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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

WCDMA RAN Call


Drop KPI and Relative
Counters
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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Objectives
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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


p

Describe call drop counter system

Know how to calculate call drop KPI

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Contents
1. Definition Of a Call Drop
2. RNC Call Drop Counter system and KPI
3. Cell Call Drop Counter system and KPI

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Call Drop Signaling Procedure

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Normally, the release of service is initiated by the CN.


If RNC triggers IU release or RAB release and the cause is not the following, then it is
defined as call drop.
p User Inactivity
p UE Generated Signaling Connection Release

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Call Drop Rate


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Call drop rate in Statistic:


RNC KPIs (Average Value during N days)

All Service

CDR

CS AMR Call Drop Rate [%]

0.48%

VP Call Drop Rate [%]

0.92%

PS Service Drop Rate [%]

0.34%

HSDPA

CDR

HSDPA Service Drop Rate

0.27%

HSUPA

CDR

HSUPA Service Drop Ratio

0.29%

Call Drop Rate =

Number of Call drops


Number of RAB or Iu Release

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Contents
1. Definition Of a Call Drop
2. RNC Call Drop Counter system and KPI
3. Cell Call Drop Counter system and KPI

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

CS Call Drop Counters (RNC)


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RNC level CS call drop counters categories


p

Based on reasons
n

RF reasons

Non-RF reasons

Based on services:
n

AMR

CS64K

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Call drop KPI should be calculated for CS and PS domain separately.


For analyze, there are call drop counters based on reasons, including RF reasons and NonRF reasons.
For CS domain, there are call drop counters for AMR service and video call service.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

CS Call Drop Counters (RNC)


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Number of CS call drops due to RF


p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF.RNC

Number of CS call drops due to Abnormal Reasons (Non RF


reasons)
p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm.RNC

Number of CS service normal releases


p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Norm.RNC

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If the RNC has sent an IU RELEASE REQUEST message or a RAB RELEASE REQUEST
message with the release cause of "Radio Connection With UE Lost" or "Failure in the
Radio Interface Procedure", RNC measures these by RF reason counters.
After the RABs have been successfully set up, the RNC releases the related RABs if an
exception occurs .These abnormal released RABs include all released RABs except the
following causes: Normal Release, RF Failures . For example, the AAL2 link on the Iu
interface becomes abnormal, RNC measures these by abnormal reason counters.
After call drop , according to different services, RNC measures the counters for AMR
services and video call services also.
The counters for normal RAB release are used to calculate call drop rate.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

RNC Level CS Service Call Drop KPI


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According to Huawei definition, the CS Service Call Drop Rate


for RNC is calculated by the following formula

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF.RNC + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm.RNC
VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF.RNC + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm.RNC + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Norm

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Similar counters are defined for PS services based on release reason and Max bit rate.
Because of some specific UE, UE signaling trigged releases are not taken as call drop. That
means VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm.RNC exclude UE signaling trigged releases .

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

CS Call Drop Counters (RNC)


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Number of AMR call drops for CS AMR service


p

Number of AMR service normal releases


p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Norm.AMR (cell level counter)

Number of VP call drops for CS VP service


p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.AMR.RNC

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Conv64K.RNC

Number of VP service normal releases


p

VS.Norm.Rel.CS.Conv.RB.64 (cell level counter)

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After call drop , according to different services, RNC measures the counters for AMR
services and video call services.
Here , the RNC level service normal releases is the sum of the cell level counters.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Questions
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How to calculate RNC level AMR and VP services call drop Rate ?

In your opinion, among these KPIs, which one is the most


important for you?

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RNC level AMR call drop rate:

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.AMR.RNC
VS.RAB.Loss.CS.AMR.R NC + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Norm.AMR

RNC level VP call drop rate:

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Conv64K.RNC
VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Conv64K.RNC + VS.Norm.Rel.CS.Conv.RB.64

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

PS Call Drop Counters (RNC)


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RNC level PS call drop counters categories


p

Based on reasons
n

RF reasons

Non-RF reasons

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For PS domain, there are call drop counters for services with different typical rates.
For analyze, same as the CS counters ,there are call drop counters based on reasons,
include RF reasons and Non-RF reasons.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

PS Call Drop Counters (RNC)


l

Number of PS service call drops due to RF


p

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF.RNC

Number of PS service call drops due to Abnormal Reasons (Non


RF reasons)
p

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm.RNC

Number of PS service normal releases


p

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Norm

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Similar counters are defined for PS services based on release reason .

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

RNC Level PS Service Call Drop KPI


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According to Huawei definition, the PS Service Call Drop Rate


for RNC is calculated by the following formula

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF.RNC + VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm.RNC
VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF.RNC + VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm.RNC + VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Norm

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Similar counters are defined for PS services based on release reason and Max bit rate.
Because of some specific UE, UE signaling trigged releases are not taken as call drop. That
means VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm.RNC exclude UE signaling trigged releases .

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Contents
1. Definition Of a Call Drop
2. RNC Call Drop Counter system and KPI
3. Cell Call Drop Counter system and KPI

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Contents
3. Cell Call Drop Counter system and KPI
3.1 R99 Service Call Drop Counter System and KPI
3.2 HSPA Service Call Drop Counter System and KPI

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

CS Call Drop Counters (CELL)


l

Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC due to


RF Failures , RNC measure these counters in the best cell
p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF

Number of abnormally released RABs in the best cell (Non RF


reasons)
p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm

Number of Normally Released RABs


p

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Norm

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After a call drop, according to the call drop reason, RNC measure these counters in the
best cell.
The call drop reasons include RF reasons , abnormal reasons.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Cell Level CS Call Drop KPIs


l

According to Huawei definition, the CS Service Call Drop Rate


for a cell is calculated by the following formula

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm
VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm + VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Norm

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

CS RF Call Drop Counters (CELL)


l

Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC due to RF


Failures VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF includes:
p

Number of CS domain RAB releases triggered by the RNC due to RLC reset
n

Number of CS domain RAB releases triggered by the RNC due to Uplink


Synchronization Fail
n

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF.RLCRst

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF.ULSync

Number of the CS domain RAB releases triggered by the RNC due to


Failure in the Radio Interface Procedure
n

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.RF.UuNoReply

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RF call drop may be caused by several reasons:


p RLC layer reset
p Physical layer Uplink Synchronization Fail
p Failure in the Radio Interface Procedure
Based on these reasons, three counters are defined.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

CS Abnormal Call Drop Counters (CELL)


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Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC due to


Non-RF Failures VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Abnorm include:
p

Cause of "O&M Intervention"


n

Cause of "RAB pre-empted"


n

VS.RAB.RelReqCS.RABPreempt

Cause of CELL Congestion


n

VS.RAB.RelReqCS.OM

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Congstion.CELL

Cause of Iu Interface AAL2 Link Failure


n

VS.RAB.Loss.CS.Aal2Loss

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Cause of "O&M Intervention: by LMT, any user or service can be released manually.
Cause of "RAB pre-empted and CELL Congestion are related to load control algorithm.
Cause of Iu Interface AAL2 Link Failure is related to the Iu transmission.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

PS Call Drop Counters (CELL)


l

Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC due to


RF Failures
p

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF

Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC (Non


RF reasons)
p

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm

Number of Normally Released RABs


p

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Norm

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After a call drop, according to the call drop reason, RNC measure these counters in the
best cell.
The call drop reasons include RF reasons , abnormal reasons.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Cell Level PS Call Drop KPIs


l

According to Huawei definition, the PS Service Call Drop Rate


for a cell is calculated by the following formula
VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF + VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm
VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF + VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm + VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Norm

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

PS Call Drop Counters (CELL)


l

Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC due to RF


Failures VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF include:
p

Number of PS domain RAB releases triggered by the RNC due to RLC reset
n

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF.RLCRst

Number of PS domain RAB releases triggered by the RNC due to Uplink


Synchronization Fail
n

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF.ULSync

Number of the PS domain RAB releases triggered by the RNC due to


Failure in the Radio Interface Procedure
n

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.RF.UuNoReply

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RF call drop can be caused by several reasons:


p RLC layer reset
p Physical layer Uplink Synchronization Fail
p RRC layer procedure failure
Based on these reasons, three counters are defined.
Because of PS traffic and signaling are configured with RLC AM ,so RLC reset for PS
include SRB reset and TRB reset, measured by VS.RAB.Loss.PS.SRBReset and
VS.RAB.Loss.PS.TRBReset.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

PS Call Drop Counters (CELL)


l

Number of Abnormally Released RABs Triggered by RNC due to


Abnormal Failures VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Abnorm include:
p

Cause of "O&M Intervention"


n

Cause of "RAB pre-empted"


n

VS.RAB.RelReqPS.RABPreempt

Cause of CELL Congestion


n

VS.RAB.RelReqPS.OM

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.Congstion.CELL

Cause of GTPU Failure


n

VS.RAB.Loss.PS.GTPULoss

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The counters for abnormal failures are similar with the CS counters.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Questions
l

How to calculate Cell level AMR and VP services call drop Rate ?

In these call drop counters, which one may be caused by


missing neighbors?

Can you tell the procedure of the call drop caused by missing
neighbors?

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Missing neighbors may cause RF call drops.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Contents
3. Cell Call Drop Counter system and KPI
3.1 R99 Service Call Drop Counter System and KPI
3.2 HSPA Service Call Drop Counter System and KPI

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Cell HSDPA Call Drop Counters


l

Number of Abnormally Released HSDPA Services due to RF


p

Number of Abnormally Released HSDPA Services due to Non-RF


p

VS.HSDPA.RAB.Loss.RF

VS.HSDPA.RAB.Loss.Abnorm.NonRF

Number of Normally Released HSDPA Services


p

VS.HSDPA.RAB.Loss.Norm

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If the RAB is set up for the HSDPA service, the RNC measures the items in the HSDPA cell
that the UE camps on after HSDPA call drop.
The call drop reasons could be RF or abnormal (Non-RF) reasons.
Because of some specific UE, UE signaling trigged releases are not taken as call drops,
these releases are included in VS.HSDPA.RAB.Loss.Norm

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Cell HSDPA Call Drop Counters


l

Number of Abnormally Released HSUPA Services


p

VS.HSUPA.RAB.Loss.Abnorm

Number of Normally Released HSUPA Services


p

VS.HSUPA.RAB.Loss.Norm

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VS.HSUPA.RAB.Loss.Abnorm , this measurement item takes statistics of the number of


all HSUPA RABs abnormally released by the RNC in a cell.

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Cell Level HSPA Service Call Drop KPIs


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Cell level HSDPA service call drop rate :

VS.HSDPA.R AB.Loss.RF + VS.HSDPA.R AB.Loss.Abnorm.NonRF


VS.HSDPA.R AB.Loss.RF + VS.HSDPA.R AB.Loss.Abnorm.NonRF + VS.HSDPA.R AB.Loss.Norm

Cell level HSUPA service call drop rate :


VS.HSUPA.RAB.Loss.Abnorm
VS.HSUPA.R AB.Loss.Abnorm + VS.HSUPA.R AB.Loss.Norm

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WCDMA RAN Call Drop KPI and Relative Counters

Thank you
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