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QUY TRNH SN XUT TRNG C MUI

1.1 Gii thiu v sn phm trng c mui:


- Trng c mui l trng c ca nhiu loi c khc nhau c ch bin bng
cch p mui, m ni ting nht l t trng c tm. N c bun bn trn th
trng th gii nh l cao lng m v v c n ch yu trong dng pht
trn cc ngui khai v.
- Trong ting Anh, n c gi l caviar, trong ting Ba T c ngha l vt sinh
trng. Trn thc t, trong ting Ba T, tn gi ny c dng ch chnh c
tm v sn phm ca n l trng c tm.
- Hin nay, trng c mui tt nht c c l t c tm c Nga v Iran nh bt
bin Caspi. Cc loi trng c mui t nht l cc loi Beluga, Ossetra
v Sevruga.
- Tuy nhin, do vic nh bt v khai thc qa ti cng nh s nhim ngun
nc lm cho loi trng c mui mu vng t c tm sng Danube nay gn
nh b tuyt chng. V vy, ngi ta phi tm cc ngun thay th r tin hn, c
ch bin t trng c hi trng v c hi Bc i Ty Dng v lm cho chng tr
nn ph bin hn.
- Do gi c rt cao ca n, nn trong vn ha phng Ty th cc loi trng
c mui ng ngha vi s xa x v giu c.
- Trng c mui c ng trong cc dng nh bp bng sng, g hay vng
(x c v nha cng rt ph bin), ch t khi trong cc bng bc hay thp
khng r, l cc dng c th nh hng n hng v v mu sc ca trng c
mui.
- S xut trng c mui thng mi bao gm vic nh bt, x tht c (thng
thng vi thn v u) v tch trng ra, mc d hin nay mt s nng dn

ang th nghim vic tch trng bng phng php phu thut t c tm sng
v iu ny cho php c tm ci c th to ra nhiu trng hn trong thi gian sinh
sng ca chng.
- Trng c mui l mt sn phm t ng vt v th n khng th coi l mn n
chay. Tuy vy, hin nay trn th trng cng c loi trng c mui lm t u
tng v n l mt n chay thc th.
1.1.1 Nguyn liu:
- Trng c mui l sn phm c a chung trn th gii. Trong qa trnh sn
xut trng c mui ngi ta thng hay s dng trng ca c hi, c tm, c trp,
c chp, c tr, c tuyt, c trch, c ng
1.1.2 Thnh phn ha hc ca trng c:
- Nc chim khong 60-70%. Nc trong trng cha trng thnh nhiu hn
nc trong trng trng thnh.
- Protit: chim khong 20-30% nhiu nht l ichthulin (protit thuc h globulin).
Trong protit ca trng c cn c keratoelasin l thnh phn to nn mng trng.
Ngoi ra cn c cc axit amin.
- Lipid: chim khong 1-22%, cha nhiu leucithin, cholesterol v cc sc t
carotene, xanthophylls, astacin. Trong trng c c mt s axit t do trong axit
lactic chim khong 0.2-0.5%.
- Mui v c: chim khong 1-2%, ch yu l cc mui v c cha P, S.
- Trong trng c cn cha cc vitamin A, C, D, B1, B12, H. Hm lng vitamin C
trong trng c nhiu hn trong tinh c. Ngoi ra, trong trng c cn cha mt s
t glycogen v glucoza.
1.1.3 Cch ch bin trng c mui:

C sau khi git m, phn ni tng s c ly ra ngoi. Sau tin hnh tch
trng ra khi phn ph liu trn bng tay. Nu nh trng c cha ch bin ngay
th ta bo qun bng cch ng lnh. Sau tin hnh p mui bng cch ngm
vo trong dung dch nc mui c nng 20% trong vng 20 pht. Sau
trng c c a vo hp xen k mt lp trng c l mt lp mui mng,gi
nh th trong vng 1 tun sau em i bo qun nhit 5C.
1.2 Cc quy trnh ch bin trng cc mui:
1.2.1 Quy trnh sn xut trng c mui t:
C

M ni tng

Nc

Phn loi, ra

Trng c

p mui

Vo hp

Bo qun

Ni tng khc

Trng c mui t

1.2.2 Quy trnh sn xut trng c mui kh:

Trng c

Mui

p mui

Nc

Ra

Ro nc

Du

Lm kh, ri du

Trng c mui kh

(nng 3-5%, 20 gi)

1.3 Ga tr ca sn phm trng c mui:


1.3.1 Ga tr dinh dng:
- Trng c mui l sn phm c gi tr dinh dng kh cao. Trong thnh phn
dinh dng ca trng c mui gm c cht bo chim 13%, phospholipids chim
6.2% v cholesterol chim 0.4%, hm lng protein trong trng c hi mui l rt
cao c bit giu lysin, methionine v isoleucine. Trong thnh phn ca trng c
mui kh, nc chim 16%, protein chim 43%, cht bo chim 40% v tro
chim 1%.
- Trng c cha rt nhiu vitamin v cht bo rt cn thit cho s pht trin
con ngi nh vitamin A, D.
1.3.2 Ga tr y hc:
- Choline trong trng c mui khi c hp th vo cc t bo no chuyn thnh
acetylcholine mt cht dn truyn thn kinh. Nu thiu ht n s gy ra cc
triu chng mt tr hay nghim trng hn l bnh Alzheimer. Tuy vy, khng nn
s dng qu nhiu v n cha nhiu purin lm tng axit uric trong mu gy vim
khp v bnh gt.

TI LIU THAM KHO:


http://www.tinmoi.vn/quy-trinh-tao-ra-mon-trung-ca-ngan-do-011272963.html
http://news.zing.vn/Ben-trong-xuong-che-bien-trung-ca-tam-nghin-dopost334678.html
http://www.caviardeduc.net/cocircng-ngh7879.html
http://luanvan.net.vn/luan-van/de-tai-tan-dung-phe-lieu-tu-ca-37945/
http://www.khoahoctre.com.vn/th-vin/tu-duy-sag-tao/2063-7-thc-phm-tng-cng-trinh.html