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I OBJECT TO VIOLENCE BECAUSE WHEN IT APPEARS TO DO GOOD, THE

GOOD IS ONLY TEMPORARY; THE EVIL IT DOES IS PERMANENT.-GANDHI

I N D I A N N AT I O N A L I S M
AND INDEPENDENCE

CONTEXT
W O R L D WA R O N E
DURING WORLD

WA R O N E A B O U T 1
MILLION INDIANS
FOUGHT FOR
B R I TA I N.

BRITAIN HAD

PROMISED INDIA
SELF RULE AFTER
T H E WA R
H OW E V E R
B R I T A I N FA I L E D
TO KEEP THEIR
PROMISE.

R O W L AT T
ACT&AMRITSAR
MASSACRE
In 1918 Indian soldiers and the

the Indian public wanted


Britain to uphold its promise
of self-determination.

In 1919 to stop protesting the

British passed the Rowlatt Act


which allowed them to jail
protestors for up to two years
with no trial!
Led to killing of 400

peaceful protesters by
British

KEY WORDS:

APARTHEID

POLITICAL

SYSTEM IN SOUTH AFRICA WHERE


NON-WHITES HAD NO RIGHTS

AHIMSA

HINDU PRINCIPAL

OF NON-VIOLENCE AND LOVE

SATYAGRAHA

TAKING

AHIMSA FURTHER, SUFFERING


FOR THE TRUTH AND USING
VIOLENCE AGAINST THE
AGGRESSOR

BRIEF TIMELINE OF GANDHIS LIFE

1869 born in Gujarat India


1887 went to London to study law and became a barrister in
1891
1893-1914 worked as a lawyer in South Africa and developed
his theory of nonviolent protest Satyagraha after seeing
the racial abuse in South Africa
1915 returned to India
1917-1947 led peaceful protests against injustices and
inequalities in India and an end to British rule in India
January 30 1948 murdered by a fanatic who opposed his
tolerance of all religions

E X A M P L E S O F S AT YA G R A H A

R E S U LT S
A.I N A U G U S T 1 9 4 6 B R I T A I N G AV E
INDIA ITS INDEPENDENCE.
C.B R I T A I N G AV E I N D I A T O T H E
HINDUS AND NEWLY FORMED
PA K I S T A N T O T H E M U S L I M S .
E. S O O N B O T H T H E H I N D U A N D T H E
MUSLIMS WHILE FREE OF BRITISH
RU L E N OW T U R N E D T H E I R V I O L E N C E
T O WA R D S O N E A N O T H E R .

T H E I M PA C T O F F A T H E R T U R K

T U R K I S H N AT I O N A L I S M

!Mustafa Kemal was given


the name Ataturk which
means Father of the Turks.
!He was the founder and
president of the new
Republic of Turkey.
!He was a Army officer and a
revolutionary statesman.

M U S TA F A
KEMAL

!His goal was to modernize Turkey.


!He led the Turkish nationalist to
fight back the Greeks.
!Seperated the laws of Islam from
the laws of the nation.Abolished
religious courts and created a new
legal system based on European law.
!Granted women the right to vote
and to hold public office.
!Launched Govt funded programs
to industrialize Turkey and to spur
economic growth.

"This nation has never lived without


independence. We cannot and shall not live
without it. Either independence or death."
M U S TA F A K E M A L ATAT U R K