You are on page 1of 1

Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas

Box frame

s
TM

Makes Sense
Sense Strategies
Strategies
Makes
Name: Rebekah Bridges

2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC, Northport, AL www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

Date:

LectureDiscussionModel

1/22/15

Is about

Avoidingtheconsofthesimplelecture,likelittlestudentengagement,weighingdownstudentswithlargeamountsofinformation,andalackofassessmentstrategies,bystructuringthelessonso
thatthereareshortperiodsoflecturefollowedbycheckingunderstandingandspansofstudentinvolvement,whichmakesforamorestudentcenteredapproachtoengagelearnersandholdtheir
attentionslonger.

Main idea

Theoretical
Foundation/Planning

TheoreticalFoundation
A.CapitalizesonInformationProcessingTheory
Mostimportantforteacherstohelpencode
informationcorrectly
B.PiagetsCognitiveLearningTheory
TheLectureDiscussionModelbuildson
studentsexistingschemas,ororganizedpatterns
ofthought.
Planning
A.Identifytopic
Largebodiesofknowledgearebest;broad
concepts
B.SpecifyLearningObjectives
Evaluation,comprehension,oranalysis
objectives.Objectivesmustbenarroweddown.
Keepthelessonfocusedonthebigidea.
C.StructureContent
Keepstudentspriorknowledgeinmind.Clarity
betweenconceptsiskey.Usematrices,
hierarchies,etc.
D.Createadvanceorganizers
Atthestartofalesson,writeoutortellstudents
yourpreview.Includeanalogies,examples,etc.
toconnectnewknowledgetopupilsexisting
knowledge.

Main idea

Implementing

A.Phase1:ReviewandIntroduction
Presentadvanceorganizer,hookstudent
interest,andtriggerexistingknowledge.
B.Phase2:Presentation
Elaborateonexistingknowledge,being
suretokeepthetimereasonablyshortto
holdattention.
C.Phase3:ComprehensionMonitoring
Askstudentsquestionstogauge
understanding.Usevotes,thinkpairshare,
question/write,etc.
D.Phase4:Integration
Completealecturediscussioncycle:
presentmoreinfo,comprehensionmonitor,
thenintegratenewandoldinfo.
E.Phase5:Closure
Summarizeandorganizethelessonshigh
pointsandpreparestudentsforthenext
lesson.

Main idea

Assessment/Motivations

Assessment
A.ComprehendConceptsand
RelationshipsAmongThem
Useshortessayquestionstoassess
understandingofconcepts,aswellas
makingnovelconnectionsamongthem.
Hierarchiestestorganizational
understanding
Motivations
A.StudentInvolvementIncreases
Motivation
Itisespeciallyimportantinthismodelto
keepstudentsattentionduringthelecture
phases.
Emphasizecomprehensionmonitoringand
integrationtoengagestudents.
Groupworkisalsoagreatmethodfor
capturingandkeepingstudentattention
whileaddingsomethingfreshandnewto
thelesson.

Main idea

Modifications

A.TeachConceptsandGeneralizations
Structuringcontentisnotasdifficult;
spendtimefindinggoodexamplesto
explainconcepts
Presentationisdefiningaconcept/saying
thegeneralization.Fusecomprehension
monitoringandintegration.
B.UsingLDModeltoTeach
Young/InexperiencedPupils
Focusondiscussiontopromotestudent
interactionandunderstanding.
Concentrateoncomprehension
monitoringandintegration.
C.UsingTechnology
TheInternetisagreatsourceof
organizedinformation.Studentsand/or
teacherscanresearchandpresenttopics.

So what? What is important to understand about this?


TheLectureDiscussionmodelisbestsuitedforteachinglarge,organizedbodiesofknowledge.Whilelecturesarepopularandeasy,theLectureDiscussionmodelisfarsuperiorduetoits
studentgearedstructure.Studentsattentionsarehookedandmaintainedthroughoutbyimplementingshortperiodsoflectureandincorporatingcomprehensionmonitoringandintegration.The
LectureDiscussionmodelisflexibleinthatitcanbeadaptedtoteachconceptsandgeneralizations,youngorinexperiencedlearners,andcanbeimplementedthroughtheuseoftechnology.