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Integration Techniques

Steps:
a) Can I calculate the area between the curve and the

x -axis?

b) Do I recognize the anti-derivative?


c) Can the function be manipulated algebraically?
d) Can the function be simplified through a u -substitution?
e) If the integral consists of a product of two different functions, integrate the function by parts
(and possibly use tabular integration or solve for the unknown integral). If the integral involves
a rational function, use polynomial division and partial fraction decomposition before
integrating. If the function consists of trigonometric functions, it may require rewriting through
trigonometric identities. Finally, an integral with radicals of a specific form may be solved
through a right triangle trigonometric substitution; however, this is a long process and should be
utilized as a last resort.
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1)

(|x|) dx

Graph the function on the interval and find the area.

16
3

2)

x3 dx

3)

x4
+C
12

Power rule

2 x +3 dx

Remember to define the integral on negative

intervals.
ln|2 x +3|

+C
2

4)

2+| x|

|x| x 21

Logarithmic antidifferentiation with chain rule

dx

|x|
2
+
dx
2
|x| x 1 |x| x 21

2 sec1 x +

1
dx
1x2

Separate the numerator.

Find the inverse trigonometric antiderivative.

2 sec x +cos x +C

Find the inverse trigonometric antiderivative.

However, because the domain of sec x is (,1 ] [ 1, ) , the domain of


1

1
cos x is [ 1, 1 ] , and the original function is undefined at (1,1 )

due to the radical, the

solutions real domain is an empty set.


4

5)

2 x

x +xx2 e

dx
2

x x e
+ 2 dx
2
x
x

Separate the

numerator.
x3
+ ex+ C
3
z

6)

1
dx
x +2 x+ 2

0
z

Power rule; exponential antiderivative

1
dx
( x +1 )2 +1

Complete the square.

tan 1 ( x+1 ) z
0

tan 1 ( z 2+1 ) ( 2 z )tan1 ( 0+1 )


2 z tan 1 ( z 2+ 1 )

dx

7)

( 17 x )2

substitution

Chain rule; FTC Part 2

u=17 x

du
=7
dx

Differentiate u .
dx=

du
7

u -

du

7 u 2
original integral.

Substitute values into the

1
+C
7u

Antidifferentiate with

respect to u .
1

+C
7 ( 17 x )

Substitute back into the original

variable.
1

8)

10

( 1+3 /2 )

u=1+ 3/ 2

u -substitution

du 3 1 /2
=
d 2

Differentiate

u .
d=

2 du
3 1 /2

10
2
u

1/ 2

( 32du )
1/ 2

Substitute values into the

original integral.

20
+C
3u

Antidifferentiate with respect to

u .

20 1
3 ( 1+3 / 2) 0

variable.
20
20

3 /2
3 ( 1+1 ) 3 ( 1+03 /2 )
10

FTC Part 2

Substitute back into the original

dx

9)

x log

substitution

u=log 2 x

du
1
=
dx x ln 2

u -

Differentiate

u .
dx=x ln 2 du

original integral.

x ln2 du
xu

ln 2 lnu +C

Substitute values into the

Antidifferentiate with respect to

u .

ln 2 ln ( log 2 x ) +C

Substitute back into the original variable.