Write up of the lab that is used to compute the number of photons leaving the sun every second.
References. Sharable material was used from Chemical Principle Textbook: http://authors.library.caltech.edu/25050/

© All Rights Reserved

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Write up of the lab that is used to compute the number of photons leaving the sun every second.
References. Sharable material was used from Chemical Principle Textbook: http://authors.library.caltech.edu/25050/

© All Rights Reserved

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During the late 19th century, there was a lot of confusion about the nature of (and

interrelationships between) heat, temperature and energy. At that time, most scientists believed in a concept called caloric. Reactions that released heat were supposed

to be the result of a transfer of one substances caloric to another. James Joule and

others proposed an alternative explanation that a systems temperature was due to

the motion of the comprising particles. Joule built a device to measure the temperature rise in a system by converting the gravitational potential energy of a weight at

a given height into thermal energy.

energy added (by dropping a known mass a fixed distance) and the temperature

rise in water (1 liter1 kg).

Weight

(kg)

1

2

1

2

(m)

Energy (J)

Change (K)

0.4267

4.184

0.0011

0.4267

0.0024

0.8534

0.0018

0.8534

0.0038

added to the water system and the temperature change of the water, T , in

. (Once you have a relationship let

the space provided: E =

me know).

3. Design an experiment! Using your work in question 2, how could you calculate

the energy output of the sun? The number of photons released by the sun?

(a) In the video, Brian Cox says that the sun delivers one kilowatt of power

to a square meter of the earths surface. How long do you estimate he

waited to complete his experiment?

(b) What additional information do we need to convert Brian Coxs experiment into an estimate of the number of photons leaving the sun each

second? Get any additional information and estimate this.

(c) Check your answer to (a) and (b), by estimating how long you would have

to wait to ignite a piece of paper with a magnifying glass. What additional

information do you need to make this estimate? Get it.

(d) Do you think this sort of calculation could be useful for measuring the

distances to other stars? Why or why not?

- Green's Theorem QuestionsUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
- Curvature and relationship to velocity and accelerationUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
- Beautiful Green's Theorem QuestionsUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
- Design a Lab: Equilibrium ConstantUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
- Photons and FluxUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
- Apple Juice AcidityUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
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- Fractals: an application of fractional exponentsUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson
- Lewis Structure PracticeUploaded byHarvey Ryan Johnson