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Book I : Plague and Wrath

Character

Theme/Heroic Code

Actions/Attributes

Quotes

Agamemnon

Not respecting elders Selfish as he believes


To some extend,
Not respecting Gods he is more entitled to respects Nestor as he
Anger
prizes although the calls him ''venerable
other men do much
sir''
more.
He doesn't respect
Apollo, although it
might be argued he
respects the gods as
he eventually hands
Chryseis back but
only after a lot of
persuasion.
He is egocentric and
he does not
personally attack
Achilles as he says he
will take anyone's
prize but because
Achilles is the one
who argues back, he
sees that he will be
able to show off his
power.

Achilles

Not respecting
He speaks up to his
''Most glorious
superiors
leader, not showing
Agamemnon,
Divine Intervention respect but this shows unequalled in your
Anger
that he is confident
greed''
Vengeance
and he is a vital part
Talking about the
of the army ; he also
Trojans :
points out he has no
''They have never
reason to fight so he done me any harm''
could happily go
home.
He gets very angry
and threatens to kill
Agamemnon, he is
only stopped by
Athena, though no
one else sees her.
When the other men
come to get Briseis,
he tells them he is
angry with

Agamemnon, none of
them.
He stays with
Patroclus, this begins
to show their strong
bond as he is the only
one he wishes to be
with.
Nestor

Respect of Elders.
Speeches.

He says he has given ''whose speech flows


advice to much better sweeter than honey
men.
off his tongue''
He says Priam would His first sentence in
love to see them
direct speech is :
argue, this would
''What can I say ?''
give Achilles and
it seems at lot...
Agamemnon reason
to stop.
He says it's for their
own good to listen ;
they pay him the
respect of listening to
him but do not really
take it into account.

Thetis

Family relationships Achilles sees Thetis,


First mention of
Divine Intervention his mother, in tears.
Achilles' fate :
Fate
Achilles wants to see
''you are not only
the Greeks lose so
doomed for an early
they understand his death but also a most
importance.
miserable life''
Thetis goes and
The miserable life
supplicates Zeus.
might foreshadow
He agrees, but this
Patroclus' death.
causes him to argue
with Hera.

Apollo

Divine Intervention

The priest Chryses


Agamemnon to
tells Apollo the
Chryses :
Greeks stole his
''she [Chryseis] will
daughter, he puts a
share my bed''
plague on the Greeks.
After Odysseus
returns her, he asks to
relieve the Greeks of
the plague.
Agamemnon is
particularly horrible
to the priest.