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ABSTRACT ALGEBRA MANUAL:

PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

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ABSTRACT ALGEBRA MANUAL:


PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

AYMAN BADAWI

Nova Science Publishers, Inc.


Huntington, NY

Senior Editors: Susan Boriotti and Donna Dennis


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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data


Badawi, Ayman.
Abstract algebra manual: problems and solutions / Ayman Badawi
p. cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN:  (eBook)


1. Algebra, Abstract. I. Title.

QA162 .B33 2001


512.02dc21
2001031272

Copyright 2001 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc.


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INDEX

Abelian, 5
automorphisms, 2

distinct powers, 3
distinct prime numbers, 3
divisor, 3
divisor, positive, 4
domain, 62
domain, integral, 65
domain, principal ideal, 69

B
Binomial Expansion Theorem, 68

C
cancelation, left-, 32
cancelation, right-, 32
centralizer, 1
closed, 3
closure, 11
common divisor, greatest, 1
common divisor, least, 1
common entries, 4
complex numbers, all nonzero, 29
contradiction, 11
cosets, 1
cosets, left, 21
cycle, even, 19
cycles, disjoint, 4, 18
cyclic group, infinite, 35
cyclic, 3

E
element, 2
element, nilpotent, 62
element, non-identity, 8, 49
elements, distinct, 3, 13
elements, nilpotent, 55

F
field, 56
field, extension, 58, 93
field, finite extension, 58
field, finite, 59
field, infinite, 85
field, some extension, 96
field, splitting, 92
finite group, 4

108
finite index, 29
finite set, 2
finite, order, 3

G
generators, 16
group homomorphism, 5, 34
group homomorphism, nontrivial, 37
group isomorphism, 36
group, Abelian, 13
group, cyclic, 3
group, finite Abelian, 36
group, infinite cyclic, 16
group, infinite, 17
group, non-Abelian, 24, 47
group, non-cyclic Abelian, 17
group, non-cyclic, 25
group, unit, 2
group-axioms, 11

H
homomorphism, ring, 34

I
ideal , maximal, 67
ideal domain, principle, 56
ideal, nonzero prime, 88
ideal, prime, 65
ideal, principal, 67
ideal, proper, 66
ideals, all prime (maximal), 88
ideals, prime (maximal), 81
idempotent, 62
identity matrix, 63
infinite order, 3, 15, 85
integer, even, 70
integer, odd, 70
integer, positive, 4
integers, 27
integral domain, 55, 73

A. Badawi
integral domain, finite 73
integer, positive, 2, 31
integers, 2
isomorphic, 2
isomorphisms, 2

L
least common multiple, 4
linear factors, 90

M
matrix, square, 2
matrix-multiplication, 2
maximal ideal, 56, 57
maximal order, 53
module, multiplication, 2
module, intergers, 2
multiplicative identity, 77
multiplicity, 86

N
nilpotent, 63
non-Albelian, 45
nonzero-ring homomorphism, 83
normalizer, 1
number, prime, 2, 23
numbers, all rational, 55
numbers, all real, 55
numbers, complex, 2
numbers, rational, 2

O
ONTO, 80,

P
permutation of a finite set, 4
permutations, 2
polynomial, 55
polynomial, irreducible, 59, 90

Abstract Algebra Manual: Problems and Solutions


polynomial, nonzero, 56
polynomials, monic irreducible, 57, 102
prime number, 5, 8

R
rational numbers, all nonzero, 28
rational numbers, all positive, 28
real number, positive, 44
real numbers, all nonzero negative, 29
real numbers, all nonzero positive, 29
relatively prime, 3
ring homomorphism, 56, 80
ring isomorphism, 77
ring, commutative, 55, 65
ring, finite commutative, 73
ring, finite, 74
ring, non-commutative, 61
root, common, 99
root, multiple, 99

S
subgroup of finite index, proper, 28
subgroup, 1

subgroup, Abelian normal, 33


subgroup, cyclic, 2
subgroup, finite, 17
subgroup, normal cyclic, 30
subgroup, normal, 1, 5, 26
subgroup, proper, 22
subgroup, smallest, 15
subgroup, Sylow p-, 5
subgroup, unique, 4, 18
subgroups, proper, 17
subring isomorphic, 79
subring, 68
Sylow p-subgroups, 52
Sylow q-subgroups, 48

U
unit, 74

Z
zero (root), 56
zero divisor, 74
zero divisors, 55

109