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我国抗震设计规范设计反应谱及谱阻尼折减系数研究

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Vol. 32 No. 9

Sep 2011

005

1

1

2

3

1 200092 2 200090

3 100053

10 s

TU311. 3

A

Chinese seismic design codes

CAO Jialiang1 SHI Weixing1 WANG Yang2 JIANG Xiangmin3

1 College of Civil EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghai 200092China

2 Shanghai University of Electric PowerShanghai 200090China

3 CNGC China Wuzhou Engineering Co LtdBeijing 100053China

Abstract The determination of the damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra that match the statistical

characteristics of strong ground motionsbased on the normalized acceleration spectra specified in the seismic codesis

a practical method to construct the design response spectra for long-period structures with damping ratios higher than

0. 05 Statistical characteristics of earthquake response spectra were summarized first Then qualitative investigations

on the rationality of the seismic design spectra and spectral damping reduction factors in various Chinese seismic design

codes including the codes for buildingsspecial structuresnuclear power plantshighway bridges and electrical

facilities in industrial plants were performed In additionrationality of the improved seismic code spectra and spectral

damping reduction factors was also discussed The results show that values of both relative displacement spectra and

relative velocity spectra will decrease along with the increase of the damping ratio Values of absolute acceleration

spectra will either decrease or increase along with the increase of the damping ratio There are still no appropriate

evaluation expressions for the damping reduction factors in the Chinese seismic design codes The pseudo relative

displacement spectra obtained from converting acceleration spectra in Chinese seismic design codes or modified

acceleration spectra proposed by some researchers are only suitable for the seismic design of short-period structures with

lower damping ratios

Keywords seismic design code acceleration response spectra damping reduction factors DRF damping ratio

displacement response spectra displacement-based design

973 2007CB714202

1982 E-mail jialiang292@ 163. com

1962 E-mail swxtgk@ 126. com

2011 1

34

0. 02

0. 05

GB 500112001 GB

500112010DGJ 08-92003

CECS 160 2004

GB 502671997

JTG / TB 02-012008

1-9

10

PEER 80

0. 025 0. 125 Hz 0. 10 g

0 10 s 0. 10 0. 40

20

10. 0 s

1

11

12-19

1

Fig 1 Trilinear modeling of displacement spectra

1 k1 k2 k3

k i 0

18

Bommer Mendis

19

Wanda

T D T T D k i 0

T k i

0

PGD peak ground displacement

21

1

Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 2004 A

2 M s 5. 5

A E = 0. 05

Eurocode 8

T = 10 s

PGD

21-23

0

10 s

35

2

0. 05 =

= T / T

0. 45 + 10T

0. 45

0.

45

+

5. 5T

2

T / T 0. 9

2 g

2 0. 2 1 T 5T g

0. 2 0. 9 0. 02 T 5T

2 Eurocode 8

Fig 2 Displacement spectra defined in Eurocode 8

0 T 0. 1 s

0. 1 sT T g

T g T 5T g

5T g T 6 s

2

1 2 GB 50011

2001 2

2001

5 2001

T T g

3

Fig 3

spectra corresponding to average conditions

of different site classes

5 GB 500112001

Fig 5 Damping reduction factors of acceleration

spectra defined in code GB 500112001

1995

4 MZH000Kobe-Japan

Fig 4 Response spectra MZH000Kobe-Japan

1995

23

0 10 s

1

4 4 1995 Kobe

MZH000 NGA 1109

GB 5001120018

cu + ku = m u + u g

2001

5 0. 05

T

3 0 T 0. 1 s T

0. 1 s T T g T g T

6 s T T

1 T g = 0. 25 sT 3. 5 s

0. 1 s T T g

T 0. 30

T T g

T T g T g

T T g T g

0. 05 T g 0. 65 s 0. 02

T

T

T T g

2. 2

2. 1

GB 500112001

GB 500112001

2001

36

GB 500112010

GB 500112010

2010 2001

1 2

2010

6

T

T g

2001 2010

T g = 0. 25 s

Table 1

T g = 0. 25 s

2001 / 2010

T = 6. 0 s

2001 / 2010

2. 3

0. 01

0. 02

0. 04

0. 05

93. 23%

96. 12%

99. 19%

0. 10

0. 20

0. 30

0. 40

92. 69%

93. 31%

92. 90%

98. 34%

DGJ 08-92003

DGJ 08-92003

6 GB 500112010

Fig 6 Damping reduction factors of acceleration spectra

3 1 2

DGJ 08-92003 3

8

2010 T T g

6

2010

2001

0. 05

0. 05 1 0. 05T T g

T 0. 05

T 0. 05

T

7 2010

TT g

0. 05 =

= T / T

0. 45 + 10T

0. 45

0.

45

+

5. 5T

2

T / T 0. 9

2 g

2 0. 2 1 T 5T g

0. 2 0. 9 0. 02 T 5T

0 T 0. 1 s

0. 1 s T T g

T g T 5T g

5T g T 10 s

10 s

2010

8 DGJ 08-92003

Fig 8 Damping reduction factors of acceleration

spectra defined in code DGJ 08-92003

8

2001 2010

0. 05T T g

2010 0. 05T T g

T 0. 05T 5T g

7 GB 500112010

Fig 7 Pseudo relative displacement spectra

in code GB 500112010

T

0 T 5T g = 0. 3

= 0. 4

2. 07% T T

37

5T g = 0. 4 = 0. 3

2. 62%

9 9 7

9 DGJ 08-92003

Fig 9 Pseudo relative displacement spectra

in code DGJ 08-92003

10

CECS 160 2004

3

Fig 10

1 4

defined in code CECS 160 2004

4 6 4

6 1

3

2 3

T g 4 GB

502671997 GB 50260

1996GB 501911993

0. 05 =

= T / T

T = 0. 02 s

12. 5 T 0. 02

1. 25 1 10T +

0. 009

1 + 15 0. 05 e

0. 02 s T 0. 1 s

1 / 1 + 15 0. 05 e 0. 09T

T 0. 1 s

4

= 1 + 0. 05 / 0. 06 + 1. 4

=

T

=

0. 05

T

0 T Tg

1

T g / T

0. 05

0. 5 +5

11

T g T 10 s

6

10 12 3 TT g

Fig 11

2 5

defined in code CECS 160 2004

10 1 4

T 0. 05T

0. 02 s T 0. 05T 0. 02 s

T 0. 05T 0. 02 s

T 0. 05T 0. 02 s

38

12

Fig 12

13

3 6

Fig 13

JTG / T B 02-012008

11 2 5

T

12 3 6

TT g T T g

2. 6 GB 505562010

GB 505562010

8

1 = 0. 009 1 5 2 = 1 + 0. 05 /

0. 06 + 1. 9 T

0. 05 =

= T / T

2. 5 JTG / TB 02-012008

JTG / TB 02-012008

7

=

0. 05

T

= 1 +

0. 05

0. 06 + 1. 7

T

0 T 10 s

0. 45 + 10T 2 0. 45

0 T 0. 1 s

0. 45 + 5. 5T

0. 1 s T 8. 0T g

2

0. 154 T 8T

1

g

2

0. 154 0. 0067 T 8T g 8. 0T g 7. 0 s

8

7

13a T 13b

A

7 0. 1 g E2

13 T

T T g T

14

T

14a T

3 0 T 0. 1s 0. 05

T 0. 05 T

0. 1 T 8. 0T g T

8. 0T g T 7. 0s

T

39

8. 0T g

T T g

T

15 24

Fig 15 Spectra and spectral damping reduction factors

suggested in ref24

15a T

2010 3 0 T 0. 1 s

14

GB 505562010

defined in code GB 505562010

3

3. 1

24

19851999

9

C10T

0 T 0. 1 s

T

C

0. 1 s T T g

=

=

0. 05

T

T /T

C

T g T

9

C = 1 + 0. 05 / 0. 03 + 1. 9 15a

24 T T g

40

0. 05 T 0. 05 T

0. 1 T T g T

T g T 10 s T T

1

T g

1

15b 15c 24

2001

15b 15c

0 T T g

3. 2

25

0. 05

2001

F h 2001

10

0 T 0. 1 s

0. 1 s T 6. 0 s

21

10

2 = 1. 5 / 1. 1 + 8 0. 4 10

0. 1 s T 6 s

11

0. 05 =

= T / T

3

0. 05 =

= T / T

0. 45 + 10T 2 0. 45

0. 45 + 5. 5T

3. 3

0. 05

0. 156 +3. 38

1 / 16. 6 + 0. 16 0. 8 / T

11

11

T T g

17a T

17b 17c 2010

0. 01 0. 40

16a

T 16b 16c

16

T T g

0 T 0. 1 s 0. 30

T T T g

T

17

Fig 17

21

17

0. 05 T 4. 5 s

0. 05

0. 01 0. 20

16 25

Fig 16 Spectral damping reduction factors and

adjusted spectra suggested in ref 25

k3 k2

41

2004

Press2004 in Chinese

1 10 s

5 GB 502671997

S

1998

GB 502671997 Code for

China Planning Press1998 in Chinese

6 JTG / TB 02-012008

S

2008 JTG / T B02-012008

Guidelines for seismic design of highway bridgesS

10 s

Chinese

in

7 GB 501112006

S

2009 2009 GB

Code for seismic design of railway

501112006

engineering S

2009 Version

Beijing

China

8 GB 505562010

S 2010 GB 50556

2010 Code for seismic design of electrical facilities in

industrial plantsS Beijing China Planning Press

2010 in Chinese

9 SH 30481999

S

1999 SH 30481999

Seismic design specification for petrochemical steel

facilities S Beijing China Petrochemical Press

1999 in Chinese

361-369

11

J 201031 6 2-16

WANG YayongDAI Guoying Evolution and present

updation ofCode for seismic design of buildingsJ

Journal of Building Structures201031 6 2-16

in Chinese

1 GB 500112001

S

2002 GB 500112001 Code

2 GB 500112010

Institute1982 29-47

high dampingJ Journal of the Structural Division

S

2010 GB 500112010 Code

3 DGJ 08-92003

S

2003 DGJ 08-92003 Code for

seismic design of buildings S Beijing

China

4 CECS 160 2004

2004 CECS 160

S

42

The

ASCE1989115 6 1412-1431

15 LIN YuyuanCHANG Kuochung Study on damping

reduction factor for buildings under earthquake ground

motionsJ Journal of Structural Engineering2003

129 2 206-214

16 LIN YuyuanCHANG Kuochung Effects of site classes

Engineering2004130 11 1667-1675

17 LIN

Yuyuan Eduardo

M CHANG

1990

10 1 1-20

J

XIE LiliZHOU YongnianHU Chengxianget al

Kuochung

Chinese

200534 11 1427-1443

18 Bommer

displacement

23

J Mendis

ordinates

with

Scaling

of

damping

spectral

ratiosJ

200534 2 145-165

19 Wanda I CRussell A G Damping correction factors for

horizontal ground-motion response spectraJ Bulletin

of the Seismological Society of America200797 3

934-960

20

J 201130 7 63-70

CAO JialiangSHI WeixingLIU Wenguanget al

Study on relative displacement response spectrum of

long-period structures J Journal of Vibration and

Shock201130 7 63-70 in Chinese

21 M 2006

135-138 HU Yuxian Earthquake engineeringM

spectraD Guangzhou Guangzhou University2009

17-69 in Chinese

24

J 200424 2 1518 ZHOU YongnianZHOU ZhenghuaYU Haiying

A study on long period portion of design spectraJ

Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration

200424 2 15-18 in Chinese

25

J

200930 3 112-119

WANG Shuguang DU

Chinese

22

Journal of Building

43

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