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Gianna Rocca

Unit 1
Essential Questions
1. How has Europe developed as both individual nations and as a group?
Throughout the years, Europe has developed as both individual nations and
as a group. Since the 1500s, there were many wars fought in Europe for economic
reasons. It was not until 1957 when the European Union was established that
Europe began to develop as a continent. The European Union is a group of
countries whose governments work together to improve the political, economic,
and social European lifestyle. Overall, the EU has promoted the development of
Europe by unifying the people.
In addition, the establishment of the United Nations in 1945 has promoted
the development of Europes individual nations. These 193 member nations
involved in the club work together to prevent another war and to avoid further
conflicts between nations by maintaining international peace and security. The UN
has also allowed the member nations to make friendly relationships between
countries, to work together to help people live better lives, and to help nations
achieve all these goals.
2. What political, economic and special conditions exist between European
nations due to their individual history?
There is much political, economic, and special conditions that exist between
European nations due to their individual history. For an example, the past events
that have occurred in old Yugoslavia are a prime example of tension among
European nations. This tragic situation is known as the breakup of Yugoslavia
and has occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during
the early 1990s.
The problems in Yugoslavia were mainly ethnic and religious issues. After
World War II, Yugoslavia formed eight major ethnic groups: Serbs, Croats,
Muslims, Slovenes, Macedonians, Albanians, Hungarians, and Montenegrins. Each
of these ethnic groups pursued a different religion; however, religious tensions and
ethnic differences became a problem in Yugoslavia of which influenced these

groups to view one another with suspicion. To make matters worse, Slobodan
Milosevic, a Serbian leader who asserted leadership over Yugoslavia, had
committed various war crimes against the people of Yugoslavia, such as ethnic
cleansing and genocide. Eventually, the war became so brutal and continuous that
the United States got involved. The US-sponsored peace talks in Dayton, Ohio,
which resulted in the Dayton Agreement. Today, Yugoslavia is geographically
different since it was divide into seven new countries. However, the conditions that
still exist today are problems like resolving ethnic conflicts: it remains crucial due
to the post dramatic tension each group faces. In addition, economic progress
remains a problem if the nations of Central and Eastern Europe and the former
Soviet Union can improve their standard of living democracy may have a better
chance to grow.