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CHAPTER 4

1. In an ammonia refrigeration system, the capacity is 210 kW at a temperature of 20 C. The vapor


from the evaporator is pumped by one compressor to the condensing pressure of 1431 kPa. Later,
the system was revised to a two-stage compression operating on the cycle shown below with
intercooling but no removal of flash at 555 kPa.
(a) Calculate the power required by the single compressor in the original system.
(b) Calculate the total power required by the two compressors in the revised system.

CHAPTER 4
Solution:
(a)

h1 = 1437.2 kJ kg , h3 = h4 = 375.8 kJ kg
h2 = 1740 kJ kg
&=
m

Q& A
210
=
= 0.1978 kg s
h1 h4 1437.2 375.8

& (h1 h2 ) = 0.1978(1740 1437.2) = 59.89 kW


W& = m

(b)

Enthalpies in kJ/kg
h1 = 1437.2 kJ kg , h5 = h6 = h7 = 375.8 kJ kg
h2 = 1580 kJ kg

CHAPTER 4
h3 = 1468.8 kJ kg
h4 = 1600 kJ kg
& a=
m

Q& A
210
=
= 0.1978 kg s
h1 h7 1437.2 375.8

Intercooler Balance:
& =m
&a +m
&b
m
& b h6 + m
& a h2 = m
& h3
m
& b (375.8) + 0.1978(1580) = (0.1978 + m
& b )(1468.8)
m
& b = 0.020 kg s
m
& =m
& a +m
& b = 0.1978 + 0.020 = 0.2178 kg s
m
& a (h2 h1 ) + m
& (h4 h3 ) = 0.1978(1580 1437.2 ) + 0.2178(1600 1468.8) = 56.82 kW
W& = m

2. An ammonia refrigeration system has a capacity of 210 kW at an evaporating temperature of 20 C


when the condensing pressure is 1431 kPa.
(a) Compute the power requirement for a system with a single compression.
(b) Compute the total power required by the two compressors in the system shown below where
there is no intercooling but there is flash-gas removal.

CHAPTER 4
Solution:
(a) same as (a) of (1).
W& = 59.89 kW

(b)

Important Properties
State points
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

& a=
m

p , kPa
191
1431
555
1431
1431
555
555
191

t ,C
-20

7
37
7
-20

Q& A
210
=
= 0.1743 kg s
h1 h7 1437.2 232.5

& =m
&a +m
&b
Mass balance, m
& h6 = m
& b h3 + m
& a h7
Heat balance, m
(m& a + m& b )h6 = m& b h3 + m& a h7

h , kJ/kg
1437.2
1741
1468.8
1601
375.9
375.9
232.5
232.5

CHAPTER 4

(0.1743 + m& b )(375.9) = m& b (1468.8) + 0.1743(232.5)


& b = 0.0229 kg s
m
& =m
&a +m
& b = 0.1743 + 0.0229 = 0.1972 kg s
m

For works,
& a (h2 h1 ) = 0.1743(1741 1437.2) = 52.95 kW
W& 1 = m
& b (h4 h3 ) = 0.0229(1601 1468.8) = 3.03 kW
W& 2 = m
&
WT = 52.95 + 3.03 = 55.98 kW