P. 1
Wetland Center

Wetland Center

|Views: 22|Likes:
Published by abhisheksanker

More info:

Published by: abhisheksanker on Feb 01, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/07/2010

pdf

text

original

CASE STUDIES 1.

Hongkong Wetland Park Wetland Conservation

CONTEXT

Tin Shui Wai, was a rural area with farmland, fishponds and also a large natural wetland It is also the route of migratory birds

CONTEXT

The area of Tin Shui Wai was chosen as a location to develop largescale residential housing.
Wetlands had to be destroyed for the housing development

SITE LOCATION

Mitigation of habitat loss due to urban development in Tin Shui Wai Act as a buffer between Tin Shui Wai and the Inner Deep Bay Ramsar Site.

MAI PO

WETLAND PARK

RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT

Developmental Pressure Lack of regulations Rail project cutting across wetlands ‘no net-loss ’ principle: area and function pollution

THREATS

ZONING -WETLANDS

Core Zone: undisturbed, largely natural area. Biodiversity Management Zone: focus for biodiversity conservation, education Public Access Zone: Managed access will be allowed in order to raise awareness

Wise Use Zone: existing wetlands to be used in an ecologically sustainable manner
Private Land Zone: development subject to land use restrictions.

Wetland Conservation Area (WCA) Construction allowed if it is devoted to the conservation or environmental education

Wetland Buffer Area (WBA) 500m strip of land surrounding the landward boundary of the WCA.

ZONING -WETLANDS

CORE ZONE

BIODIVERSITY MGMT ZONE

PUBLIC ACCESS

WISE USE ZONE

HONG KONG WETTLAND PARK, CITY OF HONG KONG, CHINA Landscape architects: Urbis Limited Architects: Arch SD (Architectural Services Department, HKSAR) Completion: December 2005 Area: 64 hectares

HONGKONG WETLAND PARK

OBJECTIVE

to provide opportunities for mitigation of the substantial loss of wetland habitats of Mai Po due to urban development

new tourist attractions and facilities were developed to sustain the long-term growth of the tourism industry

CONCEPT

avoidance ,minimization and compensation the management of human activity to avoid conflict with the key environmental principles is a principal determinant of the adopted layout.

No Public

Discovery Centre

Bird Hides

Entrance & Visitor Centre

HIERARCHY AND PROFILE OF BUILDINGS

Transition from built to unbuilt

VISITOR CENTRE

The visitor facilities can be divided into two main components • indoor visitor centre •outdoor Exhibit areas

INDOOR VISITOR CENTRE

Area: 6,000 sq m. Objective Indirect participation with the wetland ecosystem. Design Exhibition hall, audio visual room

sculpted as an integral part of the landscape

DESIGN ELEMENTS

Landscaped roof and sky lighting

•Eco friendly •Low energy consumption

DESIGN ELEMENTS

Timber louvers

•Shading •Visual and Sound Barrier for bird nesting Air conditioning methods •Cross Ventilation •Geothermal Heat pump (low sound emission)

OUT-DOOR EXHIBIT

Objective Create awareness on traditional techniques Design demonstration gardens Ponds/pools Farmyards Fish ponds Outdoor classrooms

ROUTES

ROUTES

Route I Length 500m Floating board way From north fringe of visitors centre Three-storey observatory tower at the end of route I

Route II Length 2000m Floating board way Walk through wet grassland and scrub High viewing point I

DISCOVERY CENTRE

Objective Direct participation with ecosystem
Design Activity Oriented Zone Wetland education imparted through activities

BIRDS HIDE\OBSERVATION HIDES

Observation hides have been constructed Commanding view over the northern part of the Reserve Walk through wet grassland and scrub Minimum disturbance by human movements

Observatory

NO PUBLIC ZONE

Ramsar Site

OTHER SUSTAINABLE CONCEPTS

•Usage of locally available materials •Reuse and recycled building materials •Use of native landscape species

CONCLUSION

Ecological conservation Economic development Significance of Environmental Impact Assessment in tourism projects

INFERENCES

Factors to be considered:
•Environmental issues •Geology, flora and fauna •Construction techniques and materials •Transportation and linkages •Community participation •Eco sensitive construction management

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->