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Current State of Play of Addressing Youth

Unemployed in EU
Presented by Michael Debono & Duncan Dimech
Representing the FOSTER Foundation
(Malta)

Structure of the presentation


1. The problem of youth unemployed in EU
2. Approach of EU to youth unemployment
Youth Guarantee
European Alliance for Apprenticeship
Quality Framework for Traineeships (QFT)
State of Play of Implementation of EU initiatives
3. Funding Mechanisms
ESF
YEI
N ational Budgets
4. National Example Malta

1. The problem of youth


unemployment in EU
Defining youth unemployment

Youth unemployment in EU includes all


people aged 15-24 (or 15-29 in some
contries when it is relevant) and who
are neither in employment, nor in
education or in training (NEETs).

1. The problem of youth


unemployment in EU
The current situation
5million youngsters unemployed in EU

today
Unemployment rate of 21.9%
More than one in five young Europeans are
unemployed
In Spain and Greece, one in two are
unemployed

1. The problem of youth


unemployment in EU
The current situation
In 2013, 47.2% of young people in

temporary contracts compare to 13.8% of


adults
In 2013, 31.9% in part-time jobs compare
to 19.6% of adults
More than unemployed people are under
25 in 2013

1. The problem of youth


unemployment in EU
The current situation

7.5 millions between 15 and 24 are not

employed, not in education, not in training


(NEETs)
Gap of more than 40 percentage between
high and low countries unemployment rate
7.5 millions(3.1%) in 217.7 millions work in
another state although young are likely
mobile

1. The problem of youth


unemployed in EU
Current situation in various countries in EU

The problem of youth


unemployed in EU
How are differing countries in EU faring?

YE problem is becoming better for some


countries:
Countries
% in dec 2013 % in dec 2014
EU28

23.1

21.4

Belgium

23.7

21.9

Bulgaria

26.9

21.6

Denmark

14.1

11

Germany

7.9

7.2

Ireland

25.8

21.8

Sweden

23

22.5

Spain

54.6

51.4

The problem of youth


unemployed in EU
YE problem is becoming worse for other
countries:

Countries

% in dec 2013

% in dec 2014

France

23.6

25.2

Italy

41.8

42

Luxembourg

16.3

18.2

The problem of youth


unemployed in EU
In EU28 (21,4) the problem is becoming better

with a decrease of 1.7%.


In December 2014:
the lowest rates were observed in Germany

(7.2%), Austria (9.0%) and the Netherlands


(9.6%),
and the highest in Spain (51.4%), Greece
(50.6% in October 2014), Croatia (44.8% in the
fourth quarter 2014) and Italy (42.0%).

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment
What is the EU doing about this problem?
In 2013, Youth Guarantee was adopted

with the aim of:


Strenghening partnership between education

and employment institutions;


Early intervention, activation and make full use
of EU funds

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment
The response of the EU to Youth

Unemployment has been the Youth


Guarantee
Youth Guarantee was adopted in April

2013 by EU countries and then endorsed in


June 2013 by European council.

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment
The objectives of YG is:
give to people aged below 25 a job,
traineeship,
apprenticeship,
training or continued education

Within 4 four months following the leaving


of an educational school or a job.

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment

2. Approach of EU to youth unemployment

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment
The European Alliance for Apprenticeship:
Was launched by EU on 2nd of July 2013
reforms the apprenticeship systems and
promote its benefits
and encourage smart use of funding and
resources
Support bilateral co0peration between
countries (Romania&Austria,
Germany&Finland)

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment
Quality Framework for Traineeships (QFT) is an

agreement on:
improvement of learning & training objectives,
working conditions, rights and obligations,
reasonable duration,
proper recognition of traineeship,
transparency requirements, cross-order
traineeship, use of structural and investment
fund, applying the Quality Framework of
Traineeship.

2. Approach of EU to youth
unemployment
EURES
Facilitates labour mobility
Providing of information, advice and

recruitment, placement services for workers


and employers
Access to 1.4 millions job vacancies
Over 1 million CVs across Europe
Your first EURES job helps young people 18-30
to find job in EU.

3. State of Play of Implementation of EU


initiatives
Examples of low youth unemployment

countries such as Austria, Germany, Malta


Countries
Good examples of concrete and positive
&
Netherlands
results

Austria

Investment of EUR 187 million in Youth


Guarantee
Creation of 12,300 apprenticeships in 2012
Reform of VET

Germany

Providing all young people taking up VET with an


apprenticesip thank to voluntary agreement
between government and employers
organisation

Netherlands Tax rebate for employers hiring young people


receiving unemployment benefits or social
assistance for a period up 2 years

3. State of Play of Implementation of EU


initiatives
Examples of low youth unemployment

countries such as Austria, Germany, Malta


& Netherlands
Countrie Good examples of concrete and positive
s
results
Malta

Rate of ESL in 2013 was 21,6% so 2000 students


are targeted.
ETC (Employment and Training Corporation) advises
youth, helps them to find a suitable programme,
adress skills mismatches and improve digital skills.
The government has set up an ESL monitoring Unit.
Malta Enterprise is co-operating with the Malta
College for Arts, Science and Technology (MCAST) to
provide new courses on the repair and maintenance
of airplanes in order to adress skills gap.

3. State of Play of Implementation of EU


initiatives
Examples of high youth unempoyment

countries such as Spain, Italy and another


Countrie Good examples of concrete and positive results
countries
s

Finland

Finlandhas developed a comprehensive Youth


Guarantee scheme. AEurofund evaluation found that,
in 2011, 83.5% of young job seekers received a
successful offer within 3 months of registering as
unemployed. The Finnish scheme has led to
personalised plans for young people being drawn up
more quickly, ultimately lowering unemployment.

Italy

Integrated e-portal to register and be connected to a


national register of improved transmission of offers
and verification of fulfilment of requirements

3. State of Play of Implementation of EU


initiatives
Examples of high youth unempoyment

countries such as Spain, Italy and another


Countrie Good examples of concrete and positive results
countries
s

Slovakia

4 ongoing projects supports young under 29


employment
12,532 jobs were created for young people under 29

Spain

Budget of almost 42 million for professional


training activities and training in ICT and language
courses to be developed at central level for young
people registered in the Youth Guarantee system.

3. Funding Mechanisms
ESF

is more than EUR 10 billions per year ans is part of


EU structural and investment funds and 68% is dedicated to
young people.

YEI is a fund of EUR 3,2 billion from a EU special line


budget dedicated to youth employment.

National Budget of different EU members

3. Funding Mechanisms
ESF:
More than 10 billion per year
68% dedicated to projects in which youth

is potentially targeted.
From 2007 to 2013, over 25 millions
people under 25 benefited from ESF trainin
and mentoring.
Is used to modernise education and
strenghten vocational training

3. Funding Mechanisms
YEI
is a fund of EUR 3.2 billion from a EU

special line budget dedicated to youth


employment
And at least 3.2 billion from EU structural
and investment funds national allocation
Targets NEETs exclusively
Complemented by structural reform in
education, social and employment services

4. National Example Malta


Measures from National budget:
individual attention" for 350 young inactive or

job seekers
Total costs of 2 millions
Training Subsidy Scheme (TSS) to provide financial
assistance in the form of a grant payable to
individuals wishing to follow a program.
The Traineeship scheme is based on a dual system
of vocational training, providing a combination of
theoretical knowledge supplemented by related
hands-on practical training.

4. National Example Malta


Plan for 2014-2020
Policies

Measures

Target

Addressi
ng the
Skills
Gap
Addressi
ng skills
shortage
s and
skills
gaps in
the
labour
market

MCAST will be reviewing and renewing the


curriculum of all its vocational courses from
Level 1 to level 5;
the Industrial needs and VET to Optimise
Human Capital project addresses the current
and anticipated education needs of ten
industrial sectors and identifies potential skills
gaps and shortages of the present workforce;
Government also launched Master it!, a
scholarship programme aimed towards
supporting an increase in the number of
students following post-graduate courses at
Masters level with the scope of addressing gaps
in the priority sectors of the Maltese economy;

Courses
offered
are
attractiv
e,
relevant
and
addressi
ng the
needs of
the
labour
market.

4. National Example Malta


Plan for 2014-2020
Policies

Measures

Target

Addressi
ng the
Skills
Gap
Addressi
ng skills
shortage
s and
skills
gaps in
the
labour
market

The Active Labour Market Policy Counselling


and Action Committee was set up, amongst
other, to design a holistic active labour market
policy that addresses the long-term needs of
the labour market and to ensure that there is
adequate funding to promote an ongoing active
labour market policy;
Education Government is carrying out a pilot
project on the use of tablets in primary schools
for teachers and students between January
2014 and June 2015 with a budget of 80,000;

Courses
offered
are
attractiv
e,
relevant
and
addressi
ng the
needs of
the
labour
market.

4. National Example Malta


Plan for 2014-2020
Policies

Measures

Target

Addressi
ng the
Skills
Gap
Addressi
ng skills
shortage
s and
skills
gaps in
the
labour
market

Courses
Government intends to develop a curricular
offered
framework that will shift the focus in
are
compulsory schooling from a knowledge-based
attractiv
preparatory model to an outcomes-based
e,
developmental model of teaching and learning. relevant
This project started in Q4 2013 and will be
and
completed by Q3 2015. It will be funded through addressi
the ESF, with an allocation of 3,588,302 (EU
ng the
funds 3,054,781; Local funds 533,521).
needs of
the
labour
market.

4. National Example Malta


Plan for 2014-2020
Policies

Measures

Target

The
Governm
ent is
committ
ed to
reduce
the rate
of Early
School
Leavers
(ESL)

A leader for an ESL Unit has been appointed, and a


Strategic Plan for the Prevention of Early School
Leaving in Malta has been finalized;
'one Tablet per Child';
the introduction of VET subjects as elective subjects
in secondary schools, with home grown qualifications
as from September 2015; a review of VET provision
with the help of CEDEFOP;
the reviewing of higher education provision at
MCAST and ITS and their dovetailing with
apprenticeship programmes also developed with the
help of CEDEFOP and with the implementation of the
Youth Guarantee Scheme;

Target of
10% by
2020

4. National Example Malta


Plan for 2014-2020
Policie
s

Measures

Target

The
Govern
ment is
committ
ed to
reduce
the rate
of Early
School
Leavers
(ESL)

strengthening student services, through the


recruitment of counsellors, career advisers,
educational psychologists and social workers,
operating in multi-disciplinary teams at the
grass-roots level and monitoring families in
which there is a high tendency of childrens
absenteeism from schools;

Target
of 10%
by 2020

4. National Example Malta


Plan for 2014-2020
Policies

Measures

Strengthening
employability prospects

Apprenticeship schemes support young


persons to receive adequate training
prior to entering the labour market.

THE DUEL

VACANCY

INTERVIEW
S

CHOICE

TOOLS

ERASMUS +

THE FAULT

EDUCATION

THE FAULT

ACTION