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You are on page 1of 48

Val O'Dowd

Marino Insitute of Education

My learning intentions

That you would be enabled to:

Explain what happens to decimal numbers when they are

Use an example to show how the use of of in relation to

Explain the importance of estimation

Give examples of some erroneous messages that can be

X

Multiply

whole number (4th/5th class)

Units

Tenths

2 4

2.4

x4

Thats more than a unit so...

exchange for a unit

1 unit and 6/10

4 lots of 2 units = 8 plus the

1 unit

2.4

x1 4

9.6

number

Calculator method

Enter 1.35 x 6

Answer 8.1

Interpret as 8.10

Non-calculator method

135 cent

X6

810 Change to and cent

Or

1.35 (x 100 to make 135)

x6

810

Count decimal places 8.10

8.10

2 x 10 multiplying whole nos. by 10 (and multiples of 10)

0.2 x 10 multiplying a decimal by multiples of 10

4 x 0.2 multiplying whole numbers by a decimal

0.2 x 4 multiplying a decimal by a whole number

0.2 x 0.4 multiplying a decimal by a decimal

Units

Tenths

Hundredths

0.2 x 10

Units

Tenths

Hundredths

Ten groups of 0.2 or 2/10s

Units

Tenths

Hundredths

0.23 or 23/100

Units

Tenths

Hundredths

2.3 or 2 3/10

that is 10 times bigger than 3.14

H

1/10

1/100

3 1 4

3.14, 14.56, 0.45

that is 10 times bigger than 3.14

H

3 1

3.14, 14.56, 0.45

1/10

1/100

.

0 8 1

Now show me a number ten times bigger

(smaller), 100 times bigger

Target

Boards

60

0.6

6.06

60.06

6.66

600

0.66

606

Pick a number

Make all these numbers ten times bigger/smaller

0.234 + 2.341 = 2 575

47.099 - 3.9 = 43 199

2.0004 0.5

= 4 0008

childs understanding of decimals?

150g cooking chocolate

175g rice krispies

Make this recipe to serve 100 people for

the school fair.

What do the children need to know?

How should they lay out their work?

How could I make the activity more

challenging? Easier?

(increase recipe for 100 people)

150g cooking chocolate

175g rice krispies

175g x 10 = 1750g (1.75 kg)

Extension activity:

If cooking chocolate costs 6.50 per kg

and a kilo box of krispies costs 3.50. How

much will we have to budget for? How much

will we charge per bun to make a profit?

Multiplying by 10

1.234567

12.34567

123.4567

1234.567

12345.67

123456.7

decimal number (6th class)

What people sometimes think

1x1=1

Therefore

0.1 x 0.1 = 0.1

BUT

You are now multiplying

1/10 by 1/10 so

1/10

1/10

2/10

3/10

4/10

5/10

6/10

7/10

8/10

9/10

10/10

1/10 of 1/10

is the same

as

1/10 x 1/10

1/10

X 10

X 100

20

200

X 1000

2000

0.2

2.0

20.0

200.0

0.02

0.2

2.0

20.0

X

4

0.4

0.04

36

4 of 36

4/10 of 36

4/100 of 36

3.6

0.36

4 of 3 and 4 of less

a bit

than one

unit

4/10 of 3 and

a bit

4/10 of

36/100

X

4

0.4

0.04

36

3.6

0.36

36

3.6

0.36

144

14.4

1.44

0.4

14.4

0.04

1.44

0.144

Divide

division inverse of multiplication

20 10 dividing whole nos. by 10 (and multiples of 10)

0.2 10 dividing a decimal by 10 (and multiples of 10)

0.2 4 dividing a decimal by a whole number

0.2 0.4 dividing a decimal by a decimal

Units

Tenths

Hundredths Thousandths

1.23 10

Units

Tenths

1

10

Hundredths Thousandths

1

100

= .123 or 123/1000

1

1000

ten times smaller

10

100

40

0.4

0.4

0.04

0.4

0.04

0.004

than one by a number less than one?

Try this

Divide a whole

Divide a decimal by a

number by a decimal

whole number

240 5

240 0.5

240 0.05

48 35 5

480 3.5 5

0.7

4800 0.35 5

0.07

Remember the two models

of division?

Division as sharing and division as grouping?

How many 5s in 35?

How many 5s in 3.5? (must be less than 1)

How many 5s in 0.35?

Divide a whole number by a decimal

How many 5s in 240 ?

How many 0.5 () in 240

How many 0.05 (5/100) in 240?

whole number

Units

Tenths

2 4

4 2.4

Exchange for tenths

4 into 24/10s goes 6 times

Useful tip

Make it real change the units

246 x 8

(ignore the decimal point?)

numbers and then multiply/divide by 10/100/1000

Dont just say count the decimal places

show that the digits move

6th class

Divide a decimal by

a decimal

2.5 0.5 = 5

2.05 0.5 = 4.1

using a calculator

Suggested approaches

2. Change the units e.g. money 71.46 0.18

(7146 cent 18 cent)

6.8 1.7 (68 17)

A decimal is

a fraction

written as

a decimal

Decimals are

part of life

e.g. measures

Equivalence

same value,

different

appearance

The decimal

point does not move,

the numbers get

bigger and smaller.

e.g. x 10 you add a zero, or multiplication makes

numbers bigger, division makes them smaller

REMEMBER

4 x 10 =

40 BUT

4 x 36 = 144

BUT

240 5 = 48 BUT

0.4 x 10 = 4

0.4 x 0.36 =

0.144

Decimals 2 Quiz

1. Explain what happens to decimal numbers when they are

2. Use an example to show how the use of of in relation to

3. Explain the importance of estimation in calculations with

decimals

4. Give examples of some erroneous messages that can be

given to children in relation to decimals.

READING

Haylock, D. (2010) Mathematics

Explained for Primary Teachers

Chapter 18

Possible Resources

Fraction/decimal/percentage circles or

walls

Paper folding

Cubes

Games

Target Boards/Number fans

Money

Base 10 materials

Decimal squares

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