
.
,

, .
, 619.
,
,

.
,
.
,

,
, ,
,
VII
( 1959: 46-49). ,
()
,

.
.
,

. ,

(, )
,
(
). ,
,
.
.
,
,
, .

, .
, , 619,

( ).

, 640. 660,
.

, ,
.
(
),

,
. - ,
,
, ,
( ).
,
;

. . ,

?


?
,
.

?

( 1953:
126-136; Mir

. II

1955: 211-216).

. ,
, 60 ,
,
, , .
,
.

,
.
.
,
.
, ,

.
680.
,
615.
,
,
.
,

. ,

.

, .
,
, .
9. ,
( 1992: 181-184).

.

7. 10.

59

4. 7. : 655. (1); (2);


(3); (4);
(5); 674-678. (6); 680. ,
.

7.
(Werner 1983), .

.
(Sclavi) 642. ,
(
Pa
u

lus

Di

co

nus
IV

, 44). , ,

(1970: 169-175),
(662-671),
(Paulus Diaconus V 29).

. ,
, .
,
. ,
.
,
,
.
, 663.
.
,

.
640. 660,
.
679/680,
. ,
,
;
.
-, () ,
,
( );
(!) ,
(!) ,
; ,
(!)
; .14
.
(1970: 184-185, 495-502).
,
,
. ,
,

. ,
, ,

60

, ,
, .


.
,
.
,

679/80. .
.
,
,
.
,

.
,
45
, ,
. ,

7. .
() 660.

;

, 678.
.

.
7.
( ), 660.
.
680-685,
(
),
618. ( 619-620),
. ,
,
,
... , ,
, , , ,
...,
,
.
567. 582;
,
584-586; ,
6. ;
, 615. , 60
,
645-655. ,
14


,
, ,
619-620.
, 660.

.
,

,
. ,
,
, .
,
.

II (
Spahiu 1980: 382-384). 7. , 1
, 17 ( 3
), 3 II ( 1 ).

II (641-668).
,
643/4, ,
( 1990: 20,
IV).
,
.
.
,

(, , -
). .

, (?).
, .
,
7. ( 1958).
, ,
( 1955).
. 663-671.
,
.

, ,
. ?

, ,
.
,
660, 662.
, ,
,
.

1980: 60-62 ( , ), 161-162 (. , ), ,


; . 1, 224-225, 241.

7. 10.

,
.

, .
,
.
,
;
.

8. , 9.
8.
.

9. . 8.
.
9.
, ,
. ,

.
.
- (. ).
,
, ,

.
, 7-9. ,
.
, -
- .

9. , 866.
,

866. ( 1959: 17).
, .
,
.
, .

.
,
,
.
,
, . ,

9. .

, ,

.
,
,
.

61


VII .
,
, ,
I (867-886). 15
,
, 40 .
,
,
841, 866,
867,
871. ( 1959: 17-18, . 29).

, ,
.
,
,
. ,

. ,
.
,

, ,
( 1971: 50).

, .

, .

,
;
.
,
10. , : ,
,
;
, .
,

.
,
10. .
, ,
, ,
, , .

(15 ),
,
,
.

, (1988: 119).
,
;
, ,

62

.
.
, (1959: 36),
,
,
; I (867-886)
, .
, , , ,
, (), () (),
,
,
, .

,
( 1998:
144). ,
,
, .

, ,
. , ,
,
.
866-867.
.

, .
11.
, 872.

( 1962: 36).
, ,
,
(1959: 35).
,
, 872.

,
.
867.
872. ,

.
, 9. , -


.
, .
,
.

. ,
-
. ,
.
-
. ,
,
(
).

,
,
.

, -
. .

10. , 924.
,
,
, .
924,
.
917, 924.
,
.

10
,
, .
,
10. .
, 9. ,
10. 11.
. .

.
,
.

7. 10.

, , , 1956. (. . 64, 81).

63

, , , 1956. (. . 63, 81).



866.
, 9.
,
. 9.
, .
866, .

.

8-9. .

6.
11. . ,
9. ,
,
.
,
866,
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
.
-
,
. ,
.

.

,

, je
.
,

(. 12).
, .
, ,
.
,
, (
?).
,
.

(2,30 1,75 ). , ,
, ,
, 1,90 0,60 .
,
.
; 0,25
(. 13).
,
19 , .

,
,
6. 7. 11. .
,

(. 15-17).
,
,
, ,
, , ,
;
- , ,
,
.

. ,
,

66


,
, ,
. ,
, .

.

,
(. 13. 36).
10. 11. ( 1978: 82).

; ,
.
. .
.
2,20 0,90 .
0,30 , ,
(. 15).
,
,
,
.
, .
, ,
.
.
,
, .
,
0,05
.
,
1242,
.
, ,
.

, 6. 7. ,
.
,
.
, ,
7. . ,
,
, , , .
7. .
-,
,
15

, , , ,
, , . 9. 10.
;
. ,

. , ,
, , , ,
,
.


,
. ;

, .
866,
,
, .

,
( ),
.
. ,
, ,
11. .
15-17. ,
.

. ,
,
,
6-8. . ,

.

.
.15
,
(. 28. 1).
(1), ,
. , (?),
-. 1
, .
(. 28. 2),
, ,
1.
. ,
;
.

; .

7. 10.

67

,
, , .

,
,
- ,
20-30 (
). ()
10-30 866,
,
,
.
20-30 40-60 ,
9.
.
, .
,
, (
), .


, 6.
. 9. ,
.
, ,
, 12. .
,
. ,
,
.
, .
.
,
,
, ,
. 8.
9. .
9. ,
9. .
8.
.
, .

866. 8. .


,
, . ,

,

.
,
,
; .
, ,
. ,
, 10. .
,
, .
; ,
;
, ;
.
,
.


,
(Pui
1978). 1998.
,
,
(. 55),
7. ( 2000: 31-33, T. 2.
12).
.
,

. ,
,
.
866,
9. . ,
, (
2000: 30-31, T. 2. 11).
, ,
9. (. 55).

. 55. , ,
2000.

,

.
,

68

( , , ),
.
, ;

.

,
,
; ,
( 1981,
137-161). , 9.
, (. 44).
, .
, , ,
,
( )
, , ( 1974:
26, T. 19. 1-2),
(. 47).


(Koae 1960: 25, . 43)
- ( 1974: T. 20.
6) -
(. 56).

. 56. , , 1974 (1)


1960 (2-3).



,
, 7. . -
7. ,
. ,
, , ., 7.
(Werner 1955; 1974). ,

,
,
.
( ),

.
.
,
,
, .

.
.
(
, ) (,
, , ).

. .
,


.

,
.

.
,
.
,
,
.
7-8. ,
.

9. .
9. .

.
,
.
,
, 866.
,
.

,

7. 10.

69

.
,

, .

. , ,
.
- ;
8. .

. ,
,
(Bunardi 1985: . 168, . 460). 16 ,
, .
,

.
( 31 73),
, , , .
,
, (. 3, . 8, 25)
(Spahiu 1980: . 5. 20),
, ,
89. . ,
.


9. , 866. .
, ,
,
, .


,
, .
.
5-7. (,
) (). 6. 7.

,
. 8-9.
,
.
( )
, (. 47. 5-7).
, (. 1,
2).
(. 19). ,
, .
8
-, ,
.

( 1990: 265)
- (
1981) ( 1981),
8-9. , 7
9 .
,
, .
(. 57. 11), ,
(Anamali 1965: T. 6; Anamali
Spahiu 1980: . 8). ,
.
(. 57. 14) 10. (Knific
Segedin 1991: . 89),
( 1986: . 5. 8).

(. 57. 6-7, 13), 7. 8.
(Garam 2001: . 35. 1, 2, 4, 6; 36. 2).
,
(. 57. 12), 9.
( 2001: 13, . 74),
,
.
7-10. .
,
(. 94).
( ?)
, ,
.
, (. 57. 15),
, 9-10.
(Knific Segedin 1991: . 91, 106-108).
.

. ,
( )
8. 11. (,
, , ), 9-11. , .

; 8.
(Garam 2002: . 29),
.
(. 57.
16), (Garam 2002:
. 28).
,
. ,
, 9. .
o 9. ,
.
(
, , , , ),

70

13

10

11

12

14

15

16

. 57. : (1-5, 11), Anamali Spahiu 1980; (6-10), Garam 2001; (12), 2001;
(13), Garam 1975; (14-15), Knific Segedin 1991; (16), Garam 2002.

7. 8. ,
9-10. .

,

, , .
,
. 9.
,
.

. ;
,
. ,
.
,

. ,
, ;
.
, ,
, .
, ,
8-9. .



(
) , .


.
7-9. .
,

7. 10.

,
, ,

(. 58).
,
, ;

( 1979:
28). , ,
.
(.
200. 1). ,
, , , ,
(. 58. 5).

. .
A
, (.
58. 1).

(), () (, ),
(. 58. 8). ,
6-7. (Nesbitt
1988: . 37). ,
,
, ,
.
.
,
(. . 92. 2).
,
, ,
.

(?),
.
, (. . 170).
(Werner 1955: . 3)
(. 58. 13).

7. . .
7. ( 1974: 25),
. 640-680.
( 1954: 337). .

7. (Werner 1955: 37).

7. (Varsik 1992: 83).
(Setton 1950: 502),

1953 ( 1955),

71


.
,
-
. .

, ,

,
(Werner 1955).
, , , .
- ,
(. 2-3), (Spahiu 1971: 250, .
6. 5), (Tartari 1984: 243-244, . 2. 6, 3. 3,
II) (Anamali
Spahiu 1980: 73-74, 78-79, . 11. 1).

.
,
,
, .
11 30 (. 2, 3),
(Anamali Spahiu 1980: . 11. 2).

,

(Varsik 1992: 83).

8 , (1974: 26).

,
,

( 1974: 26-27, . 18. 1-6).

7. , ,
, ,
7. 8.
, -
(599-611)
, 770. 778. (
1967: 339). ,
, ,
.

600. (1974: 26; 1989: 124, . 6. 9).
, ,
.
7. (1974: 27).

,
,

72

1
4

6
7

11

12

10

13

14

. 58. : (1, 12), 1955; (2), 1974; (3-4, 14), Tartari 1984; , Davidson 1952. (5);
, Garam 2001 (6); , Anamali Spahiu 1980. (7, 10); , Nesbitt 1988. (8); , Spahiu 1971. (9, 11); (13), Werner
1955.

(Varsik 1992: 83; 1974: 27).


.
(. 55), ,

. .

7.
(2000: 31-33).
. , ,
4. 9. ,

8. . 37
, 8.
8-9. ( 1979: 28, 2,
. 540-576).
(22 )
(15 ), ,

.
7. ,
8. ,
,
(1979: 28-29). ,
,
.

, .


8. 9.
.
.
,
,
,
8. ,

( 1993: 173, 197, .
34. 23, 103. 11).
. 625
,


( 1993: 139-140, 197, . 102. 14-19,
103. 1-15).
6 ( 1982: 172 .
31).
,
;
, ,
8. 9.
( 1993: 173, 197-198;

7. 10.

73

1982: 172, 174). 6,


,

8. 9. ,
( 1982: 172; 1977: 228, 234, . 1. 3).
124

8. 9. (
1993: 53, 79, . 31. 29, 33), 129
(18, 184, .
7. 23-24). , 767, ,
,

(159, . 119. 3, 5-6).
,
8. 9.
98 ( 1982: 172, 174; .
1965: 110, 112, . 44. 7, 9, 45. 5).
.

8. 9.
(1982: 174).
, , - .

7. .
7. ,
.

,

, 7. .
,
8. 9. .
(Davidson
1952: . 2193) 9-11.
,
.

11

12

9
10

13

14

16
15

17

18

19

20

. 59. : (1, 9, 20), 1959; (2-4, 8, 10, 13), Davidson 1952; (5, 16, 18),
1993; (6, 19), 1991; (7, 12, 14), The Ancient Hungarians; (11), Great Palace; (15),
1996; (17), VSNS 1978.

74

, .
,
.
( 1959: 230, . 271);

(. 59. 1). ,
(. 59. 2), (. 59. 3)
;
(. 59. 4),
(Davidson 1952:
. 2216-2218). ,
, (
1977: . 385), 11. .

,
,
.
,
, .
(Davidson 1952: . 2213-2215).
,
, ,
(.
59. 10, 13) (. 59. 6, 19),
10. ( 1991: . 97-98).
(Great Palace:
. 58. 6, . 509), (. 59. 11).
(
1959: 232, . 277; 1973: . 20),
9-10. (
1993: 299, . 7).
9. ;
(968-971) (989),
10. . ,
( 1959: 81, . 73).
(
1996: 35, . 6. 6),
(. 59. 15).
(. 59. 17),
10. (Toik 1971: 209, .
60. 20). , , ,
,


, 10. .
, 9.
. ,
9.

. ,
700.
8. 9. .

9. . ,

866. (). ,
; ,
9. .
, 9. .

-
-
. .
620-660.
(1954: 338), . (1955:
42-43) . (1974: 28); .
,
7. ,
(1992: 84).
. ,
, , , ,
(1955: . 1-8). .

- ,
, 8. (1979: . 245249). 288
7. , 8.
,
, , 7,
8. . .
-
,
7-9.

3
. 60. -: - (1-2), 1974;
(3), Spahiu 1971.

-
, , 8-9. ,

7. 10.

,
,
( 1979: 23, . 255-261).
- ,
, .
(1982: 175-176).
, ,
,
,
- 288 ,

7. ( 1982:
175-176; 1993: 173, 197;
1980: 261).
- .
, ,
7. 8.
( 1982: 176). -
, ,
-,
,
.
, ,
.

-
, -
8-9. .
-
, ,
. . , -

, ,
7, 8. 8-9. (1982: 176, 178).

75

(Spahiu 1971: . 5. 12). .


8. (Koroec 1953:
248, 252, . 11).
-
(. 56). , ,

- .
5. ( 1960: 25),
7. ( 1968: 141).
.
,
. 8.
, 9. .

1 2

- (Keszthely-Pcs)
(1974: 33-37).

(Chatzidakis 1981: . 27),
.
7.
. (
1) ,
,
(. 61. 1).

(Ross 1968: . 24-25),
(. 61. 45). , 2,
,
.
, , , .
.
-


7. 8. ,


,
-
8. 9. .
,
8.
(1982: 184).

1 ,

-
( )
7-8.

, .

( 1974: T.
26. 3, 4, 10), (. 61.
12-13). ,
( ?), (. 1,
, ).
( 2000: . 64-66).
- ,
.
,
, ,
, (. 61. 17-18).

76

11

10

12

13
14

16

17

15

18

. 61. : (1-2), Chatzidakis 1981; (3), (8), (6), (10), (12), (13),
(17-18), 1974; ? (4, 7), Ross 1968; (5, 9, 11, 14-15), Garam 2001; (16), Anamali 1964.

7. 10.


1, -
.
(610-641),

7. .
,

.

619-626. . , ,
,
,
( 1974: . 26. 2),
, 8-9.
( 1979: 30).
(
1974: T. 26. 8),
(. 61. 10). 810. (,
, ) , ,
.
; 8. 9.
.
,

(Anamali 1964: T 9. 3),
(.
61. 16).
,
(, U) (. 62).

8-9. ,
.16

- .
( 1974: . 24. 4-5),
8. ,
(. 61. 17-18),
(. 170. 1; 189. 2-3).
.
,
.
,
( 1955: T. 76. 3-4),
.

16

77

, -
, . ,

( 1955: T. 80. 1)
(. 168),
. 1
, , 8.
9. .

. 62. : (1-2), Davidson 1952;


(3), (4-5) (6), 1974.



, .
(Davidson 1958: 2220-2221), , (
1974: . 24. 3-4, 7). 8-9.
,
, -
.
, (. 62).
,
, 9. .

, ( 1982: . 149. ).

78



, ,
, .

. ,
,
.
. ;
-
, ,

, .

,
. ,
, ,
.
.
,
6. 7. .

.
-
, , ,
, , .
,
.
, 5. 9. ,
, 8-9. .
.
,
,
. ,

, ,
. ,

, -
.
.

, ;

.
,
. -
,
. ,
,
,
8-9. , ,
,
6. 11. .
, 8-9.
, .
,
.
,
8-9. (, , ,
), (
, ). 6-7.
(),
( ),
-
( ).
- ,
,
, , . -
, .
, , ,
,
.
.
,
, 9.
. , 10. ,
,
.
10-11. .
,
11.
, 10. , .

,
,
.

,
, ,
. ,


, ,
, .
,
, .
,

7. 10.

6. 7. 10. , .
,
, ,
,
.

,
.

, 6.
,
, .
2 ,
.
,
, 9.
10. .
.
9. 10.
. ,
6. 7. , 9-10.
,
.
,
.
.
.
2
, .

, ,

( 1978).
,
,
( ),
.
,
, ;
,
- .
,
,
.
,
, 8-9. ,
, .
-
, ,
.
7-8, 9. ,
17

79

.
,
-, , .

, .
III (717-741),

V (741-775), ;
843. ,
,
,
.
.17
,
,
.
,
.

, , .

,
,
.
,
;
,

. ,
,
. , III
, ,
.

, .
,
,
.

, , ., ,
9.
10. .
9. 10. , ,
, .

, .

, 871,
.

,
() ( 1978).
.

80

.
, ,

.
.

, , , ,
8. 9. . 8.
, .
866,
.
-
9. ,
;
, .

,
, ,
- , .
8. ,
9. .
,
.

10. , 866.
2 , ,
, , .

10. .
(, ,
), .

. ,
(), .
866.
, ,
840.
9. ,
.

(, ),
.


9. .
.
,
, 8.
9. .

,
.
,
.
,
, ,
. , ,

6. 7. 9. , 11.
.
,
,
.
,
, .


( ),
.
7, 9. ,
.

,
( ).

- ,
.
.
,
.
10. ,
, .
9.
,
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
,
.
. ,
.

7. 10.

81

, , , 1956. (. . 63-64).

82



,
.
,
. ,

,

.
,
, , ,
. ,
, ,
, .

, .
,

, ,
.
,
, .

,
.
;
. (1967).

, ,
, .
,

. ,
.
,
.
, ,
18

,
.
.

, .

.
.18
,
,
4. , ,
,
.
,

.
(
2003: 11-12).

( 2003: 7). 3.

(. 63. 1);

( 1974: 243-247; 1976: 77-82).
,
4. .
(. 63.
2) -
( 2002: 113-116).
,
(. 63. 3), 5-6.
( 2003: 8-16). ,
.
,
4. .

4. , .

, . ,
, , , .
, ,
, , , . , , ,
, .
, ,
. , .
, e .

84

2
1

3
4
5

. 63. 3-6. : (1), 1974; - (2), 1973; (3),


2002; (4, 6) (6), 1967; (7), 1967.


, ,
( 1967).
, 380,

4. (. 63. 7). (.
63. 4) 4.
( 1967: . 19).
(-
1966), 4.
(. 73), (. 7).
5. (. 63.
5) ( 1967: .
21), ( 1967: . 2)
6. (. 63. 6). ,
6. ,
.
7-9. ,

.
,
,
.
,
, ,
.
14. ( 1970: 418-422),

6-7. .
.

, .

,
;
.
;

9. (
2003), .
,
,
.
.

7-10. .

7-10.
29
.
,
,
, ,

, .
.
,
,
.
( ) ,
.

() ,
,
.

7. 10.

85


, ;
.
.
.
,
, (
, ).

Gazeni ( ).
(1014-1018)
Craini,
.
.
, ,
,
(); 1018,
10.
.
, .


(. 8),
(
Komata
1980:
T
. 1).
9-10.
,
.

. 65. , , 1900.


( 1900: 530, . 29-30;
1930: 137-140).
,
, . ,
(. 66).
.
, .
(. 65),
.
6,2 , 0,5-6 ,
1,4 , 1,7 ,
2,5 .
. (1900: 530, . 30),
, ;
,
, .

. 66. , , 1930.

. 64. , 1930.

,
,
, 14.
15. ( 1970: 424-428, . 19).
. 1930,

( 1931: 165-167). ,
1929. (.

86

67) ,
.
XI (1930: 145-146, . 16).

( 1900: 92-94, . 12; 1930: . 17;
1931: . 44),
,
,
, .

. 67. : 1930: . 16
(1), 1931: . 45 (2).

.

.

( ),
,
(Jankovi 2002: 116-118, . 5. 2-3, 6). 18
5 .
,
,
,
.

, (
1976) ( 1980: .
2).
.

.
. ,
.
, .

,
,
, ,
.
, .

4
. 68. :
1930. (1); 1900. (2-3); (4).

7. 10.

87

,

.
, , ,

. ,

4-5. ,

, ,
10. , .

710.
. ,
; .

(. 69), ( 1989).

( ).

7. 10-11. .
.
8-10. ,

. ,
,
- .


, .
.
:
1)
AD HONOREM D(omi)N]I SALVATORI NOSTRI
IhV P[I C]ONIGE MEA GVSMV PRO REMEDIO
ANI[ME
2)
SUB TEMPORIBVS DOMINI NOSTRI PI(i)S PER
PETVO A(u)GUSTI D(omi)N(i) L(e)O ET D(omi)N(i)
C(on)S(tantini)...
3) ... ]S ANI [?]S IDEM T(?)AGNI QVIA (h)OC
EDIFICIVM EDIFICATVM ES[T
4) ]
STAN
[

. 69. , , 1989.

,
,
(, 1981:
109-110, 116, . 115, . 49). 5 ,
10 (. 71. 1).
,
(. 71. 2). , ,
0,8 0,8 .

, 4-6. .
.
,
(. 70).
je

( 1985).
, 813820.

. 70. , , 1985.

;
,
(?), .


.
. ,
,
, ,
.
, .
,
. ,
,

88

,
, 1,30 1,35 . ,
1,5 .
,
, .

.
(, , ,
). ,
(,
1981: . 59. 4). ,

, : (
B S
)
ERICORD
(
I?
)
,
:
GODOM
/

OARH
... .
, ()
(. 72).

,
14 (. 73),
(-: 1966).
, 4.
, 5. 6. , .
,
.
,
.
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
. ,
.
, 0,75
( ).

2
. 73. , - 1966.

. 71. ,
, , 1981.

. 72. , , ,
1981.


,
.
,
0,6 ; 0,35

( ),
.
0,4
.
( 7. ?).
, .

,
( 1965: T. 1. 6),
(Diggve 1951: 110,
T. V 40), ,
6. .
4-5. ,
5 - 6
. ,

7. 10.

89

. 74. , ( 1962).

, 6. ,
.
9. , ,
,
.


;


( 1962: . 13).
11. ,
,
(. 74).
,
( 8).
6-7.
,
.
7-10. , .



(. 75). ,
, ,
,
,
. ,

.
.
.
, ,
.
(- 1971: 5758, . 30) ,
(- 1971: 54-57, . 28-29),

.
, ,

90

. 75. , .

, (
- 1957: . 20).

; .

, 6. ,
,
. ,
, ,
,
.
,
.
. ,
,
.
,
,
.
,
, .
,

.
,
, .
9. ,
. ,
:
, .

.
,
, 8-9. .

. 76. , ,
.


(. 76-78), ,
, 6. .
,
,
.

.
6. .

.

, , ,
,
, .
.

7. 10.

91

,
7. (. 167). ,
, .
,
, , .
, , , , ,
. ,
, ( ), ;
.
;
. 6
,
, ;
,
30.
(, ),
,
.
6. 7. .
, ,
6.
, 7. . ,
,
,
.

- , ,
8-9. .
7. .
,

. 77. , ,
.

) , ,

, (
1,3 , 1,88 ),
.
,
,
, (. 79).


.

,
.


. ,
,
.
,
,
. ,

. ,
.
,

. .
)
(. 79. 5).

,
.
.
,

, -
-.
,
,

( 1995: 347, 351).


9. (. 87).
, ,
,
.
,

(. 111).

(. 70).

92

. 78. , , .

7. 10.

93

1
2

10
11

. 79. , (1-2), (3-4), (5-8), (9),


(10-11).

94

(.
79. 8).
,
,
(
),
( ).
,
.
,
(. 89).
,
.

.
) , (. 79. 6).
, (
),
, ,

.
,

, .
, ,
.

.

,
.
( 1971: . 11),
, .

(
),

.

, :
, .
,
;
. ,
,
, .

(. 80), 9. ( 1956: 8).

, 840. : + ECLESIE
+ SIGNUM + (e) / DIFICAVI(t) ECLESIAM AD ONO
RE(m) / S(an)C(t)E MARIE ET CUM FRATRE MEO /
DCCCXL.

; ( !)
1166. .

. ,
, (.
80. 2-3). ,
,
.

)

(. 79. 7).

,
.
,
.

,
, , ,
( 1970: . 1).


(. 79. 3-4).
,
,
(. 79. 1-2).
(M)AGIS(T)
()SOFI() .

6. ,

. 81. , (2004. ).

7. 10.

95

, 1840.

.
. ,

, 1807.
. ,
.19

,
, ,
.
,
.
,
.
.

, .

3
. 80. , :
. (1-2), .
(3).

,
, .
.

, 16. ,
, ;
, .
,
.
16. .
()

, ,
. .

,
. , 1112, ,
. . : EX+SLS / EXCNSTR / EST.SABAAB / MCXII
( ). , , , 12.
. : , ,
(, , ?) (, ?). ; ,
. , :
, (Bettini 1944: 19, 23-24, T. 27-35).
12. . , 12.
, , .
19

96



.

,
.
, .

,
(. 83).
(. 4), .
(. 2) .
,
,
.
, (. 94).

12.
13. ,
.20 1956-1957,

(. 85). 12.

9. ,
.
: ,
,
,
.
, 9.
( 1967: 371, 380; 2001: 139-140)
11. ( 1971: 26).
. .

. 83. , .
. 82. , .

, ,
1900,
(. 84).
1956-1957, ,

, ( 1967:
328) 12. (
1976: 102; 2001).

11-12. ,
13. ( 1930).

11-12. , .
, ,
20

. 84. , .
.

. 2001: . 7. 8, .
12. ( , ), ,
. , , .

7. 10.

. 85. , 1956-1957, 2001 (1), 2003-2005. (2).

97

98



. ,
9.
.
.

.
,
.
,

( ,
).
9. , , ,
.
, ,
,
, 7. .
,
, .
.

,
.
1956-1957, 1997-2004.

, , ,
. ,
.

. ,
, .
, , ,
;
.

7-9. .
.
,
,
, (. 86).
.


1. , ,
.
,
.
. ( 2001: . 60)
,
,
.
, . 0.15 .
[]ACVM PRO L[]E(R?)ESU []OGM( PI)T:
E(t) D(omi)N(u)M X[?isti regis] ET S(a)L(vatoris)
P(opuli). R P
.

(. 7), U
(. 9).
.
9. , .

. 86. , .

, ,
.
,
, .

,
. ,
. ,
, ,
.
,
(. 104).
.

.

7. 10.

2.
(
)
( 2001: . 44, 188). ,
,
. ,
.
CONFAMVLATVR : E[cclesia... sua ad honore...
SS] ( E[t reconstra) / PETRO : C[um Pauli beati
apostolis]

99

,
. (. 136) ...
ET GLORIA BEATO MIXAELAR...,

.
atora, trew, . ,
,
.
,
. 9. (1967: 328, 353).

(...) : (
...) / ( ...).
, ,
8. 7. .

5.
,
( 2001: . 191). 4-5 .
()OBEHN(...)


, (), .

3.
, ,
( 2001: . 192). 6,3 .
() CVM CONIVGE M(EA)

4.
( 1967: . 34).
( 2001: . 9, .
40). ,
. 4 .
[]ROPIS IATORIVM AD (h)ONORE(m) BEAT[is
Petri cum Pauli apostolis]

, beat(is)
,


(. 87).
(
2001: . 97 101),
,
(. 88. 2).

(. 88. 1),
,
, .
VA ,
(victoria, ).

100


,
.

. 89. , .
. 87. , .

. 88. ,
(1),
(2).

,
.
,
(?),

(.
89). 0,3 ,
1,1 ,
,
3 .
3 .


4,5 ;
,
3,5 .
1,5 ,
.
.


( ,
2 , ). ,
, .



,
(. 90).
,
,
.
.

, (Iohannes),
.

,

(DVCI VVISSASCLAVO),
.

7. 10.

101

. 90. , .

. 91. , (1) (2).

800. 9. ,
( 1996:
205-207).
. ,

,
19. ( 1985: 126).
,
800. ,
11. . .
(1971: 197-198), .
9. (1973: 137-141).
,
.
11. ,
800,
.
,

10. ;

,
10. 9. .

102

,
8. 9. ,

.
9. .
,
.
1853,
1746. ,
.
( 1985: 127-133),
.
, ,
15. .

oj
.
, ;
.

(. 91. 2). ,
.
( )
,
.
. ,
,
, .
,
( 2001),
.
,
, .
, ,
,
.
.
,
(.
86). ,
.
(. 151).

.
,
, 5 4.
, ,
, ,
,
, .
,
.


,
.
, .

, (. 91. 1).

,
,
.

,
.
1942.

.
,
,
, .
, ,
,
. ,
,
;
. ,

, 1942.

,
( ),

, , .
6. (
1996: 205):
+ HEC FONS NE(m)PE SVM(m?)IT INFIRMOS VT
REDDAT. ILLVMINATOS HIC EXPIANT SCELERA
SVA QVOD [de primo] SVMPSERVNT PARENTE
VT EFFICIANTVR CHR(ist)ICOLE SALVBRITER
CONFITENDO
TRINV(m).
P(er)
HENNE(m)
HOC IOH(annes) PR(es)B(iter) SVB TE(m)PORE
VVISSASCLAVO DVCI OPVS BENE CO(m)PSIT
DEVOTE IN HONORE VIDELICET S(an)C(t)I
IOH(ann)IS BAPTISTE VT INTERCEDAT P(ro) EO
CLIENTVLOQVE SVO.
: +
.
,
.

,
, .

7. 10.



6-7. .

,
.
, 6. (.
93. 1). ,
(. 93. 2), ,
7. .
(. 93.
3); 6. ,
7.
.
(. 93. 4).

103

(. 92), ,
.

. ,
,
. 8. .

1
3



.
,
.
,

. 93. , : (1),
(2), (3-4).

. 92. ,
, (1) (2).

.
, .
, ,
.
.

,
;
,
.
, ,
,
12. .
0,5 2
, .

, .
, ,
.
,
.

. , ,

; 6. .
.

104

7.
( ),
(
2001: . 89);
. :
SOX S[alve]
HAVICPIE[ in hoc]
TVMVLVM IS[]
CO(n)STRAVXI[t]

9. , .

+ OMIP() ( MI ) I SYUENIA ()

.
.
, ,
, 7. .

.

.
.

9. .
,
. .
8.
(1900: 23);
: AD HONORI ABATIS (). : (...)
D HONO/[(ri) ... (...I] ABATIS,
. ,
(, , , ).

.


, .
, .
.
9. ,
.

.

( 1).

. ,
,
,
. ,
,
, ,
. ,
;
.
.
9. .
7. ,
,
.
,
.

9. , 1956,
( 2001:
. 8. 117), .
15 .


(
1967: 327, 367, 369, 378).
, ,
.
, ,
.

(. 94). ,

7. 10.

105

. 94. , (?).


.

.
,
, .
.
: INM DNI ET SALVATORI NOS(t)RI IhS XPI EGO
HUROGUS ET DANA CONIUGE MEA STE.MEI
SCI STEFANI PRO REMEDI(a)M ANIME NOSTRE
AD ONOREM SCI AM(en) (1967: 368-369, . 56).

,
()NMIBNI ET EALBATORI NOS
(...)RU hS XPI EGO DANAEL
(...)H(URA)C(U)S (CUM) CONUIGE MEA
(...)

STEIM... P.MM.EI. SCIE


STEFANI PRO REMEDIM ANI
ME NOSTRE ADONOREM SCI AM
+ ... , ...
( )
.
(),

( ),

( 1975). .
,


(. 172. 1, 5-6),
(. 172. 2).
,
,
.
, ,
.

(. ),
. .


11.
(Pui 1978; 1997). ,

,
(. 95). ,

,

. ,

106

( ),
. (Pui
1978). ,
,
,
8-9. , 866.
7. 9. .

,
,

. (
), .

. 97. , (
1970).

2
. 95. , (1), Pui 1978; ,
2000.

. 96. , , 1997.

,
( 1970).

.
(. 97-98). 8.
9. ,
.
, ;
,
(. 99).
0,8 (. 99).

. 98. , (
1970).


, .

0,8 1
.

7. 10.

107

.
14-15. .
(. 100),
, .
.
.
.

- ,
, 5-6. (Jankovi 2002).

. 100. , (
1970).

, ,
.
.
.
, ,
,
,

(
1970: . 4).
.
; .
, ,

. .
;

.
, , .

. 99. , (
1970).

,
,
( )
() ,
(. 101).
,
.
,

108

, .
(. 102. 1),
.
0,45 ,
. ,
, 2
,
.
,
( 1970:
. 11).
,
(. 100, 102. 2).
1,3 ,
0,45 , .
,
.
(. 100).
.

. ,
.

.
,

788. ( 1974).
6.
, .

1
2
. 102. ,
( 1970).

, ,
7-8. ,
6. 7. .
, (
) ,
.
.

.

7. , .
, ,
, .
,
; ,
, .

. 101. ,
( 1970).

,
, ,
,
, , .

.

.


, ,
(. 95).

11. (1967: 431-432, . 66).
.
(
4,55 4,75 ,
2 ), 2 .
9 . 11.
.

, .

7. 10.

109

. 103. , , 1967.

, je
,
787. .
9. , .

809.

( 1962: 56), .

.
, ,
, ,
.

.

,
,
.
,
.

,
(, , , , ).

. 104. ,
, 1990.

,
, , (.
104),
, (
1990, 1992: 174-186).
9 ,
; ,
, .

.
,
. .
.
.
,
, , ,
.
809. ,
9. .
.
.

, ,
,
(. 105).

( 1995)
.
, 4-6. ,
.
6 ,
,
.
, ,
13 . , 0,7 ,
, .
. ,
. ,
,
.

(. 144).
,
.
, ;

. .

, .
,
, 6.

12. ,

110

1
2

. 105. , , (1), 1990,


(2), 1995.

(- 1989, 208-212,
1990, 1992: 169-174).
, ,
(. 106).
, ,
9-10. ,

. ,
.
,


,
,
24 . ,
,
, , , ,
, ., ,
.

,

7. 10.

111

. 106. , , , - 1989.

. ,
9-11. ,
( 1987).
, ,
,
, , , .

.
,
(
),
(- 1989: . 4).
,
(. 115), 10-11. .
,
, ( 1989: . 116-118).
, 9.
( ),
. ,
12. .
10-11.
,
.
1166.
.

(. 107),

( 1997).
, 22, 8,5 .
0,7 ,
, , 1,1 ,
,
1,38 .


( 1985),
, 0,7 ,
.
()
1166,
, 11-12. .

. 107. , ,
1956.


.
9. , ;

867, 10. .
, ,
,

II. ,

,

.
,
.

112

(. 120),
10. 11. .

(. 108),
( 1965).
( 2004: 206207). ,
, ,
. ,
, .
;
, ,
. .
5,2, 5,7, 3
.
, .

.

( 2,25 6 )
, ,
.
, .

.

.
, (- 1989:
223-224, . 9). ;
,
. 10-11. .
, , . - : IN
NOMINE D(OMI)NI D(E)I SALBATORI NOSTRIS IHS
XRI INTER ANTIBVS PAX EXIENTIBVS SALV TE.



( 1997: . 8). ,
,
,
(. 88. 1),
.


, 9. .
,
.
, ,
. ,
,
, .
1. , . ,
809. (1956: 2, . 2) : (an)N(o) XII
TE(m)PORIB(us) D(omi)N(i) IOH(annis) EP(i)S(cop)I
PER(petuo) D(ie) XIII IAN(uarii) NATA(vitate)
D(omini) NOSTRI I(h)V (X ?)P I CC/I/XC V.

,
XIII (
1992: 186-188).

9. ,
, 1295.
, ,
.
. 108. , (
1965).

2.

7. 10.

113

, ( 1956: 3-4, . 4): + (I)N


N(o)M(ine) D(omi)NI D(e)I ET SALV(atoris) N(ostri)
IHV XPI

. 110. , .

0,8
. ,
,
, .
,
IHV.
, .
3-4. ,
,
( 1971: . 15-16).
.
, ,
,
, .
,
.
.

;

, .

. 109. , ,
1997. (), 1971. ().

5.
, ;
( 1997: . 6).
9. .
( 1967: . 40).
6.


(- 1989: . 5, 40-41, 45).

;
,
(. 115).
, . -:
IN N(omine) D(OMI)NI D(E)I ET S(ALVATO
RI)....(J)OHANNIS VNA CVM CONIV(GE)...
10-11. .

. .
(. 110), 1,6 0,9 ,
( 1967: . 54).
,
( 1971: . 3);
0,87 ( 1997:
. 2). ,
0,85 , .
,
, , .,
.
( 1971:
. 4-5; 1997: . 1, 4-5).

,
(. 109). ,
,
( 1900).
,
. .
.

114

, 1,6 ,

. ,
.

. ,
,
2,5 3,5 ( ),
4,2 5,5 (

).

, 0,8 0,29
( 1967: . 70).
,
(. 112).

, .
, 1,2 .

0,6 , ,
0,9 .
, ;
7. ,
8-9,
.
(. 116) . -
(1989:
211), .

,
( 1995).
( )
,
(. 111).
. (,
)
.
LEO, ;

, . .
:
+ HOC OPVS EST LABO(r) /X/ TAM PVLCHRE
DE(coratum) /quod donavit N/IKEFORIVS N/obilis
Cathari / ANDREE S(an)C(t)I AD HONOREM
SOCIORVMQ(ue) MAIOREM+
. (1967: 375)
I (802-811),
. , .
,

. 111. , , 1995.

9. , ,
. LEO
9. ( ,
).
,
( 1995: 353).
450 900.
,
,
.
,
1,2 , .
, .

7. 10.

115

ET REQVIIMVS IN IPSA+VOS OMNES QVI


LEGITIS ROGATIS DS PRO NOS PECATORIS.

. 112. , , 1967.

.

(. 114. 3-4).
( 1971: . 10);
.
,
, .

.
, 1 .
9. .
(. 115. 1);
, .

, .
, 0,6 ,
( 1971: . 8).
,
; (.
114. 1).
(. 86).
(
1997: . 11). ,
,
(. 114. 2).
.
, ,
9 ( 1997:
. 9), .

. 113. , , 1967.


.
,
.
,
(. 114).


, ,
( 1967: . 55).

, S :
+IMN DNI EGO ANDREACI VNA CVM CONIVGE
MEA +MARIA EDIFICAVIMVS ARCA ISTA

. 114. , (1), 1971;


, (2), 1997; (3),
1971, (4), 1997.

116

7-10.

, , ()
, .

, 8-9. .
, .

, .

.

, 866. .
10-12.
( ).
1124.
( )
( 2004).
1181,
.


.
, ,
.
,
.

,
.
867,
?
,
.


,
,
.

. 115. ,
, - 1989.

710. .
,

( 1967: 271-272).
, .
797.
9. , 809. (1956:
3, 3; 1967: 335, 356, 371, . 38). ,
,
.
, ,
, ,
EPISCOP(us...),
( , ).
, I .

. 116. , ,
- 1989.


9. , 10-11.
. ,
, ,

.
IOH(annes): (...)MACIIREIDNIOH(...).

7. 10.

117

,
,
, .
,
, (.
117).
; 12.
( 1970: 243-244).
,
,
.

(. 160). 9-10. .


, .

(1959: 21). ,

, 2 , 1 1
II ( 1995),
,
7. 6. .

6. . ()

, 5-6.
(. 118). ,
.
,
.
,
, .

. 118. , , .

,
, .

,
9. ( 1988: 181-183).

() (. 119).

, ,
8. .
9-11. ,
.

. 117. , :
(1-2); (3).


,
( 1988).

(. 120).

118

, .

.
, 11-12. ,
.
,
,
(. 121),
.

.
.21
.
,
.

. 119. ,
(1) (2), 1989.

,
().
;
, .
6 ; ,
21


, 6. 10. ,
11. (1988: 22).
.

9-11.
, (
8. , 9. 11. ,
). ,
6. , ,
, 9-11. ,

,
, ,
11. .
, ,
.


.
10. .
,
(1988: 131),
.

, 10.
, 1018.
, ,
(1988: 131).
:

VII
(913-959),
60 ,
1018.

, , .
11. 12. , .
1054, 12. ,
, 1204, .

7. 10.

119

. 120. , , 1988.


(920-944) ,
II (963-969)
- .

,
, . ,

1018. ,
10.
11. .
, ,
,

, (. 120).
, ,
, ,
.
8,5 . , ,
(
), (

) (
);
(1988: 22-24).
,
(
?).
,
, ;
.
,
,
, ,

(
). 2 ,
100 ,
,
( ?). 2 ,
, , ,
, .
, 1

120

. ,

, ,

( 1988: II 1-2).
,
.
.
.

( ), .

, ,
, .

1012-1026. (1988: 22-24),

. , ,

, .
10. (
)
11. ,
.
,
, (
, ).

. 121. , ,
1988.


. , ,
1,5 ,
(.
98).
, ,
, (. 133).

. ,
, .

.

.
,
;
,
.
.
, ,
11. ,
.
,
,
,
,
(Reichertov 1988).
, , 9. .
9. ,


, 4. (. 122).

, ( 1988:
199, . 5). ;
9. ,
11.
.
,
, .

. 122. , ,
1988.


.
.
,
, ,
( 1988).
8-9. ,
.
()

( 1988: 198-199).
; ,
11. 12. (. 123. 2).
(
4. ),

7. 10.

121

2
1

. 123. , (1), (2), (3), 1988.

,
.
.
, .
,

11. .
, ,
( 1980: . 16; 1988: 197-198),
,

;
(. 123. 3).
,
;
,
. ,
( 1988: 197),

.

, ,
.
8-10. .
( 1983: 178, . 50-52).

( 1980: 226-227, . 19).
,
,

(. 123. 1).
,
.
,

.

2
1
. 124. , , 1967.

122


. ,
9. 8. ,
( 1988: 194-195).
(1055-1082),
(
),
,
9-11. ( 1967: .
53, 59, 69, . 66, 67).
(1983: 169-178, 181-182).
,
.
,
10. , .
,
, 9-10. ,
.
.
,
.

.
, ,
, ;
(. 124. 2).
,
, ,
PER; ROMANO , ,
,
. ,
( 1983:
172-173, . 22), ,
(. 124. 1). ,
,

.
, .
.

. 125. , , ,1928.

, ,
,
( 1977: 214-218).

,
,
(.
126). ,

.
.
, .
.
(1980: 216);
7. .
, ,
, ,
(. 130).

, ,
.



,
, ,
( 1928: 118-119).

. 9-10.
, ( 1983:
166-169),
.
, , .

: + INOMINE DOMINI EGO PET(RUS) (.
125). ,

(. 136), 891/2-918.

. 126. , , 1977.

,
(. 27-28 1959: 65).
.
,
.

7. 10.

123

,
,
( 1988: 200-203, . 7).
,
(.
127). ,
.
,
,
. .
4-6.
, 7-9, 6. .
,
.
6.
.
9. ( ) 11,

.
.

2), .
.

2
. 128. , (1), (2),
1981.

.
(),
. ,

( 1977: 220-221).
, , (. 129).

. 127. , , 1988.


, .
,
(. 44, 128.
1). ,

, ;
( 1980:
230-233; 1988: 191-193).
866,
,
9. .
.
(. 128.

. 129. , ,
, 1977.



()
( 1977: 219-221).

(. 130).

,
.
6-7. , .

124

. 130. , (), 1977.


6. 7. .

14. (
1970: 418-422, . 14).
,
,
. ,
,
(. 132).

,

( 1970: 483-486, .
49),
(. 131).
,

, .
,
( 1931: 161-162).
,
, ,
. ,

. ,
;
.
8 ( 1,5 ) 9 .

. 131. , 1970.



,
.
;

. 132. , 1970.

,

( 1967: . 20). 15,5
11 , 1 (. 133).
,

.
, 1,5 ,
4,5 .
, ,
.
,
.
. , ,
1 ,
, 2 ,
.
4-6. .
,
2 .
,
,
, a .

7. 10.

125

: ... / I IS(S) / VER.


5. .

. 133. , , 1967.


,

( 2001).
10. , ,
.
(. 63. 5);
(NikolajeviStojkovi
1965; 1967: 270-271, . 21).
,
.
,
,
.
,
.
,
, , .,
6. (Nikolajevi
Stojkovi 1965: 465-469).
4. 5. .
,
,
.
.
,
5. .
.
, ,
;
.
, ,

( 2001: . 37). je
, a



, in civitate Diocletiana,


(1950: 56).
,
.
,
,
.
,

, ,
.
.
,
,
.
,
900.
, ,
, .
15. ,

,
.
.
,
.
,
14-15. .
,
.
1242.

, .
, .
,
,
(. 7), 8-9. .

, 0,5 1 , .
.

,
. ,
,
, ,
.

126

. 134. , , Koa 1959.

7-10. ,
() .
, , ,
,
, .

.
;
2 ,
(. 134).
, .
, ,

. ,
, .

, .
;

, ,
,

, .
( 1959).

- (1965).
6. .
,


.
, 5. ,
.

,
, .
, ,

.
9-11. .

.

,


( 2001: 15-131).
,

(. 135). ,
, ,
0,7 .
,
.
, .
,
,
, 0,9 0,8 .

7. 10.

127

. 135. , (1) (2), 2001.


,
.
.

, ( 2001:
136). ,
.

, ,

, .

.
.
,

;
.
, .
. 9. ,
,
( 2001: 130-131).
,
897-898. 917-918,
.
,
. ,
.
,
( 2004: 68), 9. .
,
(
2001: . 30), (
2004).


.
,
8. ,
( 1990: 135-139).

,
,
,
9. ,
, .

. ,
, , ;
,
.
,
,
,
.
() .

,
, .
.
,
.
,
,
. ,
.

( 2001: .
29, 56). ,
,
,

128

. ,
,
.
917,
924. ,
.
,
, .


.
,
.
, 5 5 ,
.
, , 9-10. ,

, .

. 136. , ,
2001.


6.
,
(. 139-140).
, ;

(920-944),
46. , (
1963: 209-225).
.
, ;
;

( 1963:
. 3-9). 9. ,
( 1963: 64-65).


.
(
1961).
(. 137). ,
.

,
.
. 138. , , 1956, 1963.

. 137. ,
1961.


9. (
1993: . 155)
.
,
( 1993).

,

.

,
9. 10. .

.

7. 10.

129

. 139. , , 1963.

,
,
. ,

907,
9-10. .

9-11. (. 138),
10. ,
.

(927-969),
.
.
.

. 140. ,
, 1963.




( 1941: 112-113, . 117, 118).
;
(. 141).
.

( ).
,
;
.

,
,
.

. 141. , ,
1941.

130

. 142. ,
, - 1995.


7-10.
,

( 1934: 158-160; 1971; 1991: . 22).

, 7-10. ,
.
4. .

.
, ,

(. 142);
(- 1995: 16, 24-29).

,
. -
,

(. 144). , ,
.
,
.
, ,
; ,
22

. ,
15 30 ,
;
.22 . -
7. 10.
. ,

.

(Radimsk 1895: . 3)
,
;

. 143. ,
Radimsk 1895.

, , ,
, , ( 1988: 129).

7. 10.

. 144. () ,
- 1995.

131

132


(. 143), .

,
9. ,
. 7-8,
9. . ,
9. ,
, , ,
.
9. .
, 7, 8. .


,
1219,
, , , 16.
17. . 1219.
,
, .
,
16. ,
1639. (Smirnov 1936).

1872,

.
, 16
, (
), 9-10. (
1872: 165-167). ,
,

,
. ,
,
( 1976: 3-5). . .

(1936: 74). ,
. 1930,

. (1936) . (1936).
, .
,
,
. 1965-1970.
. , (.
145), (1976).

.
( 1976: 96),
,

. 145. , , 1976.

. 146. ,
, 1976.

(. 146). ,
,

9. .
, .
,

.
9-10.
. .
,

12-13. (- 1976: . 22.
3-4),
10. 9-11. (. 190. 23).
6, 15. 16. .

.
. , ,

7. 10.

,
,
, (1976: 125-126).

133

- ;
,
,
.
,
.
- ,

,
.
,
(. 149. 1).
(. 153).

. 147.
, 1976.


,

7-11. .
,
.
,
. (1936: 75-80, . 26-27).
. ,

(1976: 81-126).
,

, 13.
(. 147).
,
,
(
).
-
.
,
,
, .
-
;
.
,
(
, ),
, ,
.
.

-
13. .
6.
,
.


.
, .
.
6.
.

(. 152), 100
60 . ,
. ,
, ,
4, 5. 6.
,
.
,
(Popovi 1999).
, (. 44).

, ,
.
.
.
.
518, 548, 600.
, ,
(Bokovi, 1936: . 25),
.
( 1976: . 28).

,
.

134

. 148. , , 1976.

. ,

.
, , , .
,
.
,

.
.

.
,
4. ,
6 .

.
(. 148), ,
.
1219,
,
, 13.

, , .
,
,

, .
.
,
, .
.
, .
.
, .
, ,

( 9).
, ,
. ;

. , ,
,
, .
, 1219.

7. 10.

135

,
,
8 ( 4,5 ),
.

.
,

.
,

1219.
.

. 150. ,
.

. 149. , (1),
(2), (3-4),
1976.


,
.
,
. (1936: 68-72, . 24-25).
, ,
. .
:
,
.

,
. .
.
(. 149. 3-4), .
,

. (1976: . 76). ,

(. 149. 2).
, .
16 ( 1976),
,
. ,
, .

136

. 151. , , 1982.


.
,

.

, ;
.

16. .
16. ,
,
, 1594.
17. ,
.
- , 1690.
.
,
,
1219,
, 9,5
14,5 . , ,
4 ,
5 , ,
, 13,5 (. 150).
,
.
,
8 .
22,5 , 25 .

. 152. , , 1976.

. .
13. ,
,
.
,

( 1984: . 26.1, 2; 36. 2).
,
( ),
. ,
, , .
.
(1936),


10. ,
,
8-9. .
.
.
,
( 1982),
(. 150).
14,5 8 ,
.
4, 6 ,
, 4 , , 3,5 . .

,
9. ,
,
10. (1982: 117).

7. 10.

137

,
,
,
(1982: 116).
,
,
9. .
,
(. 108).
,
. ,
, ,
.
9. .

,
, 13. .
, ,
.
, 7. ,
6. . ,

, ,
.

.
(. 152),
,
( ).

( 1976: 34-35, . 35,


55, 105-112). , ,
.
,
.
, (. 148, 149. 1),

(1976: 32-33, . 33, 35). (1976: 40-41,
. 45), 8 5 ,
(. 153). .

. 153. , , 1976.

,
.

,
: , , , ,
.
, ,
. ,
,
;
,
. ,
, ,
.
7-10. .

,
,
,
4-6. . , 1112. , ,
.
,
.
, 9. .
, ,
.
7-10. ;
, , ,

138

. ,
,
9. ,
.

,
,
- .
.
10.
.
10-11. .
,
,
.
, , .

10. ,
.
.
,
,
.
,
(
, )
,
.

,
( , 2003: 13).
(. 154. 1)
, ,
.

,

.
6. . ,
,

. ,
6. ( 1966),
. ,
,
, (. 154. 4; 155),
( 1977: 129).
9. .
(. 154. 2-3)
,
( 1998),

. 154. : , (1); ,
(2-3), 1988; , (4), 1977.

7. 10.

139

. 155. , 1993.

, 11. ,
( 1990: 51, . 11.
4).
,
, .

(
1930: 133-134, . 3-5), 1617. . (.
156).
, , .

.
.



.
,
,
. ,
.
, , ,
, .

. 156. , 1930.

140


( ),
.

.
( 1981). 7-10.

.
. ,

7-10. ,
, ,
, , , .

.

.
.
,
4. .

.

( . ).

.
, ;
, ,
.

, 1 .
.

, ,
, .
( 1974).
. ,
( 1989),
10. (. 157. 2).
, ,
, ,
. ,
.
, , , , .
.

;
. ,

9-10. , 11. , 12.
.

. 157. , (1), 1989;


(2), 1962.


(. 157. 1),
( 1962: . 220).
,
;
, .
,

. 158. , 1966.

7. 10.

141

(. 158),
(
1966).
,
,
.



, ,
;
, ,
.
,
.
, ,

, .
,
,
.
()
.
.
,
.

, , ,
.
,
, , .
,
,
.
,
.
.

,
.
( 1981).

.
.
, ,
6. .
.
(. 159),
. , ,
,
(. 159. 2). ,
,

. 159. (1) (2),


1959; (3), 1989.

,

, .

,
.

142

,
.
( 1989, . 2),
,
(. 159. 3).
.

3
. 160. (1), 1977;
(2), Radulescu 1999; (3), 2001.

,
,
.

.
,
.

; ,
.
,
.
; ,
( 1959). ,
, (. 159.
3).
,
.
,
600. . (Skari 1932). ,
, .
,
,
9. ,
.
(160. 3).
,
.
,
. ,
,
, .
,
.
, .

;
,
,
(. 160. 1).
( 1996). ,
, ,
(),
, (: 120);
9. . 9. ,

,
( 2004: . 3).
(. 160.
2), 14. (Rdulescu 1999, . 2).

7. 10.

143

1
2

3
4

. 161. . (1), 1948, . (2), - 1994, ; (3) KourkoutidouNikolaidou Tourta 1997; (4), 1961; (5), 1959; (6),
1950.

144

. 162. (1), ( ) 1986; (2) (3), 1935; (4), Eyice (


Mathews) 1980; (5), 1941; (6), - 1970.



, .

,
( 2002).

,

.
.
, ,
.
(- ),
,
,
.
,

7. 10.

145

.
,
.

.
(

)
.
,

,
.
,
,
.
.

. 163. (1), 1998; (2),


1989; (3), Moutsopoulos 2004.


,
.
. ,
6. ,
15. .

,
.
,
.
, ,
, :

(+916)
(+920)
( 1948, 1958; 1994). ,
, 885.
900.
, ,
, .
(. 161. 1),
,
, ,
.
(. 161. 2).
, .
,
,
.

, .

.

(- 1970: 86, . 16),
(Meksi 1971),
(
1961), (. 161. 4, 6, 162. 6).

, .

, ,
( 1986),

(. 162).
, .

, .
.
,

146

10-11. . ,
,
,
(
).
(Mathews 1973; Eyice 1980),
, ,
, ,
(. 162. 4).
(
1935: . 1) , ;

,
(. 162. 3).
( 1935:
. 12),
(. 162. 2).


(. 139) (. 155).

,
14.
(Kourkoutidou-Nikolaidou Tourta 1997: 40-44, .
37-38),
,
,
.
,
(. 161. 3).

,
.
,
,
.
,
,

. , ,
.
( 1998: 99-104),
8-11. 10. , (.
163. 1).
,
(. 163.
2), ( 1989).
,
.
(. 163. 3),
, ,
(Moutsopoulos 2004).

( 1959: .
1), ,

(. 161. 5).

,
;
,
.
,
,
,
(. 164).
, ,
.
,
, ,
,
.
,
, (.
162. 6). ,
,
.
.

, ,
,
; ,
,
, .
,
(basilica discoperta)
(Dggve 1951).
,
.
. ,
,
,
.
. ,
(
), .
,
, .
,
,
, 10.
( 1982).
.

.

7. 10.

,
.
,
(. 165. 1).
,
10. ( 1986: 71-83),

. , ,
,
, 9-11. ;
(Mazzariol
Pignatti 1961: 286-287).
, ,

10. .
, (
2004: 72-74). ,

( 1987),

8. ( 1978: 39, . 22-24),
(. 165. 3),
900. ( 1982),

.
(. 165. 2),
( 1989: . 107/).
,
, .

(
1978: 39); ,
, (. 165. 4).
, ,
( ),
. (,
, ) (, ,
, ),

(. 165. 6-7).


,
9. ,
( 1978: 31-39, . 16-21).
(.
165. 5), ( 1953).


,
.
,

147

. ,

.
,
( ),
9.
, .
( 1978: .
13. 1-2).
, .

,
.
9.
10. .
, ,
,
.

. 164. ,
(1); , ,
(2).

148

. 165. : (1), 1987; (2), 1989; (3),


1982; (4), 1978; (5), 1953; (6) (7), 1978.

7. 10.


, 46. , .
3.
(. 63. 1),
,
, ,
(
1974). , ,
,
( 1997: 24).
, ,
( 1979:
310-312).
( ),
.23

-
(Jankovi 2002).
.
600,

(, ),
, .
.
7-10. ,
.
.
,
-
.
7. .
, .

. ,

,
.

9.
;
78. .
, ,
.
(
?), (. 120).
23

149

10. .
,
; (.
133).
.
,
,
(. 166.
5).
, 2003.
. , ,
,
( ?).
. ,
1112. 15. .
,
. 9-10.
,
,
, .
( 1962: .
253),
NATO,
,
.
(. 157. 1).
,
,
, .

(Hodinott 1963, 197, . 118).
( 1962: 145),
14. ,
.
,
,
( 1989: 148-150, . 7, 12,
16-18). ,
,

(. 166. 6, 8-11).
9. 10. 12. . 10.
( 1990: .
3), (. 166. 2).

(. 161. 4),
.

6.
, . , , ,
, , ;
. ,
, .

150

3
5

10

11

. 166. : (1), 1959; (2), 1990; (3), Meksi 1971; (4), 1962;
(5); (6), (8), (9), (10), (11), 1989; (7), 1978.

.
.
,
, .

, , ( ), ,

, ,
,
10-12.

10.

. ,
,
.
. .
; ,

7. 10.


.

, .
, ,
.



.
.
,
,
.
.
, ,
8-11. .
,
, , ,
.
( ,
, ).
,
.
,
,
,
, , ? ,

8. ;
8. ; 9. ,
9. 10. 11. ;
9, 10. 11. ; 12. .
o ,

, .
, ,
(. 93. 2).
,

,
.
,

, .

,
,
.

.
, ,

151

.
, .
, ,
.

6. .

.
(), ,
(.
167. 1),
(
1989: . 18-19).
, ,

(
), (. 167);
,
.

. 200
,
. (. 167. 3),
( 1976).
,
.

, (. 93.
3).
.

, 11-12.
( 1958: . 5. 1).
.
7. . ,
, .

,
( 1967:
336, 378, . 62, - 1956: 49-50)
8. .
,
, (.
168. 1).
,
. ,
,
;
.
,
6.

152

7. ;
. ,
, ,
8. 10. .
,
,
8. (. 152. 3).
,
, , 10.
.
, 7.
, 8. 9. (.
61).
, , .
,
,
,
10. .

, 11. , .

9. ,
( , ),
.
,
,
(. 92), .
. ,

.
,

.
806.
(, ,
, , , ),
.
9. ,
, ,
.
8. .

; ,
, ,

1
1
3
2
2

4
3

. 167. (1), Aleksova Mango 1971;


(2) 1976; (3), 1958.

. 168. (1),
1967; ,

7. 10.

, , .
, , ,
, , (), .
.
,
,
.

, 806,
9. .

.
809, ,
, 813820. ( 1967: . 53, 61, 63).

(
1967: 380). ,
,
.
, .
.

153

.

.
,
0,4 ,
.
,
,
,
.
,
.

- .


, .

.
, .

, 900.
.
, ,

, 9. ( 2003: 186188).
. ,
. (?)

.
;
.

. 169. (1), 1980.


(2), - 1956.


, 891/2. 917/8,

(. 136).
( )
,
, .
,
.

917/8. ,

,

,
,
.
,
.
.
,
10. .
,

154

.
,
,
. ,
,
,
(. 169),
( 1956: . 13).

(- 1956: . 17),
.
.


7-10.
. .
, ,
.
( , , , )
,
.

.
. ,

6-8. ,
.
,
.

, ().
,
(dux) 9. ,
,
10. .
,
, .

, .

, ,
.

(?), ,

.
, ,
, ;
, ,
;
.

S
, Salvator, .

. ,
,

.


(+371/2). ,
() ,
( 1988: 471-472).



.
o ,
.

.
.
,
.
.
.

, , ,
.

. ,
.
,
,
.
,
.

. ,
(
2001: . 82). ,
, 6.
(1957: 23),
( 2004: 68-71).
, (. 193. 910).
.

( 1996:
350-351).
,
(. 86),
, , ,

7. 10.

.
,
.
9-10. .
, ,
.

, ,
. ,

,
.
6-7. (. 170. 1-3, 189. 13),
( 1981, . 16. 12),
(), , ,
(Werner 1950: . 27. 4-5; 28. 1213).
, ,
7. (.
170. 4-5), (Davidson
1952: . 2190; Garam 2001: 55. 4).
,
(. 171. 3).
, , ,
( ), (. 169),
(. 171. 6-7).
,
(- 1989: . 65-69),
(171. 1-2).
,
.
,

.
,
, .

.

. ,
,
,
.
8. ,
,
,
, .

, .
,
, , 10.

155

.

9. .
, , ,
, , , .
,
, , ,

.
,
.
,
,
, .

2
4

3
5

. 170. (1) 1981, (2)


(3), Werner 1950; (4) Garam 2001, (5) Davidson
1952.

,
VA, .

( 1967: 380).
LEO,
,
.
, ,
.
,
.
,
(
1967: . 62),
, .
.

6
1

. 171. (1-2), - 1989; (3), 1976; (4-5), 1959;


(6-7), 1967.

6
3
7
. 172. , , 1975.



7-10. ,
.
,
,
, ,
.

.
, ,

.
,
,
.
. 7-10.
,
.
( 1962; ,
1981),
.
,
.

(), () ()
, a ()
(). ;
, ,
.
, 867,
10. (
).
,

, .
, .
,
.
, ,
, .
,
10.

, ;
(),
() ().
.
.
,
.
,
.
,
, ,
,
, .
,
,
,

10. .
, ,
.
, .
, .
,
,
. ,

,
.
,

,
.
,
,
,
() ,
.
.
,
,
6. 7. , 10. .

, 10.
( ,

158

).
(
), , .

, .
,
. (?),

9. 10. .
(), . 34,
, (),
(), (), ()
().
,
,
1,2 .24
.
, ;

7. ,
9-10. . ,
(
?). (
1975: 130-131).
200 .
,
, .
,
, ,
.

.
,
(1988: 112-113).

, .
,
.

.

.
,
.

Lausium,
Ragusium, .
, ,
;
24
25

.
.

( ),
( 1950: 120). :

( 1950: 121);

, .

, .


.



, , (. 173).

7-10. .
VI
(886-912),
VII 913919. 920-931.
970-1033.25

, 897.
896-904,
30 (
1971: 321-322).
, 924. ,
.
II.

, ,
.
,
. -
9. ,
897-8. 1018.
9. -
, .

,
- .
,
,

. ,

1995. . . .
Spahiu 1980; ; Grierson 1977.

7. 10.

159


(.
11), 230 60 ( 1,2
). ,
600,
;
,
( 1989: 112-113, . 1).
,
,
.
, 11-12. ,

,
,
.
.

.

. 173. .

,
.

150 130 ( 1,3 );
, ( 80 60 ).

(. 5-6).

,
.
,
;
.

;
,
.
.
, .
,
, .
,
.

(. 64);
( 1930).
900. .

6. 7.
, 8-11. .
,
. ,
,
, .
,
,
9. .
, .
.
.

10.
. ,
,
.
.
VII
.

()
,
, , ,
.
. ,
. 50
15-20 .

300 ,
.
, 15 ,

160

,
.
,
.
,
.
;
,

.
, ,
. .

,
( 2,5
), (. 174).

, ,
4-5. , (,
1981: 17-19, . 6-9, . 10. 23, 48-49, 58. 6, 59, 1 2),
6-10. .

. 174. , 1975.


.
(. 175. 1), .
,
(
7. ) 9-12. (1962, 195-199,
. 127).
,
, ,
.

.
,

.
,
710. (Zagaranin 2004: 95-96; Gelichi Gutin
2005: 40).
( 167)
( 112),
9. ,
, (
11).
.

. , ,
(. 175. 2),
.
(. 176. 2)
, (. 176. 1)
.

1,4 .
,
. , 12.
15. .
( 205), 12.
.
( 206),
,
( 236, 237),
( 1962:
155-158).
, 6-7.
(. 176. 3).
.
.
, ,
,
, ().
, ,

7. 10.

161

. 175. , (1), (2),


1962.

162

. 176. , (1), (2), (3), (4), 1962.

.
11-12. .
,
.

. .
,
,
(. 177).


600,26
.
;
, 9. .
7-10. ,
,
.


,
. 7-9.
( 1975: . 72),

(. 25).
, 3,5 .


.
40 , ,
26

. .

. 177. , 2000.


.
7. , 9.
. ,

7. 10.

.

, 7.
8. .
, (Ktera),
,
( 1984: 198-199).
.
787. .

a 10-12. .

. 178. , 1975.

,
,
( 1975: . 30).
,
,
.
4 ,
, ,
5 .



( 2002: 6).
,
, II III.

(. 43).


.
.

163

, ,

.
-
. ,

, .

,
, .

,
,
.
( 1963)
.
( 1973),
, .
,
.
,
, (1959:
20-21). ,

,

(1950: 54, 70-71). ,
(
Romana

urbe

depulsi
)
, ,
(1967: 92).

( 19-25),
()
.
?
?
, ,
?

.

,
.

;
3 ,
7 (. 179).

. T

,
5-6. . ,
,

164

. 179. , 1988.

. 9-10. ,
,
.

17. .
(1988: 15-16), 5-6.
,
, .
,
,
, 5-6. .
, , ,
.

,
, .

.
,
,

.
,

,
(), 10. .

.
, ,
,
, , .

,
( 1995).
. ,
13 ,
(602-610). .
II,
IV, 7. 8.
.
(
), ,
7. .
31 II,
(832-839)
( 1995: 169).
.

7. 10.

165

, ,

(. 180). , ,
, 4-6. .
11.
90 ,
; . ,
,
();
.
2 .

,
,
, .
,
(. 181). ,
, .

, .

, .
, ,
,
.

, .

. 180. .


, .
;
, 4-5. 5-6. .

, ,
. ()
, 10. ,
,
. , ,
, 2,5
.
, 900. .
,
,

. ,

. 181. .


.

,
.
.
, .
,
,
.
,
10. ,
. ,
, 9.
.
, .

166

(1975).
, 1,2-1,6 ,
70 ,
, (. 167. 2).
,
.

.
, .

. 182. , 2001.

,
, ,
.
,
. ,
.

,
. ,
, ,
.
,
.
, 70 70 (.
182).
38 , 8 ,
;
0,6 .
. , ,
1,8 .

;
,
11 6 .
, 1 .
,
.
, ,

.
,

. J.


Obolon ( 1988: 145),
12. (1967: 324, 402), .

. 183. , 1975.


, (. 184. 3),
( 1959: 40, .
31). (814-831)
()
( 1981).
114 93 ,
(. 184.
5). ()
512 405 (. 168. ).

, ,
.

(. 184. 4),
( 1959:
. 48). 9-10.

7. 10.

167

5
. 184. : (1), 2001; (2), 1982; (3), 1959; (4), 1959;
(5), 1981.

(. 184. 2) 45 11,5
100 12 ( 1982: 36-42,
66-70). ,
,

; (Dostal 1975).


. . ,
(2001: 146).
,
,

(. 185-186). ,
,
.
,
; ,
. ,
.
, .
, ,

. 186. , 2001.

168

. 186. , 2001.

. ,
, .
,
,
.

.
,
.
,
,
.


, 9.
, ,
, .
, ,
, .
,
,
.
10. , ,
, .


.
,
. . ,

, 11-12. ( 1996).
,

. 187. , 1950.

7. 10.

169


.
,
.

,
,
.
11.
. ,
7-10. .
2 .
, ,

( 1950: 165-168).
.
,
.

,
(. 187).
, 11.
10. ( 1996: . 2/8),
,
,
.

,
, 10. .
. ,
,
9. . ,

, ,
.
.
11.
, .



.
,
.
,
.
.
, , ,
.
,
.
,
,
,
.
( 3003: 65),
( 1998: 83-86),
( 1999).

.
,
.

.

(), () (,
). 7-10.
,
, .
, .
, ,
;
, (. 6).

,
, .
,
() ,
.

,
.
.
.

.
; , ;

. ,
, (. 182).

170


, .

, ,
(. 186).
, ,
, .
,

(. 185. 1-2).
,
;
.
, ,
.

. 188. , 1985.

7-10. ,

.
, ,
,
.
(.184. 3; 188),
( 1985: . 15).

.
( ),
, 10-11. ( 1981:
17-23).
,
12. ,
;

27

,
( 1999:
76-78 , 178-181 ).
11.
12. ;

, 910. ( 1999: 298-299).

. ,

.
;
,
,
.
,
,27


,
.

. 924.
.
,
(892-917).
9. ,

, .

, 9. 11. .
,
, .
, ,
, , ,
10. 11. .
, ,
,
. -
9. ,

. (1999), (.
), ,
. , 9.
. . ,
, , ;
. , ,
( 1999: 313); , .
, 30 31 ( ?), (
1,3 ), ( 1999: 149-153).
, 9-11. ( 1999: 325, . 105. 1, 3).
(. 1999: . 120)
4-6. .

7. 10.

171

9. .
-
. ,
, ;

.
,
.
(. 54) 8-9.

( 1962: 74-78, . 95, 102).



7, 11-12. .
, 9. ,

.
,
9. .


.
,
, 10. ,
;
(?) , .

,
,
, ,
.
,
. ,

. ,

. ,
.

.
.
,
,
. ,
,
, (?).
,
.
;
, ( )
, , .
, ,

. -
, ,


,
.
, .

,
,
.
, .
,
, 6. 7. ,
.
, 9. .
9-12. ,
. ,
(, , ).
9.
- .
, .

.
,
,
10. .
,
. ,
,
, .
,
.

,
, .
.

, , Bulle 1934.




;

. .

( , , ,
),
,
.

, .

(. ,
, , , ).
, ,
. ,

,
,
, .
,
- ,
6-8. ,
.
,
.
,
.

-

e .

, , , ,
, .

.
,
;
,
. ,
.

,
, ,
.
. ,
,
,
.
.
,
.

.

.

. ,

, , , .
(),
,
, .
, ,
.

,
,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
.
, .
,
.

.
,
,

.

174



, 7. ,
10. (
1870. 135-137). (
),
.

, ,
.

.
,
, ,
10. , , , ,
. ;
,
10. .
,
(
1988: 68-71). ,
, Sclavi;
,
, . ,

; Sclavonie Impera
tor.
,
() , SVT SLOVNSKAGO
ZKA SVT NA[EGO ZKA (
, ).
,
;
.

7. ,
, , .
, 10. ,
.
,
,
(1959: 10-12) (1959: 28-30),
, . ,
,
,
; ,
.
,

, .
, ,
(), .
,
. ,
( )
,
. 600,
,
.
()
,
.
,
,
, ,
.
,

. ,
(1967: 93),
,
, ;
, (
)
(duces) . .
,
.
662,
. ,
, ,
II 663.
, . ,

, .
9.
,
. , 819,
.

, ( )
. Te
.
, ;

, .

, .

7. 10.

, ,
( 1990). ,
,
,
.

, .
,
,
(
),
.

, .

925. 928,
(dux) ( 1967: 96),
( 1959: 59-60).
,
,
, .
, ,
Srborum, ,
. ( 1967: 99),
urborum ( 1973: 253-264).

7-10. ;

. ,
,
,
.

10. , ,
,
.
, .
;
7, 10. .

.
,
Vulgari (1950: 45):
,
, ,
(Morovlachi),
(Nigri Latini). ,
.
. ,
,
, .

175

, ,
12. , .
. 17-18. ,
,
. 1683,
Chiesa delli
Seismattici, Morlachi, Valachi Grci (
1976: 40-42).

( 1976: 600,
607-610), ,
. ,
(Maurovlahi, Morlacchi) ,
, ,
(1989: 33-34). . , 16.
Murlacchi ;
Moroulachi 1368,
1379; Moroblachi 1378; Morlachi 1451, .,

. .
14.
.
15. ,

. , ,
(
),
.
,

, .
(Maronia et Chulnie)
(1967: 107) .
9.
, -
.
, ,
10. .
,
tn Serbotin tn legomnoun
Mara paida ( 1970: 161-165).
, tn Serbn
tn Krebatdwn, goun tn legmenon
Krebatn, .

(1950).
.
Mara paida,
, .
,
,
(

176

,
,
).
VII


, , .
,
.
,
( 1977: 157).
,

( 2005: 256-257),
. ,
,
, ,
. ;
.
.
,
,
.

.

, .

, ,
,
( ,
,
). ,
,
9. ,
, .
78. (Beloevi
1974; 1998: 138-139).
, 9. ,

( 1980: 109-115).


, ,
., (Die Slawen).
,
, ( 1982).

,
,
.
, .
(),

.
,
.
; , ,
.

,
. , , .

.

.
, ,
;
, .
,
.
.
1998-1999.
7-9. ( ),
.

, , ,
- .
,
,
.,
,
(Die Slawen: . 5-6, 28).
,
,
, ;
7. (Jankovi 2004).

, (
1998). ,
, 4. ,
5-6. ,
.

.
, ,
. .
, , ;
, .

.
,
6. ;
.

7. 10.

( ),
. ,
,
( 2003: 12-14, . 4. 5-6).
,
6,
7. . 4.
,
( 1998: 43, 61).
;
,
.
,
.

(= ) ,
6. ,
, ,
.
, .
,
(
) ,
, . ,

- ,
.
, ,
, 7. ,
, .

,
,
, 6. 7. .

. ,
,
,
6.
. ,

, 6.
( 2004). ,
6. ,
,
, .
,
,
6. (
),
, 4. .

177

;
.
e , ,
4. .

.
()
.
7. .
36 ,
,
;
(. 189.
1).
6. 7. (, 1986, 174-176).
(. 189. 2-3)
(Werner 1950: 152,
T. 28. 12-13),
( 1955: 227).
.
,

, .
.
(1950: 153, T. 29/15;
31). (namali
1964: T. 5. 11-12),
( 1981: .
10. 15-16),
,
(. 189. 5-10). ,
6. ,
:
.
,
,
,
( ). ,

(
), . ,

,
, .
,
.
, 7. ,
(. 19. 9, 33. 5).


. ,
,

178

6
5

10
. 189. ( . 10): (1), Prendi 1980; (2), (3),
(4, 7) (9), (10), Werner 1950; (5), namali 1964; (6), (8), 1981.


6. .
. 7-8.
, , ,
, , ( 5).

,

, 7. , .

,
- .
(
1952: 257-258),
.
,
.

,
28

, .
,

.
(. 190. 18).
,
,28 .

,
.
,
.
. 8.

. 800.

, .
,

. 9.

. ,
, , , (Herrman: 1973).
, (Partzewski 1988: . 6-7)
( 1977: . 1-2).

7. 10.

179

3
4

11

10
12

15
14

13
16
18
17

19
26

20

21

22

23

27
24

25

26
28

. 190. (1), 2003; (2), 1998; (3), 1959; (4), 1990;


(5); (6); (7), 1989; (8, 16-18), (9), 1997; (10-11), Dostl 1985, (19), Poulk
1950; (12), Friesinger Kerchler 1981; (13); (14-15), 1984; (20), 1976; (21),
1990; (22), 2000; (23), 1959; (24), -- 1976; (25-28),
Karaiskaj 1976.

180

5. 68. : 1. ; 2. ; 3.
; 4. ; 5. ; 6. .


. ,
,
, ( 2001).

.
(. 190. 23).

9. ;
, ,
, , ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
, (. 190. 19),
.


( , ),
,
(,

, ).
8-9. ,
:
,
?
.
, 6-7.
, 8.
, , .
.
,

.
.
8. .
,
.

, 9. .

, , .

7. 10.

181

,
( 2001:
155-157).29 ,
.
, 7-9,
12. 13-15. .
6. ;
20, 19.
.
9-10. ()

,
.

. , ,

927.
( ),
,
,
.

924.
,
( )
.

, ,
,
. ,

II,
.


.
,
(Karaiskaj 1980: . 10-11) ,
.
, ,

II. ,
, .


, ,
7-10. .

.
.
, ,

, .

, 7-10.
.

;
,
.
,

.
.

. .

,
, (
29

).
(Roma, Romani, natione Romanis)
Latinus gente (1967: 114).
,
.
,
,
(1950: 45).


(1952).
. 12.

, . ;
.
,
,
, ,
.
(1984: 32-35),
. ,
, ,
, .
, 6. ,
(

( )
; . - 1954, .

182

) :
- -
( 1986).
,
.
,
, ,
,
, ,
. -
(
), ,
, .
,
,
( ), ,

,
. ,

, .

5-7.
,
( 1967: . 25)
, (. 191. 1-2).

( 1989: 28) (Knific Sagadin 1991:
30-32, . 69-73, 75), (Birbauer 1980:
. 46. 5), (. 191. 3-6).
,
( 1974: 19-21),
(. 13. 14) ( . ),
;
.

, ,
6.
. ,
, .
,
, 6.
,
( 1986: 71).
,
.

.

, , (Birbauer 1980: 81221).
,

568.
, ,
6. ,
.
, ,
,
, (. 32. 1, 9).
6. 7.
, .
,
.

,
.
, .
,
, .

2
1

. 1
91. : (1-2), 1967.
(1); (3), 1989; (4),
Kni
fic Sa

ga

din
1991;
(
5-6), Bierbrauer

1980.


6. 7. .

( )
6. ,
,
. ,
582,
,

.
. , ,
, .
, 600.

7. 10.

.

(
)
, , , (Jankovi 2004).

. ,
,
.
,
,
, 6. .
, ,
, .
.
6. 7. ,
,
,
;
.
, ,
,
,
.
, ,
.

.

, (.
2, 4) (. 14)
( 1979: 158-160).
,

7. .
, II,
IV. ,
(, ),
;
,

.
6. 7.
.
.

, , ,
.
7. .

, .
8.

.

183

,
,
(, , , ).

. ,

787. .
, ,
, .

, .



. ,
, , ,
,
,
.
-
, .
,
, 9-10.
, .
, , ,

,
.
,
( , ).
,
, ,
. ,
4.
, ;

.
600, ,

( 1955: 286-290). ,

.
,
, ( ) ,

, 10. .

( ),
.
,
, :

184

6. : (1); (2) (3)


; (4); 841. (5); (6);
11. (7); 10. (8).

, ,
?

, 841.
11. ( )
. ,
.
(),
.
39. VI (680-681),
(
1997: 107-108).
,
, 867. .
, 89. ,
,
, 10. . ,
;
,
,
.
.

, ,
.
,
,
, .
,
, ,
,

.

10.
. . ,
9-10.

, .

.
,
,
, , .
;
, , .
, ,

7. 10.

185

,

.

,
.
,
, ,
,
, .
.
,

,
,
. ,
.

.
,
.
,
.
,
.

.
;
12. ,
. 11.
.


, ,


. ,
867,
. ,
,
,
.
, .

924, .
.


.
, ,
,
.

R, ;
,
.
,
.
. ,
, (
1996: 350-351).
,
.
, ()
(. 92.
1).
,
.
9. ,
, .

,
(1959: 10),
(1959: 14,
63). 7. .

,


11. , ,
.
,
.
,


.
(
, ).
,
.
.
, .

, .
.

186



,

.
,
, . , ,
, , .

.


, , , .

, .
,

.

.

,
,
6. .
.

,
.

401. ,

6. ,
, .
, 6.
.
.

, 536.
,29
, .
,

, .30

.

, ,
70 ?
(1962: 58).
,
,
,
; ,
,
. ,
,
,

. 13. ,
,
.



.
, 15. ,
, .
, 11.
, ,
(
1927).

. ,

.
.

.

,
9. ,
- ,
. ,

29

(). ,
, , , ,
.
30

; ,
, . 6.
.

7. 10.


- .
,
,
,
. ,
,
-
.


.
. -
,
.
, .
,


9-10.
. - 6-7.
8. ( 1988). ,

.
-
.
,
, ,
-
.
, ,
,

,
.

,
; .
.
30. ,
. , ()
,
,
;
.
, .

. 31. ,
,
31

187

; ,
, .
,
, ,
;
.
8. .



.
,
8. .
,
.
9-10.
,
, .
31
.

12. ,
: atque Guduanesem Avaro
rum ( 1966:
73), civitas Avarorum
( 1962: 289-290). ,
,
.
( 1988: 237, . 78).
,
,
, .

7. 8. : Eo anno in Abarorum cuinomento Chu
norum regnum
(Fredegarius IV, 72); Uni qui est
Avari, (Ravennas Anonymus IV 14); Hunni quoque,
qui et Avares appellantur, ... (Paulus Diaconus IV 26).


(. 194. 1); ,

( 1956: 238, . 17; 1966:
65). 8-9.
.

,
8. 9. .
, ,
.
,

(1966), ,
; = , , .


188

7. - : (1); (2); (3).


(); (); - ().

7. 10.

, ,
. ,
.
6. 7. ,
. ,
, ,

, .
791. 814.
, .
,
:
, ,

.

.
, ,
,
,
.
,
.
,
, 9. .

, .
,

. , -
,
,
.
,
. ,

, 904. . ,
, ,
8. 9. , 866.

(Guduanesem Avaro
rum),
(civitas Avarorum).
, ,
.
,
,
, 10.
.
10. .
,
,

189

.

,

.
.

,
,
,
8. .
,
9. ,
I (. ,
1980).
.

.
()
- (1991: 164-165).
,

.
9. ,
.
,

.
, ,
.
.
,
.
,
.
. ,

, - .

- .

, .

:
,
, .

, , , ,
,
,
. ,
, , :

190

10
14

13

12

11

15
17

16

20

21

18

22

19

23

. 192. : - (1-3), (4-7),


(8-13), 1980. : (14-15), 1984; (16-17),
1978; (18, 21-22), 1987, 1995; (19), 1980; (20), 1976;
(23), Budinsk-Krika 1959.

7. 10.

,
, .
, ,
.32

,
, - .
.
,
( 1975: 206).

, . ,

.
9. .
, (, ,
)
( , )
,
, , ,
.
,
, , ,
, , ,
. ,
,
,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, , .
.
,
,
(. 192. 1-3).
,
; , ,
(. 192. 4-13).
.

( 1995: 103-104,
. 1-3), .33 (.

191

193. 4) ( 2001: . 12).



(.
194. 1-3); (
Vida
1999: . 511, 518, 526, 528, 529, 543; Eisner 1952:
. 99).
,

8
7

10

. 193. (1),
Kovrig 1963
; (2), . .
A 1993; (3),

Eisner 1952; (4, 7-8),


2001; (5)
Donceva
-
Petkova
1990; (6),
1973; (9-10), 1993.

32

, ,
. ,
. 8-9. 1982: . 149.
, , , . ,
, , .
.
, (- 1975: 287);
, , ; , . ,
, , , , C .
33

192

, 8-9.
,
.
(. 192. 8-13, 21) ,


(- 1985: . 18. 14, 57, 74, 76-77; 20.
14; 21. 14; , 1990: . 7. 5; 1959: 3, 8, 10),
(. 193.
5, 9-10). (. 193. 7-8)
9-10. ,

( 2001: . 14; 36).
(
R

na
-
Tas
2002) .


( 1980: 128),
.34 (,
?),
, 8-9. ,
(Klanica 1986: 78-82),
. ,
(
1993: . 5. 2, 16-17),
(Spahiu 1971: . 7. 6).
,

.
(. 192. 14-23),
,
.
( 1976: . 35),
(
1980: . 55. 1-2, 9), ( 1987:
. 2).
,
( 1995: . 12).
,
, (
1986: . 6-8).
, (Budinsk-Krika
1959: T. 10. 1),
(Trogmayer 1964: 68, .
13. 7). 9. .
- ,
5-7. ( 1982: . 3),

( 1987:
. 128).
.

, -
( 1999: 161).
,
. ,
,
(. 194. 3), (.
194. 4-5) (
1980: . 83).
,
- ,

1
33

. 194. : (1),
1967; (2), 1990;
(3), (4), (5), 1980.

8. 9.
,
9. (. 2003).
,
( 1990: . 108.
2) (. 194. 1).

. 1980: 126-127, (Trk 1973) ;


, , , ,
( 1980: . 65).
, , , . ( 1984: 124-128), ,
, VII .
34

7. 10.


.
,
, - .

.
,
,
, .
.
, ,
, .
6-7. ,

( 1988).35 ,
,
, ( 1985).

.
,
-
. , ,

,
. ,

, .

, -
.

, .
:
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
, .
, .
,
, (
),
, , .
,
, .
, ,
(Anamali, Spahiu 1980: T. 5-6; Prendi 1980: T.

193

23-24). - ;

,
.



-a ;
,
.
, .
,
, -
a 9. .

, , ,
, .
, ,
-.
8. 9.
,
.
,
4. . ,
,
- ,
7. .
,
,
.
, ,
1 .

, ,
, 8-9. ,
.
.
.
()
,
(),
.
6.
( ,
),
, ,
, ,

, .
, ,
. - .
; ( 1988),
( , ).
34

194

2
9

10
6

12

13

14

16

11

17

15

18

20

19

21
22

24

23

26

25
29

27

28

30

. 195. : (1-2), Anamali 1964; (3-7), Garam 2001; (8), Knific Sagadin 1991; (9-10), Kiss 1977;
(11), 1989; (12), ilinsk 1966; (13), Kiss 1977; (14), Ss . Salamon 1995;
(15-17), Kovrig 1963; (18-19), 1981; (20-22), Bulle 1934; (23-29), 1959,
1978; (30), Spahiu 1971.

7. 10.

,
7. ( 1986:
116-118, . 1084-1085. 1086-1090).
,
, (Slabe 1975:
61, T. 10. 3). ,
, (Koroec 1947: . 3. 18).
(. 195.
1-2), (. 23).
, ,
(. 195. 3-7).
7.
(Barkczy 1968), ,
300.000 619.
,

.
(. 195. 8-10),
, 8. 9.
(Kiss 1977: 114, . I-82, T. 48; 130, . II-37, . 55;
132, . II-96, T. 56). 37
. ,
, , 7.
(Kiss 1977: 32, . 25, T. 3).
,
. 9. 10. e
.
(. 195. 8),
, 9. (Knific Sagadin 1991: 88,
. 102). ,
, .
,
.
,
, .
,
7-8. .
9-10.
, ,
.
,
. -

,
,
-
, .
,
, - .



, ,
,
.

195

, 6. 7. ,
. , 4-5.
, .
36 , ,
;
. ,
-
. ,
(Werner 1950: 170, T.
31. 55),
8. (Scseglova 1995).
;
,
7. 8. (. 189. 10).

( ) ,
,
( 1992:
. 55/3, 7, . 86/3), (Anamali 1964: . 7. 6-7,
9-10), (Anamali 1971: . 8. 4-5) (.
1). (.
196. 7-8) (. 196. 4-6).
, 7.

.
660-680. ,
8. , (Scseglova
1995), 9. .
.
(Garam 2001: 20-23,
T. 4-6), .

( 1992: . 55/19),
9. ( 1976: . 189).
,
, .
- 8.
9. ,
8. .

(. 196. 1-3).
(Spahiu 1971: . 4. 6), 2
, 7. 8.
(ilinsk 1975: 65). ,
(Budins Beretit 1976: 346 11. 2),
, .
.
,
, ,
, ,
8-9. (Dostl 1966:

196

11

10

12
13
14

17
16

15

19
18

21

22

20

23

24

. 196. , : , Spahiu 1980. (1), Anamali 1964. (4), 1969. (8); , Spahiu 1964. (2), Ugolini 1927. (10),
Archologie compare 1982. (11), 1901. (16), 1910. (17); (3), Budins Beretit 1976; (5), Prendi 1980;
(6), 1964; (7, 15, 23), Anamali 1971; (9), Kiss 1977; (12-14), Garam 2001; (18), Teodor 1978;
(19-20), - 1958; (21-22), Komata 1980; (24), 1976.

7. 10.

32-33; ilinsk 1966: 292, 300).


.
- (. 2, 4);
, ,
, ( ), ,
, (. 9-10, 195. 22).

, 8.
9. ( 1992: 44-45, . 16. 2, . 67. 1).
(
1976: . 18).
.
, (. 196. 23).

(. 1, 3-4), ,
-).
, 8.
9. .
,
7-9. ,
(, , ).

-
-
,
.
. ,
,
.

.
,
(, , ),
- .
,
, .

.
,
.
(. 4) ,
. ,
, ,

. ,
, (. 22, 196. 21).

(?).

7-10. .
7. .
, 9-10. (

197

1958).

. ,
.
.
,
.
,
, (. 196. 16-17).
,
( 1901: . 3; Spahiu
1980: . 4. 10). , ,
;
,
. ,
.
, .
(. 196. 18-20, 24).

,
(Teodor 1978: 78, . 38.
15). 9. ,
, 60 (
),
( 1976: 200, .
123. 2). 27
, a
31 (- 1958: .
17. 7-8, 19q); 9. .
,
, 12 (Koroec 1947: .
3. 12). ,

,
,
,
9-10. ,
( 1976: . 170, 175,
177, 178, 182, 184, 189, 190, 194).
.

,
,
(. 196. 11).
, .
(Garam 2001: T. 29),
(. 196. 9-10, 1214).
. 7. ;

( 1996: . 16, 19).

,

198

10

6
11

14

13

12

15
. 197. : (1) (2), 1995; (3), 1980; , Spahiu 1971. (4-6),
1900 (7); (8-10), Garam 2001; (11), Ruxer Kubczak 1975; 12-13), Khalikova Kazakov
1977; (14), Zrn 1965; (15), M 1992.

; 8. .36
9.
,
,
( 1980: 91-92, . 77. 4-5;
1964: . 1; 1965: . 2).
,
, .
. 1,
62, ,
,
36

; 66 (
1976: 198-200, . 123: 5; 203, . 125: 8).
10.
.

(. 195).
:
(. 1; 9. 4; Anamali 1964: .
1. 16-19; 1971: . 8. 4-5, 9),
(Anamali 1964: . 1.

Eisner 1952: . 48-49, , .


(1980: 92).

7. 10.

23-24),
(Anamali 1964: . 1. 27-29; 1971: . 8.
1-3).
, - (. 196.
15).
, ,
.
,
.
- ,
9. ,

. .

(. 197. 4-7),
,
, .
,
.
(. 56.
3; 197. 1-3), -
( 1995: . 2),
( 1992: 44-49).
,
. ()
,
, ( 1899: .
3).

. -
( 1987: . 4, 1987: . 57.
6; 1987: . 91. 10)
8-10. ,
( 1981: . 52. 81-82).
, (Khalikova Kazakov 1977: .
14 . 440) ,
(. 197. 12-13).
. (.
197. 14)
(
) ,
(Zrn 1965: 52).
, (. 197.
12).
, (. 197. 9-10),
(Garam 2001: T. 18).
,
;
,
.
,
8-9. . ,

199

(. 197. 11),
6. (Ruxer Kubczak 1975: .
40-41).
:
(, ) .
.
.
, ,

, , , ,
,
, -
, .

,
, , e .

( ).
,

.
,
,
.
(. 197. 15), ( 1992: .
68/3).
,
, , ( 1982:
267 . 42. 4; 77. 6; 78. 5). ,
- ,
, .
-
, .

, .
,
,
.
,
.
- .

,
. ,
(. 198).
, , ,
- .
,
- .
,
(Archologie compare 1982: 35 872; Spahiu
1971: . 9), (Komata 1980: . 4. 12),
(Spahiu 1980: . 5.

200

1
2

4
3
5

8
9
13
15

10
11
12

14
16

17

. 198. :
(1), Anamali Spahiu 1980; (2), 1992;
(3), Komata 1967; (4, 9), 1976;
(6), Spahiu 1971; (7, 10), 1980;
(8), - 1958; (11),
1956; (12), 1997;
(13), 1996; (14), 1989;
(15), Budimsk-Krika 1959; (16-17), Schneider 1979.

20), (Anamali 1971: . 1), (Anama


li Spahiu 1980: . 5-6)
( 1992: . 55. 28-29).
30
.
9. .
( 1980: .
34. 36, 44. 13),
( 1956: . 3),
( 1976: .
126-127). ,
(Davidson
1952: . 121, . 2430-2433).

(-
1958: . 18. 11).
7.
( 1997: . 1. 17),
8. .
(Budinsk-Krika 1959:
. 29),
, (H.
I. Friesinger 1981: . 673-674, 678).
( 1989:
120-121, . 65. 50-52). -
, -
( 1996: 137, .
1. 22-23)
(Schneider 1979: . 5).
(Schneider 1979: . 4)
(. 198. 17),
-
( 1987: . 57. 38, 42). . ,
.
,
( 1981: 85).
.
,
.

.
,
,
9. .

, 9.
. ,


, .

7. 10.

.
,
, .

- (. 199),
. ,
,
.
, 70 8. 9.
, ,
,
(Kovrig 1975: 229, . 10, 13).
, ,
,
(Garam 1980). (. 199. 20)
18. (
1957: 60).
, (Garam 1980: . 7).
,

- ,
.
-
(. 1; 19. 24; 24; 199. 1-6),
(Bulle 1934). ,
,
,
.
, (Klanica
1986: . 41. 8),
(Hampel 1905: T. 127. 5, 164. 12).

8. 9. (
1981: . 37. 57-58; 1981: . 64. 118-119).
-
.
8. 9. ( 1981;
1981).
, , .

, 8.
.
, 791, 9.
.
, -,
9. .
- 8.
9. .
.
,
, 8.

201

; .
,
7. 8.
(Sczeglova 1995),
. -
,
.
,
.
(Spahiu 1971: . 7.
6). , ,
(. 199. 14).
,
9. 2 ( 1976: 262, .
166. 3), , 8 (. 199.
16-17). ()
, (. 199. 15).
8 ,
, (Moszler 1948: .
65). .
- ,
(. 1. )
(Anamali 1980: T. 8). ,
,
(. 195. 8-24).

.
8-9. , .
-
7. ,
,
( 1982: . 16. 5-6; 1986:
154-157),
(
Bulle 1934:

. 28-30), - .
7.
8. ,
,
( 1986: 274-275).
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
,

. ,
, ,
.
7-8. (
1959),
- ,
8. .
- (

202

7
13

10

11

12

15

14
16

18
17
20
19
. 199. : (1), Ugolini 1927; (2), Spahiu 1980; (3-5), Anamali 1971; (6, 8),
Hampel 1905; (7), Klanica 1986; (9-12), 1989; (13), Anamali 1964; (14), Spahiu 1971; (15),
Moszler 1948; (16-17), 1976; (19), Archologie compare; (19), Kiss 1977; (20), 1957.

1978). ,
8. 10. ,
,
,
( 1989: . 59. 11, 26).
,
,
( 1996: 38-40, .
53).
,
, ;
, . ,
,
6. 7. (
1982: . 3. 18-21). 7-9. ,
, ,
(
1981: . 64).
8-9. , ,
.
,
, (. 195. 12-17),

(
ilinsk 1996:

. 50. 290), (Kiss 1977: T.


13, . 41.1) (
Kovrig 1963: T.

3 . 49).

- :
7.

.
7. , 8.
,
.
- ,

,
.
,

, 8.
9. . 8. .


- .

.
,
.
,
, . , ,

7. 10.


.

.
.
,
,
.
8-9. ,
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
,
.
.
, ,

, .
,
, ,
; .
-
8, 9. .

8.
,
- 9. .

, ,
.37 ,
8. ,
7. (Werner 1983).

8. .
.
,
8. 10. .
,

(. 200. 5-9);
.
,
9. .

, .
,

( 1981: 53-54, . 24).
37

203

.

,
.
8. 9. , ,
, .

. 200. , ,
(1-7); , 1981. (8-9).

- ,
. 10. .

. (Traeger
1900: . 3-7). .

1 4 (. 201). -

204

1: , , ,
(. 200. 1-4).
4
,
9-11. . 2,
.
, (?),
(. 201. 10-16).

1
2
5

3
6

7
9

14

10
13
11

15
16

12
18
17

19

20
21
. 201. , 1 (1-4); 2, (5-9)
(10-16); 3 (17-18), Traeger 1902; ,
Hampel 1905. (20); (21), Anamali Spahiu 1980.

,
;
(Spahiu 1971: . 10; namali 1964: T. 8. 1).
(Hampel 1905: T. 79.
8; 173. 2).
, 7-9.
( 1982: 51, . 19. 26, 28). ;

.
9. (Dostal 1966: .
7. 29).
,
, (. 201. 59). (?)
.
9. ,
, 11. ( 1983: . 271-273;
1992: . 75).
9. 10. 11. ,
.
(Bodinaku
1983: . 1. 12).
( 1980: . 42. 9). ,

-
9. 10. .

9. , .
10.
- .
10-11. .
, ,
(, ,
).
- ,
.
, 9. 10. .


-
.
, ,
(535555) , 864.

(1950: 44-45),
,
() (). ,
(Volga),
(Vulgari)
(). (Kris, cagan),
(), (dux Bar

7. 10.

205

8. 9. : - (
), , , . : 788. (1),
791. (2); - (3); (4);
(5); (6);
(7); (8); (9).

ris ). (Sylloduxiam
provinciam), (),
(regio Sinbagiorum ),
, (), (Sele
ucia ), ,
(Romani) ,
, , (Morovlachi,
hoc est Nigri Latini vocantur),
, ,
(), (Romanorum
imperator M) ;
,
,
( ).


,

. ,

,

,
.
,
,

( 1953: 126-136;
Mir. II 1955: 211-216; 1986).

, 660-680;
(Werner 1983). ,
-
, , , 800.
-
.
.
.
(Vulgari) (magno
flumine Volga),
, ,
.

206

,
. ()
, . ,
, ,
.
, , , ,
, ,
, .

, .
( 1991: 246-247, 254-255).

, ,
, ,
.
( = );
, ,
.
( 1863: 27).

Syllo-duxiam provinciam, -, regio Sin-bagi
orum. - (
, ),
, -.
syllo-, -, sin-, ,
duxiam, , -bagiorum, -.
,
, , , .
, (
1863: 27), ()
.
, , .
.
,
. ''
,
( 1998: 142).
,
,
.
, ,
.
,

,
,
.
. (
);
,
,

, 7,
8. .
, 7-8.
,
. ,
,
.
,
600. .
,
(; , ; -, ) (),
(, , ).

; ,
( ),

,
.
, . ,
,
.
,
,

. -
, .


- .
, (
),
() .

, .

,
.
, .

-
?
800,
( ),
;
, .
;
.
,

7. 10.

207

9. 9. : 864. (1) 865. (2);


; (4); (5);
(6); (7); , (8);
(9); (10); (11);
(12).


. ,

10. .
,
-
.
.
-
( 1976: . 15),
( 1984: .
23, 24). , ,
,
, .

,
, .
, ,
, , .

(, , )
- (, ).


,
.
,
.
, ,

.38
(
) ,
,
().
,
,
( ),
.

, ,
.
38

208

,
, , ,
.

.
-
( ). ,

, , ().

,
7. 8. .

, .

,
.
.
,
( 1982: 126).
,


,
.
.

, .

, .
,
- ,

,
, .
9.

(, ), ,
, , , .
.
, -
,
,
.


.
, ,
, ,
,

.
, -
, .
-
.
791. ,
, 814,

, .
-
,
,
.
, ,
.
.
,
,
.
- ,
, , ,
. ,
.
.
.
,
,
( ).
10. ,
. ,
.
,
, (1950: 48-49).
, ( )
,
. ,
,
;
,
-, .
, ,
, ,
7. (
656).


, ( 1959: 42).
- ,
10. ,
. (852-889)

7. 10.

, 864. . ,
, ,
(1959: 44);
, .

,
.

, . ,
, .
,
,
, .

,
,
-
.
,
,

. ,

.
, ,
, .

, , 879.

, ,
( 51-52),
,
.
12
, ,
.
,
,
, .
, , () ,

209

,
, ,
, () , 892.
,
, 897,

( , ?),
, .
,
.
, 897,
- .
,
. , 10. ,
.
896-904. ,
30
( 1971: 321-322). 10.
. -
30
. -
,
, .

.
,
= .


, ,
,
.
(via Egnatia)
,
.

.


, .


,
.
,
.
, 924,
. ,

,
, .

,
5. 10.
. ,
, ,

.
,

: , , ,
, ,
.
,

. ,
(,
),
, ,
.

.
7-8.
;
, .
9.
- ,
,
. ,
.
9. ,
.

,
,

. .
924,


,
, .
,
, ,
, .
10. ,
, ( ),

.
,
,
(1955: 78).

, ,
.
,
, , .
, ,
.
,
.
,

,

10. .
.


, , ,
, ,
, ,
, .

9. . ,
,

7. .

212

,

.
,

.
,
.
, ,
, ,
, , .

,
,
.
4. .
, 6.

.
,
, .
,
, .

,
.
10. .
, ,
, ,
(
dux
). ,
,
. , ,
891/2-917,
,
.
,
, .
10. ,
, .
,
,
( 1952: 69-70);

. VII
, , ,
, , ,
,
,

924. ,
,
rex
.

,

,
.
,
.

, 9. , .
.
,
, , ,
.
,
, 50
2, .
,
. 215 320 2.

, ,
, .

, .

.
,
. ,
(, ,
),
,
, , ,
, , .
, ,
.
, ( ?).
,
.
, o
, .
,
. ,
.
,

.

,
, , ,
.
, , , ,
,
.

7. 10.

213

,
6
. ,
, ,
, .
, ,
.
,
( ).
.
, ,
.
,
;
,
.
,
,
. , ,
,
. ,

.
, ;
,
.
,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
.
,
, ,
.


.
. ,
, ,
.
. ,
7.
, .
,
,

, .
,

.
,
- , ,
.
.

;
, ,
.
, ( 1998),

7.
,
, ,
.
, .



(. 52. 1, 8), .
,
, , ,
.
.
()
662. . 871,
,


, ,
,
, .;


()
.
. ,
9. ,
10. ?

;
866,
.

, ,
?
,
10. .

,
36 ,
100 ;
20 .
, 180
, 5.000 .
,

214

.

,
, , .
, . 39
,
.
, , .
, ,
.
,
, ,
,
.
, ,
(
), , .
,
(, )
( 1863: 246), (latro), ,
( 1864: 438).40


,
.
,
.
, , . ,

7. ( ),
.
,
.
10. , ,
.
,
, .
,
.
.
,
.
.

,

( = ) .
;
,
.
, ,

; 13-15. .
7-10. , ,
,
.
7-10.
,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
14. ,
(
1993: . 5). ,
. II
1018, ,
,
,
. (
1991) 10. ,
.

,
.
,
, . ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , , .

,
, ,
.

,
.
,

.
(
), ,
.

. .
(, ), , ,
, , , , (), () .
40
. ,
. , .
39

7. 10.

, .
,

.
, , , , , .

,
;
()
80 .

. ,

, ,
, .
,
.

, .
,

, .
7.

( 1998: 26, . 25.
14). -
41
( ).
,
,
.
;
.

, (
, , ).
, 7.
.
7. (
1990: 23),
, .
7. ,

, .
,
7. .

9-10. , ,
, ,
41

215

. ,
, ,
, .



,


,
.
46. ,
( 1988). ,
,
() 805.
, 9. (
).
,
,
, .
,
10. .
866.
,
.
, 1517. -
. .


.
,
. ,

,
.
, .
, ,
. ,

;
.

9. .
,
,
.
;
, .
.
9.

. , .

216

, ,
( ,
, , , , ). 9.
,
(, ).
9. ,
, , , .

, ,
;
. 9.
10. ,

, .
, 900,
. 10.
(, ) .
7-10. ,
,
, .

,
. ,
,

. , ,
,
, . ,

.
.
,
. ,
,
; ,
.
, ,
.
9. , .

9. ,
, ;
. , 10. ,

.
7-10.

.

, ,
,
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
,

, .

I,
( 1996). ,
11-12.
, 7.
.42
7. (
1955: 227). ,
, ,
,
.
(678-681),
IV:
(in
me

dio

gen

ti

um

)
, ,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
. (
1973: 92).
, .
(872-882) (
dux)
,
, .
, 10. ,
,
(610-641).

( ),
, .
, ,
,
. ,
,

. , ( ), 2004,
, . . ,
. . , ,
.
42

7. 10.

217

10. 6. 9. : 535. 615-620. (1-3); 620. 9. (46); (1, 4); (2, 6); (3, 5); .

638. (
DCXXXVIII
)
.
648, ( 1973: 198-216).
()

640-642,
, ,
, (1973:
106-107, 113-116).

; ,
,

.
(), ,
() .
X (914-928),
,
, (
827-844), :

Quis enim ambigit Slavinorum regna in primitie apo


stolice et universalis ecclesie esse conumerata, cum a
cunabulis escam predicationis apostolice ecclesie perce
perunt cum lacte carnis, sicut Saxones novo tempore a

nostro antecessore, pie memorie Gregorio papa, doctri


nam pariter et literarum studia in ea videlicet lingua in
qua illorum mater apostolica ecclesia infulata mane
bat. ( 1967: 97).

, .
,
,
,
.
4.
.

6. ,

.

, ,
. ,
, ,
( 1998: 124-126),
,
.

218


, , 6.
,
,
.

( = , ),

, , ,

, .
.

,

,
. 31. ,

, , .
,
.
, .

,
. , ,
,

.

,
,
.


.
,
,
,
.
,
. (?)
,
. ,
.
, ,
.
,
.
,
.

,

,
.
,
(
1967: 67; 1997: 107-108).
;
,
, .

( ).

, , (,
, , ),
6. 7. .
7-8. , ,
- ,
,

, ,

.
;

.
,

. ,
.

4-6. , ,
, , -
, ,
, ,
.
.
. ,
. ,
,
, , .
, ,
.
.
, ,
. ,
.

660-680,
.

, 8.
( 1990:

7. 10.

19-20). , (=
),
, 807,
. 7-8.
,
, .
,
.
800,

, .
, ,
.
()
, ,
,
.

,
,

. ( 1978: 16),

, .
,
,
.
,
,
.

, 9. ,

,

. ,
,
.
,

(, , ),
, .
9.
,
.

,
, .

, (
, ),
,

219

(1950: 49-55):


, , ,
;
, .
I 811-813, V 816-817.

.
,
, 812.

( )
(
) 817. ( 1957: 63).

() ,

. ,
, ,
( ),
, . ,
,
, ,
.
, (),

, .
.

, ,
.
, ,
. ,
(?)
,
.

.
. ,

,
.

. ,
,
(, , ),
, ,
.
()
.

220

,
, .
9.
,

, .

,
, ,
( ).
,
(
). ,

,
( 1973).
,
;
.

,
.
,
, ,
,

,
, .
.

,
.
, ,
.

, 864.
,
(
), .
,
.
,

.
882.
, .
,
.

43

() ,
,
, ,
.

, ,
.
935,
.
.
100 II
.
(Huek 1988: 298), XIII (965-972),

,

: Verum tamen noa secundum ritusa
us sectiam Bulgariae gentis vel Russiae, aut slavonicae
linguae, sed magis sequens instituta et decreta apostolica
unum patiorem totius Ecclesiae ad placitum eligos in hoc
opusclericum latinis apprime literis eruditum.
(Russiae Rusciae, Ruziae gentis)
,
. ,
,
, Ras
sa

,
Ras

ia
,
Ra
xia

( 1979).
O

(872-882),
,
.
(Mon
te

me

ro du

ci Scla

vi

ni

cae);

,
( 1979: 73).

,
ao
,
( 2004: 68-69).
.
, ,
,
X.
, ,
.
, ,


, .

.43

( ) ,
, , 4.
( 1997: 308, . 547).

7. 10.

,
,
(
).
.
,
, ,
.
,
,
,
(. ).
,
.

,
. ,
,
, .
,
.
,
. ,

.
,

. ,
,
,
. ,

.

, .

, ,
.
,
, .

.44
9.
.
(

),
.
, .

44

221

.
, .
.

, .
, , ,

.
, ,
.
,
. ( )
. ,
,
,
( 1988: 120, . 18. 21).
.

(
1975),
. ,
, 866,
.

,
.
,
,
.
;
.
. ,
,

( ).
VIII


878. ,
,
.
,
. ,
,
. ,
.
.
,
.
,
. ,
().
. ,
,

, ( ), .

222

11. 9-10. : (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) (2, 4, 6, 8, 10);


(1-2); (3-4); (5-6); (7-8); , (9-10); (11);
(12); .

, . ,

, ,
.
.
,

.

.

.
,
,
.
,

. ,

.
, , ,
,

.
.

,
.
,
. ,
, .

, .
,
,

, ,
(1967; 1969;
1970; 1973). ,
,
,
.

, 893. ( 2001: 79-81);

7. 10.

,
877, 878.
879-880,

, (),
(,
);
() ,
, ( 1987: 255).
, ,
,
,

( 1955: 299-300).
,
,
( 2004: 68-72).

,
.
,
.
879, 878. ,
.
,
VIII

, ,

. 873.
( 1997: 179-180).

.
,
885-886,

. , ,
864,
,
, ,
,
(
1955).
.
,
( ).

,
( 2002: 157-158).

45

223


( ),
, .
, 3.500 ,
.
, .
,


. ,
350 ,
,
.
,
. ,


.
, , (
?), (?), ,
, ,
, .

, .

, , 10. . ,

,
(
).
,
,
( 1990:
36).
885,

45.
,


.

.
,
,
, ,
.
(, , ,
), (, ),
().

. (1970: 37).

224

( ,
, ), (,
, , ),
, (, ,
), .
.
,

. ,
,

.

.

,
(891/2-917).
,

, . ,
, ,

,
.
.
,

.
( ).
9. 10.
,
,
, .
,
.
,
, .
,
, .
,
, ,

. .
,
,
.

.


.
,

, .
,

.
, ( ).


VI (886-912),
.
901. III .
,
, , ,
9. ,
. ,
,
.
.
906, ,
III.
,
.
, 923.

.

, .
,
896-904,
30 (
1971: 321-322).
, .
,
. ,
.
, .
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
.

924, .

.
,
, .

7. 10.


(, , ,
).


.

, .
.
,
,
.
,
,
, .

, 925. ,
, ,
. ,
6. ,

,
() ().
, 10. .

.
VII
, ,

.
, 949.
, .
,
, .
.
, , .

,

;
10. .
10. :
,
( 1957: 78-86),

,
.
.
,
() ,

225

.
,
.
;
,
, . ,
10.

.
?

, ,
.
,
.
,
( 1995:
27, 47-51; 1987: 263).
,
,
, .

11. .
,

. ,
, , ()
.
.
,
.
,
. 7-10.
, .
9. ,

, , .



,
.
,
10. ,
. , ,
, . ,
, , .
.
,
.
.
,

226

.
, ,
, . 7-10.
.

4. .

.
.

.
,

.
5. 6. ,
,
, ,

.
4. .
,
, .

,
,
,
.

.

5-6. ,
,
. ,

, ,
.
535-536;
. .


550-551.
.

,
.
.
7. ,
,
.
6.
,

, - ,
,
. ,
,
.

,
.
,
, . ,
, 4-5.
, 7. .
, ,

.
6.
.
567,
.

,
. ,
.
7. , ,

.
, .
.
(
)
6. .
7.
; 600.
( ).
( )
,
, .

, .
,

.

, ,
.
,

.
;
. ,
,
,

7. 10.

,

.
, .

,
, .

.

,

,
(
).
,
,
(
),
.

,
626. .
, ,
,
.

. ,
,
, .
,
,
.
.
7. , ,
,
.
, 662,
.
,
,
, 660. .
,



.
. ,
,
,
8.

227

() () .

, ,
.
,
.
, .
,
,
.

,
.
.
,
.
809,
;
.


, .
9.
,
.

,
. ,
,
. ,
, .
,
,
, .
.
,
,
, .
.
,
.
.
924. .

.
,

.

.
.

228

,
, .

,
.
,
9. , .

, .
,
.
,
,
.
,
, .
.

,
, ,
, ,
. ,
.
,
871,
,
.
9. ,
. ,
.
.

,
,
.
.

, ,
;
.

. 879,
.
-
, .


/ 897-8.
.
,
.

,

- .
10. 11. ,

.
-
.

10. ,
.
,
,
, .
, ,

, ,
, .
,
,
.


,

.
.
, ,
,
.
,
,
,
.
(),
().
,
, ,
.
.
,
, ,
, .
, VI

.
,
.
-
.
,
,

7. 10.

.

,
10. , .
(,
), ( ),

,
.
.
924, 925.
,
, .
,
.
,
.
.
,
. ,
.
.

. ,
,
, ;
.
,
, .

.
,
932. .


.
, ,
, .
,

.
,
, ,
, .

229

,
9. .

,
.
(),
. . ,
,
,
( )
.
( ),

( ) (
, ). ,
,
,
. , 11. ,
.
, ,
.
,
,
. 9.
,
.
(
),
9-10. ,
.

.
,
-
, ,

.
. 7-10. ,
,
, ,
.
7-8. ,
, ,
.

1993:
, 4, 287-303.

1953: ,
.

1993: 40 (
) , 6,
85-92.

.
1989: ,
- ,
.

1958: ,
3, 1958: 323-326.

.
1980: 7-9. ,
.

. .

1959:
, 14, 175-177.

1964: ,
.

1959:
, 14, 203-214.

. -

1984: ,
1, .

.
1976: ,
29 (1974) , 179-223.
1977:
,
, 1977, . .
, , 257-265.

.
1981:

(),
2, 104-108.

. . A
1977: ,
, 1, 225-238.
1982: VII VIII .
,
V-VIII , , 165-192.

.
1976: , . , ,
69-80.
1984: VIII-XVIII .

.
1995:
VII VIII ,
2, , 153-182.

. .
1990: , .

1989: 1981-1986 ,
10, 101-131.

.
1928: . 9 10
, 2, 118-122.

.
2001:
, 17, 137-142.
2001: ,
.

.
1967: . ,
7, , 75-82.

.
1934: .
, 8-9, 90-165.
1941: , 1, , 19196.
1962: , .
. , . .
1981: 1, .

. .
1961: ,
, , 71-100.

.
1980:
, , . ,
, 77-86.
1985: ,

232

, . . , , 139-149.

. - .

1958: ,
1, 129-159.

2004:
, 50
(2003), 153-204.

.
1989:
, 7, 147-163.

.
1993:
, 5, , 66-101.

. .
1996:
-

- -
,
I . ., . . . , . .
, . . , , 134-147.

.
1986: ,
,
12-1, , 243-253.

.
1957: , 2.

M.
1958: , 13, 159-166.
1959: , 14, 179201.

. . . . A
1993: , .

. . A. K. A
1980:
( 288), , 247-263.

. -
1966: ,
8, 148-149.
1966: , , ,
8, 155.

.
1955: , 10,
231-237.
1968: ,
3, 103-168.

1967: . , Historia Salonitana Maior, .

. .
1990:
, 18 (1988),
119-193.

.
2004:
, 24,
199-210.

.
1985: . , 17,
, 291-203.

.
1977:
, 1,
, 157-166.

.
1990:
,
5-6 (1987-1990),
83-92.

.
1965:
(6-11. .), .
1973:
,
VI-XI , , 105-133.
1976:
6-11. . , .
1981:
6-11 .,
316-59.

. . , . .
1996 -
, .

.
1993: 1978 1979 .,
6, 49-68.

1974:

, 69 (1967),

1982:
, 37, 93-122.

1989:
, 19, 5-71.

1978: ,
155, 25-31.

. -
1954:
, 1, , 119-127.

. . . .


1987: - ,

7. 10.

233

, . . . , .

1987: . . ,
.

1987: ,
1986, 127-128.

. - .

1989:
, 7, 165-179.

1986:
, 3, 353-361.

1995:
8-9. , ,
. . , , 159-168.

.
1973:
II, .

1986:
, 40-41 /1985-1986), 129-209.

. .
2002: , , .

. . . .
1993:
, 2, -,
55-65.

2004: ,
.


1988: , ,
. . , .
, . . , .

1988:
,
, . .
, , 175-186.

1863: , ,
(1975).

1997, 1998: , ,
. , .

1864: ,
, (1975).

.
1988:
, 18, 39-88.
1996:

, .

.
1930: , , 128-151.
1950: ,
, .
1962:
, .

. .
1982: .
,
V-VIII , . . . , . . , ,
69-107.

1988: ,
. , . ,
.

. -
1985: ,
1974 ., 4, , 91-116.

.
1970: , 2-2, ,
411-531.

1955: ,
, . , 1,
, 297-302.


1987:
, .

.
1988: Villae rusticae ,
, .
. , , 89-99.

.
1989: ,
5, 112-118.

.
1970:
I 2, .

.
1988: , , ,
. . , , 147-161.

1965: XII, . .
, . , . , . , .

.
1988: ,

, . . , , 119-126.

234

. (Ippn)

20, 121-226.

1900a: , 12,
83-98.

1900: , 12, 511-532.

1952: 1, .

1901: , 13, 603608.

1962:
, II, . .
, .

2001: ,
.

.
2001:
Heraclea Lyncestis, .

.
1981: 6. 7.
, .
1986: VI-VII
, , .
1997: 6. 7. ,
, . . , , 133-149.
1998: , .
2001:
, ,
141-161.

1966: , . , 3,
. . . , 51-172.

.
1961: . , , 3, 129-132.
1978:
,
XXV, 67-85.

.
1983:
, 13, 165-182.
1988:
,
, .
. , 209-215.

2003: , .

1984: , . .
, .

2003:

, 10, 55-75.

2003: , , IX ,
, . . .
, , 97-108.
2004: , 20, 6379.
2004:
, 24, 77-89.

1979: (IX-XII
), 14-1, ,
79-91.

.
1852: , .
1913: 2, .

1990: , 20, 65-82.

2002: Moa eaa, aaa 1997. o,


A 14, 1998, 145-148.

.
1981: X-XI
, .
1983:
IX-XI ,
11, 99-112.
1997: , , .
. , , 303- 340.

. .
1990: , .

.
1976:
, .
2000: ,

1966: , . , 3, . .
. , 194-217.

.
1967: Historia Salonitana Maior, .
1975: , .

. .
1979: IV-IX , ,
, E1-2 .
1981: ,
, . . . , , 8397.
1996:
VI-IX . ( ),
I
. ., , 5-23.

7. 10.

235

1956:
2, 105, 1-11.

1995: .
, 10, 202-213.

1960: ,
.

. .

1964:
(II),
8, 113-123.
1966: , 3, , 53-79.
1966: , 8,
150-151.
1967: ,
XII , 1, , 281-444.
241-275.
1973: ,
5, 35-51.
1986: , , . .
, , 119-121.

.
1975: Obolon ,
5, 141-

1965: - ,
100, 108-115.

.
1997:
, 13, 329-348.

. , . . .
1970: , .

. .
1959: ,
74, 143145.

1988: 3, .
. .

1959: , 2, 76-78, .
.

1973: 7. . 1205,
(
, 1976).

1959: , IX-X (19581959), 383-385.


1976: , .
1998: :
,
, 85-91.

1950: ,
,
. .
1988: , .
, .

2001: , ,
.

1967:
, 17 (1966), 61-75.

2001: .
, 51, 135-170.

1969: ,
19 (1968), 125-139.

. .
1970: . ,
11-1, , 107-114.

. .

1970: Ordo episcoporum Paris Gr. 880


- ,
1100- , 1,
1970, 131-146; 1982: 91101.

1998: , .

1982:
, .

1958:
, 6, 29-42.

.
1948: .
,
1, , 129-184.
1958:
. ,
2, , 56-80.

1959: , .

.
2001: , . ,
, , ,
197-209.

. .
1990: VIII .
, 1990/1, 261-266.

236

1971: , .

1870: , . . ,

( VII . .),
.

.
1979:
, XIV-1, ,
69-75.
1996: , 35, 154-173.

.
1976: ,
. , Macedoniae acta archaeologica
2, , 219-234.

.
1996: . ,
II (
36), , 133-149.

1993: ( , .
, ),
9, , 163-166.

1992: , .

. -

1955: Excerpta de legationibus, . .


, 1, . . , , 85-98.

1956: 1953 1954


, 5-6 (1954-1955), 155-178.

T. 1978:
1978:

,
, . .
, , 14-129.
1985:
, 14 (1984), 135-157.

.
1977:
, 8, 19-80.

.
1990:
,
29, 21-31.
1990: .
,
30, , 5-29.
1992:
11, , 167-197.
1995:
, , 1, , 345-357.

.
1989: : , ,
, , .

.
1962: , J
5, 159-176.
1967: VII VIII , Arheoloki
vestnik 18, Ljubljana, 333-349.
1974:
, Histria archaeologica 5/1-2,
1986: 5. 9. ,

, . 107-124.

.
1972: , 21
(1970), 59-68.
1965: Acruvium - Decatera
, 13-14 (1962-1963), 2747.
1980: ,
.
1985: , 36, 91-103.

. .
1975: ,
.

.
1996: ,
.

.
1956: ,
A 11, 9-37.
1961:
( ), A 249-257.
1979:
, 33 (1978), 141-181.

. .
2001: ,
, .

. M
1996: .
, 11, 208-223.
1997: ,
, 13,
167-179.
2000:
1998. ,
Ko, 4/5,
, 26-39.

7. 10.

237

9, 223-254.

1984:
,
, . . , , 198-218.

1970: , 12, 91-110.

1995:

, , , 97-104.

1956: 10.
12. , 4, 157-185.

. .
1987: . , 38,
83-106.

.
1973: ,
VI-XI , , 105133.

. -

. -
1957:
, , .

.
1910: ,
22, 328-340.

.
1985:
(1970-1976),
4, , 132-160.

1970: . ,
1100
, 1, (1969), 149-161.

1991: -
,
1, , 9-51.

1994: .
, . .
, 28 1-2, (1992), 31-41.

1978:
, 25, 87-94.

.
1982: ,
5, , 141-146.

1997: - ,
13, 317-326.
2004: . ,
20, 171-190.

1995: (
) , .
. , , 165-177.

1998:
() MVN(icipium) BIST(ue)
BISTVES,
, XIII.
III, , 549-619.

1993: ,
6, 22-32.

1985: Vuissasclavo duci


, 14 (1984), 125-133.

. .

1987: ,
- , . .
, , 163-235.

1989: ,
20-21 (1988-1989), 92-107.

1997:
VII , 36, 173-199.

1955: . , 1, . . ,
85-98.

. .
1990: , 1, 224-242.

. .
1959: ,
- 2, 75,
, . . . 212-272.

1963: ,
, 1963.

1981: - ,
, . . . , , 6275.

1989: -
, .

1987: , ,
. . , , 17-38.

.
1966: ,

.
1975:
, 24-25 (1973-1974), 265-268.
1988: , , .

238

. , , 201-250.

, . . , .

1973: de Campo, 27-28,


313-338.

1959: , 14, 163-171.

1999: , .

. .
1989: , 39,
125-179.

.
1997: ,
.

.
2004: 1124. 1181. 24, 127-132.

1959: , ,
. , 2, . . ,
.
1991: ,
, , , , . . . ,
. . , .

2003: , 19, 185195.

. .

1956:
, 5-6 (1954-1955), 227-245.19541955), 227-245.

1997: , .

1963: , .

1993:
,
9, , 107-110.

.
1975: ,
3, , 39- 53.
1975:
, 5, , 235-243.
1976: , 4, 61-67.

.
1927:
XI XII ,
?
2, , 1-15.

. .
1982: X-XIII . .

.
1985:
, 4, 215-222.

1995: 1, .

.
1959: , , 1, 3-4,
, 70-75.


1924: , ,
. -, . -, .
. .

.
1930: ,
3, .

. -
1956:
, 105, 49-50.

1987: , -
, . . , , 122-130.

1988:
,
, . . , ,
15-36.

. .

. .

. .

1973: VI-IX .
, ,
1-25, .

1959: , 9-10
(1958-1959), 307-314.

1987:
, .

1924: (. ),
, . ,
3-26.

. .
1982: 6-13 ., .
1987: (13-23), (398-404), -

1988: , . , .
. , .

7. 10.

239

. .

1993: , .

1990: ( 1979 ),
, . . . ,
, 140-191.

2002:
, 39, 147-161.

.
1991: ,
37, (1990), 5-18.
1997: 1195.
, , , 23-32.

.
2005: ,
. (
, , 2003).

.
1989:
, 42-43 (1987-1988),
165-182.
1989:

, 44, 209-231.

.
1988: ,
. . , , 285-302.
1996:
( ), 35, 117-150.

.
1984: (Viggio in Dalmazia dellabate
Alberto Fortis, Venezia 1774), . ,
. , .

.
1973: , .

.
1954:
I, Acta Antiqua
Acad. Scient. Hung. II, Budapest. 311-338.

. -
1989: , II, .
1995: XIII , II, .

. .
1980: :
, ,
, , , .
1991: , , .

.
1952: ,
7, 241-271.

1957: , .

1965: , 20, 147-260.

1970:
, 12, 157-177.

1974:
, Situla 14-15, Ljubljana, 243-247.

1970:
, 25, 45-117.

1971: -
1962. ,
4-5, 433-435.
1991:
? 22-23, 131-156.

.
1980:
,
, 1977, . . ,
, 213-254.
1988:
,
, . . ,
, 189-207.

.
1981: ,
11, 137-163.
1983: ,
13, 65-78.
1984: ,
24, 5-25.

1976: , 29
(1974), 41-132.
1977:
, 15,
13, , 227-302.

.
1997:
. , 16,
139-150.

. -, . , .
1975: , , 287.

.
1900: , 10-1
(1893), 1-73.

.
1995:
, 10, 151-162.
1998: ,
.

240

. .

S. Anamali H. Spahiu

1976: 1683,
23, 40-42.

1980: Varreza arbrore e Krujes, Iliria 9-10, 47-103.

.
1970: , .

he Ancient Hungarians, Exhibition Catalogue, ed. I. Fodor


and L. Rvsz, M. Wolf, I. Nepper, 1996.

Archologie compare

1981: , .

1982: Archologie compare, Afrique Europe occidentale


et centrale, Catalogue sommaire illustr des collections du
muse des antiquits nationales de Saint-GermainenLaye
1, Paris.

. .
1959: -
( ),
- 2,
75, , . . . ,
362-388.

4, 1977.

he Ancient Hungarians

P. Aupert
1980: Cramique Slave Argos, Bulletin de Correspondance
Hellnique, Supplementa VI, Paris, 373-394.

S. H. Auth

1976: Ancient Glass at the Newark Museum, Newark.

L. Barkczy

11, , 1984.

1968: A 6th Century Cemetery from Keszthely-Fenkpuszta,


Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarium Hungaricae
20, 275-311.

. .
1977: , 28 (1973),
, 423-424.

.
1963: .. ,
17 , , 105-107.

. . .
1982: ,
, 1980,

A.
1935: . , ABME A 2, 105120.

J. Beloevi
1974: Die ersten slawischen Urnengrber auf dem Gebeite
Jugoslawiens aus dem Dorfe Kai bei Zadar, Balcanoslavica
1, Beograd, 73-86.

S. Bettini
1944: Mosaici antichi di San Marco a Venezia, Bergamo.

D. Bialekov
1977: Sporen von slawischen Fundpltyen in Pobedim
(Tipologie und Datierung), Slovensk archeolgia XXV 1,
103-158.

V. Bierbrauer
1980: Invillino Ibligo in Friaul, Mnchen 1980.

. .
1955: ,
N TO ENOY
BANTINOO NEPO, , 340-396.

Dj. Bokovi
1936: Lglise de la Mre-de-Dieu de Hvosno, Architecture,
10-11 (1935-1936), 68-82.

H. Brachmann
*

B. Aleksova C. Mango
1971: Bargala: A Preliminary Report, Dumbarton Oaks
Papers 25, 265-281.

S. Anamali
1964: La necropole de Kruje et la civilization du haut
moyen-age en Albanie du Nord, Studia Albanica 1/1, Tirana,
149-181.
1971: Nj varrez e mesjets s hershme n Bukl t Mirdi
ts, Iliria 1, Tiran, 209-225.
1980: Kshtjella e Pogradecit, Iliria 9-10, 211-258.

1978: Slawische Stmme an Elbe und Saale, Zu ihrer


Geschichte und Kultur im 6. bis 10. Jahrhundert auf Grund
archologischer Quellen, Berlin.

Z. Brusi
1976: Byzantine Amphorae (9th to 12th Century) from
Eastern Adriatic Underwather Sites, Archaeologia Iugoslavi
ca XVII, 37-49.

V. Budimsk-Krika
1959: Slovansk mohyly v Skalici, Bratislava.

Dh. Budins, V. Beretit


1976: Grmimet Arkeologjike t viteve 1974-1975, Antigo
ne, Iliria 6, 340-346.

7. 10.

241

H. Bulle

H. I. Friesinger

1934: Ausgrabungen bei Aphiona auf Korfu, Athenische


Abteilung 59.

1981: Die Archologie der Slawen im Waldviertel, Die


Kuenringer, Stift Zwettl, 521-536.

S. Celini M. Gutin

H. Friesinger H. Kerchler

2005: Stari Bar, The archaeological Project 2004. Preliminary


Report, Venice.
1981: Byzantine Museum, The Greek Museums, Athens.

1981: Tpferfen der Vlkerwanderungazeit in


Niedersterreich, Ein Betrag zur vlkerwanderungszeitlichen keramik (2. Hlfe 4 6. Jahrhundert n. Chr.) in Nieder
sterreich und dem Burgenland, Archeologia Austriaca 65,
Wien, 193- 266.

P. Chevalier

. Garam

M. Chatzidakis

1998: Les luminaires paleochretiens de Dalmatie romaine,


90-91, 1997-1998, 161-199.

Z. ilinsk
1966: Slawisch-awarisches Grberfeld in Nov Zmky, Bra
tislava.
1973: Frhmittelalterliches Grberfeld in elovce, Bratisla
va.
1975: Frauenschmuck aus dem 7.-8. Jh. Im Karpatenbecken,
Slovensk archelogia 23/1, 63-96.

1980: Sptawarenzeitliche durchbrochene Bronzescheiben,


Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientarum Hungaricae 32,
161-180.
2001: Funde byzantinischer Herkunft in der Avarenzeit vom
Ende des 6. bis zum Ende des 7. Jahrhunderts, Budapest.
2002: he connection of Avar Period princely and common
grave goods with the Nagyszentmikls treasure The Gold
of the Avars the Nagyszentmikls treasure, ed. T. Kovcs
Budapest 2002, 81-112.

. Garam

1952: The minor objects, Corinth 12, Princeton, New


Jersey.

1975: The Homokmgy-Halom Cemetery, y . Garam,


I. Kovrig, J. Gh. Szab Gy. Trk, Avar Finds in The
Hungarian National Muserum, Budapest, 11-48.

Die Slawen

. Grabar

G. R. Davidson

Die Slawen in Deutschland, Berlin, 1985.

S. Dolinescu-Ferche M. Constantiniu
1981: Un tablissement du VIe sicle Bucarest (dcouvertes de la rue Soldat Ghivan), Dacia 25, 289/329.

Lj. Doneva-Petkova
1990: Die protobulgarische Keramik in Bulgarien, Die
Keramik der Saltovo-Majaki Kultur und ihrer Varianten,
. Cs. Balint, Budapest, 101-111.

B. Dostl
1966: Slovansk pohebit ze stedn doby hraditn na
Morav, Praha.
1985: Beclav-Pohansko, asn slovansk osdlen, Brno.

E. Dyggve
1951: History of Salonitan Christianity, Oslo.

S. Eyice

1963: Sculptures byzantines de Constantinople (IVe Xe


sicle), Paris.
Great Palace
The Great Palace of the Byzantine Emperors. Being a
First Report on the Excavations Carried out in Istanbul on
Behalf of the Walker Trust (The University of St. Andrews)
1935-1938, G. Brett, W. J. MacAulay R. B. K. Stevenson,
London 1947.

P. Grierson
1977: Catalogue of the Byzantine coins in Dumbarton
Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, III 1,
Washington.

J. Hampel
1905: Alterthmer des Frhen Mittelalters in Ungarn, Bra
unsschweig.

J. Hasegawa

1980: Son devir Bizans mimrisi, Istanbul.

1973: Z bada nad wczesnoredniowieczn ceramik


zachodniosowiask, d.

J. Eisner

Herrmann

1952: Devnska Nov Ves, Slovansk pohebit, Bratisla


va.

H. Evans
2001: The Arts of Byzantium, The Metropolitan Museum of
art, New York.

H. Friesinger
1965, Beitrge zum Besiedlungsgeschichte des nordlichen
Niedersterreich im 911 Jahrhundert I, Archaeologia
Austriaca 37, 74-114; II, Archaeologia Austriaca 38, 44-85.

1973: Byzans und die Slawen am ussersten Ende des


westlichen Ozeans
VI-XI , (1970), 35-43.

K. Horedt
1968: Das Awarenproblem in Rumnien, tudijn zvesti
archeologickho stavu Slovenskej akadmie vied 16, Nitra,
103-120.

V. Huek
1988: Szava v irch vztazch a souvislostech, Szava,

242

Pamtnk staroslovnsk kultury v echch, Praha, 271307.

gradu v Istri, Arheoloki vestnik IX-X/3-4 (1958-1959),


199-233.

Dj. Jankovi

T. H. Mathews

2002: Late Antique Triconchal Church of St. Apostles Peter


and Paul Monastery Near Trebinje, 18, 99122.

1973: Observations on the Church Panagia Kamariotissa on


Heybelida (Chalke), Istanbul, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 27,
117-124.

2004: The Slavs in the 6th Century North Illyricum,


20, 39-58.

G. Mazzariol, T. Pignatti

Gj. Karaiskaj
1976: Grmimet Arkeologjike t viteve 1974-1975, Symiz,
Iliria 6, 350-352.
1980: Gradishta e Symiz n periudhn e von antike dhe
mesjet, Iliria 9-10, 171-210.

1961: Storia dellarte italiiana, Verona.

A. Meksi
1971: Restaurimi i kishs s Marmiroit, Monumentet 2,
Tiran, 73-82.

N. Mileti

1977: Le cimetiere de Tankeevka, Les anciens Hongrois et


les ethnies voisines lEst, ed. I. Erdly, Budapest, 21-221.

1980: Reflets de linfluence byzantine dans les trouvailles paloslaves en Bosnie- Herzgegovine, Rapports
du IIIe Congrs International dArchologie Slave, ed. B.
Chropovsk, Bratislava 287-306.

A. Kiss

M. Milinkovi

E. . Khalikova E. P. Kazakov

1977: Avar Cemeteries in County Baranya, Budapest.

Z. Klanica
1986: Potky slovanskho osdlen naich zem, Praha.

D. Komata
1980: Varreza arbrore e Shurdhaut (Rrethi I Shkodrs), Ili
ria 9-10 (1979-1980), 105-121.

E. Kourkoutidou-Nikolaidou A. Tourta

2001: Die byzantinsche Hhenanlage auf der Jelica in


Serbien ein Beispel aus dem nrdlichen Illyricum des 6.
Jh., 51, 71-130.

Mir. II
1955: Miracula s. Demetrii II, . ,
1, . . , , 185-216.

G. Moszler

1997: Wandering in Byzantine Thessaloniki, Athens.

1948: Ein frhgeschichtliches Grberfeld im Wien-Liesing,


JAI 37: 216-238.

I. Kovrig

N. K. Moutsopoulos

1963: Das awarenzeitliche Grberfeld von Alattyn, Buda


pest.
1975 The Tiszaderzs Cemetery, y . Garam, I. Kovrig, J. Gh.
Szab Gy. Trk, Avar finds in the Hungarian National
Museum, Budapest, 209-239.

T. Knific M. Sagadin
1991: Pismo brez pisave, Ljubljana.

2004: A Byzantine Church in the Fortress of Xanthi,


28-29 (2002-2003), , 29-32.

J. W. Nesbitt
1988: Byzantium the Light in the Age of Darkness, Ariadne
Galleries, New York 1978.

M. S. Newby

D. Kurti

1991: The Glass from Farfa Abbly: an Interim report,


Journal of Glass Studies 33, 42-41.

1971: Gjurim te kulturs hershme shqiptare n Mat, Iliria


1, 269/273.

I. Nikolajevi-Stojkovi

R. Ljubinkovi
1973: LIllyricum et la question romaine la fin du Xe et
au dbut du XIe sicle (Autour de lglise autocphale de
lEtat de Samuel), La Chiesa Greca in Italia dall VIII al XVI
Secolo, Italia Sacra 20-22, Padova, 927-969;
1982.

L. Madaras L. Selmeczi
1996: Tiszafly, The Ancient Hungarians, ed. I. Fodor,
Budapest, 292.

B. Marui
1955: Staroslovenske in neke zgodnjesrednjeveke najdbe v
Istri, Arheoloki vestnik VI/1, 97-134.
1959: Zgodnjesrednjeveko grobie v elegi pri Novem

1965: La dcoration architecturale des glises dcouvertes


Montnegro, Atti VI Congresso internationale di archeolo
gia christiana, Roma, 457- 470.

M. Parczewski
1988: Pocztky kultury wczesnosowiaskiej w Polsce, WW-K-G-.

Paulus Diaconus
1958: Historia Langobardorum, .
. , 2, . . , . , .
. , , 411-417.

S. Popovi
1999: Prolegomena to Early Monasticism in the Balkans as
Documented in Architecture, 49 (1998), 131144.

7. 10.

243

J. Poulk

S. Smirnov

1950: Jin Morava, zem dvnch Slovan, Brno.

1936: Lglise de la Mre-de-Dieu de Hvosno, I Donnes


historiques, 10-11 (1935-1936), 47-68, 81-82.

F. Prendi
1980: Nj varrez e kulturs arbrore n Lezh, Iliiria 9-10,
(1979-1980), 123-170.

I. Pui
1978: Rose in the Early Middle Ages, Balcanoslavica 6,
, 117-130.

W. Radimsk

. Ss
1973: Die slawische Bevlkerung Westungarns im 9.
Jahrhundert, Mnchen.

. Ss . Salamon
1995: Cemeteries of the Early Middle Ages (6th 9th) at
Pkaszepetk, Budapest.

1895: Die rmische Ansiedlung von Majdan bei Varcar


Vakuf, Wissenschaftliche Mittheilungen aus Bosnien und der
Hercegovina 3, Wien, 248-256.

H. Spahiu

Al. Rdulescu

1971: Gjetje t vjetra nga varreza mesjetare e Kalas s Dal


maces, Iliria I, Tiran, 227-263.

1999: Mntirul de Bega (jud. Timi) date preliminare


(sec. XIV-XVII), Studi de istorie a Banatului, 19-20 (19951996), Timioara, 71-84.

M. Rejholcov
1978: Lipov-Ondrochov, okres Nov Zamky, Vznamn
slovansk nlezisk na Slovensku, ed. B. Chropovsk,
Bratislava, 120-121.

. Reichertov
1988: Szavsk tetrakoncha sv. Ke, y Szava, Pamtnk
staroslovnsk kultury v echch, Praha, 213-249.

A. Rna-Tas
2002: The Inscriptions of the Nagyszentmikls Treasure,
The Gold of the Avars the Nagyszentmikls Treasure,
Budapest, 120-129.

1964: Grmime t vitlt 1961 n varrezn e hershme mesjetare t Kalas s Dalmaces, Studime historike 3, 71-94.

1976: La ville haute-medievale albanaise de Shurdhah (Sar


da), Iliria 5, 151-159.
1980: Varreza arbrore e Krujs, Iliria 9-10, 23-46.
1980: Monedha bizantine t shek. V-XIII t zbuluara n
territorin e Shqipris, Iliria 9-10, 357-422.

H. Spahiu, D. Komata
1975: Shurdahah (Sarda), La cit Albanaise mdivale forti
fie, Iliria 3, 265-338.

I. Stevovi
2002: Byzantium, Byzantine Italy and Cities on the Eastern
Coast of the Adriatic: the Case of Kotor and Dubrovnik,
39 165-179.

Stormhren

M. Ruxer J. Kubczak

1967: Stormhren, Stocholm.

1975: Bijouterie antique de lancienne collection Czartoryski


Cracovie, Archeologia XXV (1974), W W K G, 5384.

D. Svoljak T. Knific

J. Schneider
1979: Beitrge zur Besiedlung der Altmark im frhen
Mittelalter, Rapports du IIIe Congrs International
dArchologie Slave, 1, ed. B. Chropovsk, Bratislava, 689707.

1976: Vipavska dolina zgodnjesrednjeveka najdia, Situla


17, Ljubljana.

W. Szymaski
1967: Szeligi pod Pockiem na pocztku wczesnego
redniowiecza, zesp osadniczy z VI-VII w., Wrocaw
Warszawa Krakw.

O. A. Scseglova

F. Tartari

1995: A Kzp-Dnyeper-vidki ant rgisgek vagy mar


tinovkai tpus kincsleletek tanulmnyozsnak nhny
problmja, A Mra Ferenc Mzeum vknyve, Studia
archaeologica 1, Szeged, 375-397.

D. Gh. Teodor

K. M. Setton
1950: The Bulgars in the Balkans and the Occupation of
Corinth in the Seventh Century, Speculum 25, 502/543.

K. Simoni

1984: Nj varrez e mesjets s hershme n Durrs, Iliria


1, 227-250.
1978: Teritoriul est-carpatic in veacurile V-XI e. n., Iai.

A. Toik
1971: Flachgrberfelder aus dem IX. und X. Jahrhundert in
der Sdwestslowakei (I), Slovensk archeolgia 19-1, 135276.

1989: Funde aus dea Vlkerwanderungszeit in den sammlun


gen des Archologischen Museums in Zagreb, 22,
107-134.

G. Trk

V. Skari

P. Traeger

1932: Alterthmer von Gradac in der Lepenica, 44,


1-20.

1973: Sopronkhida IX szazadi temetje, Budapest.


1902: Neue Funde aus Albanien, Zeitschrift fr Ethnologie,
56-62.

244

O. Trogmazer

E. Zeevi

1964: Megjegyzsek a Krs-scopat relatv idrendjkez,


Arhaeologiai rtesit 91/1, 67-84.

Late Phase of the Medieval Town Sva, in:


, 2001:
685-695.

L. Ugolini

H. Zurn

1927: Albania antica I, Roma.

V. Varsik

1965: Katalog Schwbisch Hall, Die vor- und frhgeschic


htlichen Funde im Kecken burgmuseum, Stuttgart.

1992: Byzantinische Grtelschnallen im Mittleren und unte


ren Donauraum im 6. und 7. Jahrhundert, Slovensk arche
logia XL-1, 77-109.

L. Ylli

Velik Morava
1964: Velik Morava, 1100 let tradice sttnho a kulturnho
ivota, Praha.

. Vida
1999: Die awarenzeitliche Keramik, I. (6.-7. Jh.), Berlin
Budapest.

VSNS
1978: Vznamn slovansk nlezisk na Slovensku,
Bratislava.

1976: Nj varrez e lasht n fshatin Leshnj t Skraparit,


Iliria 6, 275/285.

J. Werner
1950: Slawische Bgelfibeln des 7. Jahrhunderts, ReineckeFestschrift, Mainz.
1953: Slawische bronzefiguren aus Nordgriechland, Abhan
dlungen der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu
Berlin 3-8.
1955: Byzantinische Grtelschnallen des 6. und 7. Jahrhun
derts aus der Sammlung Diergardt, Klner Jahrbuch fr Vorund Frhgeschichte, 1, Munchen, 36-48. 1983: Neue aspecte
zum awarischen Schatzfund von Vrap, Iliria 1, 191-201.

M. Zagaranin
2004: Stari Bar, keramika venecijanskog doba, Koper.

: .
: ,
.
:
, .
: .
: , .
: , .

: ,
.
: , .
: , .
*
: Macedoniae acta archaeologica, .
AASH: Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientarum
Hungaricae, Budapest.


197
151
12-13, 15, 56-58, 60, 69, 77, 174, 176-177, 186-209, 211, 215, 227
, 223
, 216-217
79
150
69, 155
79
29, 31-33, 41, 57-58, 176, 218
201-203, 206, 208
, 186
202
9, 10, 16-17, 29, 60-61, 65, 71, 75, 80, 145, 180, 183, 193, 223,
229
10, 132, 149, 193, 208
175, 181
193
() 59-60
224
220
, 220
186
61, 174
, 15, 89
, 109, 115, 154
183-184
195
203
15
83
220
220
122, 149, 217, 225-227
, 144
220
, 149 (. )
96, 99, 104, 220
183-184
11
36-38, 49, 56, 60-61, 73, 79-80, 138, 213, 224, 226
() 12, 62
208-209
14
193
12
43, 56
72
, , 13
72
, 136, 181
, 105
127 .

11
221, 228
218, 220
, 59-60
45, 71, 75, 77, 79, 155, 183, 186, 224
180
201
58
187, 206
177
74
, 15
149
176, 181, 191
71, 74
61
- 74-75
57, 149, 177, 189, 214, 223
214
84, 134, 140
9, 13-16, 27, 61-62, 67, 84, 86, 88-89, 125-126, 144, 146, 157, 159,
169-171, 175, 177, 180, 183-187, 189, 215, 218
, 205-206
206
195, 202
50, 57, 60, 151, 218
12-13, 61, 80, 165, 183-184, 213, 225
15
78
122, 141
151
189
178, 180
() 229.
187
16, 208, 219
141
220
14, 223
, 15, 84-85, 147, 158, 163, 183-184, 225, 229
17
58-59, 174, 184, 224
58, 90, 175, 214, 221-223
() 229
10, 55, 176-178, 200-201, 208
124, 142, 221
109, 116-117, 118, 147, 223-224
147
176
178
86
54, 192, 213, 219

248

120
() 169
52, 213
, 856
69, 71, 195, 203
195, 197
180
149
11
, 124
, 202
, 118-119, 128-129, 138, 146, 153-154
, 154
, 145

209
11
17, 158, 171, 183, 226
27, 176-177, 212, 225
177
9, 16, 19, 57, 61-62, 65, 67, 80, 83, 85, 152, 208, 213, 215, 228
17
, 220
- 200
- 200
209
, 220
, , 56, 61, 138, 170,
209, 221, 223, 228
, 174
174
16, 69, 137, 140, 153, 180-181, 197, 209, 211, 219, 225
, 153
218, 223
55, 177, 201-202, 208
62, 213
57, 60, 149, 151, 178
141
167
147
216
71
147
167
197, 200
193
71
206
15, 19, 42, 50, 52, 55, 58-62, 71, 128, 132, 137, 153, 158-159, 169170, 175, 186, 199, 201, 203-205, 208-209, 214-215, 218-219, 227-228
23, 52, 54-55, 62, 74, 118-119, 128-129, 137, 145, 147, 149, 154,
157-158, 166, 170, 174, 181, 192, 197-198, 200, 208-209, 211, 213, 215216, 219-220, 222-224, 228-229
220
59, 208-209, 227
10, 12, 14, 34-36, 61, 65, 66-67, 155, 68-69, 73, 75, 80, 88, 89-95,
109, 121, 123, 134, 137-138, 151-153, 157, 162, 183, 185-187, 189, 219
149
195, 197, 204
42
45
, , 13
, , 13

52, 181, 189, 197, 229


224
59
224
I, 12, 61-62, 216
II, 111, 119, 158, 181, 214, 220, 223
10
11
()12, 62
175
71-72
206-206
185, 216, 220
180
163
206
11
, 145, 187, 189, 200, 207, 214, 220, 223, 228
170
122, 140
223
95, 102
193
52
14-15, 52, 58, 60-62, 68, 72-73, 77, 118-119, 129, 145-147, 151,
154-155, 157-159, 174, 176-177, 181-182, 185-186, 191, 193, 195, 203,
206-209, 211-215, 218-220, 224-229
60, 193
15
200
227
10, 23, 33, 193, 195
12, 174, 212
178, 180
, 13
168-169, 226
100-102, 136, 151, 154, 165, 211-212, 219, 227
, 212
89, 178, 182
, 27, 159-160, 171, 177, 212
56
, .
, 220
, 209, 215
, 205
175, 181
, 13, 212, 214
, 14, 181, 211 .
204
205-206
174
98
150
58, 203, 205, 208
13, 158
102, 108, 136-137, 140, 153, 155, 219
, 14
206
216
118, 139, 146
198
173
173

7. 10.

173-174
, 15
, 11
, , 221-222
186
78
223
192
, 149.
180
10
, 209
53
60
216, 218
145, 149
16, 163, 219, 227
195
, () 105
15, 125, 174, 181, 186, 208, 215-216, 226 .
214
212
53
149
, 13, 157, 171, 185
56
51-55, 56, 62, 80, 91, 99, 109, 121-122, 126-128,
142, 152-154, 157-158, 165-168, 169-171, 181, 185, 212-213, 215-216,
221, 224, 228
170, 180
176-177
9, 14, 104, 138, 176
146
, 13
, 174
, 59
176
140
14, 80, 158, 185, 216, 223
57, 71, 74, 77, 102, 118, 147, 151, 152, 154, 185, 207, 216, 224
14
174-175, 192
169
69, 110
145, 223
57, 60, 79, 118, 133, 216, 218, 221, 226, 228
219
13
11-16, 35, 56-58, 60, 78-79, 83, 102, 108, 118, 121, 123, 127,
137-138, 140-141, 144, 146-147, 149, 151-154, 157, 174-178, 180-183,
185-187, 189, 191-193, 195, 205-206, 208, 212-213, 216-222, 224-229
.
, 105, 154, 212, 214
II, 14
, 117
14
16, 27, 57, 60, 140, 183, 223
89
224
197
, 223
197
12

249

197
197
23
228 .
129, 145, 223
12
166
150
10-11, 14-17
, 9, 11-13, 17, 125, 133, 157, 163, 165, 181, 185, 211
, 11-14, 16-17, 52, 84, 157, 171, 173, 175-176, 182, 185186, 193, 211, 213, 216, 219, 223-225, 228, 229
, 11-13, 17, 84, 157, 181
, 11, 14, 16
, 11, 16
14
12-14, 173, 175, 185, 213
219
200, 202, 207
203
206, 208
, ? 223
59-60
158
11, 17, 165
11
158
11, 125, 158, 165, 219
197-198, 200
10, 84-85, 103, 110-111, 117, 124, 125-126, 134, 137, 141, 145147, 151, 154, 158, 165, 171, 211, 215, 218-219, 221, 223-225, 228, 229
, 14
69, 193
15-16, 62, 102, 147, 153, 219, 229.
, 41
208
12, 61, 67, 80, 184
170
, 157, 209, 228
140, 142
189, 227
195
, 85, 113
223
13, 60-61, 70-71, 77-78, 89, 147, 157-158, 160, 171, 183, 186-187,
189, 193, 203, 208-209, 224-225, 228-229
153
176-177, 226
223
16
14, 85, 145-146, 159, 171, 223
9, 11, 16-17, 19, 23, 58, 147, 153, 158, 171, 181, 183, 189, 193, 197,
209, 226, 229
158
16, 183, 186, 209, 221, 226-227
60, 226
77, 152, 197, 201, 208
14
155, 177
14
164
187
9, 12, 15-16, 61-62, 84, 112, 113, 117-119, 129, 138, 140,
149-150, 152, 153, 155, 157-158, 163, 164, 171, 174, 181, 183-184, 206,
213-214, 216, 218, 220, 225, 228-229.

250

61, 157, 175, 181, 214


158
16, 158, 193
11
11
11-13, 84, 88, 120, 124, 126, 134,138, 149-150, 154, 158, 165, 171,
185, 191, 211, 219, 224, 225, 229
, , 11, 17
12, 211
197
174
16-17, 29, 31, 46-47, 50, 52-53, 55-60, 118, 155, 170, 174, 176-177,
183, 192, 200, 214-215, 218-219, 223, 226-227
229
176
, 14, 138-139, 169, 174
11,
147
177, 226
29
, 166
223
, 98
134, 155
69, 71, 149, 181, 195, 199, 201, 227
74-75, 140
, 13, 154, 163, 181, 183, 220
158, 163
58, 60, 191, 201, 208
149
- 75
54, 192, 204
149
134, 160
16
192
84, 140, 153, 155
16, 219
14
12, 15, 52, 62, 84, 147, 153, 186
146, 223
17
181, 213, 219, 227
85, 117, 128, 146-147, 223-224
, 229
13, 173-174, 211, 213, 217
12, 14, 16, 61-62, 122, 140, 154, 157, 173-175, 211-214, 225,
229.
() 165
49
146, 50 214
, 16
209, 227
149
113
, 9, 11, 14-17, 51, 55-56, 61-62, 83, 84, 140, 142, 145-147, 150,
152-154, 158, 165, 169-170, 175-177, 180-181, 185-186, 189, 211, 213,
215, 219, 221, 224-225, 227-229
, 9, 11, 165
13, 158

14
203
145-146
146
147, 181, 223, 228
155
17, 80, 193
, 14-15, 58, 69, 79, 140, 141, 187, 189, 218, 223, 229
.
( ) 29, 32, 37-46, 47, 50, 55-57, 61, 67, 80, 94, 96-104,
105, 109, 111, 114-116, 134, 138, 140, 152-155, 176-178, 180-183, 185,
212-213, 218-219, 221, 226-228
215
11
, 12, 57-58, 60, 75, 77, 164, 174-175, 183, 185, 208-209, 216,
218, 220-221, 225-227
, 79
197, 199, 206
181
19, 69-73, 75, 77-80, 108, 140, 151, 182, 186, 189, 191, 197, 203,
207, 216, 227
105, 118
15, 35, 58-61, 74-75, 77, 101-102, 118, 120, 147, 151, 154-155,
181-186, 195, 197, 216, 218, 224-227, 229
52, 178
, 16-17, 23, 61, 68, 71, 145, 178, 1891-182, 184185, 187, 211, 219, 228
, 184
122, 155
223
, 136
, 15
124
127, 142, 178
120, 140, 147
14
, 116
, 100, 212, 219, 228
X, 217, 220
, 15, 27, 62, 85-87, 169, 181, 185, 205, 213, 229 .

, 85
62
, 216, 220-223
217
, 14
XIII, 220
71
214
227
175, 182, 215
10
77, 174, 178, 180, 186-187, 193, 195, 197, 199-201,
204
II, 51, 57, 163
, 27, 49, 89, 117, 133, 136, 151, 163, 227
69, 74-75, 151, 175-176, 193, 201-203, 208, 225
85
52
, 130
, 12.

7. 10.

16, 61-62, 71, 75, 19, 197, 204, 208


209
32, 46-48, 50, 55, 60, 79, 140, 176-178, 208,
218
59-60, 205
195
197
, 149
, 12, 14, 227
75
31, 58
147
14
195
195
167
215
77
183
, 219
, 86
110
, 209, 228
206
32, 43, 52, 56, 60-61, 178, 180, 182, 192
220
226
75, 77, 197, 199-201, 204
- , 10, 19, 23-24, 58, 61-62, 65, 68-69, 71, 73, 75,
77-80, 158, 170-171, 173, 175, 183, 186-187, 189, 191, 193, 195, 197,
199-209, 213, 228
69
226
16
153, 155
, 9, 10, 12-14, 16, 57, 211, 225, 229
12, 13, 173, 213
14, 17, 114, 160, 165, 171, 209, 211, 225
II, 43, 60, 71, 164, 117, 174, 183
, , 174
, 129
V, 79
VII , 9, 11, 12, 27, 56, 58, 61, 67, 118,
158-159, 175-176, 181, 192, 212, 225
( ) 208
IV, 60, 164, 183, 184
151, 176-177, 226
140
214, 227
177
45, 53-54, 71, 73-75, 77, 79, 155, 183, 200, 215
19, 69, 183, 193
62, 213
, 85-86.
206
14
10, 16, 140, 212, 214, 228
14
223
10, 12-16, 61, 67, 80, 84, 87, 91, 94, 98-99, 102, 108, 109-116, 118,
120, 138, 149, 152-155, 157, 162-163, 166, 171, 183-184, 186, 216, 218219, 221-222, 224-225 .
, 163
85, 116

251

158
183
16, 213
, 85
69, 195
70
204
71-75, 79, 149, 155, 202
, 205-206
206
62
136, 180
69, 71, 74-75, 77, 79, 158, 176-177, 193, 195, 197, 200, 203-204,
208
208
11
181
71, 74, 201
146, 224
192
58-61, 205, 208
58-59, 205
, 87
227
42, 47, 50, 60, 178
, 163
142
181
69
223
57
14
56, 176, 225, 227
V, 87
III , 79
VI, 158, 224, 228
58, 60-61, 174, 211, 216, 218, 227
12, 13, 213
62, 80, 113, 116, 118, 163, 173-175, 181-185, 205-206, 217, 219,
222, 226
224, 229
158, 163-164, 183, 219
183
195
178
14
, 158
75
142
() 201
178
, 149
175, 185
56, 180
227
128, 209
220
200
14
12, 174-175, 211-212, 219, 227
118
158
, 13, 52, 157-158, 165

252

, 52
158
, 158, 165
, 12
III , 224
13, 158
207
105
11, 15-16, 27, 56, 62, 85, 113, 118, 158, 163,
175, 181, 186, 204-206, 208, 213, 219, 225
13, 19-23, 58, 61-62, 65, 67-71, 74-75, 77-80, 125-126, 145, 147,
155, 157, 171, 177, 183, 185-186, 191, 193, 195, 197, 201, 203, 208-209
195
, , 220
215
, 33, 57, 21
16
166
56, 158, 199, 203, 223
70, 187, 192
130
35, 49-51, 55, 60, 65, 68, 69-72, 74 78, 80, 120, 122, 123, 133,
177, 214
16
10, 27, 53, 57, 59-60, 74, 152, 175, 205-206, 216
57, 74-75, 140, 155, 177
60
46 . ,
, 115, 154
52
16
150
, 145
175
, 216
, 208
176, 213, 226
, 16
23
223
183
142, 221
55
60, 223
75
149
149
9-10, 14, 16-17, 128, 141, 149, 157, 169, 181-182, 209, 225,
228
23, 33-34, 61-62, 65, 69, 78, 80, 193, 195
134
, 120
75, 77
, 13, 175, 212, 225
, 122
, 13, 17, 122, 160, 165, 181, 209, 211, 114, 225
, 15
, 219
II, , 164
I, 219
32, 200
193

195, 197
180
, 15, 102
14, 49, 62, 102, 122-123, 140-141, 213
110
227
42
110, 140
16
77
200
180
175, 197
27
, 16, 52, 181, 189, 214, 218, 223, 227, 229.
, 223
, 223
, 56, 176, 178, 180, 192
, .
209
174, 203
11, 17
206
175, 206
175, 205-206
149
151, 178
, 123
146, 223
108, 140, 216, 218
, , 127, 166, 209, 211-213, 216, 220-221, 228
206
56
224
87
137, 140, 177
177-178, 227
55, 178, 213
, 14, 27, 155
11, 37, 96, 98, 130, 133, 169, 211
214, 220, 222
44, 110, 141, 180
, 9, 12, 14, 101-102, 130, 141-142, 154, 169, 173, 175, 177,
182, 211-213, 215, 229
, 227
, 12, 62, 173, 213
10, 14
, 12
89
9, 158
100, 102, 204, 225
I, 114
II , 119
218-219, 223
10, 205
202
127, 142
, 13, 157, 165, 171, 185
136
127, 141, 176-178, 182
, 187, 206

7. 10.

175

, 16, 27, 159-160, 171, 212
166, 171
149
121, 146-147
56, 78
, 166
59-60
() 12, 62
83
83, 149
98, 104-105, 154-155
59, 61-62, 146-147, 154-155, 158, 209, 213, 223-225, 228-229
137, 214, 220, 222
10, 58, 65, 145-146, 186, 223 189, 193, 206, 208, 211,
227-228
117, 147
, 17, 68
, 224, 229
59
83
13, 174, 211
141
146, 223
, 146
83, 149, 158
43, 52, 55, 57-61, 69, 74-75, 77, 79-80, 155, 174, 176-177, 182,
187, 189, 191-193, 195, 197, 199, 201-208, 218, 220, 223, 226
216, 220, 220
198
16
14
183
58
56, 118, 182
12, 17, 19, 75, 102, 212-213
49, 65, 68
189
16
75, 177
150
, 85, 212, 229.
, 129
, 122, 127
, 52, 55, 128, 153-154, 209, 166, 211-213, 224, 228229
15
192
85
10
- 43, 55, 60, 83, 107, 119, 144, 149, 176, 178,
215, 218
134, 154
110, 147
226
84, 140, 218
77
130
83, 130-132, 135, 149, 215, 227
220
14, 17
141

253

142
224
118, 128, 138, 146, 166, 170, 216
60
56
176
176, 215
14, 23, 206, 214, 220
56, 180
75
183, 201
11, 17, 84, 157
10, 109, 138
56, 195, 201-203
208
10,
14, 23, 128, 181, 206, 214, 228
41, 153, 176, 183, 221
24, 32, 47, 50, 55-59, 78, 147, 182-183, 187, 191, 195, 197,
201-203, 205, 215, 219-220, 222, 226-227-228
200
43, 56, 174, 176-178, 180-181, 200, 220
, 122, 141
134, 181, 223-224
57
181
183
16
43, 56, 178, 199
215, 218, 220-221
14, 41, 132, 180, 219-220
177
11, 15, 17, 19, 65, 154, 176-177, 217
11, 14
, 118, 164
16, 176
117, 127, 142, 216, 221
9,
57, 183
16, 189, 192, 209, 217, 227
201, 215
227
15, 186
177
192
10
53, 155
177
57, 141, 218, 222-224, 227-228
60, 226
17, 57, 84, 133, 137, 140, 144, 154, 157, 173, 175, 183, 185-186,
206, 211, 218, 223-224, 226-228
11, 15-17, 60
11, 16
10, 14, 17, 37, 47-48, 52, 57-58, 60, 67-69, 80, 83, 85, 91, 98,
102-103, 109, 111, 113, 117, 125-126, 132, 138, 151-155, 182, 187, 212,
214-215, 217-218, 222, 226
, 85, 158
, 124
, 84, 125-126, 165, 219 .

, 116, 221
, 144
, 14

254

, () 105
, 128
, 27, 87
, 123
, 84
, 133,
137
, 56, 137, 228
54, 74, 121, 142, 146-147, 152, 154, 170, 191, 201, 216
62, 209, 224
223
84, 85-87, 144, 146, 215, 218, 229
147
84, 128-129, 155, 158, 168, 171, 216
169
193
197, 199, 213, 223
16, 219
11, 14
111
192
106-108, 120 ( )
204, 206
180
102
() 184
, 136
, 35
14
61
61
52, 177, 192, 227
164
12-13, 213
12-13, 213
, 163-164
195
32, 52-53
15
69, 193
52
158, 169-170, 209, 215, 229.
15
12, 174, 183, 213, 219
174
11, 15-16, 182, 209, 219-221, 225
223
14
177
43
14
, 117, 145
173
12-15, 79, 118, 147, 155, 163, 183, 216, 218-222, 224-225, 227-229.
11-13, 16-17, 158, 163, 175, 181, 183, 205-206, 216, 219
14
79, 186, 213, 229
12,
220
- 229
9, 12-13, 61, 83, 116, 157-158

53
195
147, 153-155
214
60
I , 119, 128
III, 163
11,12, 175, 181, 193
12-13, 58, 78, 193, 208, 215
195
14
10, 12, 61, 65, 67-68, 72, 80, 105-106, 108, 112, 140, 157, 162, 182,
184, 216, 218
, 220
, 117
174, 176, 187, 199, 206, 220
95
, 16, 53, 56, 186, 189, 192, 200, 227
, 12
, 120
217
12-13, 15, 30, 77, 88, 122, 125, 146, 149, 163, 174, 181-183, 185187, 217-219, 226-227
217, 219, 221, 228
174, 181
- 69, 77, 202
192, 200-201, 207-208
140
, 19, 27, 52, 56, 62, 118, 150, 169, 181, 222, 225, 229
119, 170, 229
10, 32, 53, 136, 142, 147, 153, 200, 219
, 12, 19, 36, 46, 51, 56, 61-62, 65, 67, 79-80, 163, 165, 184-185,
222, 224,
23-26, 56, 61-62, 65-66, 78, 80, 85, 158-159, 160, 168, 170-171, 181,
183, 193, 197, 200, 204, 228
71
, 14 .
11, 211
206
9, 10, 14, 26-33, 41, 45, 47-48, 50, 55-58, 60-62, 65-66, 68-70, 74-75,
77-80, 87, 125-126, 140, 158, 159, 160, 169-171, 177-178, 181-183, 191,
193, 208, 212, 218, 226
, 113
, 84
, 220
, 120-121
, 94
, Craini
, Gazeni 85
, 84, 125, 211
, 117
, 109, 111-113, 115-116, 127,
224
, 123
, 65, 87
, 129
44, 100, 102, 154, 222
, (), 96, 98-100, 104, 112,
151
, 84
, 67
, 113
, 122

7. 10.

, 109, 130, 132-133, 135, 137, 142, 215,


218-219, 225
, 104
, 116
, 168-169
, 150
, ,10, 14, 17, 60-61, 65, 67,
91, 96, 98-99, 103, 104, 132, 142, 155, 221
, 55, 142
, 111-116
, 149
, 118
15
, 213, 220
, 85
149
15
, 146
,
, 147
, 153
, 84
, 165
, 147
, 59, 193, 195, 199-200, 207-209
, 34, 66
, 117
154, 183
15, 186
100, 102
, 122
( ), 66
, 128, 134, 145
, 118
, 27, 87
( ), 123
86-87, 160, 225
145, 147, 220, 223-224, 229
, 14
213
, 85, 105
, 95
, 95
, 127-128, 220-221, 228
, 165
, 85. 158
145, 150, 223
, 129
, 146
, 149
, 139
, 176
, 58-59
, 145 223
, 49
, 116
, 120-121, 141
, 99
, 158
14
, 85, 147, 158, 225
, 109, 112, 116, 137
, 111
14, 67, 118, 130, 132, 135-136, 174, 129.

255

95
15
, 154
149
, 96, 104-105, 185, 214
, , , 136
, 84, 117, 163
151-152, 155
(),
(), 120, 141
, 149
, 89
, 58-59
, 94, 106-108, 120, 149
109
, , 10, 84, 98, 109-111, 113-116,
132, 142, 149, 162, 166
, 204, 220
208, 219
, 228
- 208
186
, 158
, 16, 84, 125-126, 158, 219
145-146
, 158
, 27, 33, 57, 78, 118, 151, 176, 182, 195, 216,
218, 22, 226
205
205-206
149
58-59, 212, 218
218
, 221-223
III, 224
215, 218
, 189
201
205
, 17, 52, 149, 154, 166, 184, 211, 215, 223-224
75
205-206
57
192, 203
58, 174, 213
140
57, 60, 182, 186, 220-221, 223, 226
71
71
, 14
19, 61-62, 71
149
9, 11, 14-15, 17, 27, 58, 60-62, 65, 145, 147, 157, 158, 159, 169,
171, 177, 183, 206, 208, 211, 213-214
17, 58, 65, 139, 157, 182, 185-186, 189, 193, 206, 208,
211, 227-228
75, 77
192
200-201
15-17
57, 60, 183, 223
192
57, 60, 218, 223

256

189
, 122
205
54, 192, 206
12-13, 15-17, 18, 43, 46, 57-58, 60, 62, 78-80, 147, 151, 158, 163,
173-178, 183, 185, 187, 189, 191, 193, 197-199, 202-203, 206-207, 209,
211-214, 216-220, 222-223, 226 -227
69, 195, 197
78
220
146, 223
149, 151
56, 180, 227
12
() 214
57-58, 60-61, 71-72, 146-147, 154-155, 182, 185, 189, 193, 206,
209, 213, 223-224, 227
137, 223
134
, 185
214, 223-225
155
154
12, 101, 174
12, 15, 62, 84, 100, 147, 154, 163, 174, 181, 184, 217-221, 225,
229
137, 219, 221, 225, 228
12-14, 16, 29, 4, 46-48, 54, 56-59, 61-62, 80, 84, 132, 144, 155,
157-158, 160, 170-171, 173, 174-181, 183, 185, 187, 206-209, 211-218,
220-222, 225-229
9-13, 15, 19, 52, 55-56, 60-62, 84, 101, 111, 119, 122, 128, 130,
147, 151, 153-155, 157-158, 169-171, 173-175, 181, 184-186, 189, 193,
205, 209, 211-215, 219-221, 223-225, 227-229
215, 218-219, 221, 223-225, 227
199-200
71
57, 60
141, 186, 189, 192
142
14
11
130, 224-225, 229.
23, 41, 62
, 95
, 10
, 118, 164
9-10, 55, 89, 157, 160-162, 169-171, 180, 183-184, 226 .

, 165
, 123
214
54, 79, 192-193, 197, 203, 206-208,
186, 189, 199
57, 84, 124, 145, 182, 223
, 13.
, 209
, 13, 229 .
, 14
V, 219
, 14, 17, 130, 136, 163
, 16, 111, 116, 118, 130, 136, 144, 218,
223 .
154, 224
69, 193
9, 14, 61, 65, 68, 75, 80, 95, 120-122, 137, 140-141, 147, 154, 165,
168, 215, 222, 225

17
122, 165
, 85, 105
223
, 209, 212-213
195
149, 223
223
122, 160
83, 108, 122, 132-137, 138, 140, 142, 181, 212,
215-216, 218-219, 225
122
152, 155
48-49
197
199
71
17, 27, 139,142
176
173
173
66
43, 57, 60, 83, 140, 149, 176-178, 182, 215, 217-218, 221, 226
, 95
, 14, 130
, 164
86
12
, 117
17, 37
() 223
174
52, 55, 183, 214, 226
201
200
200
166
14-15
13, 175
209
14
118
9, 12-14, 16, 57, 61-62, 101, 154,157-158, 171, 173-174, 176,
181, 211-215, 223-229
13-14, 173, 213-214
11
158
60, 74, 118, 206
12, 62, 147
12
9, 10, 13, 15-16, 60-61, 83, 85, 119, 145-147, 158, 171, 176,
181-182, 219, 225
158
223
13
95
14
174
206
14
214
116
132

7. 10.

15, 125, 144, 215

257

187, 226
189

60, 192
15, 155
43, 178, 180
13-16, 27, 34, 61, 67, 87-88, 91, 99, 152-155, 157, 159, 160, 171,
184, 186, 206, 213, 219, 225
169
69, 199
221
14
221
- 200
201
199
, 57, 60, 164, 174
, , 221-222 .
221
56, 155, 187, 213, 219, 227
219
14, 173-174
207
12, 54, 61, 142, 147, 155, 175, 187, 191, 207-208, 215-216, 219,
224, 227-228
182
203
58-60,192, 202, 208
208
77, 201-202, 208
41
, 166
195
60
140
, 158
62, 123, 213
14, 17, 137, 209
132
29, 191-192, 203, 206
72, 74-75, 78, 208
46, 151, 158, 176
16, 56-57, 173, 180
, 219
12-13, 16, 62, 102, 147, 173-176, 186-187, 189, 191, 206, 208-209,
213, 217-219, 227
( , )15-16, 102, 127, 147, 151, 153-154, 175, 185186, 209, 212, 216, 225, 229
12, 44, 149, 185
, 146
12, 14, 175
14
187, 189, 208

48, 154, 163, 181


57, 61-62, 72-74, 77, 79-80, 109, 118, 122, 125, 129, 140, 147,
150, 154, 163, 174, 181, 183, 185, 193, 211, 213, 218, 220-221, 224, 226229
, 79 80, 224
29, 56-57, 69, 178, 193
174, 193, 211, 216, 224, 226
174, 186-187, 189, 207, 226
17
11
43, 55, 60, 86, 151, 155, 180, 212
226
16, 208-209
11, 13, 173, 186-209, 219, 227-228
80, 118, 128, 211, 216-221, 224, 228-229.
219, 221, 226-227, 229.
, , 67
, 60, 158, 171
44
221
177
9, 10-11, 16-17, 165, 185, 211
145
175-176, 205-206
59, 192, 201, 208
57
180
, 12, 15, 119, 181, 184, 211, 225, 229.
178
69
71
220
100, 212-214, 229.
220
138
58
27
27, 158
199
120
184
142, 177
, 120, 140, 187, 192
176
115
(. ) 96
192
74-75
108, 113, 124, 140, 162, 218
123, 140, 216

ore Jankovi

SRIN MARIIE FRO 7th O 10th NTUR


Summary

Dioclea was first recorded by this name in the middle of


the 10th century, in the writings of Emperor Constantine
VII Porphyrogenitus, where the name of the Roman town
of Doclea was linked to the name of Emperor Diocletian.
It is also known by this name in Serbian sources from
the 13th century, and is later generally known by the
name Pomorje (Littoral). The name Zeta can also be
found from the 11th century onward. Those are names
that, in the broadest sense, match the boundaries of
ancient Prevala (Prevalis, Prevalitana). In Latin sources
there is no separate country in this region but always
Sclavonia, Servia, Rassa and so forth. Priest Dukljanin
was a priest of Dioclitanae ecclesiae, the Church so called
after the town. In the popular tradition of the people
of Podgorica, Dukljan was Satan himself, the devil.
The available archaeological material, coming
from settlements (Sva, Ilovica, Gradina Martinia)
and cemeteries (Lje, Sard, Mijele, Sva, Kameno),
enables the determining of a reliable chronology
of Pomorje. The findings of pottery, which is by
manufacture divided into Serbian and Romeic, are
the most valuable for dating purposes. Archaeological
sites, compared with one another by pottery shards
and grave findings, give us six temporal layers.
The first layer was closed by the Avars around the
year 600; after that there is no more Byzantine kitchen
and table pottery crafted on a swift wheel, and pottery
crafted on a slow wheel appears, from the North,
Romeic and Serbian. It is found in a layer closed by
destruction in the 7th century, which can be explained by
the Bulgarian migration. Namely, Bulgarians could have
come to the region around the Danube as far back as
640-660, to soon descend to the South to the Pelagonia
region from Pannonia, under Kuber (Kuver), and then
to migrate to Italy, through Dalmatia, under Alciok
(Alzek). The following layer is marked by the founding
of cemeteries of the Komani-Kruje culture, around

the year 800. Then comes the renewal of churches in


coastal towns, which then perished in the Saracen
attempts to settle on the eastern shore of the Adriatic,
in 866. The layer closed at the time of the Bulgarian
conquering of Serbia in 924 is reliably confirmed only
on Gradina Martinia, although many other settlements
must have also been vacated at the time. Certain
meager findings indicate that there was a closing of
layers around the end of the 10th century (Sva).
The fact that the Saracens ravaged Pomorje in 866867 enables some grave findings to be dated to that
time. In these graves are objects previously dated to
the 7th, even the 6th century. Enclosed units from the
Crimean and neighboring Russian regions, as well as
layers from regions in the coastal area, show that they
should be dated to the 8th9th century. Among these
objects of particular significance are buckles (of the
types of Corinth, Bal-Gota, Mytilenes) and fibulae.
These cemeteries show different cultures: SlavicSerbian, Romeic and Komani-Kruje. Furthermore,
particular Slavic rituals are also recorded, such as
trizna, funerary rite (Sva). The placing of vessels
into the grave, seen in Lje (Lezh) and Sva, can by
interpreted as the stressing of the Orthodox Christianity
through the observing of ritual, under Iconoclastic rule.
A number of churches, serving until the 8th10th
century, dates from the Early Byzantine era (Bar, Budva,
Ilovica, Ston, etc.); the churches in Ancient Doclea were
vacated permanently. Several churches should be dated
differently than they have been so far, and some have
only just been discovered. The Holy Virgin of Krajina,
previously dated to around the year 1400, is actually from
the Early Byzantine era. The similar triconchal church
from Bar could have been in use until the 9th century.
A basilica with a transept was discovered in Budva,
which received its mosaic floor in the 7th century. At
the beginning of the 9th century it was divided off into a

260

church with lateral rooms and upstairs galleries, and at


the same time it received new stone furniture especially
prominent is a large ciborium, made of parapet slabs from
the 6th century. Of greatest repute was the monastery of
Archangel Michael in Prevlaka (Ilovica), renewed many
times. Its cathedral, built around the beginning of the
9th century, on the location of older churches from the
3rd and 6th centuries, was a three-nave structure with
three apses to the East. Its stone furniture has been
preserved in part. It would appear that the basin of the
baptistery from the time of Dux Vieslav, today located
in Split, also appears to have belonged to this temple.
The church of the Holy Trinity that is located in the same
monastery today is built on the foundations of a church
from the Early Byzantine era, which received new stone
furniture in the 9th century. The correct dating for the
cruciform church of St. Thomas in Pranj could be to
the early 7th century. Kotor was an important church
center; early churches have been found in uranj and
in the foundations of the sacristy of present-day temple
of St. Tryphon, where a cathedral could also be located.
The basilicas from Kotor, determined as belonging to the
Early Byzantine era, are probably from the 10th11th
century. The dating of the basilica discovered beneath the
foundations of the Dubrovnik cathedral and the cruciform
structure beside it should similarly be corrected, to the
10th or first quarter of the 11th century. Also erroneously
dated to the 6th century is the triconchal church with
baptistery from Doljani, which was in fact constructed
around the year 900. Especially significant is the church
from Gradina Martinia, analogous to the church from
Pope near Novi Pazar. It has several phases indicating the
change of rituals in the second phase the walk around
the altar table, the Episcopal throne and the baptistery
were cancelled, by construction of an altar partition and
ciborium. They were later demolished. In present-day
Metohia, once also part of the province of Prevalis, there
were important churches. The Church of the St. Apostles
in the Pe Patriarchate is part of a large temple that was
located there, of which the foundations beneath St.
Tryphone are very reminiscent. Studenica Hvostanska
was a monastery since no later than the 6th century. Its
new cathedral single-nave temple with inscribed apse
was most probably constructed in the 7th century, and
reminds of the church from Vrutci near Sarajevo. Also
found in Vrutci was a richly ornamented stone decoration
from the beginning of the 9th century, similar to the one
from the coastal region. Some corrections also need to be
made to the reading of inscriptions. Thus the inscription

on the church dedicated to St. Stephen should, instead of


(coniuge) Dana read Danel (hursar) cum coniuge mea
Churches with basilical bases have been used since
ancient times (Doljani, Budva). They began being built
again in the 10th century (Kotor, Dubrovnik, Prizren).
Older single-nave churches have semicircular apses, and
since the 7th century as a rule have apses inscribed into
a rectangle and trapeze (Muo, Rose, Mljet, Ston, edro,
uranj, Studenica Hvostanska, Vrutci). Most prominent
are single-nave churches with lateral rooms, which can
have semicircular or inscribed apses. The oldest among
them are the ones with asymmetrically distributed lateral
rooms, from the Early Byzantine era (Ston, Mljet, Srima).
These are followed by churches with symmetrically
distributed rooms and inscribed apses (St. Apostles in
Pe, foundations of St. Tryphone in Kotor, probably Doci
in Neretva and Lepenica near Sarajevo). The youngest
churches of this group, from the 9th century, have three
semicircular apses to the east. They are represented by
churches in Gradina Martinia in Zeta and Pope near
Novi Pazar; perhaps there are more churches that fall
into the same group (Beka, Tarabo). Around the year
900 churches were built with a triconchal base, the most
significant of which is the church in Doljani, constructed
adjacent to an old basilica. The triconchal-based churches
from Drivast and Zaton seem to have been open to the
west. Churches with similar bases can be found only in
the region from Ohrid to the Danube and on Byzantine
ground. Cruciform-based churches (Pranj, Dubrovnik,
perhaps St. Tryphone in Kotor) are rare, but they have a
lengthy tradition, starting with Panik from the 3rd century.
Several phases can be noted in the dating of stone
ornaments of churches. Some pieces could be from the
7th century (Ilovica), and slabs with a depiction of a
gryphon from Sustjepan from the 8th century (Ulcinj,
Budva, Ilovica, Kotor, Dubrovnik). Correctly dated to
around the year 900 are the newly-built altar partition
and ciborium in the church at Gradina Martinia, from
the time of archont Peter. The stone furniture from the
vicinity of Janjina on Peljeac is also dated by the mention
of the same archont. Also interesting is the placing of
three crosses on inscriptions (Sveti Stefan, Kotor, two
from Ston). An interrupted line along the edges, or rows
of triangles, could be a characteristic of stonemason
workshops from Serbia of the 6th-13th century.
There is archaeological data available for three towns,

7. 10.

Sard, Sva and Stari Bar. Fortifying characteristics


can be singled out in them rounded corners of
surrounding walls, gates in circular towers and towers
with semicircular bases, from the time of defense against
the Bulgarians in the 9th century. Perhaps Viegrad near
Prizren is from the same period. The towers and some
gates of Gradina Martinia near Danilovgrad, are from
a younger phase, built onto an old wall around the year
900. Here, within the surrounding wall with two gates,
there used to be a rectangular castle with belonging
church, raised by archont Mutimir. In Gornji Oblun
there are foundations of a similar rectangular structure.
Of the three towns that Emperor Constantine VII
Porphyrogenitus writes of in Dioclea, only Lontodokla
(Lontodocla) can be linked with certainty to Doljani
near Podgorica. Singled out as a separate whole is
the unexplored Skadar with accompanying hamlets,
known only for its numismatic findings. The study of
the circulation of money from Dubrovnik shows that
this largest town in the coastal region (with an area of
around 7 hectares) could have perished several times:
at the beginning of the 7th century, in the second half of
the same century and around 840 (attack of the Saracens
at the time of conquering Bari?). Renewed circulations
are prominent around the year 900 and 925, and
permanently as of Basileos the Second. On the Vladimir
hill in the vicinity of Sva there is a fortification with
a church, where Oblik from the Chronicle of the Priest
of Doclea (Ljetopis popa Dukljanina) could have been.
The available archaeological material clearly shows a
total of three ethnae or cultures in the coastal region:
Serbs, Latins and people of the Komani-Kruje culture,
i.e. Red Croats. The Diocletians and Goths noted in
written sources cannot be archaeologically determined
There are very meager testimonies on the Greek,
mostly in inscriptions in stone (Ilovica, Gradina) and
mosaic (Budva).
In written sources Serbs are, as a rule, mentioned
under the general name of Slavs. Apart from that, they
are also demarked as allies of the Empire, which can
be archaeologically verified as well. The Chronicle of
the Priest of Doclea, as well as written sources from
Dubrovnik and elsewhere, make note of the Morovlachi.
This name could refer to Serbs that Emperor Constantine
VII Porphyrogenitus writes of on the Caucasus, under
the archon tn Serbotin tn legomnoun Mara

261

paida. Archaeologically, Serbs can be followed by


certain characteristics, such as a long application of trizna
(Sva, Kameno), or the use of an bread-baking pan until
the present day (Sva, Ilovica). Slavic buckles from Lje
and Kroja, also known in the erdap and Banat regions,
indicate a migration from the Danube to the coastal
region around Skadar. Such a course of migrations is
also suggested by pottery shards decorated by wavy and
upright lines drawn by a comb (Sva, Ilovica), which
appear around the beginning of the 7th century, and
originate from the regions around Vienna and Bratislava.
Of older origin are undecorated pots, dated in Kameni
to the second half of the 7th century. They are preceded
by some shards from Sva and Ilovica, among which
are pieces of small single-handled pots. The rib on the
neck is a characteristic of the 7th century, and the added
ornaments on pots and ribs on the pans are also frequent
in younger ages as well. In the 8th and 9th century the
pottery was frequently decorated with slanted strokes
with a comb, characteristic for the entire Serbian coastal
area, and also present in the North-West from Morava
to Elbe (Laba). Similar to pottery decorated with ribs, it
can be linked to related products in present-day Bosnia,
and through the regions of Morava, Vienna and Elbe.
In written sources the inhabitants of the coastal
towns are natione Romanis or Latinus gente. They can
be archaeologically separated in the 7th century into
two basic components, local (buckles in the form of
doves and feline beats) and northern, originating from
the region around the Danube (iron buckles with bent
bases, pots crafted on a slow wheel). Pottery irregularly
decorated by a comb and crafted on a slow wheel
(Ilovica, Stareva Gorica) can be linked to pottery from
Herzegovina, Istria and Northern Italy. From the 9th
century onward Latins can no longer be recognized by
movable archaeological findings. According to written
sources and other circumstances, there was a settling
of Latins from Italy also, in the 9th-10th century
(Antibari, Belos legendary settling of Dubrovnik
from Rome, Kotor under archbishopric of Bari).
Written sources quite dimly and vaguely indicate the
presense of Croats (so called Red Croats) and Avars,
somewhere between the Neretva and Byzantine Ohrid.
There are Avar objects in the area of the Old Croat
culture (Smrdelj) and in the region of the Komani-Kruje
culture (Vrap) as well, and in the Serbian coastal region

262

in ipan. Characteristics of the Old Croat culture of the


region between Cetina and Istria can also be found in
Bulgarian territories (unornamented vessels, jugs, pots
with handles, signs on pottery etc.). Certain finds of
characteristic biconical pots might indicate belonging to
Guduani. In Lje, Sard and the vicinity of Vir were
discovered the westernmost cemeteries of the KomaniKruje culture, which spreads to Pelagonia in the East. It
has been erroneously dated to the 7th century and ascribed
to descendants of Illyrians or to Romanized population. It
consists of several components. Byzantine objects from
the 8th-9th century come from coastal towns (buckles
of the type of Corinth, Bal-Gota) or from the Byzantine
population of Pannonia (buckles of the types of Mytilenes,
circular buckles). Slavic objects can be discerned by
small earrings with salteleons, some earrings with starshaped pendants, arrow tips in the shape of a swallows
tail. Characteristics of the Komani-Kruje culture are
torques, earrings, buckles, semicircular pendants, circular
metal rims, wide-spread use of mosaic tubular pearls.
Similar object can be found in the broad areas between
the Caucasus, Ural, Swabia and north-west Pannonia.
Its dating to the 9th century is most clearly shown by
the well described grave units from Koman, published
by P. Traeger. The description of the settling of bearers
of the Komani-Kruje culture can be found in the
Chronicle of the Priest of Doclea in the story of the
settlement of alleged Bulgarians. In it Slavic words can
be recognized (Velija; bare, Bar; Seno-buja, Sin-bagija),
Bulgarian words (Volga, Vulgari, kagan), with a certain
Sarmatian presence (Kris). The peoples of this culture
could have come to north-west Pannonia towards the
end of the 8th century, from the border regions between
the Slavs and the Khazar Khaganate. The Komani-Kruje
culture arose upon the fall of the Avar Khaganate in 791814, and disappeared with the Bulgarian conquering
of the region until Skadar, first in 897. As a Christian
culture, it can be linked with data on Christianity in the
regions of the Russian steppes in the 7th-9th century,
and on bishoprics around Dra (Durrachio, Durrs),
among which were Hunavija (Hunavia) and Kron. The
cemeteries of the Komani-Kruje culture are located
next to fortifications, and there is data on 30 fortresses
that the Bulgarians returned to Byzantine in 896-904.
Serbia must have been established as a state from the
7th century. Dux Vieslav whom the priest Iohannes
makes note of on the inscription of the baptistery basin

from the beginning of the 9th century is a descendant of


the ruler that brought Serbs to Dalmatia at the time of
Emperor Heraclius. He must have been ruler confirmed
in his own Church, or else Priest Iohannes would not have
made note of him, but of the Byzantine Emperor. Rulers
had their own castles with churches (Gradina Martinia).
The plan of the rooms around the yard in Gradina shows
its complex content: the quarters of the ruler, warehouse
for collected taxes, stables, quarters of the dignitaries
and members of the court. A significant characteristic of
a state is its army. Cavalry is known to have been present
since the 7th century, but is confirmed by archaeological
findings only since the time of the Bulgarian conquering
of Serbia. Danael from the inscription in the church of
St. Stephen seems to have been a hursar, which could
mean that he was some kind of fleet commander. The
official script at the court seems to have been Greek (the
seal of Strojimir), Latin script was used in the churches
(numerous inscriptions), and since St. Constantine Cyrill
the state used Glagollitic script (ean). The economy
and taxes were based on clear rules, although money
was not in use. Apart from agriculture, including the
making of wine, a significant role was certainly played
by salt plants, mining with metallurgy, the processing
of fur and so forth, as well as trade in these goods.
Two facts are important for the studying of the early
history of the Serbian national church. First, that the
use of the same churches can be seen through from
the 6th century to the 9th and 10th century, including
monasteries in which there is Slavic-Serbian pottery as
early as from the 6th century. Second, these churches
differ both by duration and by appearance from the
churches of the surrounding areas. Both of these facts
indicate the early Christianity of Serbs, according to
Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus since the
time of Emperor Heraclius. Other written sources also
indicate the existence of Serbian bishoprics in the 7th8th century (Servija, Gordoserba, Pope Agathon, etc.).
The spontaneous inclusion of Serbs and Slavs in the
Byzantine service or inhabited in Byzantine settlements
into the local church organization must have taken place,
since the final decades of the 6th century. At the time
of Emperor Heraclius the Church adapted to Serbs, the
people that Dalmatia was left to, was only just established.
The natural seat of the presumed arch-bishopric was in
the Church of the St. Apostles in Pe, unusually large
and with plan characteristic for western regions. It
could have united the jurisdiction over Dalmatia and

7. 10.

Justiniana Prima. Serbian rulers took the throne there,


as did Vieslav. At the time of this ruler, the first noted
by name, many renewals of churches took place, both
Serbian (monastery of Ilovica, Vrutci near Sarajev) and
in the Latin towns of Byzantium (Ulcinj, Budva, Kotor).
Because of the expansion of the Bulgarians, the seat
of the archbishopric had to be moved during the 9th
century, most probably to Doljani, to the old basilica.
That was a time of great changes in the Church, caused
by the work of the Slavic apostles. The fight of Rome
for the establishing of rule over the Serbian national
church began, which can be seen in the striving for
domination the churches of Dacia and Dalmatia (this
one through Pannonia) by Rome, recorded in the letters
of Pope John VIII. This caused resistance both in Serbia
and in Bulgaria, where a Slavic service was elected.
However, when Peter came to the throne in Serbia, he
introduced a new practice of liturgies, as shown by the
partitions in the castle church in Gradina Martinia.
This Latinization, assisted by the interests of Emperor
Leo VI, caused resistance. When Peters rule ended, the
partitions were torn down. At the same time, churches
with triconchal bases were raised, similar to those
in the vicinity of Ohrid (Doljani, Drivast, Zaton).
In the western third of the Bulgarian empire an
archbishopric was established that succeeded the
Justiniana Prima. Its first archbishop was Agathon, who
was succeeded, as suggested by all circumstances, by
St. Clement. This archbishopric can be archaeologically
recognized by churches with triconchal and tetraconchal
bases. They are not known in Bulgaria or the neighboring
Croatia, but can be found in Zeta. When the Bulgarians
conquered Serbia in 924, they most probably raised
a church in ancient Doclea, in order to found a new
spiritual center. The Serbian archbishop at the time fled
to Dubrovnik. Immediately upon the conquering of
Serbia, in 925, a church council took place in Split, in

263

which the Duke of Zahumlje Mihailo, Bulgarian ally,


took part as well. At this council the practice of Slavonic
liturgies was discontinued. After that, according to
the Chronicle, Belo Pavlimir takes over the rule over
Dubrovnik and all of Serbia, and he founds a bishopric
in Ras, with the Church of St. Peter. This shows that
the seat of the archbishopric was still in Dubrovnik.
At the time of Jovan Vladimir, who succeeded Belo,
educated in Ohrid, the church services were certainly
Slavic, since the official script was Glagolitic (ean).
It can be concluded that Serbs began the taking over
of Dalmatia towards the end of the 4th century, and
completed it at the beginning of the 7th. This handing
over was easy for Byzantine, since Serbs accepted
Christianity. The linking of the settling of Serbs with
Emperor Heraclius probably should be connected with
migrations into the vicinity of Thessalonica (Serblia)
and Asia Minor (Gordoserba). The reason for such a
connection can be the establishing of an archbishopric
at the time of Emperor Heraclius and within it the
confirmation of the succeeding rulers. Such a state was
self-sufficient until circumstances changed dramatically
with the coming of Charlemagne. At the beginning of
the 9th century, in war with Frankish Empire, Serbia
lost some regions to the north-west; between Pelagonia
and Skadar peoples of the Komani-Kruje culture settled,
and then the Bulgarians occupied the eastern parts of
the Serbian territories as well. A stronger connection
with Byzantine and a change in the organization of the
state ensued. This enabled long-term resistance to the
expansion of the Bulgarians. The seat of the Church,
moved to Doljani, was now more exposed to external
influence. Bulgaria finally did manage to conquer Serbia
in 924. When aslav renewed Serbia, the coastal regions
were not included. Upon the fall of Serbia, the parish
of Dioclea was formed for the first time, by Bulgaria,
to be taken over by Byzantine. At the time of Belo
Pavlimir and Jovan Vladimir the country was once
again united for the most part, together with Dioclea.

CIP -
,
904"06/09"(497.16)

,
7. 10. /
. - :
= Serbian Archaeological
Society, 2007 ( : =
Belgrade : elnid). - 257 . :
. ; 30 cm. - ( /
.
= Occasional Papers / Serbian
Archaeological Society. Medieval
Archeology ; 5)

Ha . . .: Serbian Martime from


7th to l0th Centuru. -
. - 500. -
.
: . 231-244. - .

ISBN 978-86-904455-5-4

) -
) -
- ) -

COBISS.SR-ID 140156428