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Physical Science Unit 4 Test

1.

Element A and element B chemically combine to form substance C. Substance C must be


A.

2.

B.

a compound

C.

an element

D. a mixture

Na2 O

B.

Na2 O2

C.

NaOH

D. NaH

When the equation NH3 + O2 ! N2 + H2 0 is completely balanced using the smallest whole numbers, the coe cient
of the O2 will be
A.

4.

a solution

In the balanced equation 2Na + 2H2 O ! H2 + 2X, the compound represented by X is


A.

3.

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B.

C.

D. 4

Given the unbalanced equation:


Li + N2 ! Li3 N
When the equation is correctly balanced using smallest whole numbers, the coe cient of the lithium is
A.

5.

9.

C.

D. 6

H2 + O2 ! H2 O

B.

Ca + Cl2 ! CaCl

C.

2H2 + O2 ! 2H2 O

D. Ca + Cl2 ! Ca2 Cl

KCl

B.

ICl

C.

PCl

D. HCl

C.

P and Cl

D. H and Cl

An ionic bond forms between atoms of


A.

8.

Which pair of elements form an ionic bond with each other?


A.

7.

B.

Which equation is correctly balanced?


A.

6.

I and Cl

B.

K and Cl

Which type of bond is formed by the transfer of electrons from one atom to another?
A.

a covalent bond

B.

a coordinate covalent bond

C.

a hydrogen bond

D. an ionic bond

The bonds present in silicon carbide (SiC) are


A.

covalent

B.

ionic

C.

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metallic

D. van der Waals

10.

When phosphorus and chlorine atoms combine to form a molecule of PCl3 , 6 electrons will be
A.

11.

shared unequally

C.

lost

D. gained

10

B.

C.

D. 4

C.

D. 14

An acidic solution could have a pH of


A.

13.

B.

In a solution, litmus is blue. The pH of the solution could be


A.

12.

shared equally

B.

10

A student records the following observations about an unknown solution:


conducts electricity
turns blue litmus red
The student should conclude that the unknown solution is most likely
A.

14.

15.

C.

an ester

a proton acceptor, only

D. an alcohol

a proton donor, only

B.

C.

a proton donor and a proton acceptor

D. neither a proton donor nor a proton acceptor

According to the Arrhenius theory, the acidic property of an aqueous solution is due to an excess of
H2

B.

H+

C.

H2 O

D. OH

Atom X is in Group IIA and atom Y is in Group VIIA. A compound formed between these two elements would
have the formula
X2 Y

B.

XY2

C.

X 2 Y7

D. X7 Y2

C.

Sb2 O5

D. Sb5 O2

C.

Na

D. NaHCO3

Which formula correctly represents antimony (V) oxide?


A.

18.

a base

A.

A.
17.

B.

According to the Bronsted-Lowry theory, an acid is

A.
16.

an acid

SbO5

B.

Sb5 O

Which species represents a chemical compound?


A.

N2

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B.

NH+
4

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Physical Science Unit 4 Test

19.

20.

Which balanced equation represents a single-replacement reaction?


A.

Mg + 2AgNO3 ! Mg(NO3 )2 + 2Ag

B.

2Mg + O2 ! 2MgO

C.

MgCO3 ! MgO + CO2

D. MgCl2 + 2AgNO3 ! 2AgCl + Mg(NO3 )2

Given the balanced equations representing two chemical reactions:


Cl2 + 2NaBr
2NaCl

2NaCl + Br2

!
!

2Na + Cl2

Which types of chemical reactions are represented by these equations?

21.

A.

single replacement and decomposition

B.

single replacement and double replacement

C.

synthesis and decomposition

D. synthesis and double replacement

Given the balanced equation representing a reaction:


4Al(s) + 3O2 (g) ! 2Al2 O3 (s)
Which type of chemical reaction is represented by this equation?
A.

22.

23.

C.

substitution

atomic number

D. synthesis

mass number

B.

C.

number of protons

D. number of valence electrons

The correct formula for sodium oxide is


SO2

B.

S2 O

C.

NaO2

D. Na2 O

C.

KOH

D. K(OH)2

C.

NO2

D. N2 O4

C.

FeO3

D. Fe3 O

What is the correct formula of potassium hydride?


KH

B.

KH2

What is the formula of nitrogen (I) oxide?


A.

26.

single replacement

A.

A.
25.

B.

The atoms of the elements in Group 2 have the same

A.
24.

double replacement

NO

B.

N2 O

Which formula correctly represents iron (III) oxide?


A.

Fe2 O3

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B.

Fe3 O2

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Physical Science Unit 4 Test

27.

What is the name of the compound whose formula is N2 O5 ?


A.

28.

nitrogen (II) oxide

C.

nitrogen (III) oxide

D. nitrogen (IV) oxide

atomic number

B.

mass number

C.

oxidation number

D. valence number

C.

carbon monoxide

D. carbon dioxide

An example of a heterogeneous mixture is


A.

30.

B.

In the modern Periodic Table, the elements are arranged in order of increasing
A.

29.

nitrogen (V) oxide

soil

B.

sugar

When the equation


Na(s) +

H2 O(`) !

NaOH(aq) +

H2 (g)

is correctly balanced using smallest whole numbers, the coe cient of the water is
A.
31.

B.

C.

D. 4

Given the unbalanced equation:


Al +

CuSO4 !

Al2 (SO4 )3 +

Cu

When the equation is balanced using the smallest whole-number coe cients, what is the coe cient of Al?
A.
32.

B.

C.

D. 4

Which statement is an identifying characteristic of a mixture?


A.

A mixture can consist of a single element.

B.

A mixture can be separated by physical means.

C.

A mixture must have a de nite composition by weight.

D. A mixture must be homogeneous.


33.

Given:
= particle X
= particle Z
Which diagram represents a mixture?
A.

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B.

C.

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D.

Physical Science Unit 4 Test

34.

When a mixture of water, sand, and salt is ltered, what passes through the lter paper?
A.

35.

water, only

B.

water and sand, only

C.

water and salt, only

D. water, sand, and salt

Base your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the information and on your knowledge of chemistry.
Nuclear Waste Storage Plan for Yucca Mountain
In 1978, the U.S. Department of Energy began a study of Yucca Mountain which is located 90 miles from Las
Vegas, Nevada. The study was to determine if Yucca Mountain would be suitable for a long-term burial site for
high-level radioactive waste. A threedimensional (3-D) computer scale model of the site was used to simulate the
Yucca Mountain area. The computer model study for Yucca Mountain included such variables as: the possibility
of earthquakes, predicted water ow through the mountain, increased rainfall due to climate changes, radioactive
leakage from the waste containers, and increased temperatures from the buried waste within the containers.
The containers that will be used to store the radioactive waste are designed to last 10,000 years. Within the
10,000-year time period, cesium and strontium, the most powerful radioactive emitters, would have decayed. Other
isotopes found in the waste would decay more slowly, but are not powerful radioactive emitters.
In 1998, scientists discovered that the compressed volcanic ash making up Yucca Mountain was full of cracks.
Because of the arid climate, scientists assumed that rainwater would move through the cracks at a slow rate.
However, when radioactive chlorine-36 was found in rock samples at levels halfway through the mountain, it was
clear that rainwater had moved quickly down through Yucca Mountain. It was only 50 years earlier when this
chlorine-36 isotope had contaminated rainwater during atmospheric testing of the atom bomb.
Some opponents of the Yucca Mountain plan believe that the uncertainties related to the many variables of
the computer model result in limited reliability of its predictions. However, advocates of the plan believe it is
safer to replace the numerous existing radioactive burial sites around the United States with the one site at Yucca
Mountain. Other opponents of the plan believe that transporting the radioactive waste to Yucca Mountain from the
existing 131 burial sites creates too much danger to the United States. In 2002, after years of political debate, a
nal legislative vote approved the development of Yucca Mountain to replace the existing 131 burial sites.
Scientists assume that a manufacturing defect would cause at least one of the waste containers stored in the Yucca
Mountain repository to leak within the rst 1,000 years. State one possible e ect such a leak could have on the
environment near Yucca Mountain.

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Physical Science Unit 4 Test