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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

(ICS 29.260.10)

SINGAPORE STANDARD

Code of practice for temporary electrical


installations
Part 1 : Construction and building sites
Incorporating Erratum No. 1
Amendment No. 1 (issued separately)

Publishedby

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
(ICS 29.260.10)

SINGAPORE STANDARD

Code of practice for temporary electrical


installations
Part 1 : Construction and building sites

All rights reserved. Unless otherwise specified, no part of this Singapore Standard may be
reproduced or utilised in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying and microfilming, without permission in writing from SPRING Singapore at the
address below:

Standards
SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk,
#01-02 South Tower, Solaris
Singapore 138628
Email : standards@spring.gov.sg

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
This Singapore Standard having been approved by the Electrical Industry Practice Committee was
endorsed by the Standards Council on 22 February 2001.
First published, 2001
The Electrical Industry Practice Committee appointed by the Standards Council consists of the
following members:
Name

Organisation

Chairman

Mr Soh Siew Cheong

Standards Council

Secretary

Mr Dennis Chew

Singapore Productivity and Standards Board

Members

Assoc Prof Chang Che Sau


Mr Foo Kong Deen
Mr Goh Eng Kee
Mr Ho Fui Chan

National University of Singapore


Singapore Electrical Trade Association
Ngee Ann Polytechnic
Housing & Development Board

Mr Ho Sou Weng
Er. N P Karthigayan

Singapore Polytechnic
Institution of Engineers Singapore

Mr Bernard Koh
Mr Leong Kok Yeong
Mr Samuel Ong Bor Hwee
Mr Pang Toh Kang
Mr Tan Sing Ong
Assoc Prof Teo Cheng Yu
Mr Wan Fook Sing
Mr Wu Ching Chan
Mr Yeo Yek Seng

Institute of Technical Education


Association of Consulting Engineers, Singapore
Singapore Electrical Contractor Association
PWD Corporation Pte Ltd
Jurong Town Corporation
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore Contractor Association Limited
Temasek Polytechnic
Public Utilities Board

The Technical Committee on Temporary Electrical Installations appointed by the Electrical Industry
Practice Committee and responsible for the preparation of this Part of the Code consists of
representatives from the following organisations:
Name

Organisation

Chairman

Mr Tan Hak Khoon

Public Utilities Board

Secretary

Ms Jessie Chow

Singapore Productivity and Standards Board

Members

Mr Foo Meng Wah


Mr Jimmy Ho

Ministry of Manpower
Real Estate Developers Association of
Singapore
Singapore Contractors Association Ltd

Mr Simon Lee
Mr Lim Ah Hee
Er. Lum Chong Chuen
Mr Ng Kim Leong

Housing & Development Board


Institution of Engineers Singapore
PWD Corporation Pte Ltd

served until 2 June 2000

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

Members

Mr Ng Kin Ming
Mr Pang Boon Kiat
Mr T Gopala Krishna Rao
Mr Rozario Robert
Er. Ken Tan See Pian
Mr Toh Teck Boon
Mr Yee Cheong In
Mr Yong Siew Hwa

Singapore Electrical Contractors Association


Power Supply Ltd
Singapore Institution of Safety Officers
Association of Singapore Marine Industries
Association of Consulting Engineers, Singapore
Singapore Electrical Trades Association
Singapore Productivity and Standards Board
Building and Construction Authority

As amended
May 2001

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

Contents
Page
Foreword

CODE OF PRACTICE
1

General

1.1

Scope

1.2

Object

1.3

Relationship with statutory regulations

1.4

Use of established materials, equipment and methods

10

1.5

New materials and inventions

10

Definitions

10

General requirements

11

3.1

Source of supply

11

3.1.1

General

11

3.1.2

Types of supply

11

3.1.3

No parallel operation of generating set and the public electricity supply system

12

3.1.4

Supply for equipment

12

3.2

Type of earthing arrangement

12

3.3

Installation of generating set

13

3.3.1

General

13

3.3.2

Earthing arrangements of generating set

13

3.3.3

Protection against direct contact of live parts

13

3.3.4

Labelling on generating set

13

Protection for safety

14

4.1

Control of supply

14

4.1.1

General

14

4.1.2

Protective device for incoming supply

14

4.1.3

Protection of circuits

14

4.1.4

Prohibited use of fuses for final circuits

14

4.2

Protection against direct contact

15

4.3

Protection against indirect contact for low voltage system

15

4.3.1

General

15

4.3.2

Protection by residual current device

15

4.3.3

Protection by residual current device for final circuits

15

4.3.4

Earth leakage protection for transportable electrical equipment

16

4.3.5

Protective conductor proving and earth monitoring systems

16

4.4

Protection against indirect contact for reduced voltage system

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
Page
4.5

Protection against lightning

16

Selection and erection of equipment

17

5.1

General

17

5.2

Wiring systems

17

5.3

Switchgear and controlgear

19

5.3.1

Enclosure for low-voltage assembly

19

5.3.2

Switchboard and distribution board

19

5.4

Socket-outlets assembly

19

5.5

Plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers

23

5.6

Cable for SOA connection

23

5.7

Earthing arrangement and protective conductor

24

5.7.1

Protective earthing of metalwork

24

5.7.2

Earthing of portable appliances and tools

24

5.7.3

Earthing of metal sheath and armour of cables

24

5.7.4

Metal sheath and/or armour of flexible or trailing cables

24

5.7.5

Earthing of metal enclosure for switchboards and distribution boards

24

5.8

Other equipment

24

5.8.1

Light fixtures

24

5.8.2

Portable hand-lamps

24

5.8.3

Prohibited use of lampholders fitted with pin contacts

24

5.8.4

Electrical welding system

25

5.9

Equipment for reduced voltage system

25

5.9.1

Plug, socket-outlet and cable coupler of a reduced voltage system

25

5.9.2

Switches for reduced voltage circuits

25

Inspection, testing and maintenance

25

ANNEXES
A

Statutory regulations and associated memoranda

26

Protective conductor proving and earth monitoring systems

27

Temporary electrical installations inspection checklist for


construction and building sites

31

Danger signboard

36

Clauses that are extracted from British Standards

37

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
Page
TABLES
1
2

Maximum earth fault loop impedance (Zs) for a disconnection time


5s and Uo of 55V (single-phase)

16

Colour coding

23

FIGURES
1

Single-phase socket-outlet assembly fed from single-phase source

21

Single-phase socket-outlet assembly fed from three-phase source

21

Three-phase socket-outlet assembly

22

Three-phase and single-phase socket-outlet assembly

22

B1

Basic circuit for protective conductor proving unit

29

B2

Basic circuit for earth monitoring unit

30

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

Foreword
This Part of the Singapore Standard CP 88 was prepared by the Technical Committee on Temporary
Electrical Installations under the direction of the Electrical Industry Practice Committee.
It was developed as a result of a review of the Singapore Standard CP 44 : 1988 Code of practice
for temporary electrical installations for construction and building sites.
This Part of CP 88 is drawn up to supplement the general requirements of Singapore Standard CP 5
Code of practice for electrical installations. As installations operating at voltages up to 1000 V a.c.
are widely used in construction and building sites, it is considered necessary to give guidance on good
practice for the inspection, testing and maintenance of such installations. In addition, guidance on the
installation of generating set and socket-outlet assembly are included to address the common use of
generating set and socket-outlets for portable tools at these sites.
It is to be noted that for installations where separated extra low voltage (SELV) is used, references
shall be made to the general requirements for protection by SELV in Singapore Standard CP 5.
Installations operating at voltages exceeding low voltage are outside the scope of this Part of the
Code.
NOTE Temporary electrical installations other than that for Construction and Building Sites may be covered in
other Parts of this Code.

Acknowledgement is made for the use of information from the following publications:
AS 2790 : 1989

Electricity generating sets Transportable (Up to 25 kW)

AS 3010.1 : 1987

Electrical installations Supply by generating set


Part 1 Internal combustion engine driven set

BS 4363 : 1998

Specification for assemblies for reduced low voltage electricity supplies for
construction and building sites

BS 4444 : 1989

Guide to electrical earth monitoring and protective conductor proving

BS 5345 : -

Code of practice for selection, installation and maintenance of electrical


apparatus for use in potentially explosive atmosphere (other than mining
applications or explosive processing and manufacture)

BS 6500 : 2000

Specification for electric cables Flexible cords rated up to 300/500 V, for


use with appliances and equipment intended for domestic, office and similar
environments

BS 6708 : 1998

Flexible cables for use at mines and quarries

BS 7375 : 1996

Code of practice for distribution of electricity on construction and building


sites

Clauses that are extracted from the above British Standards are given in Annex E.
reproduced with the permission of British Standards Institution (BSI).

They are

NOTE
1.

Singapore Standards are subject to periodic review to keep abreast of technological changes and new
technical developments. The revisions of Singapore Standards are announced through the issue of
either amendment slips or revised editions.

2.

Compliance with a Singapore Standard does not exempt users from legal obligations.

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

Code of practice for temporary electrical installations Part 1:


Construction and building sites
1

General

1.1

Scope

This Part of the Code of Practice deals principally with temporary electrical installations for building
operation and work of engineering construction. It applies to electrical installations set up for the
provision of electricity supply during the execution of the following works:
(a)

New building construction;

(b)

Repair, alteration, extension or demolition of buildings;

(c)

Engineering construction;

(d)

Earthworks;

(e)

Other similar works.

The requirements in this Code shall not apply to installations in construction site offices, meeting
rooms, canteens, dormitories, toilets, etc., where the general requirements in the Singapore Standard
CP 5 shall apply.
Although some temporary installations at these sites may receive supplies at voltages higher than
1000 V, such parts of the installations are outside the scope of this Code.
This Code also does not cover those aspects of installations in compressed air environment and
potentially explosive atmospheres.
NOTE The titles of the publications referred to in this standard are listed at the end of the standard.

1.2

Object

The object of this Part of the Code is to protect persons and property against electrical hazards in the
use of electricity in construction sites in view of the arduous duty imposed on the electrical equipment
and wiring by the construction site conditions.
The general requirements of Singapore Standard CP5 shall be read in conjunction with this Part of the
Code.
Because of variations in local circumstances of construction sites, the requirements of this Code are
given in general terms, and will normally need to be supplemented by the advice of skilled persons as
defined in 2.7.

1.3

Relationship with statutory regulations

This Part of the Code is to be implemented in conjunction with other statutory requirements currently in
force in the Republic of Singapore and should there be any conflicting requirements in the Acts and
their Regulations, clarification should be obtained from the relevant bodies administrating the Acts and
Regulations.

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All temporary electrical installations for building operation and work of engineering construction are
required to be licensed by the Public Utilities Board under the Public Utilities (Licence to Use or
Operate Electrical or Supply Installations) Regulations.

1.4

Use of established materials, equipment and methods

Only established materials, equipment and methods are considered, but it is not intended to
discourage invention or to exclude other materials, equipment and methods affording an equivalent
degree of safety which may be developed in the future.

1.5

New materials and inventions

Where the use of a new material or invention leads to departures from this Part of the Code, the
resulting degree of safety of the installation is to be not less than that obtained by compliance with this
Part of the Code. Such departure shall be the subject of a written specification of a competent body,
or skilled person or persons, and the installation shall be deemed to be outside the scope of this Part
of the Code.

Definitions

For the purposes of this Code, the following definitions shall apply. Other terms not defined herein are
used in the sense defined in Singapore Standard CP 5.

2.1

Cable coupler

A cable coupler is a means enabling the connection at will of two flexible cables. It consists of two
parts: (a)

A connector, which is the part integral with, or intended to be attached to, the flexible cable
connected to the supply;

(b)

A plug, which is the part integral with, or intended to be attached to, the flexible cable
connected to the equipment or to a connector.

The plug of a cable coupler is identical to the plug of a 'plug and socket-outlet'. In general, a connector
has the same contact arrangement as a socket-outlet.

2.2

Earth monitoring system

A system for providing a means of maintaining a high degree of confidence in the measured
impedance of a protective conductor forming part of the earthing arrangements of an electrical
system.

2.3

Generating set

A generating set is an internal combustion engine driving a rotating a.c. electrical generator together
with its associated control panel, switchgear and ancillary equipment, whether integrally mounted or
otherwise.

2.4

Plug

A device, provided with contact pins, which is intended to be attached to a flexible cable, and which
can be engaged with a socket-outlet or with a connector.

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2.5

Protective conductor proving system

A system for providing a means of maintaining a high degree of confidence in the continuity of a
protective conductor within the installation.

2.6

Readily accessible

Capable of being reached quickly, for operation, renewal, or inspection without requiring those to
whom ready access is requisite to climb over or remove obstacles or to resort to portable ladders,
chairs, etc.

2.7

Skilled person

A person who is licensed as an electrical worker under the Electrical Workers and Contractors
Licensing Act.

2.8

Site

An area where a building operation or work of engineering construction takes place.

2.9

Socket-outlet

A device, provided with female contacts, which is intended to be installed with the fixed wiring, and
intended to receive a plug. A luminaire track system is not regarded as a socket-outlet system.

2.10

Supplies

All references throughout this Code refer to alternating current (a.c.) supplies related to a frequency of
50 Hz unless otherwise stated. All references to alternating voltage and current relate to r.m.s. values
unless otherwise stated.

General requirements

3.1

Source of supply

3.1.1

General

Electrical installation at site may draw its supplies from the public electricity supply network or
generating sets. Equipment shall be identified with and be compatible with the particular supply from
which it is energised and shall contain only components connected to one and the same installation,
except for control of signalling circuits and inputs from standby supplies. Due consideration shall be
given to the fault level (prospective short-circuit current) at the point of supply.
3.1.2

Types of supply

3.1.2.1 Mains voltages of public supply system


(a)

Three-phase.

400 V is the standard three-phase mains supply system voltage at 50 Hz.

(b)

Single-phase.

230 V is the standard single-phase mains supply system voltage at 50 Hz.

3.1.2.2 Supply voltage from generating sets


For a generating set supplying low voltages, unless otherwise approved by the skilled person
responsible for the design and installation of supply installation, the output voltages shall be as follows:

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(a)

Three-phase.

400 V between phases, and 230 V between phases and Earth, 50 Hz.

(b)

Single-phase.

230 V between phase and Earth, 50 Hz.

3.1.2.3 Reduced voltage


110 V single-phase.
The supply shall be obtained from a double-wound transformer having the
centre tap of the secondary winding earthed so that the nominal voltage to Earth is only 55 V.
3.1.2.4 Extra low voltage
50 V single-phase.
The supply shall be obtained from a double-wound transformer having the
centre tap of the secondary winding earthed so that the nominal voltage to Earth is only 25 V.
3.1.3

No parallel operation of generating set and the public electricity supply system

No parallel operation of the generating set and the public supply system shall be allowed unless
otherwise approved by the public electricity supplier. In a service area where electricity supply is taken
from a generating set, no electricity supply from the public supply system shall be introduced into the
same service area.
3.1.4

Supply for equipment

The following voltages shall not be exceeded:


(a)

Fixed plant, moveable plant fed via a trailing cable,


installations in site buildings such as site offices,
workshops, canteens and quarters, fixed flood lighting
and site lighting.

400 V
230 V

Three-phase, or
Single-phase

(b)

Portable electric hand-held tools and portable handlamps.

230 V

Single-phase

(c)

Portable electric hand-held tools and portable handlamps used underground such as any shaft, tunnel,
caisson or cofferdam.

110V

Single-phase,
centre point
earthed

(d)

Portable electric hand-held tools and portable handlamps used in confined locations such as the insides of
boilers, tanks or pipes, or in other similar situations.

50V

Single-phase,
centre point
earthed

3.2

Type of earthing arrangement

3.2.1 The earthing system for electrical installations drawing supply from generating sets shall be
TN-S.
3.2.2

If more than one generating set are used within a site, the electrical installations shall either:

(a)

Share a common earthing system; or

(b)

Have separate earthing systems and the electrical installations connected to different earthing
systems are segregated effectively from one another or effectively bonded to prevent
dangerous potential rise between conducting parts which a person can come into
simultaneous contact.

This requirement also applies to more than one electrical installations taking supply from the public
supply system within the same site.

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3.2.3 The design, selection and installation of protective conductors shall be in accordance with
Singapore Standard CP 5.

3.3

Installation of generating set

3.3.1

General

Generating set shall be suitably barricaded to prevent access by non-authorised persons. Adequate
clearance around generating set shall be provided to facilitate operation and maintenance work.
Access leading to the generating sets shall be unimpeded to the skilled person or his representatives
at all times. Any switch or control for stopping and starting the engines shall be readily accessible. In
addition, generating set shall not be installed:
(a)

In damp situations or exposed to the weather unless suitably protected; or

(b)

In hazardous areas, unless the equipment and method of installation complies with BS 5345
and the additional requirements of any relevant authority.

Care shall be taken to have the fuel and its containers stored in a safe manner.
3.3.2

Earthing arrangements of generating set

Electrical installation supplied from generating sets shall share a common TN-S earthing system with
the generator or generators connected to it. In any electrical installation, a main earthing terminal or
bar of adequate rating shall be provided and connected to the earthing conductors. The star point of a
three-phase generator winding or the mid-point of a single-phase centre-tapped generator winding
shall be solidly earthed through adequately rated conductors to the earthing system of the installation.
In addition, the following parts of the generating sets shall be bonded together to form the generator
bonding system which shall be connected effectively to the main earthing terminal:
(a)

The engine frame;

(b)

The generator frame;

(c)

All exposed metal enclosure for electrical equipment and wiring;

(d)

Earth terminals of all socket-outlet (if any); and

(e)

The main frame terminal (marked

3.3.3

Protection against direct contact of live parts

All live parts of a generating set shall be protected against direct contact in accordance with Singapore
Standard CP 5.
3.3.4

Labelling on generating set

The following information shall be indelibly and legibly marked on a generating set:
(a)

The name of the manufacturer of the set;

(b)

The model number and serial number of the set;

(c)

The type of fuel or fuel-oil mixture;

(d)

Rated output in watts or kilowatts at a stated power factor;

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(e)

The voltage and frequency;

(f)

Output terminal markings (unless all outputs are socket-outlets);

(g)

The frame terminal : symbol marked

(h)

On a set intended for undercover or weather-protected usage, the words NOT WEATHERPROOF;

(i)

On a set intended for outdoor use without further protection, the IP classification of its
electrical equipment;

(j)

In addition, a danger sign board made of durable material with the word DANGER with the
specification as detailed in Annex D shall be displayed at a prominent location near the
generating set.

Protection for safety

4.1

Control of supply

4.1.1

General

Every electrical installation on construction sites shall be adequately controlled by switchgear readily
accessible to the skilled person or his authorised representative in charge of the installation and shall
incorporate:
(a)

Means of isolation;

(b)

Means of overcurrent and earth fault protection; and

(c)

Means of earth leakage protection (except extra-low voltage installations)

4.1.2

Protective device for incoming supply

For an incoming supply up to 300 A three-phase, a circuit breaker with residual current device shall be
provided at the main switchboard.
For an incoming supply exceeding 300 A three-phase, a circuit breaker incorporating overcurrent and
earth fault protective devices shall be provided.
4.1.3

Protection of circuits

Appropriate electrical protection shall be provided for all circuits, including final circuits, against
overload, short-circuit and earth-fault current. The protective devices shall be capable of interrupting
without damage any fault current that may occur and due consideration shall be given to the fault level
of the supply.
4.1.4

Prohibited use of fuses for final circuits

Fuses shall not be used for protecting final circuits in any part of the installation, except for those
socket-outlets incorporated with fuse protection.

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4.2

Protection against direct contact

One or more of the following basic protective measure shall be used in accordance with the
requirements in Singapore Standard CP 5:
(a)

Protection by insulation of live parts,

(b)

Protection by a barrier or an enclosure,

(c)

Protection by obstacles,

(d)

Protection by placing out of reach.

4.3

Protection against indirect contact for low voltage system

4.3.1

General

Protection against indirect contact for low voltage system shall comply with clauses 4.3.2 to 4.3.3.
4.3.2

Protection by residual current device

Protection against indirect contact shall be afforded using residual current devices and the following
condition shall be fulfilled as appropriate to the type of earthing system:
For TN-S system:

Zs In 25 V

where
Zs is the earth fault loop impedance in ohms
In is the rated residual operating current of the protective device in amperes.
For TT system:

Ra In 25 V

where
Ra is the sum of the resistances of the earth electrode and the protective conductor(s)
connecting it to the exposed-conductive-part.
4.3.3

Protection by residual current device for final circuits

Except for final circuits supplying equipment which are protected by other appropriate measures as
permitted under this Code and only accessible to and are operated by a skilled person, all other final
circuits are to be protected by one or more residual current devices. The type and tripping sensitivities
of residual current device to be used for the final circuit of the following rating shall be:
(a)

Residual current circuit breaker with a tripping current not exceeding 30 mA and a tripping
time within 0.1 s complying with SS 97 for final circuits of rating not exceeding 63 A threephase or single-phase at mains voltage.

(b)

Residual current circuit breaker with a tripping current not exceeding 300 mA complying with
SS 97 for final circuits of rating exceeding 63 A but not more than 100 A three-phase or
single-phase at mains voltage.

(c)

Residual current device with a tripping current not exceeding 500 mA shall be used for final
circuits of rating exceeding 100 A three-phase at mains voltage.

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4.3.4

Earth leakage protection for transportable electrical equipment

For guidance on earth leakage protection for transportable electrical equipment, refer to Singapore
Standard CP 16.
4.3.5

Protective conductor proving and earth monitoring systems

Where flexible cables supplying power at mains voltage to a moveable plant are liable to become
damaged or discontinuous, a protective conductor proving and/or earth monitoring system shall be
used to detect the failure of the circuit protective conductor. Annex B describes one such system
which is recommended to detect the failure of the circuit protective conductor.

4.4

Protection against indirect contact for reduced voltage system

Protection against indirect contact for reduced voltage system by automatic disconnection shall be
provided by means of an overcurrent protective device in each phase conductor or by a residual
current device, and all exposed-conductive-parts of the reduced voltage system shall be connected to
Earth. The earth fault loop impedance at every point of utilisation, including socket-outlets, shall be
such that the disconnection time does not exceed 5 s.
Where a circuit breaker is used, the maximum value of the earth fault loop impedance (Zs) shall not
exceed the values specified in Table 1 below for the nominal voltages to Earth (Uo) and for the types
and ratings of circuit-breaker listed herein.
Where a residual current device is used, the product of the rated residual operating current in
amperes and the earth fault loop impedance in ohms shall not exceed 25.
Table 1 Maximum earth fault loop impedance (Zs) for a
disconnection time 5s and Uo of 55 volts (single-phase)
MCB Type to
SS 359 & BS
EN 60898
Rating
amperes (In)
6
10
16
20
25
32
40
50
63
80
100

4.5

C&3

Uo / 4 ln

Uo / 5 ln

Uo / 7 ln

Uo / 10 ln

Uo / 20 ln

2.29
1.38
0.86
0.69
0.55
0.43
0.34
0.28
0.22
0.17
0.14

1.83
1.10
0.69
0.55
0.44
0.34
0.28
0.22
0.18
0.14
0.11

1.31
0.79
0.49
0.39
0.31
0.25
0.20
0.16
0.13
0.10
0.08

0.92
0.55
0.34
0.28
0.22
0.17
0.14
0.11
0.09
0.07
0.06

0.46
0.28
0.17
0.14
0.11
0.09
0.07
0.06
0.04
0.03
0.03

Protection against lightning

In circumstances where protection against lightning on sites may be necessary, reference shall be
made to Singapore Standard CP 33.

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Selection and erection of equipment

5.1

General

Every item of equipment shall be selected and erected so as to comply with the general requirements
stipulated in the Singapore Standard CP 5 and the following clauses in this Section.

5.2

Wiring systems

The types of protective covering of cables used in all the site installations shall be selected in
accordance with subclauses 5.2.1 to 5.2.5.
5.2.1 5.2.6
5.2.1

Types of cable covering

All cables to be laid direct in the ground shall be armoured cables.

5.2.2 Except for cables installed overhead, all other cables for submains or final circuits operating at
voltages exceeding 63 V to Earth (Three-phase system) or 55 V to Earth (Single-phase system) and
routed outdoor shall be of armoured construction and buried where possible.
5.2.3 All cables which are likely to be moved in normal use shall be flexible cables. Where trailing
cables are required by nature of the work, they shall be of the armoured type complying with BS 6708
having an over-sheath of heavy duty oil-resisting and flame-retardant compound.
5.2.4 Elevated cables shall be fully insulated having a sheath of PVC or an oil-resisting and flameretardant or heat resisting sheath. Overhead cables exposed to sunlight shall comply with subclause
5.2.6.
5.2.5 Except for situations (e.g. switch rooms or control rooms) where the risk of mechanical
damage is slight, armoured cables having an over-sheath of PVC or an oil-resisting and flameretardant compound or cables with adequate mechanical protection shall be used.
5.2.6
used.

For resistance to the effects of sunlight, suitable non-metallic covering of cables shall be

5.2.7 5.2.10

Flexible cords

5.2.7 Flexible cords shall be of the circular type having heat resisting, oil resisting and flameretardant rubber-sheath complying with IEC 60245 Part 1 or PVC insulated and PVC sheathed
complying with SS 358 : Part 5.
5.2.8 Flexible cords for portable hand-lamps shall be of the circular type having screened Type EM2
rubber-sheath complying with BS 6500.
5.2.9 Flexible cords of portable electrical equipment shall not exceed 3 m in length or such length
as supplied by the original equipment manufacturer.
5.2.10 Flexible cords of conductor size smaller than 1.0 mm (32/0.20 mm) shall not be used.
5.2.11 5.2.26 Installation of cables
5.2.11 Cables, other than those supplying power to portable electrical equipment or mobile plant,
shall be fixed on site so that they are clear of building operation or engineering construction work and
are not a hazard to persons working on the site.
5.2.12 All cables are to be installed without obstruction to the use of passageways, walkways,
ladders, stairs and the like.

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5.2.13 Where submains cables inside a building or under a covered area are to be suspended or
supported from the ceiling or wall, cable trays, brackets or other suitable supports shall be provided.
The cable supports shall not cause damage to the cable insulation or subject the cables to undue
mechanical stress.
5.2.14 Laying of cables on the ground or the floor of a structure shall be avoided. Where it is
unavoidable to lay cables on the ground or the floor of a structure, the cables shall be of the armoured
type complying with BS 6708 having an over-sheath of heavy duty oil-resisting and flame-retardant
compound or PVC insulated, steel wire armoured and PVC sheathed complying with SS 443 and shall
be laid in such a manner that the risk of mechanical damage is prevented.
5.2.15 Elevated flexible cables used indoor shall be provided with suitable mechanical protection and
securely supported in such a manner as not to damage the sheath of the flexible cables and not
subject the cables or their terminations to undue mechanical stress.
5.2.16 No flexible cord shall be used as submain or final circuit for the purpose of distribution of
electricity supply.
5.2.17 Cables buried direct in the ground shall be marked by cable covers and shall be buried at a
minimum depth of 300 mm to avoid being damaged by any disturbance on the ground. The cable
route for all supply cables and submains buried underground shall be marked on site drawings.
5.2.18 Cables passing under roadways or accessways for transport and mobile plant shall be laid at
a minimum depth of 600 mm. A cable marker shall be installed at both ends of each crossing.
5.2.19 Overhead cables shall be so placed and at such height as to be out of reach of any source of
mechanical damage reasonably to be foreseen in the area where they are erected. For cables to be
installed outdoor, the requirement in subclause 5.2.6 shall be complied with.
5.2.20 Overhead cables shall be installed at a height such that a clear vertical distance between the
lowest part of the overhead cables and the highest point of vehicles, mobile cranes or other mobile
plant likely to pass underneath them is 2 m minimum but under no circumstances shall the clear
height to ground of the overhead cables be less than 5 m where they cross roadways or accessways.
5.2.21 Overhead cables shall be supported by catenary wires or proper cable support in a manner
such that the cables are not subjected to undue mechanical stress. The catenary wires or metallic
cable support shall be effectively bonded to Earth.
5.2.22 Poles supporting overhead cables shall be so located or arranged that the risk of mechanical
or vehicular damage is prevented. Poles shall be sufficiently sized with adequate mechanical strength
and properly anchored.
5.2.23 Metal pole of minimum diameter 100 mm with adequate mechanical strength shall be used.
Poles made of wood or plastic material shall not be used for this purpose.
5.2.24 All cables shall be installed so that they are at least 150 mm clear of piped services such as
steam, gas and water and shall not be located directly below and parallel to these pipes.
5.2.25 All armoured cable terminations shall be provided with cable glands and earth tags for
bonding to associated gland plate and adjacent cables in order to maintain satisfactory earth loop
impedance. The armour of the cable shall not however be relied on as circuit protective conductor for
the cable.
5.2.26 All joints shall be mechanically and electrically sound and fully insulated.

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5.3

Switchgear and controlgear

5.3.1

Enclosure for low-voltage assembly

5.3.1.1 The enclosure of each assembly for the distribution of electricity shall be robustly constructed
so as to have adequate strength and rigidity to resist damage that could result from transportation,
rough handling and heavy objects falling on it.
5.3.1.2 Except for socket-outlet assembly, the enclosure for outdoor installation shall have:
(a)

A degree of protection of at least IP44 to ensure the safe and satisfactory operation of the
enclosed equipment; and

(b)

A roof so designed to prevent stagnation of water on its surface.

NOTE It is recommended that the roof shall extend at least 76 mm beyond the main body of the enclosure.

5.3.1.3 The enclosure shall be so placed, installed and safeguarded:


(a)

To prevent damage by external influences that may affect the design and safe operation of the
equipment; and

(b)

Shall be provided with adequate and safe means of access and working space for operation
and maintenance purposes.

5.3.2

Switchboard and distribution board

5.3.2.1 Every switchboard and distribution board shall incorporate means for isolating and switching
the incoming supply. Isolating switches or circuit breakers used for this purpose shall be suitable for
securing in the OFF position.
5.3.2.2 Every switchboard and distribution board shall be erected to satisfy the requirements of
Clause 4 of this Code.

5.4

Socket-outlets assembly

Socket-outlet assembly shall be used for the connection of portable electrical equipment at locations
where fixed socket-outlets may not be available. The assembly shall fulfil the requirements described
in subclause 5.4.1 to 5.4.5.
5.4.1

Enclosure for socket-outlet assembly

5.4.1.1 The enclosure for the socket-outlet assembly shall be fabricated from:
(a)

Galvanised sheet steel of minimum 1.5 mm thickness finished in epoxy powder coating; or

(b)

Aluminium sheet of minimum 2 mm thickness finished in epoxy powder coating; or

(c)

Self-extinguishing, non-hygroscopic polycarbonate thermoplastic with high impact strength


(6 joule), high resistance to UV rays, high resistance to chemical elements and high
resistance to abnormal heat and fire (glow wire test according to SS 145 Part 2)

5.4.1.2 The degree of protection for the enclosure shall be of minimum IP44 to SS IEC 60529.
5.4.1.3 The enclosure can be of floor standing or wall mounting and shall be totally enclosed with all
live parts protected from direct contact. Floor standing socket-outlet assembly shall be:
(a)

Fitted with supports to afford a minimum clearance of 150 mm from the ground; and

19

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(b)

Provided with handles and lifting lugs.

5.4.1.4 Every cable connection to and from the enclosure shall be by means of plugs and socketoutlets. The plugs and socket-outlets shall be of the appropriate type specified in subclause 5.5.
5.4.2

Single-phase socket-outlet assembly fed from single-phase source

5.4.2.1 The assembly shall be fed from a 32 A single-phase 230 V source.


5.4.2.2 A fixed plug rated at 32 A single-phase 230 V shall be provided to receive the 32 A singlephase 230 V incoming supply. A 32 A double-pole MCB shall be provided to control the incoming
supply.
5.4.2.3 A maximum of up to six numbers of 16A 2-pole and earth socket-outlets shall be provided.
Each socket-outlet shall be controlled by a double-pole MCB not exceeding 16 A current rating. All
socket-outlets shall be protected by residual current circuit breaker complying with Singapore
Standard SS 97 having a rated residual current not exceeding 30 mA.
5.4.3

Single-phase socket-outlet assembly fed from three-phase source

5.4.3.1 The assembly shall be fed from a 32 A three-phase 400 V source.


5.4.3.2 A fixed plug rated at 32 A three-phase 400 V shall be provided to receive the 32 A three-phase
400 V incoming supply. A 32 A 4-pole MCB shall be provided to control the incoming supply.
5.4.3.3 A maximum of nine numbers of 16 A 2-pole and earth socket-outlets shall be provided. Each
socket-outlet shall be controlled by a double-pole MCB not exceeding 16 A current rating. All socketoutlets shall be protected by residual current circuit breaker complying with Singapore Standard SS 97
having a rated residual current not exceeding 30 mA.
5.4.4

Three-phase socket-outlet assembly

5.4.4.1 The assembly shall be fed from a 32 A three-phase 400 V source.


5.4.4.2 A fixed plug rated at 32 A three-phase 400 V shall be provided to receive the 32 A three-phase
400 V incoming supply. A 32 A 4-pole MCB shall be provided to control the incoming supply.
5.4.4.3 A maximum of three numbers of 16 A 4-pole and earth socket-outlets shall be provided. Each
socket-outlet shall be controlled by a TP&N MCB not exceeding 16 A current rating. All socket-outlets
shall be protected by residual current circuit breaker complying with Singapore Standard SS 97 having
a rated residual current not exceeding 30 mA.
5.4.5

Three-phase and single phase socket-outlet assembly

5.4.5.1 The assembly shall be fed from a 32 A three-phase 400 V source.


5.4.5.2 A fixed plug rated at 32 A three-phase 400 V shall be provided to receive the 32 A three-phase
400 V incoming supply. A 32 A 4-pole MCB shall be provided to control the incoming supply.
5.4.5.3 A maximum of two numbers of 16 A 4-pole and earth socket-outlets and a maximum of three
numbers of 16 A 2-pole and earth socket-outlet shall be provided. Each socket-outlet shall be
controlled by a TP&N MCB / double-pole MCB of current rating not exceeding 16 A. All socket-outlets
shall be protected by residual current circuit breaker complying with Singapore Standard SS 97 having
a rated residual current not exceeding 30 mA.
5.4.5.4 The schematic connection arrangements of the socket-outlet assemblies are shown in Figures
1 to 4.

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Figure 1 Example of single-phase socket-outlet assembly fed from single-phase source

Figure 2 Example of single-phase socket-outlet assembly fed from three-phase source

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Figure 3 Example of three-phase socket-outlet assembly

Figure 4 Example of three-phase and single-phase socket-outlet assembly

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5.5

Plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers

5.5.1

All plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers shall comply with the requirements of IEC 60309.

5.5.2 All plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers likely to be exposed to the weather shall be
contained in a weatherproof enclosure unless they are of the weatherproof type (minimum IP44 to SS
IEC 60529).
5.5.3 Plugs of one voltage system shall not be capable of entering socket-outlets of other voltage
systems used in the same site.
5.5.4 Plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers of a 110 V single-phase operation shall be of the 3pin type and the numbered hour position shall be 4H.
NOTE Numbered hour position indicates the position of earth contact-tube in relation to the keyway.

5.5.5 Plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers for use with 230 V single-phase system shall be of
the 3-pin type with the numbered hour position 6H.
5.5.6 Plugs, socket-outlets and cable couplers for use with 400 V three-phase system shall be of
the 5-pin type, 3-pole and neutral and earth, and numbered hour position 6H.
5.5.7 Where several voltages are used in the temporary installation, all plugs, socket-outlets and
cable couplers shall be identified by different colours as given in Table 2.
Table 2 Colour coding

5.5.8 5.5.9
5.5.8

Operating Voltage (V)

Colour

55

White

110

Yellow

230

Blue

400

Red

Connection to socket-outlets

Connection of flexible cables or flexible cords to socket-outlets shall be by means of plugs.

5.5.9 Where heavy electrical plants such as rail-mounted tower cranes requires the use of plugs
and socket-outlets as a convenient form of connection at mains, such plugs and socket-outlets shall
be mechanically interlocked. Electrical interlock can be used as an additional feature.

5.6

Cable for SOA Connection

An extension cable may be used to connect portable equipment to a SOA and such extension cable
shall comply with the following conditions:
(a)

the cable shall be appropriately sized and provided with suitable mechanical protection;

(b)

the cable shall be connected to an industrial plug of appropriate rating on one end and a
switched industrial socket-outlet at the other end to facilitate emergency switching; and

(c)

the industrial plug and switched socket-outlet shall be as specified in clause 5.5.

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5.7

Earthing arrangement and protective conductor

Every earthing arrangement and protective conductor shall be selected and erected to comply with the
requirements of the Singapore Standard CP 5. Attention shall also be paid to the need for
equipotential bonding of extraneous metallic parts.
5.7.1

Protective earthing of metalwork

Metalwork not belonging to the installation including steel scaffolding which is liable to come into
fortuitous contact and become live in the event of a failure of insulation of the installation shall be
effectively earthed at all times.
5.7.2

Earthing of portable appliances and tools

Exposed metalwork of all portable appliances and tools shall be connected to the circuit protective
conductors in the flexible cables or flexible cords unless they are double-insulated as specified in SS
236 or of extra-low voltage system. For further guidance, refer to the appropriate clause in Singapore
Standard CP 16 on earthing of portable appliances and tools.
5.7.3

Earthing of metal sheath and armour of cables

Metal sheath and armour of cables shall be effectively earthed. However, the metal sheath or armour
of the cable shall not be used as circuit protective conductor.
5.7.4

Metal sheath and/or armour of flexible or trailing cables

Metal sheath and/or armour of flexible or trailing cables shall not be the sole circuit protective
conductor but in addition to the earth cores of the cables.
5.7.5

Earthing of metal enclosure for switchboards and distribution boards

Constructional precautions shall be taken to ensure electrical continuity between the exposed
conductive parts of the switchboard and distribution boards and between these parts and the
protective circuits of the installation.

5.8

Other equipment

5.8.1

Light fixtures

Light fixtures used outdoor or at locations where there is likelihood that such fixtures are subjected to
water splashing shall be of the weatherproof type. Light fixtures installed shall be equipped with
suitable guards if they are exposed to risk of mechanical damage.
5.8.2

Portable hand-lamps

Portable hand-lamps supplied through flexible cords shall be of the moulded composition or other type
designed for the purpose and equipped with a handle. Hand-lamps shall also be equipped with
substantial guard attached to the lampholder or the handle.
5.8.3

Prohibited use of lampholders fitted with pin contacts

The use of lampholders fitted with pin contacts intended to be penetrated into tough rubber sheath or
polychloroprene sheath cable is prohibited.

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5.8.4

Electrical welding system

Every a.c. welding set must be equipped with low voltage shock preventor. The preventor shall
effectively reduce the open circuit secondary voltage to a safe level not exceeding 25 V.
The low voltage shock preventors shall be of the built-in type or be housed in a weatherproof metal
casing and effectively secured or locked to prevent tampering by welders and other unauthorised
persons. The workpiece should be connected to the return terminal of the welding set through a
proper return conductor.

5.9

Equipment for reduced voltage system

5.9.1

Plug, socket-outlet and cable coupler of a reduced voltage system

Every plug, socket-outlet and cable coupler of a reduced voltage system shall have a protective
conductor contact and shall not be dimensionally compatible with any plug, socket-outlet or cable
coupler for use at any other voltage or frequency in the same installation.
5.9.2

Switches for reduced voltage circuits

Switches controlling single-phase supplies on installations operating up to and including 110 V shall be
of the double-pole type with circuit protection provided in each line conductor.

Inspection, testing and maintenance

6.1

Electrical installation on site shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the
requirements of Part 7 Inspection and Testing of Singapore Standard CP 5 before installation is
energised.

6.2

Strict maintenance and periodic inspection of the electrical installation and the wiring
distribution system shall be carried out by a skilled person to promote safety and to ensure efficient
operation.

6.3

All temporary electrical installations shall be inspected by a skilled person at least once a
month. Upon completion of the inspection, the skilled person shall complete and sign the checklist
shown in Annex C and hand it over to the operator of the electrical installation or his representative.

6.4

Where any defect or unsafe condition is revealed during the inspection, the skilled person
shall take measures, such as by rectifying the defects, or by isolating or disconnecting the defective
part or parts from electricity supply, to render the electrical installation safe. Appropriate measures
taken shall be clearly indicated in the checklist.

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Annex A
Statutory regulations and associated memoranda
In the Republic of Singapore, temporary electrical installations are required to comply with the statutory
regulations indicated below. The Regulations listed represent the principal legal requirements.
Information concerning those regulations may be obtained from the appropriate authority also
indicated below.
(i)

Public Utilities Act

Public Utilities Board

(ii)

Public Utilities (Electricity)


Regulations

Public Utilities Board

(iii)

Public Utilities (Electricity Supply)


Regulations

Public Utilities Board

(iv)

Public Utilities (Licence To Use


or Operate Electrical or Supply
Installations) Regulations

Public Utilities Board

(v)

Electrical Workers and


Contractors Licensing Act

Public Utilities Board

(vi)

Factories Act (Chapter 104)

Occupational Safety Dept


Ministry of Manpower

(vii)

Factories (Building Operations and


Works of Engineering Construction)
Regulations

Occupational Safety Dept


Ministry of Manpower

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Annex B
Protective conductor proving and earth monitoring systems
The use of flexible cables to supply power at mains voltages to moveable plant introduces special
safety problems in ensuring the continuing efficiency of the earth return path. If the circuit protective
conductor incorporated in the cable becomes damaged or discontinuous, it will no longer provide a
sound metallic return path for the fault current should an earth fault occur.
Earth monitoring and/or protective conductor proving may be employed to alleviate this situation.

B.1

Protective conductor proving system

A protective conductor proving system provides a means of establishing a degree of confidence in the
continuity of the protective conductor from the proving unit to remote protected apparatus. No
provision is made for impedance measuring but designs centred around the use of specialised relays
afford a coarse method of proving.
The proving unit may be connected anywhere between the origin of the installation and the apparatus
to be protected.
Detection of short circuits between pilot and protective conductors may be achieved by the use of d.c.
sensitive relays as a part of the proving system. Continuity may be proved with a shunt connected
voltage sensing device or a series connected current sensing device. In either case the protective
conductor should be a substantial earth path of low impedance. The impedance of the source and
detector combination Z1 (see figure B1) should appear in series with the pilot earth path. The total
impedance of the monitored loop is the algebraic sum of the impedance Z1 and the impedance of the
rest of the loop Z2. A value Z2 in excess of about 10 should prevent the load apparatus being
energised. Furthermore, after the apparatus has been energised, if the monitored loop becomes
open-circuited or increases in impedance beyond about 20 the apparatus should become isolated.
NOTE The impedance values quoted are only examples and the actual values need to be considered in the
light of specific applications.

The proving current circulates in a loop circuit which contains the protective conductor to the
apparatus, a section of the apparatus casing and a suitable return path. It is essential that any plug
and socket and flexible cable therefore provide not only the main protective path but also a return path
which is usually known as a pilot conductor.
It is essential that the proving unit itself be properly earthed in accordance with SS CP 16. The fact
that the earth loop contains a section of the apparatus casing, necessitates the provision of the two
independent earth terminals on the casing, otherwise there would be a risk of both conductors
becoming detached from the casing whilst still maintaining the monitored loop. It is worth noting that
although the main and pilot paths are monitored in series, they function in parallel as far as actual
earth-fault currents are concerned.

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B.2

Earth monitoring system

An earth monitoring system provides a means of maintaining a high degree of confidence in the
impedance level of the protective conductor from the monitoring unit to the remote protected
apparatus. The monitoring unit may be connected between the source of energy (if accessible) and
the apparatus to be protected.
NOTE The source of energy may be, for example, a generator or a transformer.

Earth monitoring depends upon continuous circulation of a small current at a voltage not exceeding
12 V derived from a safety extra low voltage source. An interruption of this current is arranged to bring
about disconnection of the protected apparatus from the supply. The monitoring current circulates in a
loop circuit which contains the protective conductor to the apparatus, a section of the equipment
casing and a suitable return path.
It is therefore essential that any plug and socket and flexible cable provide not only the main protective
path but also a return path which is usually known as the pilot conductor.
It is worth noting that although the main and pilot paths are monitored in series, they function in
parallel as far as actual earth-fault currents are concerned. It is essential that the monitoring unit be
earthed in accordance with SS CP 16. The fact that the earth loop contains a section of the apparatus
casing, necessitates the provision of two independent earth terminals on the casing, otherwise there
would be a risk of both conductors becoming detached from the casing whilst still maintaining the
monitored loop.
The impedance of the protective and pilot conductors forms part of a balanced bridge network (see
figure B2). The balance is disturbed by variations in the parameters of the loop (e.g. open circuit or
short circuit) and this can initiate a signal or disconnection.
Typical impedance sensitivity of the balanced bridge network (in the temperature range -10oC to +4oC)
is 8 2 .
NOTE Further information on earth monitoring and protective conductor proving is given in BS 4444.

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ORIGIN
Proving Unit
L

Apparatus

Supply
terminals

Load
terminals

Z1

V
V
S
S

E2

E1

Z2
Diode
(optional)
P

Key

E1
E2
P
S
V

Z1
Z2

Protective earth terminal


Earth terminal for pilot circuit (this may be internal or external)
Pilot conductor terminal
Sensing device
Extra low voltage source
Impedance of source
Impedance of the loops

NOTE If a diode is not used then a link has to be provided for a direct connection between terminals P and E2.

Figure B1 Basic circuit for protective conductor proving unit

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ORIGIN
Monitoring Unit
L

Apparatus
L

Supply
terminals

Load
terminals

N
E

E
B

E2

E1
Z2

Z1

Diode
P

Key

B
E1
E2
P

Z1
Z2

Balancing sensing network


Protective earth terminal
Earth terminal for pilot circuit (this may be internal or external)
Pilot conductor terminal
Impedance of source
Impedance of the loops

Figure B2 Basic circuit for earth monitoring unit

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Annex C
Temporary electrical installations inspection checklist
for construction and building sites
Site :

__

_______

Date of inspection :

_____________

Installation Licence No :
(1)

_______

________

____

Expiry Date : _____________

SINGLE LINE DRAWINGS (Minimum A3 size)


Drawing No(s) _________________________________ submitted previously on
_______________________ is/are still valid.
New drawing which shows details of loads and circuits are enclosed.
Drawing No. ___________________________________________

(2)

POWER SOURCE
From public electricity supply system:
Approved load
=

____________________ KVA

Incoming circuit breaker rating =

____________________ A

From Generating Set:


Details of generating sets are as follows:
Particulars

Gen Set 1

Gen Set 2

Gen Set 3

Serial No.
Supply
Voltage
(V)

Phase to Phase
Phase to Earth

Rated KVA
Power Factor
Frequency (Hz)
Fuel Used
Mains Circuit Breaker Rating (A)

(3)

DISTRIBUTION VOLTAGES USED (tick accordingly)


400 V 3,

230 V single ,

110 V single ,

55 V single

31

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(4)

EARTHING ARRANGEMENT
C

(5)

4.1

For double-wound 110V 1 transformer, centre tap of


secondary winding is earthed.

4.2

The type of earthing system for electrical installation


supplied from generating set, is TN-S.

4.3

Main earthing terminal or bar is adequately sized and


properly installed.

4.4

Earth inspection chamber is accessible for inspection.

4.5

Bonding of metallic parts, where applicable, is adequate.

GENERATING SET
5.1

Barricaded to prevent access by non-authorised persons.

5.2

Adequate working space around generating set.

5.3

Access to generating set not impeded.

5.4

Generating set not installed in damp or exposed


conditions.

5.5

Generating set not installed in hazardous location.

5.6

All live parts protected against direct contact.

5.7

Adequately sized earthing bar or terminal is provided.

5.8

Proper labelling of earthing conductors provided.

5.9

For 3 generator > 55 V, star-point is earthed.

5.10 For 1 generator > 55 V, neutral is earthed.


5.11 Engine frame and generator frame bonded to earth.
5.12 Bonding of metallic parts, where applicable, is adequate.
5.13 All outgoing supply cables provided with overcurrent and
earth fault protection.
5.14 Protective devices are in operating condition.
(6)

MAINS INCOMING SUPPLY AND EARTH


LEAKAGE PROTECTION
6.1

For incoming supply 300 A 3, a circuit breaker with


residual current device is used.

32

Compliance
NC
NA

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(7)

(8)

6.2

For incoming supply > 300 A 3, a circuit breaker with


overcurrent and earth protective devices are used.

6.3

Residual current circuit breaker with tripping current


100 mA operates within 0.1 s at rated tripping current.

6.4

Earth fault loop impedance is tested for satisfactory


operation against indirect contact.

6.5
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Overall insulation resistance 0.5 M


phase to phase,
phase to earth,
phase to neutral,
neutral to earth.

6.6

Earthing conductor is appropriately sized and properly


terminated.

6.7

Warning signs are displayed at main generating set and


main intake switchboard.

Compliance
NC
NA

As amended
May 2001

DISTRIBUTION BOARD (DB)


7.1

DB is properly installed and earthed.

7.2

Submains cables are properly terminated and installed.

7.3

DB is properly labelled.

7.4

Good protective conductor continuity.

7.5

Warning signs are displayed at distribution boards.

7.6

All outdoor cables are of armoured construction.

7.7

No metal sheath or armour of any cable is used as circuit


protective conductor.

FINAL CIRCUITS
8.1

For final circuits 63 A, RCCB with tripping current 30


mA operates within 0.1 s.

8.2

For final circuits exceeding 63 A but not exceeding 100A,


RCCB with tripping current 300 mA operates within
0.1s.

8.3

For final circuits > 100A, a RCD with tripping current not
exceeding 500mA is provided.

8.4

Insulation resistance to earth of each final circuit 1 M.

33

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C
8.5

Polarity at all socket-outlets is correct.

8.6

All flexible cords, switches, plugs and socket outlets are


in good and serviceable condition.

8.7

Rewireable fuses are not used except for socket-outlet


incorporated with fuses.

8.8

All switches for 1 supply 110 V shall be of doublepole type with protection in each live conductor.

8.9

Colour codes of plug, socket-outlet and cable coupler of


different operating voltages are correct.

8.10 All cables are properly supported.


8.11 Circuit protective conductor is provided for each final
circuit.
8.12 No flexible cord is used as fixed wiring.
(9)

(10)

SOCKET-OUTLET ASSEMBLY
9.1

Socket-outlet assembly is properly installed and earthed.

9.2

Socket-outlet assembly is the recommended type.

9.3

Incoming is a fixed plug (male)

9.4

Outgoing outlets are fixed sockets

9.5

Each fixed socket-outlet protected by approved type


residual current circuit breaker (RCCB), current rating not
exceeding 30 mA and a MCB.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
10.1 Unimpeded access to the main switchboard
10.2 Switchroom locking facilities are provided
10.3 Switchroom shows no sign of water leakage or seepage
10.4 Lighting for switchboard is adequate
10.5 Switchroom ventilation is adequate
10.6 Switchroom is not used for storage
10.7 Switchroom free of vermin and rodents

34

Compliance
NC
NA

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
(11)

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS

Tick accordingly: C
NC
NA

(12)

Comply
Non Comply
Not Applicable

DECLARATION BY LICENCE ELECTRICAL WORKER (SKILLED PERSON)

I declare that the electrical installation is * fit and safe / unfit and unsafe for operation.
* Please delete as appropriate.

Name of LEW : _________________________________

Licence No :

Signature :

Date :

_________________________________

The inspection was witnessed by owner / operator of the electrical installation.


Name of
Representative :
Designation :
Signature :

Date :

35

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

Annex D
As amended
May 2001

Danger signboard

400mm

280mm
NOTE The danger signboard shall have the word DANGER and the operating voltage of the equipment
inscribed:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

In block characters of at least 30 mm high and 5mm wide; and


In the English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil languages; and
In black against a yellow background; and
Be maintained in a clear and legible condition at all times.

It is recommended that the dimensions of the signboard be at least 280mm x 400mm.

36

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001

Annex E
Clauses that are extracted from British standards
Clause no.

Clause Title

British Standard

BS Clause no./Title

2.2

Earth monitoring system

BS 4444 : 1989

2.2 Earth monitoring system

2.8

Site

BS 4363 : 1998

2.1 Site

BS 7375 : 1996

3.5.1 Electrical protection of


circuit. General

3.1.2.2

Supply
voltage
generating sets

from

4.1.3

Protection of circuits

BS 7375 : 1996

3.5.1 Electrical protection of


circuit. General

4.3.5

Protective conductor proving


and earth monitoring systems

BS 7375 : 1996

3.5.5 Protection conductor


proving and earth monitoring
systems

Annex B

Protective conductor proving


and earth monitoring systems

BS 4444 : 1989

3 Earth proving systems


4 Earth Monitoring system

BS 7375 : 1996

37

3.5.5.1 to 3.5.5.3

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Standards referred to:


AS 2790 : 1989

Electricity generating sets Transportable (Up to 25 kW)

AS 3010.1 : 1987

Electrical installations Supply by generating set


Part 1 Internal combustion engine driven set

BS 4363 : 1998

Specification for distribution assemblies for reduced low voltage electricity


supplies for construction and building sites

BS 4444 : 1989

Guide to electrical earth monitoring and protective conductor proving

BS 5345 : -

Code of Practice for selection, installation and maintenance of electrical


apparatus for use in potentially explosive atmosphere (other than mining
applications or explosive processing and manufacture)

BS 6500 : 2000

Specification for electric cables Flexible cords rated up to 300/500 V, for


use with appliances and equipment intended for domestic, office and similar
environments

BS 6708 : 1998

Flexible cables for use at mines and quarries

BS 7375 : 1996

Code of practice for distribution of electricity on construction and building


sites

BS EN 60898 : 1991

Specification for circuit breakers for overcurrent protection for household and
similar installations

IEC 60245-1 : 1994

Rubber insulated cables Rated voltages up to and including 450/750V


Part 1 General requirements

IEC 60309-2 : 1999

Plugs, socket outlets and couplers for industrial purposes


Part 2 Dimensional interchangeability requirements for pin and contact-tube
accessories

SS CP 5 : 1998

Code of Practice for Electrical Installations

SS CP 16 : 1991

Code of practice for Earthing

SS CP 31 : 1996

Code of practice for Installation, operation, maintenance, performance and


constructional requirements of mains failure standby generating systems

SS CP 33 : 1996

Code of practice for lightning protection

SS 97 : Part 1 : 2000

Specification for Residual Current Circuit Breakers without Integral


Overcurrent Protection for Household and Similar Uses (RCCBs)
Part 1 General rules

SS 145 : Part 1 : 1997 Specification for 13A plugs and socket outlets
Part 1 Rewirable and non-wirable 13A fused plugs
SS 145 : Part 2 : 1997 Specification for 13A plugs and socket outlets
Part 2 13A switched and unswitched socket-outlets
SS 358 : Part 5 : 1998 Specification for Polyvinyl chloride insulated cables of rated voltages up to
and including 450/750V
Part 5 Flexible cords

38

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
SS 359 : 1996

Specification for Circuit breakers for overcurrent protection for household and
similar installations

SS 443 : Part 1 : 1998 Specification for Power cables with extruded insulation and their accessories
for rated voltages from 1 kV (Um=1.2 kV) up to 30 kV (Um = 36 kV)
Part 1 Cables for rated voltages of 1 kV (Um = 1.2 kV) and 3 kV (Um = 3.6
kV)
SS IEC 60529 : 1989

Specification for Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)

39

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CP 88 : Part 1 : 2001
ABOUT SPRING SINGAPORE
SPRING Singapore is an agency under the Ministry of Trade and Industry responsible for helping
Singapore enterprises grow and building trust in Singapore products and services. As the national
standards and accreditation body, SPRING develops and promotes an internationally-recognised
standards and quality assurance infrastructure. SPRING also oversees the safety of general
consumer goods in Singapore. As the enterprise development agency, SPRING works with partners
to help enterprises in financing, capability and management development, technology and innovation,
and access to markets.
SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk
#01-02 South Tower, Solaris
Singapore 138628
Tel: 6278 6666
Fax: 6278 6667
E-mail: enterpriseone@spring.gov.sg
Website: http://www.spring.gov.sg

ABOUT THE NATIONAL STANDARDISATION PROGRAMME


Under the national standardisation programme, SPRING Singapore helps companies and industry to
meet international standards and conformity requirements by creating awareness of the importance of
standardisation to enhance competitiveness and improve productivity, co-ordinating the development
and use of Singapore Standards and setting up an information infrastructure to educate companies
and industry on the latest developments.
SPRING Singapore is vested with the authority to appoint a Standards Council to advise on the
preparation, publication and promulgation of Singapore Standards and Technical References and
their implementation.
Singapore Standards are in the form of specifications for materials and products, codes of practice,
methods of test, nomenclature, services, etc. The respective committee or working group will draw
up the standards before seeking final approval from the Standards Council or the relevant Standards
Committee. To ensure adequate representation of all viewpoints in the preparation of Singapore
Standards, all committees appointed consist of representatives from various interest groups which
include government agencies, professional bodies, tertiary institutions and consumer, trade and
manufacturing organisations.
Technical References are transition documents developed to help meet urgent industry demand for
specifications or requirements on a particular product, process or service in an area where there is an
absence of reference standards. Unlike Singapore Standards, they are issued for comments over a
period of two years before assessment on their suitability for approval as Singapore Standards. All
comments are considered when a technical reference is reviewed at the end of two years to
determine the feasibility of its transition to a Singapore Standard. Technical References can
therefore become Singapore Standards after two years, continue as Technical References for further
comments or be withdrawn.
In the international arena, SPRING Singapore represents Singapore in the International Organisation
of Standardisation (ISO), the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) Sub-committee for
Standards and Conformance (SCSC) and in the ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and
Quality (ACCSQ).
The Singapore National Committee of the International Electrotechnical
Commission which is supported by SPRING Singapore, represents Singapore in the IEC.

40
COPYRIGHT

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The
Singapore Standardisation
Programme
is managed by

SPRING Singapore
1 Fusionopolis Walk,
#01-02
South Tower, Solaris

Singapore 138628

Tel
: +65 6278 6666
Fax : +65 6278 6667

www.spring.gov.sg