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# www.sakshieducation.

com

VSr\$
VSr\$]l\$ > AMSVSl VSr\$ AMS]l\$l]l\$ ]l\$l]l\$ A MS*y \$\$. JMS
]lZ A >\$MS\$ {l ]l^l > B ]l VSr\$ > As\$.
\$ ll
_______
VSr\$ = >
>\$ Q

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E\$
1. MS >\$ VSr\$ Gl?
2 VSr\$, 4 VSr\$, 6 VSr\$, 90 \$\$, 3600 MS]l\$.
l]l:
C_a]l >\$s VSrZMS ]l*a >....
2 VSr\$, 4 VSr\$, 6 VSr\$, 1.5 VSr\$, 1 VSr
2 + 4 + 6 + 1.5 + 1
VSr\$ =
VSr\$
5
14.5
=
= 2.9 VSr\$
5
= 2.9 60 \$\$
= 174 \$\$
= 2 VSr 54 \$\$
VSr\$ = 2 VSr 54 \$\$

## >\$ ll = VSr\$ >\$ Q

VS]l\$MS:
>\$ VSr\$]l\$ MS]l\$MPs B >\$ JMS {]l*Z Ey.

1 1 1 1
2. , , , VSr\$ Gl?
2 3 4 5
l]l:
1 1 1 1
+ + +
2
3 4 5
VSr\$ =
4
30 + 20 + 15 + 12 1 77
=
=
60
4 240
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www.sakshieducation.com

VSr\$ =

77
240

]lQOl\$]l *{\$:
1. lls n
f Q VSr\$ =

n +1
2

## 2. lls n f Q ]l>Y VSr\$ = (n + 1)(2n + 1)

6
n (n + 1)

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3. lls n f Q \$ VSr\$ =

4. lls n Q VSr\$ = n
5. lls n Q VSr\$ = n + 1
6. MS lls 25 {]l Q]l\$ VS\$\$^l\$M.
2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97.
(C]l 100 Z# {]l Q\$)
3. lls 999 f Q VSr\$ Gl?
l]l:
999 + 1
VSr\$ =
= 500
2
lls 999
f Q VSr\$ = 500

## 4. lls 30 f Q ]l>Y VSr\$ Gl?

l]l:
(n + 1)(2n + 1)
VSr\$ =
6

( 30 + 1 ) ( 2 30 + 1 )

( 31 ) ( 61 )

VSr\$ =

1891
6

1891
6

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www.sakshieducation.com

## 5. lls 100 Q VSr\$, lls 100 Q VSr\$ ]l\$l l?

l]l:
lls 100 Q VSr\$ = 100+1 = 101
lls 100 Q VSr\$ = 100
O yls l = 101 100 = 1
]l*]l = 1

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## 6. Hyl\$ ]l\$ f Q VSr\$ 150. Al Al\$Z MSt, VSt Q]l\$ MS]l\$MPyl.

l]l:
Hyl\$ ]l\$ f Q]l\$ MS lV> A]l\$Ms...
x 3, x 2, x 1, x, x + 1, x + 2, x +3

VSr\$ =

x 3 + x 2 + x 1 + x + x + 1+ x + 2 + x + 3 7x
=
=x
7
7

## M> l {M> s VSr\$ = 150

x = 150
MSt Q = x 3 = 150 3 = 147
VSt Q = x + 3 = 150 + 3 = 153

## 7. B\$ ]l\$ Q VSr\$ 64 Al B Q]l\$ MS]l\$MPyl.

l]l:
B\$ ]l\$ Q]l\$ MS lV> A]l\$Ms...
2x5, 2x3, 2x1, 2x+1, 2x+3, 2x+5

VSr\$ =

2 x 5 + 2 x 3 + 2 x 1 + 2x + 1 + 2x + 3 + 2x + 5 12 x
=
= 2x
6
6

## M> l {M> s VSr\$ = 64

2x = 64
B Q\$ 64 5, 64 3, 64 1, 64 + 1, 64 + 3, 64 + 5 As...

## 8. lls {]l Q VSr\$ Gl?

l]l:
lls { ]l Q\$ 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29
VSr\$ = 2 + 3 + 5 + 7 + 11 + 13 + 17 + 19 + 23 + 29
10

129
= 12.9
10

]l*]l = 12.9
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www.sakshieducation.com

## 9. AMS ]l\$ ]l*a]lsMS \$]l ]l* ylMS Q VSr\$ Gl?

l]l:
VSr\$ =

11 + 22 + 33 + 44 + 55 + 66 + 77 + 88 + 99
9

9

## 110 + 110 + 110 + 110 + 55

9

495 = 55
9

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VSr\$ = 55

10. 25 ]l\$ \$\$ E]l JMS lVS VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 15 H\$. Cl\$ZMS s^l\$ ]l\$\$]l\$ MS*y VS]lZMS
\$MS\$s ll VSr\$ ]l\$\$ Hy \$VS\$l\$. Al s^l\$ ]l\$\$ Gl?
l]l:
>\$ ll = >\$ Q VSr\$
Al *{ A]l\$_..
25 ]l\$ \$ ]l\$\$ ll = 25 15 = 375 H\$.
s^l\$]l\$ MS*y VS]lZMS \$MS\$s (ll 26 ]l\$) ]l^la VSr\$ = 15+1 = 16 H\$.
26 ]l\$ ]l\$\$ ll = 26 16 = 416 H\$.
s^l\$ ]l\$\$ = 416 375 = 41 H\$.
]l*]l = 41 H\$.

11. JMS s]l\$l l]l 13]l CVSZ 73 \$VS\$\$ ^l Al VSr\$ yl\$ \$VS\$\$ W. Al 13]l
CVSMS\$ ]ll\$ B sl\$l VSr\$ Gl?
l]l:
12]l CVS ]lMS\$ sl\$l VSr\$ = x A]l\$MS\$s
Ayl\$ 12]l CVS ]lMS\$ Alyl\$ ^l ]l ll \$VS\$\$ = 12 x
l {M>
12x + 73 = 13(x+2)
73 26 = 13x 12x
x = 47

## 13]l CVSMS\$ ]ll\$ sl\$l VSr\$ = 47

12. lVSZ 50 ]l\$ \$Z 30 ]l\$ \$\$, 20 ]l\$ MS\$ E\$. JMS SZ \$ VSr\$
]l*\$P\$ 40, MS VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ 45. Al JMS \$yl ]l*\$P\$ 60MS l\$\$ 30, JMS MS ]l*\$P\$
50MS l\$\$ 70V> lV> \$MS\$\$. \$, MS O]l VSr\$]l\$, lVS VSr\$]l\$ MS]l\$MPyl?
l]l:
www.sakshieducation.com

www.sakshieducation.com

= 1230 (1)

\$ O ]l VSr\$ =

1230 =
30

41 ]l*\$P\$

= 880 (2)

MS O]l VSr\$ =

880 = 44
20

]l*\$P\$

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lVS VSr\$ =

2110
50

= 42.2 ]l*\$P\$

## 13. JMS l VSr\$ 50. B lZ { > 5 W_, B l>l 3 l Hyl Ml l VSr\$

Gl?
l]l:
JMS lZ { JMSP >O {*W_]l {l\$MS VSl {{MS\$]l\$ (+, , , ) Al {MS]l\$Z
VSr\$ \$l {*W Ml l VSr\$ ]l\$. O *{ A]l\$_ C_a]l l VSr\$ 50
5 W_, 3]l\$ l,
50
3 = 10 3 = 7
5

]l\$.

## MlV> Hyl]l l VSr\$ = 7

14. 3 H {MSl 5 ]l\$ \$\$ E]l JMS MS\$r\$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 17 H\$. l>l B MS\$r\$Z JMS ylz
f_. {\$l MS*y B MS\$r\$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 17 H. Al B ylz {\$l ]l\$\$]l\$ MS]l\$MPyl?
l]l:
5 ]l\$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 3 H {MSl 17 H\$. M>st { \$l 5 ]l\$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ = 17 + 3 = 20 H\$.
{ \$l 5 ]l\$ ]l\$\$ ll = 20 5 = 100 H\$.
MlV> f_]l ylz {\$l ]l\$\$ x A]l\$MS\$s
l {M> {\$l 6 ]l\$ MS\$r\$\$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ MS*y 17 H. As
100 + x
= 17
6

100 + x
= 17 6 = 102
x=2

## As B ylz { \$l ]l\$\$ = 2 H\$.

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15. JMS lVSZ \$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 15.8 H\$. B lVSZ \$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 16.4 H\$, MS
VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 15.4 H\$. Al lVSZ E]l \$, MS MS]l\$V]lyl?
l]l:
lVSZ \$ Q = a,
MS Q = b A]l\$MS\$s
Ayl\$ ll \$\$ = a + b
\$ ]l\$\$ ll + MS ]l\$\$ ll
= lVSZ Al ]l\$\$ ll

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## 16.4 a + 15.4 b = 15.8 (a + b)

16.4 a 15.8 a = 15.8 b 15.4 b
0.6 a = 0.4 b

a 0.4 2
=
=
b 0.6 3

## As lVSZ \$ QMS\$, MS QMS\$ VS =

2
3

2 : 3

]l*]l = 2 : 3

]l {VS*# VSr\$

JMS {VS*#Z >\$ Q P, VSr\$ x, ]l\$MS {VS*#Z >\$ Q q, VSr\$ y Al B yl\$ {VS*#]l\$
MSl Hyl \${]l\$ {VS*# VSr\$ =

Px + qy
P+q

JMSl ]lyl\$ {VS*#\$ E]lrl (]ly {VS*#Z >\$ Q r, VSr\$ z Al), \${]l\$ {VS*#
Px + qy + rz
P+q+r

E\$

VSr\$ =

1. 1000 ]l\$ EVS\$\$ E]l JMS MSZ EW VSr\$ il *.10,000. #\$ EVS\$ VSr\$ il
*. 10,400, ]l\$ EVS\$ VSr\$ il *. 8,400. Al MSZ ]l\$ EVS\$ >ll\$l?
l]l:
#\$ EVS\$ Q = x A]l\$MS\$s, ]l\$ EVS\$ Q = 1000x A]l#l\$. Ayl\$ \${]l\$
{VS*# VSr\$ *{ A]l\$_
10,400 x + 8,400 (1000 x )
x + 1000 x

= 10,000

## 84,00,000 + 2,000 x = 1,00,00,000

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2,000 x = 16,00,000
x = 800

200
100 = 20
1000

## MSZ 20% ]l\$ EVS\$\$ E\$.

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2. JMS lVSZ ll 100 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ 56. lls 20 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$
85. _]l 40 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ 20. Al \$W]l \$ VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ Gl?
l]l:
lls 20, _]l 40 ]l\$ \$]l\$ \$]l, \$W]l \$\$ = 100 20 40 = 40
D 40 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ = x A]l\$MS\$s, Ayl\$ \${]l\$ {VS*# VSr\$ *{
A]l\$_
20 85 + 40 20 + 40 x
= 56
20 + 40 + 40

40x = 3,100

x=

3,100
= 77.5
40

## 1. 5 Q > 75. Al\$Z lls 4 Q VSr\$ 72. IllAl\$Z _]l Q?

G) 85
) 87
) 90
yl) 91

2. 6 >\$ VSr\$ 85, Al\$Z _]l 5 >\$ VSr\$ 89. Il lls > \$]l?
G) 65
) 75
) 85
yl) 95

3. 9 >\$ VSr\$ 15. Al\$Z lls 4 >\$ VSr\$ 17. _]l 4 >\$ VSr\$ 13. Il Al\$Z ]l\$l >
\$]l?
G) 14
) 15
) 16
yl) 17
4. 7 >\$ VSr\$ 90. Al\$Z lls 4 >\$ VSr\$ 91. _]l \$VS\$ >\$ VSr\$ 91. Il ]l\$l > \$]l?
G) 91
) 92
) 98
yl) 99
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5. 4 QZ lls 3 Q VSr\$ 15. _]l 3 Q VSr\$ 16. _]l Q 19. Il lls Q Gl?
G) 15
)16
) 17
yl) 18
6. ]l\$, ]l\$VS, \$l> VSr\$ E~{VSl 35C. ]l\$VS, \$l, VS\$\$> VSr\$ E~{VSl 40C. ]l\$
s E~{VSl 30C Il VS\$\$ s E~{VSl Gl?
G) 30C
) 35C
) 45C
yl) 50C

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7. ]l\$ ]l\$_ VS\$\$ ]lMS\$ VSr\$ E~{VSl 42C. ]l\$VS ]l\$_ \${MS ]lMS\$ VSr\$ E~{VSl
40C. \${MS s E~{VSl ]l\$ s E~{VSlZ 4/5 ]ll\$ E. Il ]l\$ s E~{VSl?
G) 40C
) 42C
) 43C
yl) 44C
8. ]l\$ ]l\$_ \${MS ]lMS\$ E]l VSr\$ E~{VSl 32C. ]l\$VS ]l\$_ ]lMS\$ E]l VSr\$
E~ {VSl 36C. ]l\$ s E~{VSl, s E~{VSlZ 3/5 ]ll\$ E. Il s
E~{VSl?
G) 30C
) 50C
) 100C
yl) 60C
9. JMS lVSZ 30 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ ]l\$\$ 14 H\$. lVS Eyl ]l\$\$ MSl VSr\$
15 H. Il lVS Eyl ]l\$\$ Gl\$?
G) 45
) 40
) 44
yl) 42

10. 50 ]l\$ \$\$ E]l lVS VSr\$ \$]l# 45 MSZ\$. Z JMS lVS ]l\$_ ]l lyl\$.
\$W]l \$\$ VSr\$ \$]l# 100 {V>]l\$ lWY. Il ]l l]l \$]l#?
G) 44.5 MSZ\$
) 49.9 MSZ\$
) 50.9 MSZ\$
yl) 51.9 MSZ\$

11. 6 >\$ > 16. sMS 2 >\$]l\$ MSl VSr\$ 2 lWY. Il MlV> ^la]l yl\$ >\$ VSr\$ Gl?
G) 16
) 12
) 10
yl) 8
12. 50 ]l\$ \$\$ E]l lVSZ 30 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ \$]l# 50 MSZ\$. \$W]l MS VSr\$ \$]l#
40 MSZ\$. Il lVSZ ll \$ E]l\$yl VSr\$ \$]l#?
G) 45 MSZ\$
) 46 MSZ\$
) 47.5 MSZ\$
yl) 49 MSZ\$

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13. JMS lVSZ 100 ]l\$ \$MS\$ ]l_a]l VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ 75. Al\$Z 70 ]l\$ \$MS\$ ]l_a]l VSr\$
]l*\$P\$ 70. Il \$W]l MSMS\$ ]l_a]l VSr\$ ]l*\$P\$ Gl?
G) 80
) 85
) 86.66
yl) 88.88

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14. 25 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ Gl\$ 1.4 \$r\$. Al\$Z 5 ]l\$ \$\$ {VS*# ]l\$_ ll VSr\$ Gl\$ 0.15
\$r\$ \$VS\$l\$. Il l]l 5 ]l\$ \$ VSr\$ Gl?
G) 0.8 \$r\$
) 0.9 \$r\$
) 0.95 \$r\$
yl) 1.05 \$r\$
15. JMS {MSMSs {MSyM>\$yl\$ l]l BrZ 100 \$VS\$\$ ^l\$V> Alyl VSr\$ 3 \$VS\$\$ W. Il Alyl
{\$l VSr\$ G- \$VS\$\$?
G) 71
) 67
) 70
yl) 73
16. JMS {MSMSs BrV>yl VSr\$ oV 12.4 \$VS\$MS\$ JMS MSs. ll\$ BrZ 26 \$VS\$MS\$ 5 MSr\$
ylVstyl\$. Alyl VSr\$ 0.4 \$VS\$MS\$ lWY. Il Alyl\$ _]l BrMS\$ ]ll\$ ylVst]l MSr
Q?
G) 15
) 85
) 90
yl) 77
17. JMS MS ]l_a]l ]l*\$P]l\$ 63 l\$\$V> r\$]l 83V> \$MS\$\$. lVSZ \$\$
VSr\$ ]l*\$P 1/2 GMS\$P]lV> W. Il lVSZ \$ Q?
G) 10
) 20
) 30
yl) 40

18. JMS ]l VSZ 35 ]l\$ \$\$ E\$. Hyl\$ ]l\$ Ml \$]l\$ ^l\$aM]lyl ]l Zf]l Q\$a
kMS\$ 42 W. M> VSr\$ Zf]l Q\$a JMS ]lMSMS 1 lWY. ]ll\$V> ]l VSZ ZfMS
kMS\$ A]ll Q\$a Gl?
G) 360
) 400
) 420
yl) 520

f\$\$
1)
8)
15) yl

2) G
9) G
16)

3)
10)
17) yl

4)
11) yl
18)

5)
12)

www.sakshieducation.com

6)
13)

7) G
14) G