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32 9 2011 9

Vol. 32 No. 9
Sep 2011

Journal of Building Structures

005

1000-6869 2011 09-0034-10

1
1

2
3

1 200092 2 200090
3 100053

10 s


TU311. 3
A

Study on spectra and spectral damping reduction factors in


Chinese seismic design codes
CAO Jialiang1 SHI Weixing1 WANG Yang2 JIANG Xiangmin3
1 College of Civil EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghai 200092China
2 Shanghai University of Electric PowerShanghai 200090China
3 CNGC China Wuzhou Engineering Co LtdBeijing 100053China

Abstract The determination of the damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra that match the statistical
characteristics of strong ground motionsbased on the normalized acceleration spectra specified in the seismic codesis
a practical method to construct the design response spectra for long-period structures with damping ratios higher than
0. 05 Statistical characteristics of earthquake response spectra were summarized first Then qualitative investigations
on the rationality of the seismic design spectra and spectral damping reduction factors in various Chinese seismic design
codes including the codes for buildingsspecial structuresnuclear power plantshighway bridges and electrical
facilities in industrial plants were performed In additionrationality of the improved seismic code spectra and spectral
damping reduction factors was also discussed The results show that values of both relative displacement spectra and
relative velocity spectra will decrease along with the increase of the damping ratio Values of absolute acceleration
spectra will either decrease or increase along with the increase of the damping ratio There are still no appropriate
evaluation expressions for the damping reduction factors in the Chinese seismic design codes The pseudo relative
displacement spectra obtained from converting acceleration spectra in Chinese seismic design codes or modified
acceleration spectra proposed by some researchers are only suitable for the seismic design of short-period structures with
lower damping ratios
Keywords seismic design code acceleration response spectra damping reduction factors DRF damping ratio
displacement response spectra displacement-based design

973 2007CB714202
1982 E-mail jialiang292@ 163. com
1962 E-mail swxtgk@ 126. com
2011 1

34

0. 02
0. 05

GB 500112001 GB

500112010DGJ 08-92003
CECS 160 2004
GB 502671997
JTG / TB 02-012008
1-9

10

PEER 80
0. 025 0. 125 Hz 0. 10 g
0 10 s 0. 10 0. 40
20

10. 0 s
1

11

12-19

1
Fig 1 Trilinear modeling of displacement spectra

Lin Yuyuan Chang Kuochung 14-17

1 k1 k2 k3
k i 0

18
Bommer Mendis


19

Wanda

T D T T D k i 0
T k i
0
PGD peak ground displacement
21

1
Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 2004 A
2 M s 5. 5
A E = 0. 05

Eurocode 8
T = 10 s

PGD

21-23

0
10 s

35

2
0. 05 =
= T / T
0. 45 + 10T

0. 45

0.
45
+
5. 5T

2
T / T 0. 9
2 g
2 0. 2 1 T 5T g
0. 2 0. 9 0. 02 T 5T

2 Eurocode 8
Fig 2 Displacement spectra defined in Eurocode 8

0 T 0. 1 s
0. 1 sT T g
T g T 5T g
5T g T 6 s

2
1 2 GB 50011
2001 2
2001

5 2001
T T g
3
Fig 3

Relative displacement spectra and relative velocity


spectra corresponding to average conditions
of different site classes

5 GB 500112001
Fig 5 Damping reduction factors of acceleration
spectra defined in code GB 500112001

1995
4 MZH000Kobe-Japan
Fig 4 Response spectra MZH000Kobe-Japan
1995
23

0 10 s
1

4 4 1995 Kobe
MZH000 NGA 1109
GB 5001120018

cu + ku = m u + u g

2001
5 0. 05
T
3 0 T 0. 1 s T
0. 1 s T T g T g T
6 s T T
1 T g = 0. 25 sT 3. 5 s

0. 1 s T T g
T 0. 30
T T g
T T g T g
T T g T g
0. 05 T g 0. 65 s 0. 02
T
T
T T g
2. 2

2. 1

GB 500112001
GB 500112001

2001

36

GB 500112010
GB 500112010

2010 2001
1 2

2010
6
T
T g

2001 2010
T g = 0. 25 s

Table 1

Comparison of damping reduction factors of

acceleration spectra defined in code GB 50011


T g = 0. 25 s

2001 / 2010

T = 6. 0 s

2001 / 2010

2. 3

0. 01

0. 02

0. 04

0. 05

93. 23%

96. 12%

99. 19%

70. 09% 80. 70. 05 95. 42%


0. 10

0. 20

0. 30

0. 40

98. 69% 95. 17%

T = 6. 0 s 105. 54% 87. 66%

92. 69%

93. 31%

92. 90%

98. 34%

DGJ 08-92003
DGJ 08-92003

6 GB 500112010
Fig 6 Damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra


3 1 2

defined in code GB 500112010

DGJ 08-92003 3
8

2010 T T g
6
2010
2001
0. 05
0. 05 1 0. 05T T g
T 0. 05
T 0. 05
T

7 2010

TT g
0. 05 =
= T / T
0. 45 + 10T

0. 45

0.
45
+
5. 5T

2
T / T 0. 9
2 g
2 0. 2 1 T 5T g
0. 2 0. 9 0. 02 T 5T

0 T 0. 1 s
0. 1 s T T g
T g T 5T g
5T g T 10 s

10 s
2010

8 DGJ 08-92003
Fig 8 Damping reduction factors of acceleration
spectra defined in code DGJ 08-92003

8
2001 2010
0. 05T T g
2010 0. 05T T g
T 0. 05T 5T g

7 GB 500112010
Fig 7 Pseudo relative displacement spectra
in code GB 500112010

T
0 T 5T g = 0. 3
= 0. 4
2. 07% T T

37

5T g = 0. 4 = 0. 3
2. 62%

9 9 7

9 DGJ 08-92003
Fig 9 Pseudo relative displacement spectra
in code DGJ 08-92003

10

2. 4 CECS 160 2004


CECS 160 2004
3

Fig 10

1 4

Damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra

and pseudo relative displacement spectra in eq. 4


defined in code CECS 160 2004

4 6 4
6 1
3
2 3
T g 4 GB
502671997 GB 50260
1996GB 501911993

0. 05 =
= T / T
T = 0. 02 s

12. 5 T 0. 02
1. 25 1 10T +

0. 009
1 + 15 0. 05 e

0. 02 s T 0. 1 s

1 / 1 + 15 0. 05 e 0. 09T
T 0. 1 s

4
= 1 + 0. 05 / 0. 06 + 1. 4
=

T
=
0. 05
T

0 T Tg

1
T g / T

0. 05
0. 5 +5

11

T g T 10 s
6

10 12 3 TT g

Fig 11

2 5

Damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra

and pseudo relative displacement spectra in eq. 5


defined in code CECS 160 2004

10 1 4
T 0. 05T

0. 02 s T 0. 05T 0. 02 s

T 0. 05T 0. 02 s
T 0. 05T 0. 02 s

38

12
Fig 12

13

3 6

Damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra

Fig 13

JTG / T B 02-012008

Damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra

and pseudo relative displacement spectra in eq. 6

and pseudo relative displacement spectra

defined in code CECS 160 2004

in code JTG / TB 02-012008

11 2 5

T
12 3 6
TT g T T g

2. 6 GB 505562010

GB 505562010

8
1 = 0. 009 1 5 2 = 1 + 0. 05 /
0. 06 + 1. 9 T

0. 05 =
= T / T

2. 5 JTG / TB 02-012008

JTG / TB 02-012008

7
=

0. 05
T
= 1 +
0. 05
0. 06 + 1. 7
T
0 T 10 s

0. 45 + 10T 2 0. 45
0 T 0. 1 s
0. 45 + 5. 5T

0. 1 s T 8. 0T g
2
0. 154 T 8T
1
g
2

0. 154 0. 0067 T 8T g 8. 0T g 7. 0 s
8

7
13a T 13b
A
7 0. 1 g E2
13 T

T T g T

14
T
14a T
3 0 T 0. 1s 0. 05
T 0. 05 T
0. 1 T 8. 0T g T
8. 0T g T 7. 0s
T

39

14b 14c 14b 14c T


8. 0T g

T T g
T

15 24
Fig 15 Spectra and spectral damping reduction factors
suggested in ref24

15a T
2010 3 0 T 0. 1 s
14

GB 505562010

Fig 14 Spectra and spectral damping reduction factors


defined in code GB 505562010

3
3. 1

24

19851999

9
C10T
0 T 0. 1 s
T
C

0. 1 s T T g
=
=
0. 05
T
T /T
C
T g T

9
C = 1 + 0. 05 / 0. 03 + 1. 9 15a
24 T T g

40

0. 05 T 0. 05 T
0. 1 T T g T
T g T 10 s T T
1

T g
1
15b 15c 24
2001
15b 15c

0 T T g

3. 2

25

0. 05

2001
F h 2001

10

0 T 0. 1 s
0. 1 s T 6. 0 s

21

10
2 = 1. 5 / 1. 1 + 8 0. 4 10
0. 1 s T 6 s

11

0. 05 =
= T / T
3

0. 05 =
= T / T
0. 45 + 10T 2 0. 45
0. 45 + 5. 5T

3. 3

0. 05
0. 156 +3. 38

1 / 16. 6 + 0. 16 0. 8 / T
11
11
T T g
17a T
17b 17c 2010
0. 01 0. 40

16a
T 16b 16c
16
T T g

0 T 0. 1 s 0. 30
T T T g
T

17
Fig 17

21

Spectral damping reduction factors and

adjusted spectra suggested in ref 21

17
0. 05 T 4. 5 s
0. 05
0. 01 0. 20

16 25
Fig 16 Spectral damping reduction factors and
adjusted spectra suggested in ref 25


k3 k2

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in

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