Community-Based Air Quality

Sampling Results using
Geospatial Technology and
Online Toxics Release Inventory
(TRI) Data

Dr. David A. Padgett, Director
Geographic Information Sciences Laboratory
Tennessee State University
Ms. Lauren Wiggins, Health Sciences Major
Tennessee State University

Tennessee State University Awarded
A U.S. EPA Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) University
Challenge Grant
September 2014 – December 2015

Tennessee State University Awarded
A U.S. EPA Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) University
Challenge Grant
September 2014 – December 2015
Note: 2015 TRI
University
Challenge
proposals are due
March 27.
http://www2.epa.gov/
toxics-release-inven
tory-tri-program/201
5-tri-university-cha
llenge-0

“Bucket Brigade
Community-Based Air
Sampling”
Primarily used to determine the
source of “fugitive” air releases.
Has been successfully used to call
attention to air pollution violators.
TSU’s approach will determine the
effectiveness of the Bucket
Brigade device in detecting local
TRI releases.
*Note: “Official” Bucket Brigade
service provided by Global
Community Monitor (
http://www.gcmonitor.org/) is
$7,500.00

Study Area: Cayce Homes
and Environs – Nashville, TN
Nashville’s largest public
housing community with
710 units and over 2,400
residents on 63 acres.
88% of the population is
African American with
89% of households are
headed by a single
parent. 57% of the
residents are children
under the age of 18
Residents suffer from
above average asthma
rates, especially children.

Map of nearby sources of air
pollution - Cayce Homes and
Environs – Nashville, TN
Community is impacted
by a variety of air
pollution sources,
including TRI facilities,
Interstate highways, and
small businesses.
No government air
monitor is located within
two miles of the
community.

Community Partners
The Martha O’Bryan Center at Cayce Homes, Meharry
Medical College, and the Meharry-Vanderbilt Alliance

TSU TRI University Challenge
Timeline
September 2014 - Completed Fall 2014
Objective: Train TSU student team in the use of GIS,
GPS, and TRI mapping tools in air quality assessment

TSU TRI University
Challenge Timeline – In
Progress
October 2014 – In Progress March 2015
Objective: Develop Bucket Brigade air
sampling workshop and methodology for
community stakeholders
February 2015 – In Progress March-April 2015
Objective: Educe stakeholder input on the
Bucket Brigade air sample mapping project

Pilot Project - Bucket Brigade Air Sampling
Mapping Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Low Country Alliance for Model Communities
North Charleston, South Carolina
with Dr. Sacoby Wilson, University of South Carolina
Step 1: Get data -- South Carolina
GIS data Download Site
http://www.gis.sc.gov/data.html

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Step 2: Open the downloaded high resolution
imagery and
ArcGIS shapefile layers with ArcGIS or ArcExplorer
software.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Step 3: Collect Mock Air Sampling Sites Location Data Using a
Hand-Held GPS Receiver

North Charleston, SC
Stakeholders Trained in the
use of GPS Receivers

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Step 4: Complete Air Sample Site Attribute Data Sheet. Data collected in
field using GPS recorded here along with pertinent attribute data.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Step 5: Create an “Attribute Data” Spreadsheet for the Community
Air Sampling sites using Microsoft Excel. Enter data from
hardcopy GPS data collection sheet.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina

Step 6: Air Sample Site Attribute Data Spreadsheet. May
have to be converted from Excel (*.xls or *.xlsx) to
dBASE (*.dbf) format
to be opened in ArcGIS.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina

Step 7: Air Sample Sites spreadsheet file imported
into ArcGIS or ArcExplorer using the “add XY data”
function.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina

Step 8: Air Sampling Data in ArcGIS with Sampling Results
Labeled.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Step 9: Air Sampling Audit Data in ArcGIS
with Attribute Table Pop-Up Box.

Bucket Brigade Air Sampling Mapping
Exercise
North Charleston, South Carolina
Step 10: Air Sampling Data in ArcGIS with
Hyperlinked Photograph Pop-Up Box.

North Charleston, SC
Stakeholders Trained in the
use of EPA TRI Tools

U.S. EPA TRI Data Tools

TOXMAP
National Institutes of Health

Scorecard.goodguide.com
Originally created by the Environmental Defense
Fund

Real Time GeOspatial Viewer
(RETIGO) – U.S. EPA

Community-Focused Exposure
and Risk Screening Tool
(C-FERST) – U.S. EPA

TSU TRI University Challenge
Timeline –
In Progress

March 2015 – To Be Completed Spring/Summer 2015
Objective: Lead community stakeholders in Bucket Brigade air sampling
and mapping
March 2015 – To Be Completed Summer 2015
Objective: Cross-reference Bucket Brigade air sampling results with local
TRI data. Discussion of next steps with community stakeholders, based
upon the results
August-December 2015
Objective: Develop and publish a draft instruction manual for communitybased mapping of Bucket Brigade air samples and cross-referencing with
TRI release data
January-February 2016
Objective: Produce maps of the Cayce Homes Bucket Brigade air sampling
project, and possibly pilot test EPA’s C-FERST.

QUESTIONS?

Geographic Information Sciences
Laboratory

Box 9538
Tennessee State University
3500 John Merritt Boulevard
Nashville, Tennessee 37209
615-963-5508
dpadgett@tnstate.edu