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Slope Fields Classwork Differential Equations Solved

1)

dy
=y
dx

dy
= dx
y

Separate variables and integrate

both sides.
ln | y|=x+C
y=C e x

ex

is always positive, so

| y|= y .
1
a) 1=C e

Substitute variables to

find C .
C=

1
e

y=

ex
e

equation.

Substitute C

into the original

is an exponential function, which is matched by the shape of the solution curve.

2
b) 0=C e

Substitute variables to find

C .
C=0

Undefined no solution curve exists


2)

dy

dx = x dx

Separate variables and integrate both sides.

y=ln|x|+C
a) 1=ln|1|+ C

Substitute variables to find

C .
C=1

y=ln ( x ) +1
x> 0 .

Substitute C

into the original equation with

b) 1=ln |2|+C

Substitute variables to find

C .

C=ln 21
y=ln (x )ln21

Substitute C

into the original equation with

x< 0 .
y

is a logarithmic function, which is matched by the shape of the solution curve.

dy x
=
dx y

3)

y dy= x dx

Separate variables and integrate

both sides.
y 2 x 2
=
+C
2
2
x2 y2
+ =C
2 2
2

a)

1 1
+ =C
2 2

Substitute variables to find

C .

C=1
x2 y2
+ =1
2 2

Substitute C

equation.
(2 )2 02
+ =C
b)
2
2

into the original

Substitute variables to

find C .
C=2
x2 y2
+ =2
2 2
equation.
2
2
x y
+ =1
4 4

Substitute C

into the original

The function is in the form of a circle, which is matched by the shape of the solution curve.

4)

dy
=x+ y
dx
Let

u=x + y =

dy
dx .

du
dy
=1+
dx
dx

Differentiate u with

respect to x .
du
=1+u
dx
Substitution
du
1+ u = dx

Separate variables and integrate both sides.

ln |1+u|=x+ C

1+u=C e x

ex

is always positive, so

|1+u|=1+ u .
1+ x+ y=C e

y=C e x1

Back-substitution

a) 1=C e 11

Substitute variables to

find C .
C=

3
e

3 ex
y=
x1
e
original equation.
2
b) 1=C e + 21

Substitute C

into the

Substitute variables to find

C .
C=2e 2
y=2 e x+2x1
equation.

Substitute C

into the original