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Mental Depression is a State of Sadness,

Mental Depression is a State of Sadness,

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Published by: lyn4new on Jan 31, 2010
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05/16/2012

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Mental depression is a state of sadness, decreased initiative, and introversion.

It is ordinarily a reaction to a sense of loss; as such, it may be a normal response to a real person tragedy, such as the death of a loved one. There are 4 types of mental depression: major depression, dysthymia, adjustment disorder with depressed mood, and bipolar disorder. Major depression is probably one of the most common forms of depression and it’s the more severe but short-lasting type of depression. In contrast of major depression, the dysthymia is the longerlasting but less severe form of depression. A third form of depression may diagnose is called adjustment disorder with depressed mood. It refers to a depressive reaction to a specific life event (such as a death, divorce, or other loss), when adjusting to the loss takes longer than the normally expected timeframe or is more severe than expected and interferes with the person's daily activities. The last type of depression is the bipolar disorder. The bipolar disorder is another depressive condition that involves periods of major depression mixed with periods of mania, a term for abnormally high mood and extreme bursts of unusual activity or energy. These types of depression may occur in 10% to 20% of the world’s population in the course of a lifetime. Relatives of patients with mental depression also seem to be at some higher risk of becoming depressed and about 2% of the population may have a chronic disorder, a depression that lasts for at least 2 years, known as a depressive personality. Speaking of gender, women are more often affected than men, by a two to one ratio. One of the most common periods where they seem to be at a particular risk is in the period prior to menstruation or following childbirth. (New and others 2007) You may know if a person is depressed if he shows at least four of the symptoms for two weeks. If he has poor appetite and significant weight loss or increased appetite and significant weight gain, insomnia or increased sleep, agitation or retardation of movement and thought, loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities or decrease in sexual drive, fatigue and loss of energy,

feelings of worthless or excessive or inappropriate guilt, diminish ability to think or concentrate or indecisiveness, recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts, and a feeling that he can’t explain and made him lonely and cry, then a person may be considered to have experienced a mental depression. (Grigg 2006) Mental depression has no single cause; often, it results from a combination of things. You may have no idea why depression has struck you. Some of the more common factors involved in depression are trauma and stress, family history, pessimistic personality, physical conditions and other psychological disorders. People can get stressed for thinking of so many things like financial problems, breakup of a relationship, or the death of a loved one. You can become depressed after changes in your life, like starting a new job, graduating from school, or getting married. Genetics play an important part of depression because it can run in families for generations and there’s a possibility that depression can’t be stop. Having a low self-esteem and a negative outlook of your life may also lead to depression at a higher risk. Diseases can contribute to depression, especially when the person is experiencing physical weakness and stress. In some cases, medications used to treat medical conditions may cause depression. There are many factors that cause depression like anxiety disorders; eating disorders, schizophrenia, and (especially) substance abuse often appear along with depression. But if you know what you’re going through then you may be able to avoid depression. (Glavo and others 2001) Mental depression may lead depressed individuals to be slow and less productive, to be indecisive and uncertain, and to make more mistakes during their work. At home they will lack interest in their family and will be unable to enjoy their company and shared activities, and to participate in family life. They will be unable to demonstrate affection for loved ones and uninterested in love-making. They will tend to avoid friends and social gatherings, and be unable to derive satisfaction from hobbies and leisure interests. Individuals suffering from a mild form

of illness would be distressed by their symptoms but able to continue activities in all areas of life albeit with greater efforts. With increasing symptoms, performance of social, work and domestic activities becomes possible only with significantly greater effort until activity beyond the short term keeping of body and soul together becomes quite impossible. This may lead them to suicide and they will not only hurt their selves but also their family and friends. (Skapinakis 2008) Suicide is an act of intentionally taking owns life. Suicide may have psychological origins such as the difficulty of coping with depression or other mental disorders it may be motivated by the desire to test the affection of loved ones or to punish their lack of support with the burden guilt. Suicide is generally accepted that most suicides occur among persons with demonstrable mental-health problems, most often depression. One of the symptoms of depression is recurrent thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts. Preventing depression may also lead to preventing suicide or preventing yourself to take your own life. Suicide can be prevented through mental-health services and therapists, different types of services and if unbearable psychological pain, from which the person desires to escape, is reduced to tolerable levels. If suicide can be prevented, then a mentally depressed person is starting to treat himself to be able to be the person who he is before experiencing depression. (Wolff 2006) Mental depression involves the brain's delicate chemistry — specifically, it involves chemicals called neurotransmitters. These chemicals help send messages between nerve cells in the brain. Certain neurotransmitters regulate mood, and if they run low, people can become depressed, anxious, and stressed. Stress also can affect the balance of neurotransmitters and lead to depression. Sometimes, a person may experience depression without being able to point to any particular sad or stressful event. People who have a genetic predisposition to depression may be more prone to the imbalance of neurotransmitter activity that is part of depression. Medications

that doctors use to treat depression work by helping to restore the proper balance of neurotransmitters. (New 2007) People who have mental depression can help their selves and their friends can help them too. If you’re mentally depressed, you must see your doctor, take your medications, don’t become isolated, avoid alcohol and recreation drugs, and most especially, take care of yourself. You may also find a way to relax, talk to your friends, and get some exercise. These may help you to feel better. Sometimes even people who are depressed don't take their condition seriously enough. Some people feel that they are weak in some way because they are depressed. This is wrong — and it can even be harmful if it causes people to hide their depression and avoid getting help. If your friend is mentally depressed, you may respond with love, kindness, or support, hoping that the sadness will soon pass. They may offer to listen if the person wants to talk. If the depressed feeling doesn't pass with a little time, friends or loved ones may encourage the person to get help from a doctor, therapist, or counselor. But honestly, some people don't really understand about depression. For example, they may react to a depressed person's low energy with criticism, yelling at the person for acting lazy or not trying harder. Some people mistakenly believe that depression is just an attitude or a mood that a person can shake off. It's not that easy. (Robb 20008)

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