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To determine the Metacentric height of a floating body (i.e. a model of ship) and to locate the position f center of Buoyancy, Matacenter and Center of Gravity. (24/09/08) APPARATUS

Metacentric Height Apparatus, Water Tank

RELATED THEORY

BUOYANCY

It is the tendency of fluid to lift a submerged body.

FORCE

OF

BUOYANCY (FB)

It is the resultant upward force or thrust exerted by a fluid on submerged body. According to Archimedes Principle, FB = weight of volume of liquid displace by the body.

CENTER CENTER

OF IF

GRAVITY (C) BUOYANCY (B

O

**It is the point where is weight of the body is acting.
**

AND

B)

It is the point to which force of Buoyancy is acting. Center of Buoyancy is center if gravity of volume of liquid displace by the body. Or in 2D case, we can say that center if Area if immersed section.

METACENTER

It is the point of intersection of symmetrical axis of floating body and the new line of action of force of Buoyancy.

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METACENTRIC HEIGHT (CM)

It is the distance between center of gravity (c) and Metacenter. It is the measure if static stability of floating body. Large the metacentric height more is the stability. Very large Metacentric height means shorter period of rolling that would be uncomfortable for the passengers in the ship. That is why ship meant for passengers are designed for relatively small metacentric height, (but sufficiently metacentric height). So, that both stability and comfort can be provided.

**METACENTRIC RADIUS/BUOYANT RADIUS (B M)
**

O

BoM = distance between original point of buoyancy and Metacenter. BoM= IV. V= volume of liquid displaced by body, I = second moment of waterline area about longitudinal axis. Conditions of Stability if Floating Body FB = W Metacenter must be above the center of Gravity. (Resistance couple is form by FB and W only when Second condition is true.)

PROCEDURE

1. Place the model of ship in the water tank. 2. Shift the jockey weight to zero position and note the corresponding angle of rotation. 3. If it is on zero then its correct if not then notes the error and its direction. 4. Now shift the jockey weight to either left or right side by 0.5 inches. Note the angle against that reading. 5. Similarly shift the jockey weight to 1 inch, 1.5 inches, 2’ inches, 2.5 and 3 inches and note the corresponding value of angle. 6. Similarly, move the jockey weight weight to the other side and take at least 6 readings accordingly. 7. Take mean of left and right angle and make a table of it.

OBSERVATIONS

AND

CALCULATIONS

Jockey weight = Wo = 0.75 lbs Length of ship = L = 20 inches Breath of ship = b = 10 inches Radius of semi-circle = r = 5 inches Volume of liquid displaced by body = V = πr22L = 785.375 in3 Weight of volume of liquid displaced by the body = FB = γwater.V= 62.4123 X 785.375=28.360 lbs (γ=WV) Second moment of waterline area about longitudinal axis = I = Lb312=1666.67 in4

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CM= WoxW. tanθ

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Table 1

No of obs 1 2 3 4 5 6 Displacem ent of Jokey inches 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Ang of rotation le R 3 6 8 11 13 15 L 3 6 8 11 12 15 Mean 3 6 8 11 12.5 15 inches

W= FB, BoM = IV= 1666.67785.375=2.122 inches Position of center of Buoyancy = 4r3π=2.122 inches Position of Metacenter = BoM – Position of center of Buoyancy = 2.122 – 2.122 = 0 Position of center of gravity = CM – position of Metacenter = CM – 0 = CM

COMMENTS

1. In figure CM is above fluid but in actual it is on fluid i.e. CM = 0 2. As CM is directly proportional to stability, so in case of ships meant to carry baggage, the CM may be kept as high as needed. 3. The application of force of Buoyancy is applied on submarines. Water is filled in containers and weight becomes greater thank force of buoyancy and submarine sinks. Now, whenever there is a need to get upwards the containers get empty and force of buoyancy become greater than weight.

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To determine the Metacentric height 07 civil 73

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