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Hierarchic: 4 Main Ideas

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Makes Sense
Sense Strategies
Strategies
Makes
Name:
Rebekah Bridges

2008 Edwin Ellis, All Rights Reserved Published by Makes Sense Strategies, LLC, Northport, AL www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

Date:

StudentTeamsAchievementDivisionsModel

2/26/15

Is about

acooperativelearningstrategythatteachesskillsandconceptsthroughstudentspracticinginmultiabilityteams
Main idea

Theoretical
Foundation/Planning

TheoreticalFoundation
A.VygotskysSocialDevelopmentTheory
Socialinteractionsiscriticalinlearning
B.DevelopedbyRobertSlavin
Groundedincooperativelearning
Planning
A.PlanningforWholeGroupInstruction
Clearlearningobjectives(knowledge),highquality
examples,andpromotinginteractionareimportant
B.OrganizingGroups
Creategroupsbeforehandthatdifferinability,
gender,andethnicityof4or5
C.PlanningforTeamStudy
Havehighqualitymaterialstoguideinteractionsin
groups;materialsshouldrequireconvergent
answers
D.CalculatingBaseScores&ImprovementPoints
Theremustbeequalopportunityforsuccess;
improvementpointsareawardedfortest/quiz
scoreshigherthanbasescore;studentsshould
receivemaxscoreiftheydeserveitregardlessof
basescore;studentswontimproveonsome
quizzes,soadaptingthepointsystemhelpsthis

Main idea

Implementing

A.Phase1:Instruction
Theskill/conceptisexplainedand
modeledasawholegrouptodevelop
studentunderstanding&provide
practice
B.Phase2:TransitiontoTeams
Studentsmovefromthewholegroup
instructiontoteamstudies
C.Phase3:TeamStudy
Studentspracticetheskill/conceptin
groupswithnewcontent;teammembers
providefeedback;teachermonitors
teams
D.Phase4:RecognizingAchievement
Teachergivesoutimprovementpoints
andteamawards;assessmentsbasedon
individualbasis&notpeercomparison

Main idea

Assessment/Motivation

A.AssessingUnderstandingofContent
Traditionalassessments,likeshort
answer/multiplechoicequizzes,used
B.AssessingGroupProcesses
Informallyassessed&isnotusedas
basisforgrades
Youwanttoknowifstudentsaretaking
personalresponsibility&being
productivemembers;askquestionslike:
Areallmemberscontributing?Aresome
membersdominating?Isthegroup
positive&supportive?Doboys&girls
contributeequally?Arediversestudents
participating?
Alsomakenoteofexplainingcontent,
notetaking&organizationalskills;an
observationalchecklisthelps

Main idea

Motivations/Modifications

Motivation
A.Assessments
Basedonindividualperformance
B.TeamScoring
Pointsserveasmotivators
C.TeamAwards
Anythingfromstandinginclasstocertificates
motivatesstudents
D.Groupwork
Studentdiscussionandgroupworkencourage
studentengagement
Modifications
A.DevelopingSocialSkillsinTechnology
MediatedCommunication
Certainsocialskillsshouldbefollowed
electronically,likekeepingmessagesshort,
creatingapleasanttone,andusingcorrect
grammar.
B.CooperativeLearning/DiscussionwithStudents
ofDifferentAges
Younglearnerscanbenefitfromdiscussionsand
cooperativelearningiflessonsareshortand
organizedwithcleardirections.Theymustuse
familiarmaterials,aswell,likeastorythatthey
justread.

So what? What is important to understand about this?

TheSTADmodelfocusesongroupworkandstudentshelpingeachothertoreachacommongoalofunderstandingconceptsandskills.Whenstudentspracticewith
peers,theylearnnotonlyclassroomcontentbutalsosocialskills.Thepointandawardsystemserveasmotivatorsforstudentstoworkhardandimprove.