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# DeMoivre's Theorem

Lesson 5.3

represented as

z r cos i
sin

## z r cos i sin r cos i sin

2

r 2 cos 2 i
sin 2

2

DeMoivre's Theorem

In general (a + bi)n is

z r cos n
i sin
n
n

Apply to

o

Try

2
2
i

2
2

12

## Again, starting with

sin
a + bi = z r cos i

z r cos n
i sin
n
n

also

Thus

number

1/ n

1/ n

360 k
360
k
cos
sin
i

n
n

## Note that there will be n such roots

1/ n

1/ n

One

360 k
360
k
cos
sin
i

n
n

each for k = 0, k = 1, k = n 1

Represent

is r?
What is ?

1 i 3

as z = r cis

What

## Graphical Interpretation of Roots

2
6
i
2
2

Solutions are:

1 i 3
2 cos120 i sin120

1/ 2

120
120

2 cos
i
sin
2
6

2
2

2
2
120 360
120 360

and 2 cos
i
sin

2
2

Roots
Rootswill
willbe
beequally
equallyspaced
spaced
1/2
around
aroundaacircle
circlewith
6

27 27 cis 0

360
k
1/ 3
27 27 cis

3 3 3

2
2

## 3 cis 0, 3 cis 120, and 3 cis

240
Roots
Rootswill
willbe
beequally
equallyspaced
spaced
1/3
around
aroundaacircle
circlewith

3 i 0

3 3 3

2
2
7

Roots of Equations

## Recall that one method of solving

polynomials involves taking roots of
both sides
x4

+ 16 = 0
x4 = - 64

## Now we can determine the roots

(they are all complex)

0 16i

1/ 4

Try
Tryout
out