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`mKw 1

172

`mKw 1

2. kqdXp _Izdx
aZo-\-bn Ah-X-cn-¨Xv þ hN-\-§Ä 286 þ hn`mKw (dp-Iq-Dv) 40

hnip² IzpÀ-B-\nse Gä-hpw-h-enb kqd-¯m-Wn-Xv. CXnsâ an¡-`m-Khpw
\_n Xncp-ta-\n -bpsS aZo\m Pohn-X-¯nsâ BZy-Im-e-§-fn Ah-X-cn-¨-Xm-Ip¶p. Npcp¡w Nne Bb-¯p-IÄ Ah-km-\-Im-e-§-fn Ah-X-cn-¨-h-bp-am-Wv.
IzpÀBsâ Ah-XcWw BZywsXm«-h-km-\whsc {Ia-¯n-tem, Hmtcm kqd-¯pIfmtbm Bbn-cp-¶-nsÃ-¶pw, kµÀ`hpw Bh-iyhpw A\p-k-cn¨p ]e-t¸m-gmbn AhX-cn-¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p ]Xn-sh-¶pw, A¸-t¸mÄ Ah-X-cn-¡p¶ `mK-§Ä C¶n¶
kqd-¯p-I-fn C¶n¶ `mK¯p tNÀ¡-W-sa¶v \_n Fgp-¯p-Im-tcmSp IÂ]n¡p-I-bm-bn-cp¶p sNbvXncp¶-sX¶pw aäpw apJ-hp-c-bn hnh-cn-¨Xv HmÀ-¡p-a-tÃm.
auen-I-X-Xz-§Ä, hnizmk kn²m-´-§Ä, IÀa-]-c-amb hn[n-hn-e-¡p-IÄ, \nba
\nÀt±-i-§Ä, kmtcm-]-tZ-i-§Ä, D]-a-IÄ, ZrjvSm-´-§Ä, Ncn{X kw`-h-§Ä,
kZm-Nm-c-aq-ey-§Ä, kt´mj hmÀ¯-IÄ, Xm¡o-Xp-IÄ F¶n-§-s\-bpÅ XpdI-fnÂ, aäp-kqd-¯pIsf At]-£n¨v Cu kqd-¯n IqSp-X ImWm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv.
AXp-sIm-­p-X -s¶-b m- bn-cn¡mw Nne \_n-h-N -\-§-fn Cu kqd-¯n- s\-¸än
‫( ﺳﻨﺎم اﻟﻘﺮآن وذروﺗﻪ‬IzpÀ-Bsâ ]qªpw AXnsâ sImSp-ap-Sn-bpw) F¶p ]d-ªncn-¡p-¶-Xpw. (A,-Xz.) H«-Iw, Imf apX-em-b-h-bpsS ]pd¯v Gähpw s]m´n-¡mWp¶ apg-bm-WtÃm ]qªv. AXp-t]m-se, ]ÀÆ-X-¯nsâ `mK-§-fn Gähpw
Db-c-¯mbn ImgvN-bnÂs]-Sp-¶Xv AXnsâ sImSp-ap-Sn-bp-am-bn-cn-¡pw. AXp-t]mse, IzpÀ-B\nse {]Xn-]mZy hnj-b-§-fn kqd-¯p _Izdx- IqSp-X apg-¨p\n¡p-¶p-sh¶v kmcw.
\_n bpsS a¡m-Po-hn-X-Im-e¯v AhnsS apivcn¡pI-fpsS B[n-]Xyhpw
kzm[o-\-hp-am-WtÃm \S-am-Sn-bn-cp-¶-Xv. AXp-sIm­v a¡o Ime-L-«-¯n AhX-cn¨ kqd-¯p-I-fnse {][m-\ ]cm-aÀi-§Ä Xulo-Zn-s\bpw inÀ¡n-s\bpw kw_Ôn-¨m-bn-cp-¶p. Xncp-ta-\nbpw kzlm-_n-Ifpw aZo-\-bn sNÃp-t¼m-gm-Is«þAhÀ AhnsS F¯pw ap¼p-X-s¶-þ-A-hn-sS-bpÅ Ad-_n-I-fn hen-sbmcp hn`mKw
kXy-hn-izmkw kzoI-cn¨p Ign-ª-n«p­v. Ckveman\v Hcp sXfnª A´-co£w
AhnsS kwPm-X-am-bn-«p-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶p. BI-bmÂ, a\p-jysâ hyàn-]-c-hpw, kmaqly-hp-amb aWvU-e-§-fn {Inbm-ß-I-am-bpw, \ntj-[m-ßI
- -ambpw kzoI-cn-¡-s¸173

`mKw 1

tS­p¶ hn[n-hn-e-¡p-Ifpw D]-tZ-i-\nÀt±i§fpw B kµÀ`-¯nsâ Bh-iy-ambn-cp-¶p. aZo\m Pohn-X¯nsâ Bcw-`-L-«-§-fn Ah-X-cn¨ Cu kqd-¯n Cu
Imcyw {]tXyIw ]cn-K-Wn-¡-s¸-«p-Im-Wmw.
AtX-k-a-b¯v Ckv-em-an\pw apkvenwIÄ¡pw Gähpw ISp¯ Hcp ]p¯³
i{Xpkaq-ls¯ AhnsS t\cn-tS­n h¶n-cp-¶p. AsX, blq-Zn-I-sf. ssZhnI
aX-¯n-sâbpw, {]hm-NI ]mc-¼-cy-¯n-sâbpw Ip¯-Im-h-Imiw hmZn-¨n-cp¶ AhÀ,
hmkvX-h-¯n B c­n-t\mSpw \ma-am-{X _Ôw t]mep-an-Ãm-¯-h®w Zpjn¨p
t]mbn«p­mbn-cp-¶p. Ckvemans\-Xn-cn blq-Zn-IÄ kzoI-cn-¨p-h¶ hntZz-j-hpw.
sshcm-Ky-hpw ]Ibpw Akq-b-bp-saÃmw {]kn-²-am-Wv. Cu kqd-¯n \sÃmcp
`mKw Ahsc kw_-Ôn-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-hm³ ImcWw AXm-Wv. In«p¶ ]gp-sXÃmw
D]-tbm-K-s¸-Sp-¯ns¡m­v- Ckvemans\-Xnsc KqVm-tem-N-\-IÄ \S-¯p-hm³ Hcps¼-«n-cp¶ asämcp i{Xp-hn-`m-Khpw AhnsS cwK-¯p-­m-bn-cp-¶p, ap\m-^n-Izp-IÄ
(I-]-S-hn-izm-kn-IÄ). kzmÀ°-§-fpw, Xm¡m-enI Imcyem`-§fpw HmÀ¯p {]Xy£-¯n Ckvemansâ thjw AWn-ªn-cp¶ ChÀ bYmÀ°-¯n apkvenwIfÃm-bn-cp-¶p. Ch-sc-¡p-dn¨pw Cu kqd¯n ]eXpw {]kvXm-hn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶p.
IqSmsX, aäp kqd-¯p-I-fn ImW-s¸-Sm¯ Nne ]cmaÀi-§fpw, D]-a-I-fpw, kw`h-I-YIfpw aäpw CXn AS-§n-bn-«p­v.
kqd-¯p _Izdx (]-ip-hnsâ A²ymbw) F¶v CXn\v t]cv hcp-hm³ ImcWw, Ckvdm-Cu-ey-cn Ign-ªp-t]mb Hcp ]ip-hnsâ kw`hw CXn hnh-cn-¡s¸«n«pÅXm-Wv. Hmtcm kqd-¯nepw hnh-cn-¡-s¸-«n-«pÅ GsX-¦nepw {]tXyI
hnj- b s¯ kqNn- ¸ n- ¡ p- ¶ - tXm, AXn {]tXyIw h¶n- « pÅ GsX- ¦nepw
hm¡pIsf kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶tXm Bb t]cp-I-fn-em-bn-cn¡pw an¡ kqd-¯p-Ifpw Adnbs¸Sp¶-Xv. Npcp¡w NneXn\v {]Xn-]mZy hnj-bs¯ kqNn-¸n-¡p¶ t]cp-I-fpam-bn-cn-¡pw. sam¯-¯n ]d-ªm kqd-¯p-IÄ Xncn-¨-dn-bm-\pÅ Hcp Ffp¸
amÀK-sa¶ \ne¡v am{X-amWv Ah-bpsS t]cp-IÄ. AXvsIm­v Htc kqd-¯n\v
Xs¶ Nne-t¸mÄ H¶n-e-[nIw t]cp-­m-sb¶pw hcpw. hnj-b-§Ä ssIImcyw
sN¿p-¶X
- nepw, Ah-bpsS {Iao-Ic
- W
- ¯
- n-ep-saÃmw IzpÀ-B\v AXn-sâ-Xmb {]tXyI
coXn-I-fm-Wp-Å-Xv. CXn-s\-¸-än-sbÃmw apJ-hp-c-bn hni-Zo-I-cn-¨n-«pÅXv sIm­v
IqSp-X-sem¶pw {]kvXm-hn-t¡-­p¶ Bh-iy-an-Ã.
\_n ]dªXmbn A_qlp-dbvd (d) C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p: "\n§fpsS hoSp-Isf \n§Ä Iz_vÀ Øm\-§-fm-¡-cpXv. kqd-¯p _Izdx HmX-s¸Sp¶ hoSp-I-fn \nÝ-b-ambpw ]nimNv {]th-in-¡p-I-bnÃ'. (A; ap; Xn; \.) IzpÀB³ ]mcm-bWw t]mse-bpÅ Imcy-§-sfm¶pw \S-¯msX hoSp-IÄ aqIhpw iq\yhp-am-¡-cp-sX-¶mWv Iz_vÀ-Øm-\-am-¡-cpsX¶v ]d-ª-Xnsâ kmcw. CXvt]m-sebpÅ thsdbpw lZo-Yp-IÄ ImWmw. Hcn-¡Â, Hcp Iq«w Bfp-Isf Hcp `mKt¯¡v \ntbm-Kn-¨-b-¨-t¸Ä, Ah-cn Hmtcm-cp-¯À¡pw IzpÀ-B³ ]mcm-bWw
sN¿p-hm-\pÅ Ignhv \_n
]cn-tim-[n-¡p-Ib
- p-­m-bn. Ah-cnÂsh¨v Cfw {]mb¡m-c-\mb HcmÄ X\n¡v IzpÀ-Bsâ C¶n¶ `mKhpw kqd-¯p _Iz-dxbpw Adnbm-sa¶v ]dªp. At¸mÄ Xncp-ta\n ]dªp "Xsâ IqsS kqd-¯p _Iz-dx174

`mKw 1

bpt­m? F¶m t]mbn-s¡m-Åp-I. Xm³ Ch-cpsS AaoÀ (\m-b-I³) BIp-¶p;
(Xn; \; P; lm.) \Æm-kp_v\p kwB³(d) C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. "Iz-pÀB-\pw, AX-\p-k-cn¨v {]hÀ¯n-¨n-cp¶ AXnsâ BÄ¡mcpw (Izn-bm-a¯v \mfnÂ)
sIm­p-h-c-s¸-Spw. kqd-¯p _Iz-dxbpw, Bep-Cw-dm\pw Ah-bpsS BÄ¡mÀ¡v
th­n (A-hsc \ymbo-I-cn-¨p) XÀ¡w \S-¯n-s¡m-­v Ah-cpsS ap¼n hcp-¶XmWv' F¶v \_n
]d-bp-¶Xv Rm³ tI«n-cn-¡p-¶p. Xncp-ta\n Ah¡v aq¶v
D]-a-Ifpw hnh-cn-¨n-cp-¶p. Rm\Xv CXvh-scbpw ad-¶n-«n-Ã. AXm-b-Xv, Ah c­pw
c­p taL-§-sf-t¶m-Ww, AsÃ-¦n Idp¯ c­p XW-ep-I-sf-t¶mWw, Asæn AWn-\n-c¶ c­p ]£n-¡q-«-sa-t¶mWw F¶m-bn-cp¶p AXv. (A; ap; Xn;
_pþ-Xm-co-JnÂ.)
CXp-t]mse, kqd-¯p _Izdx- bp-sS-bpw, "Bb-¯pÂIpÀkn¿v' apX-emb
AXnse {]tXyIw Nne Bb-¯p-I-fp-sSbpw t{ijvTX-IÄ hnh-cn-¡p¶ ]e lZoYp-Ifpw cnhm-b-¯p-Ifpw D²-cn-¡p-hm-\p-­v. Nne-sXms¡ kµÀ`w-t]mse AXXv
Øm\§-fn \ap¡v ]cn-N-b-s¸Smw
Cu kqd-¯nepw {]kvXpX Bb¯p-I-fnepw AS-§nb hnj-b-§-fpsS {]m[m-\yhpw al-Xz-hp-amWv AsXÃmw Np­n¡m-«p-¶-Xv.

]caImcp-Wn-I\pw Icp-Wm-\n[n- b p- a mb AÃmlphnsâ \ma¯nÂ.
1 Aen-^v-þ-emw-þaow
2 B {KÙw! AXn ktµlta CÃ;þ (A-Xv) amÀK-ZÀi-\-as{X, kq£vaX ]men-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v.
3 (A-Xm-bX
- v) AZr-iy-¯nÂ
hniz- k n- ¡ p- I - b pw, \a- kv I mcw
\ne-\n-dp-¯p-I bpw sN¿p-¶-hÀ;
\mw AhÀ¡v \ÂIn- b n- « p- Å XnÂ\n¶v AhÀ Nne- h - g n- ¡ pIbpw sN¿pw.

&

4
(\-_n-tb), \n¶n-te¡v
Cd-¡-s¸-«-Xnepw, \nsâ ap¼mbn
Cd-¡-s ¸-«-Xnepw hniz-kn-¡p-¶hcpw; ]c- t em- I - ¯ n- e m- I - s «,
AhÀ ZrV- a mbn hniz- k n- ¡ p-

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175

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`mKw 1

Ibpw sN¿pw. [C-h-cmWv kp£vaX
]men-¡p-¶-hÀ].
5 A¡q-«À, X§-fpsS c£n-Xmhn-¦Â\n¶pÅ k·mÀK-¯n-em-Ip¶p. A¡q-«ÀX-s¶-bmWv hnP-bnIfpw!

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ْ
‫{ اﻟ‬KÙw, {KÙ-amWv
B, AXv ‫(ﺘﺎب‬
ُ َ ِ
ْ
ْ
ً
‫ ﻻرﻳ ﺐ‬ktµ-lta Cà ِ‫ ِﻓﻴ ﻪ‬AXn ‫ﻫﺪ ى‬
‫ ﻟِﻠ ُﻤ َّﺘ ِﻘ‬kq£vaX
amÀK- ZÀi\-amWv ‫ﲔ‬
َ
ُ
َ َ
ْ
‫ ﻳﺆﻣﻨ‬AhÀ
‫ﻳﻦ‬6‫ا‬
]men-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v, `b-`-à-·mÀ¡v. 3
ِ َّ bmsXmcp Iq«À ‫ﻮن‬
َ ُ ِ ُ
َ
ْ
ْ
‫ وﻳ ﻘﻴﻤ‬AhÀ \ne-\n-dp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿pw ‫ﻼة‬
hniz-kn¡pw ‫ﺐ‬
ِ ‫ ِﺑﺎﻟ َﻐﻴ‬AZr-iy-¯n ‫ﻮن‬
َّ
َ ‫اﻟﺼ‬
َ ُ ِ ُْ َ
ْ
\a-kvImcw ‫ و ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ‬bmsXm-¶nÂ\n¶v ‫\ ر َزﻗﻨﺎ‬mw \ÂIn-bn-cn-¡p¶p Aُ AhÀ¡v
َ َ
َ
ْ
ْ
‫ ﻳﻨ ِﻔ ُﻘﻮن‬AhÀ Nne-h-gn¡pw. 4 ‫ﻳﻦ‬6‫ا‬
َّ ‫ و‬bmsXmcp Iq«cpw ‫ ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن‬AhÀ hniz-knِ
َ
ُ ْ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
ْ‫\ إﻟﻴ‬n¶n-te¡v ‫ وﻣﺎأ ﻧْﺰل‬Cd-¡-s¸-«-Xnepw ‫ﻦﻗ ْﺒﻠﻚ‬
ْ
¡pw, ‫ ِﺑﻤﺎأ ُﻧ ِﺰ َل‬Cd-¡-s¸-«-Xn ‫ﻚ‬
ُ
ِ
َ
ِ
َ
َ ِ َ ‫ِﻣ‬
َ
َ
َ َ
‫ ﻳﻮﻗﻨ‬ZrV-ambn hniz-kn\nsâ-ap¼v ِ‫ﺧﺮ ة‬
ِ ‫] و ِﺑﺎﻵ‬c-tem-I-¯n-em-Is« ْAُ AhÀ ‫ﻮن‬
َ ُ ِ ُ
َ
َ
ْ
ً
ْ ‫ﻦر‬
¡p¶p. 5 ‫ﻚ‬
َ ُ ‫ أ‬A¡q-«À ‫ﻫﺪ ى‬
َ Lِ ‫وﻟ‬
ُ Mَ ‫ َﻋ‬k·mÀK-¯n-emWv ‫ﻢ‬N
ِ ِّ ْ َ ْ ‫ ِﻣ‬X§-fpsS c£n‫ اﻟﻤﻔﻠ ﺤ‬hnP-bn-IÄ.
Xm-hn-¦Â\n¶pÅ ‫ﻚ‬
َ ُ ‫ َوأ‬A¡q-«À ُ Aُ AhÀ (X-s¶) ‫ﻮن‬
َ Lِ ‫وﻟ‬
َ ُ ِ ُ

1

‫ اﻟﻢ‬Aen-^v-þ-emw-þ-aow.

2

IzpÀ-B-\nse 29 kqd-¯p-I-fpsS Bcw-`-¯n CXvt]m-se-bpÅ GXm\pw
tIh-em-£-c-§Ä ImWm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. XpSÀ¶pÅ hmIy-§-fp-ambn LS-\m-]-c-tam,
AÀ°-]-ctam Bb _Ô-an-Ãm-¯-h-bm-bXvsIm­v Ch¡v ‫( اﻟﺤﺮوف اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻌﺔ‬thdn«p \n¡p¶ A£-c-§Ä) F¶p ]d-b-s¸-Sp-¶p. Nne kqd-¯p-I-fpsS Bcw-`¯n ( ‫ ن‬، ‫ ص‬t]mse) Hc-£cw am{X-am-bpw, Nne-Xn ( ‫ ﻃﻪ‬، ‫ ﺣﻢ‬t]mse) c­-£c-am-bpw, Nne-Xn ( ‫ اﻟر‬، ‫ اﻟﻢ‬t]mse) aq¶-£-c-am-bpw, Nne-Xn ( ‫ اﻟﻤﺺ‬، ‫اﻟﻤﺮ‬
t]mse) \me-£-c-am-bpw, Nne-Xn ( ‫ ﺣﻢ ﻋﺴﻖ‬، ‫ﻛﻬﻴﻌﺺ‬t]mse) A©-£-c-am-bpw-þC-§ns\ A©p-X-c-¯nÂ-þ-Ch h¶n-«p-­v. Ch-bnÂXs¶ H¶n-e-[nIw kqd-¯nÂ
BhÀ¯n-¡-s¸-«-h-bpw, Xosc BhÀ¯n-¡-s¸-Sm¯-hbpw ImWmw.
C¯cw A£-c-§-sf-¸än {][m-\-ambn c­v A`n-{]m-b-§-fmWv \ne-hn-ep-

Å-Xv.
1) AÃmlp Ahsâ {KÙ-¯n \nt£-]n¨p sh¨n-«pÅ Hcp cl-ky-am-W-Xv.
Ah-bn \mw hniz-kn-¡p-¶p. Ah-bpsS AÀ°-tam, hymJym-\tam \ap-¡-dn-ªpIq-Sm, CXmsWmc-`n-{]m-bw. A_q-_-IvÀ, DaÀ, DYvam³, Aen, C_v\p akv-DuZv
(d) apX-emb kzlm-_o-h-cy³am-cpw, iA-_o, kp^v-bm-\p-Yuco (d) t]mse-bpÅ
Xm_n-DIfmb lZoYv ]WvUn-X³amcpw IzpÀ-B³ hymJym-Xm-¡-fn Hcp hn`mKhpw Cu \ne-]m-SmWv kzoI-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv.

176

`mKw 1

2) Ah-bn Nne kmc-§fpw kqN-\I
- fpw AS-§n-bn-«p-­v. AXv \mw Nn´n¨pw
]cn-tim-[n¨pw a\-Ên-em-t¡-­-Xm-Wv. CXmWv asämcp hn`m-K¯nsâ \ne-]m-Sv.
F¶mÂ, Ah-bpsS hymJym-\-¯n-tem, Ah-bn-e-S-§nb kqN-\m-c-l-ky-§Ä Nq­n¡m-«p-¶-Xntem ChÀ¡v tbmPn¨ A`n-{]mbw ImWp-I-bn-Ã. hyXy-kvX-amb kao]-\-§-fm-Wp-Å-Xv. Ah-bn IqSp-X {]k-à-am-b-Xnsâ Npcp¡w CXm-Ip¶p:--þ
FÃm-hÀ¡pw kp]-cn-Nn-X-amb C¯cw Ad_n A£-c-§-fm Iq«n-t¨À¡s¸-«n-«pÅ Hcp {KÙw Xs¶-bmWv IzpÀ-B-\pw. F¶mÂ, CXvt]m-se-bpÅ Hcp
{KÙtam CXnse Hc-²ymbw t]mse-bpÅ Hcp `mKtam \n§-sfm¶v sIm­p-h-cpho³ F¶n-§s\ \ntj-[n-I-fmb i{Xp-¡-tfm-SpÅ Hcp shÃp-hn-fn-bmWv Cu A£c-§Ä. ka-Jvi-co, ss_Zzm-ho (d) apX-emb ]e IzpÀ-B³ hymJym-Xm-¡fpw Cu
A`n-{]m-b-amWv \ymbo-I-cn¨pw hni-Zo-I-cn¨pw ImWp-¶-Xv. Camw ap_ÀdZqw (d)
aäp kq£vam-t\z-jn-I-fmb ]ecpw Cu A`n-{]m-b-¡m-cmsW¶pw Camw dmkn (d)
{]kvXm-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. "AivssiJp Camw C_v\p ssXan-¿bpw \½psS Kpcp-hcy³ AÂlm-^nfzv A_p lÖm-Pn apkvko (‫ ) اﻟﺤﺎﻓﻆ اﻟﻤﺰى‬bpw Cu A`n-{]mb-¡m-cm-sW¶v ' C_v\p IYodpw (d) ]d-ªn-cn-¡p-¶p. Ad_n A£am-e-bn 28
A£-c-§-fm-Wp-Å-Xv. AXnsâ ]Ip-Xn-`m-K-amb،‫ ح‬،‫ﺱ‬،‫ ط‬،‫ ع‬،‫ ي‬، ‫ ھـ‬،‫ ﻙ‬،‫ ﺭ‬،‫ ص‬،‫ ﻡ‬،‫ ﻝ‬،‫ا‬
‫ ﺯ‬،‫ ﻕ‬،‫ح‬
F¶o 14 A£-c-§-fmWv kqd-¯p-I-fpsS Bcw-`-¯n-epÅ Cu tIh-em-£-c-§fn-ep-Å-Xv. D¨m-c-Whpw kzc-hy-Xym-khpw IW-¡n-se-Sp-¯p-sIm­v Ad_n A£c-§Ä ]e-X-c-ambn `mKn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. Htcm Xc-¯nepw ]IpXn hoXw Cu 14 Â
ImWm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. (*) _m¡n ]Ip-Xn-IÄ Ch-bn \n¶v A\p-am-\n-¡m-a-tÃm. AXpt]m-se-¯-s¶, Ad-_n-bnse ]Z-§Ä ]cn-tim-[n-¨m H¶p apX A©p-hsc
A£-c-§Ä DÄs¡m-Åp-¶-h-bm-bn-cn¡pw Ah. IqSp-X ImW-s¸-Sp¶ ]£w,
Ah AX-Xnsâ aqe-[m-Xp-hn-epÅ km£m A£-c-§Ä¡v ]pdsa GsX-¦nepw
Imc-W-¯m hÀ²n-¸n-¡-s¸-«-h-bm-bn-cn-¡pw. Cu tIh-em-£-c§-fnepw Xs¶
H¶p-ap-XÂ A©p-hsc A£-c-§-fm-Wp-Å-Xv. IqSm-sX, \maw, {Inb, Ahybw
F¶n-h-bpsS GXm\pw Xc-hy-Xym-k§-fpw, cq]-ssh-hn-²y-§fpw Ch-bn A´À`hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.
CsXÃmw ChnsS hnkvX-cn¨p ]d-bp¶ ]£w, AXv hfsc ZoÀLn¨p t]mIp-¶Xp-sIm­v Hcp GI-tZi hnh-cWw sIm­v aXn-bm-¡p-I-bm-Wv. Npcp-¡-¯nÂ
C§ns\ FÃm-hÀ¡pw kp]-cn-Nn-X-amb Ad_n A£-c-§-fpw, Ah-bm kwL-Sn¸n-¡-s¸-Sp¶ hm¡p-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn-¨p-sIm-­m-WtÃm FÃm Ad_n KZy-þ-]Zy
kmln-Xy-§-fpw cq]w sImÅp-¶-Xv. CtX A£-c-§-fp-sSbpw hm¡pI-fp-sSbpw
(*) ae-bm-f-¯n Jcw, AXn-J-cw, arZp, eLp F¶n-§s\ A£-c-§Ä
`mKn- ¡ - s ¸- S m- d pÅXpt]mse
Ad_n
A£- c -§fpw
(‫ ﻓﺘﺢ‬،‫إﻃﺒﺎق‬،‫ ﺟﻬﺮ‬،‫ ﻫﻤﺲ‬،‫ ﺷﺪة‬،‫ )رﺧﻮة‬F¶pw aäpw ]e-Xmbn Xcw Xncn-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡pْ
ْ ْ
¶p. IzpÀ-Bsâ ]mcm-bW imkv{X-amb "CÂap-¯-PvhoZv ( ‫اﻟﺘﺠ ِﻮﻳﺪ‬
َ ّ ‫) ِﻋﻠ ُﻢ‬sâ {KÙ§-fn Ch-sb-¸än hni-Z-hn-hcw ImWmw.
177

`mKw 1

kaqlw Xs¶-bmWv IzpÀ-B-\pw; F¶n-cn-s¡, CXnsâ apgp-h³ `mK-t¯m-tSm,-GXm\pw `mK-t¯mtSm InS-]n-Sn-¡-¯¡ Hcp IrXn BÀ¡pw kaÀ¸n-¡p-hm³ Ignbm-¯Xv AXnsâ Aam-\p-jn-I-X¡v kv]jvS-amb Hcp sXfn-hm-Ip-¶p. F¶n-§s\-bmWv Cu kao-]-\-¯nsâ kmcw. (*)
Cu A`n-{]m-b-¯n\v ]n³_ew \ÂIp¶ Hcp hkvXpX ChnsS Nq­n-¡mWn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. 29 kqd-¯p-I-fpsS Bcw-`-¯nemWv C¯cw A£c§-fp-Å-Xv.
B kqd-¯p-IÄ ]cn-tim-[n-¡p-t¼mÄ, IzpÀ-Bsâ kXy-X-bpw, al-Xz-hpw, Aam\p-jn-I-Xbpw Nq­n-¡m-«p¶ Nne hmIy-§Ä AtXm-sSm¸w XpSÀ¶v ImWm-hp-¶Xm-Wv. DZm-l-c-W-ambn: ChnsS ‫ اﻟم‬F¶ A£-c-§-sf-¯p-SÀ¶v "B{K-Ù-¯nÂ
ْ
H«pw ktµ-l-anÃ', ( ‫(ﺘﺎب ﻻ ر ْﻳﺐ ِﻓﻴ ِﻪ‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ‬
ِ
َ ‫ ) َذ ِﻟ‬F¶pw, ASp¯ kqd-¯n AXnَ َ ُ َ
s\-¯p-SÀ¶v AÃmlp AÃmsX Bcm-[y-\n-Ã, Ah³ Poh-¯m-bpÅh\pw \nb´mhp- aْ m- Wv . Ah³
ْ ْ \n\¡v bYmÀ°ْ {]- Imcw {KÙw Cd- ¡n¯- ¶ n- cn- ¡p- ¶p'
ْ
(‫(ﺘﺎب ﺑ ِ ﺎﻟﺤ ّ ِﻖ‬
) F¶pw ]d-bp-¶p. CXvt]m-seِ ‫ﻚ اﻟ‬
َ ‫ اﻟ َﻘ ُّﻴﻮم ُ َﻧ َّﺰ َل َﻋ َﻠﻴ‬V
ُّ َ ‫ﻫ َﻮ اﻟ‬
ُ ‫ إِ َّﻻ‬Wَ ِ‫اﷲ َﻻ إ‬
َ
ُ َّ
َ َ
bpÅ {]kvXm-h-\-IÄ aäp kqd¯pI-fnepw ImWm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. thsdbpw ]e
A`n-{]m-b-§Ä Cu A£-c-§sf kw_-Ôn¨v D²-cn-¡p-hm-\p-s­-¦nepw FÃmw
Nne A`n-{]m-b-§Ä F¶-ÃmsX Ah¡v sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ]n³_ew ImWp-¶n-Ã.
Hcp alm³ {]kvXm-hn-¨-Xmbn C_v\p IYoÀ (d) C§s\ D²-cn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p:
"Cu A£-c§
- sf hrYm {]tbm-P\
- -an-ÃmsX AÃmlp Ah-Xn-cn-¸n-¨n-«n-Ã F¶ Imcyw
\nÊw-i-ba
- -s{X. Xosc AÀ°-an-ÃmsX X\n Bcm-[-\m-]-ca
- m-bXv ( ‫ ) ﺗﻌﺒﺪ ي‬hÃXpw
IzpÀ-B-\n Ds­¶v Bsc-¦nepw ]d-bp¶ ]£w AXv h¼n¨ Hc-_-²-am-Wv.
At¸mÄ, B A£-c-§Ä¡v Ft´m AÀ°-ap-s­¶v XoÀ¨-bm-Wv. F¶mÂ,
]m] hnap-à-\mb Bfn (d-kq-enÂ) \n¶v hÃXpw \ap¡v icn-bmbn h¶p-In-«nbm \mw AXp-{]-Imcw ]d-bpw. CÃm¯ ]£w \mw \n¡p-¶n-S¯v \nev¡pIbpw sN¿pw. ‫\( اﻣﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨﺪ رﺑﻨﺎ‬mw AXn hniz-kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p; FÃmw
\½psS dºn-¦Â\n¶p-Å-Xm-Wv) F¶v \mw ]d-bp-Ibpw sN¿pw. Hcp \nÝn-Xamb A`n-{]m-b-¯n ]WvUn-X³amÀ GtIm-]n-¨n-«p-an-Ã. AhÀ `n¶n-¡p-I-bmWv
sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. At¸mÄ, tcJm-aqew hÃhÀ¡pw hà A`n-{]m-bhpw hyà-ambn-¡n-«n-bm Abm-fXv ]n³]-tä-­-Xm-Wv. CsÃ-¦n Imcyw hyà-am-hp-¶-Xp-hsc
au\-ambn \ne-sIm-Åp-I-bmWv th­Xv '.
Nne hkvXp-X-IÄ ChnsS HmÀan-¡p-¶Xv {]tbm-P-\-I-ca
- m-bn-cn-¡pw. bmsXmcp
AÀ°hpw Dt±-iy-hp-an-Ãm-¯-sXm¶pw IzpÀ-B-\n CsÃ-¶pw, D­m-Im-h-X-söpw
XoÀ¨-X-s¶. ]t£, FÃm-hÀ¡pw s]mXp-hn a\Ênem¡p-hm³ Ign-bm¯ Nne
`mKw AXn-ep-­mbn-cn-¡m-sa¶v kq: Bep-Cw-dm³ 7þmw hN-\-¯nÂsh¨p ImWmhp¶-Xm-Wv ‫]( ﻣ\ﺸﺎ ﺑﻪ‬-c-kv]-c- km-Zr-iy-apÅXv þ AYhm Xncn-¨-dn-bp-hm³ Ign-bm-¯Xv) F¶mWv AXn\v AhnsS D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-hm-¡v. CXn-\-¸än apJ-hp-c-bnÂ
\mw hnh-cn¨p Ign-ªn-«p-­v. AÃmlp klm-bn-¨m Bep-Cw-dm\nÂsh¨pw Nne
hnh-c-§Ä ImWmhp-¶-Xm-Wv
(*) IqSp-XÂ hni-Zo-I-cWw Adn-bp-hm³ B{K-ln-¡p-¶-hÀ, ka-Jvi-co,
ss_Zzmhn (d) apX-emb alm³am-cpsS X^vkoÀ {KÙ§Ä t\m¡p-I.
178

`mKw 1

Cu A£-c-§sf kw_-Ôn¨p h¶n«pÅ kzoIm-cy-amb Hcp lZoYv CXmWv:
"AÃm-lp-hnsâ InXm-_nÂ\n¶v Bsc-¦nepw Hcp A£cw HmXn-bm Ah\v AXns\mcp \·-bp-­v. \·-bm-I-s«, ]¯n-c«n {]Xn-^-e-ap-Å-Xp-am-Wv. "Aen-^v-þ-emwþaow' F¶Xv Hc-£-c-am-sW¶v Rm³ ]d-bp-¶-nÃ. "Aen^v' Hc-£cw "emw' Hc-£cw. "aow' Hc-£-cw, lmInw, XnÀa-Zo, _ÊmÀ, Zmcnao (d) F¶n-hcpw _pJmcn (d)
At±-l-¯nsâ "XmcoJ-nepw C_v\p-a-kv-DuZv (d) \n¶v D²-cn-¨-XmWv Cu lZoYv. CXnepw {]kvXpX A£-c-§-fpsS XmÂ]cyw F´msW¶v {]kvXm-hn-¡-s¸«n-«n-Ã. F¦nepw IzpÀ-B³ AÀ°w Adn-bmsX ]mcm-bWw sN¿p-¶-Xnepw \³abp-s­¶v CXnÂ\n¶v hyà-am-Ip-¶p. hni-Z-hn-h-c-¯n\v apJ-hpc t\m¡p-I.
ْ
( ‫(ﺘﺎب‬
‫ﻚ اﻟ‬
ِ
َ ِ‫ َذ ﻟ‬B {KÙw) F¶p ]d-ªXv IzpÀ-Bs\ Dt±-in¨p Xs¶. Hcp
ُ َ
hkvXp kao-]¯v ØnXn sN¿p-t¼mÄ AXn-te¡v Np­n¡mWn-¡p-hm³ km[mcW \ne-bn ‫( ھﺫا‬C-Xv, Cu) F¶pw aäp-am-Wv Ad-_n-bn D]-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sm-dpÅ-Xv. Nne-t¸mÄ, Nq­n-¡m-Wn-¡p¶ hkvXp-hnsâ al-Xz-tam, D¶X ]Zhntbm
kq-Nn-¸n-¨p-sIm­v XÂØm-\¯ ‫ﻚ‬
َ ِ‫( َذ ﻟ‬A-Xv, B) F¶pw D]-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sm-dp­v. CX-\p-k-cn-¨mWv Chn-sSbpw B kqN-\m-\maw D]-tbm-Kn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xv. B
al-¯mb {KÙw F¶p-t±-iyw. IzpÀ-Bs\ Nq­n-¡m-«n-s¡m­v c­p Imcy-§fmWv AÃmlp {]kvXm-hn-¡p-¶-Xv. (1) AXn ktµ-lta CÃ. (2) AXv kq£vaX
]men-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v amÀK-ZÀi-\-am-Wv. kq£vaX ]men-¡p-¶-h-cpsS KpW-§Ä
XpSÀ¶p hnh-cn-¡p-Ibpw B KpW-§-tfmSpIqSn-b-h-cmWv k·mÀKn-Ifpw hnP-bn-Ifp-sa¶v DÂt_m-[n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶p.
ْ ‫( ر ْﻳ‬dbv_v) F¶ hm¡n\v ktµ-lw, sXän-²-mcW F¶pw aäpw AÀ°w
‫ﺐ‬
َ
hcpw. BZys¯ AÀ°-amWv ChnsS. IzpÀ-Bsâ {]Xn-]mZy hnj-b-§-fn-tem,
ktµ-i-§-fntem e£y ZrjvSm-´-§-fntem H¶pw Xs¶ kwi-b-¯n\v ]gp-Xn-Ã.
FÃmw kphy-à-amb bmYmÀ°y§fm-Ip¶p F¶s{X ِ‫( ﻻر ْﻳ ﺐ ِﻓﻴ ﻪ‬A-Xn ktµَ َ
lta CÃ) F¶p ]d-ª-Xnsâ XmÂ]cyw. ]t£, AXv kXy-k-¼qÀWhpw kphyà-hp-amb Hcp {KÙam-sW-¶-Xp-sIm­v FÃm a\p-jyÀ¡pw AXnsâ amÀK-ZÀi\w
{]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-I-bnÃ; AXnsâ amÀK-ZÀi\w kzo-I-cn-¡p-hm³ X¿m-dp-Å-hÀt¡
ْ
ً (kq-£v-aX ]men-¡p-¶h
AXp-sIm­v {]tbm-P\
- -ap-Åq-sh-¶mWv ‫ﲔ‬
- À¡v
ُ
َ ‫ﻫﺪ ى ِﻟﻠ ُﻤ َّﺘ ِﻘ‬
amÀK-ZÀi\amIp-¶p) F¶ hmIyw Nq­n-¡m-«p-¶-Xv.
‫ ِﻫ َﺪ اﻳﺔ‬، ‫ﻫ َﺪ ى‬
ُ (lp-Zm, lnZm-ْ b-¯v) F¶o ]Z-§-fpsS AÀ°-s¯-¡p-dn¨v kq:
َ
^mXnlxbn hnh-cn-¨p-h-tÃm. ‫( ﻣ َّﺘ ِﻘﲔ‬ap-¯-Izo³) F¶ hm¡n-\mWv "kq£vaX
ُ
]men-¡p-¶-hÀ' F¶v AÀ°w IÂ]n-¨-Xv. AÃm-lp-hnsâ hn[n-hn-e-¡p-IÄ A\pk- cn-¨ p-s Im­v Ahsâ in£¡pw A{]o- Xn¡pw Imc-W-a m- Ip¶ Imcy-§ sf
kq£n¨p Pohn-¡p¶ `b-`-à-·mÀ F¶mWv B hm¡p-sIm­p hnh-£. Cu
ْ
kq£-va-X-bm-Ip¶ `b-`-àn-¡mWv ‫( َﺗﻘﻮ ى‬XIzvhm) F¶v ]d-bp-¶X
- v. Cu hm¡nsâ
َ
Dt±iyw hnh-cn-¡p-¶-Xn IzpÀ-B³ hymJym-Xm-¡-fpsS hmN-I-§Ä hyXy-kvX§-fmbn It­-¡p-sa-¦nepw Cu Bi-b-¯n Ah-scÃmw tbmPn-¡p-¶-Xmbn ImWmhp-¶-Xm-Wv. kq£vaX ]men-¡p-¶-hÀt¡ IzpÀ-Bsâ amÀK-ZÀi\w {]tbm-P-\179

`mKw 1

s¸-Sp-I-bp-Åq-sh-¶p-Å-Xnsâ ImcWw asämcp Øe¯v AÃmlp Nq­n-¡m-«p¶p:
ْ
ْ
ً ‫ﻳﻦ َﻻ ﻳ ْﺆ ِﻣﻨﻮن ِﰲ آذ ِا` ْﻢ وﻗ ٌﺮ وﻫﻮ ﻋﻠ ْ^ ْﻢ ﻋ‬6‫ا‬
‫ﺣﻢاﻟﺴﺠﺪة‬-‫ﻤﻰ‬
‫ﻗُﻞ ُﻫ ِﻟ‬
ِ َّ ‫ﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا ُﻫ ًﺪ ى و ِﺷ َﻔﺎءٌ و‬c
ِ َّ ‫ﻮ‬
َ
ُ
ِ
َ ِ َ َ َُ َ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ
َ َ
(kmcw: ]d-bpI: AXv-þ-IzpÀ-B³þhniz-kn-¨-hÀ¡v amÀK-ZÀi-\hpw ia-\-hpw-þB-izm-k-{]-Z-hpw-þ-B-Ip-¶p. hniz-kn-¡m-¯-hÀ¡m-I-s«, Ah-cpsS ImXp-I-fn HcpXcw I«n-bp-­m-bn-cn-¡pw. AXv AhÀ¡v Hcp AÔ-X-bp-am-bn-cn-¡pw. (41: 44) hn-izkn-¡p-hm³ X¿m-dn-Ãm-¯-hÀ IzpÀB³ tIÄ¡p-t¼m-sgms¡ Ah-cpsS \ntj[w
hÀ²n-¡p-I-bm-Wv D­m-Ip-I. A§-s\, AX-hÀ¡v IqSp-X tZmj-I-cْ -ambn Iemٌ ْ
‫ل ِﻣﻦ اﻟ ُﻘ ْﺮآن ﻣﺎ‬
‫و ﻧﻨﺰ‬
in- ¡ p- I bpwsN¿pw. AÃm lp]d-bp¶p: ‫ﺔ‬d ‫ﻫﻮ ِﺷ َﻔﺎءٌ ور‬
ْ
َ َ
َُ َ ِ
َ ُ ِّ َ ُ َ
ْ
َ
ً‫ﻳﺪ اﻟﻈَّﺎﻟِ ِﻤﲔ إِﻻ ﺧﺴﺎر ا‬
ُ ‫ﲔ َوﻻ َﻳ ِﺰ‬
َ
َ ِ‫( ﻟِﻠ ُﻤﺆ ِﻣﻨ‬kmcw: kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ¡v ia-\hpw Imcp-Wyَ َ
hp-am-bp-Å-Xns\ IzpÀ-B-\n-epsS \mw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶p. A{I-an-IÄ¡v
AXv \jvS-s¯-b-ÃmsX hÀ²n-¸n-¡p-I-bn-Ã. (17:82) kq£vaX ]men-¡p-¶-h-cpsS
{][m\ e£-W-§-fmbn A©p Imcy-§Ä AÃmlp ChnsS FSp¯p ]d-ªn-cn¡p¶p. Ch-bm-WXv:þ
ْ
ْ ْ
‫( ﻳﺆﻣﻨ‬AhÀ AZriy Imcy-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-¶-hcm-Wv)
1) ‫ﺐ‬
ِ ‫ﻮن ِﺑﺎﻟ َﻐﻴ‬
َ ُ ِ ُ
ْ
‫إ‬
HcpImcyw kXy-sa¶v k½-Xn-¡p-¶-Xn\v `mj-bn ‫ﻳﻤﺎن‬
َ ِ (Cu-am³) F¶v ]d-bpّ
َ
‫ﺎت‬
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻟ‬
‫ﺎ‬
‫اﻟﺼ‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻤ‬
‫ﻋ‬
‫و‬
‫ﻮا‬
‫ﻨ‬
‫آﻣ‬
‫ﻳﻦ‬
6‫ا‬
¶p. ِ َ ِ َ ّ
ُ ِ َ َ ُ َ َ ِ (hn-iz-kn-¡p-Ibpw k¡Àa-§Ä {]hÀ¯n-¡pIbpw sNbvX-hÀ) F¶n-§s\ hnizmkhpw {]hr¯nbpw Iq«n-t¨À¯p-sIm-­pÅ
{]kvXm-h\
- -I-fn Cu AÀ°-¯n-epÅ Cuam-\m-Wp-t±-iyw. F¶mÂ, kXyw k½Xn-¡p-Ibpw AXn\v hg-§p-Ibpw sN¿pI F¶ AÀ°-¯n-emWv IzpÀ-B-\n-epw,
CkvemanI kmln-Xy-§-fnepw "Cuam\pw' AXnÂ\n-¶pÂ`-hn-¡p¶ ]Z-§fpw \ncp]m-[nIw D]-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sm-dp-Å-Xv. Cu AÀ°-{]Imcw a\-Êp-sIm­v hniz-kn¡p-Ibpw B hnizmkw hm¡p-sIm­pw {]hr¯nsIm­pw km£mÂIr-X-am-¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶m-bn-cn¡pw hnh£. AXp-sIm-­mWv k¡Àa-§Ähgn
Cuam³ hÀ²n-¡p-I-bpw, Zpjv¡Àa-§Ä hgn Cuam³ Ipd-bp-Ibpw sN¿p-sa¶v
Camw im^n-Cu, AlvaZv, _pJmco (d) XpS-§nb ap³Km-an-I-fmb F{Xtbm
alm³amÀ ]d-bp-¶-Xpw. ]e IzpÀ-B³ hmIy-§fpw \_n-h-N-\-§fpw CXn\v sXfnhmbn Camw _pJmco (d) At±-l-¯nsâ 'kzlo-lnÂ' D²-cn-¨n-«p-ap-­v.
ْ ْ‫(ﻏﻴ‬K-bv_v) F¶ hm¡n\v "AZriyw AYhm ad-ª-Imcyw' F¶mWv
‫ﺐ‬
َ
hm¡À°w. _mtly-{µnb§fpsS ZrjvSn-bnÂ\n¶v ad-ª-sXms¡ `mjmÀ°-{]Imcw "Kbv_m'-Ip-¶p. `À¯m-¡-fpsS A`m-h-¯n A\n-jvS-§-sfm¶pw {]hÀ¯nْ ْ ٌ ‫ ﺣﺎﻓ‬F¶v (4:34Â) ]d-ªXv Cu
¡msX kq£n-¡p¶ `mcy-am-sc-¸än ‫ﺐ‬
u
ِ ‫ﻈﺎت ِﻟﻠ َﻐﻴ‬
َ ِ َ
AÀ°-¯n-emWv. "Kbv_n'Â hniz-kn-¡pI F¶-Xp-sIm-­p-t±-iyw, AÃm-lp-hnsâ
k¯, ae-¡p-IÄ, ]c-tem-Iw, hnNm-c-W, kzÀKw, \c-Iw, Iz_vdnse A\p-`-h§Ä BZn-bmbn _mtly-{µn-b-§Ä hgn-tbm, B´-tc-{µn-b-§Äh-gn-tbm, Asæn _q²n-sImt­m kzbw Is­-¯m³ Ign-bm-¯-Xpw, thZ-{K-Ù-§-fp-sSbpw
{]hm-N-I³am-cp-sSbpw {]kvXm-h-\-IÄ sIm­pam{Xw Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-¶-Xpamb Imcy-§-fm-Ip-¶p.

180

`mKw 1

ap¯-IznI-fpsS (kq-£va X ]men-¡p-¶-h-cp-s S) H¶m-as¯ e£Ww
"Kbv_n'Â hnizkn-¡-em-sW¶v AÃmlp ]d-ªXv hfsc {it²-b- am-Ip-¶p.
t\cnÂI-­Xpw tI«Xpw am{Xta hniz-kn¡q Ft¶m, _p²n-sIm­p Nn´n¨pw
Kth-jWw \S-¯nbpw I­p-]n-Sn-¡p-¶-Xn-\-¸pdw asäm¶pw D­m-Ip-hm-\n-sÃt¶m
Dd-¸n-¨p-sh-¡p-¶-hÀ¡v IzpÀ-B³ aptJ-\-tbm, thZ-{K-Ù-§Ä aptJ-\tbm amÀKZÀi\w e`n-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-¶n-Ã. C§-s\-bp-Å-h-sc-¡p-dn-¨mWv aX-\n-tj-[n-IÄ,
\nÀa-X-hm-Zn-IÄ F¶pw aäpw ]d-bp-¶-Xv. FÃmw X§Ä¡-dn-bm-sa¶ Alw-`m-hhpw, aÀ¡-S-ap-jvSnbpw Ch-cpsS kz`m-h-am-bn-cn-¡pw. X§Ä ]ptcm-K-a-\m-i-b-¡mcmWv, AZr-iy-¯n hniz-kn-¡p-¶Xv tIhew ]g-©\pw A]-cn-jvIr-X-hp-amWv
Fs¶m-s¡-bm-bn-cn¡pw Ch-cpsS PÂ]-\w. F¶n-cn-s¡, Ch-tcmSv ]c-te-mIw, ]p\cp-°m\w, kzÀK-\-cIw apX-emb adª Imcy-§-sf-¡p-dn-s¨m¶pw D]-tZ-in-¨n«v
^e-an-Ã-tÃm. AXmWv IzpÀ-Bsâ amÀKZÀi\w ChÀ¡v {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sm-Xn-cn-¡phm³ Imc-Ww.
"Kbv_n's\ (A-Zr-iy-Im-cy-s¯) km£m "Kbv_v' F¶pw Bt]-£n-Iamb "Kbv_v' F¶pw c­mbn `mKn-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. AÃm-lp-hn-\-ÃmsX aämÀ¡pw
Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bm-¯-sXÃmw km£m "Kbv_m'Ip¶p. NneÀ¡v Adn-bp-hm³
Ign-bp-¶-Xpw, aäp NneÀ¡v Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bm-¯-Xp-amb Imcy-§Ä Bt]-£nI-amb "Kbv_n'epw s]Sp-¶p. ae-¡p-IÄ¡v AhÀ \nh-kn-¡p¶ D¶X temI-§fnse Imcy-§Ä ]eXpw Adn-bp-hm³ Ign-bp-sa-¦nepw a\p-jyÀ¡v AXn\v Ign-hnÃ-tÃm. a\p-jysc kw_-Ôn¨v CXv c­m-as¯ C\-¯nÂs]« "Kbv_m'Wv. _p²nsIm­v Nn´n-t¨m, imkv{Xob amÀK-§Ä D]-tbm-Kn-t¨m, ]cn-N-bw-sIm-t­m,
e£Ww aptJ-\tbm kn²n-¡p¶ Adn-hp-I-sfm¶pw "Kbv_n'Â DÄs¸-Sp-I-bn-Ã.
DZm-l-c-W-ambn (1) I¼n-bnÃm I¼n, tdUn-tbm, iq\ym-Imihml\w apX-emb b{´km-a{- Kn-If
- psS klm-b-t¯msS e`n-¡p¶ Adn-hp-IÄ. (2) \£-{X-§-fp-sSbpw
{Kl-§-fp-sSbpw KXn-th-Kw, {`a-Ww, `qKÀ`-¯nse Xm]-\ne apX-em-bh
- -sb-¡p-dn¨v
\nco£Ww sNbvXp e`n-¡p¶ Adn-hp-IÄ. (3) ZoÀL-Ime ]cn-N-bw, apJ-e£Ww, i_vZ hyXym-kw, ZoÀL-Zr-jvSn, _p²n-km-aÀ°yw, kz]v\-kq-N\ apX-em-bh
hgn e`n-t¨-¡m-hp¶ A\p-am-\-§Ä. Ch-sbm¶pw "Kbv_n' DÄs¸-Sp-¶n-Ã. Ihnª-]£w Nne hyàn-IÄ¡v a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ign-bp-¶Xpw Nne hyàn-IÄ¡v
a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ Ign-bm-¯-Xp-sa¶ \ne¡v `mjmÀ°-¯n-epÅ Bt]-£n-I-amb
"Kbv_v' F¶v thW-sa-¦n Ah-sb-¸än ]d-bmw. A{X-am{Xw.
ْ
ْ
‫اﻟﺼ َﻼ َة و ِﻣ ّ َﻤﺎ ر َزﻗﻨ‬
‫( وﻳ ﻘﻴﻤ‬A-hÀ \a-kvImcw \ne-\n-dp-¯p-I(2, 3) ‫ْ ﻳﻨ ِﻔ ُﻘﻮن‬A‫ﺎ‬
ُ
َ ّ ‫ﻮن‬
َ
ُ َ َ
َ ُ ُِ َ
َ
bpw, \mw AhÀ¡p \ÂIn-b-XnÂ\n¶v Nne-h-gn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw). `mj-bnÂ
ْ
"{]mÀ°\' F¶À°-apÅ hm¡mWv ‫( ﺻﻼَة‬kz-em-¯v). XIv_oÀ sIm­p
َ
XpS§n kemw sIm­-h-km-\n-¡p¶ {]tXyI coXn-bn-epÅ CkvemanI \a-kvImc
IÀaamWv AXp-sIm­v hnh-£. A©p-t\-cs¯ \nÀ_Ô \a-kvIm-c-§Ä AhbpsS LS-I-§fpw \n_-Ô-\-Ifpw acym-Z-Ifpw ]qÀ¯n-bm-¡n-s¡m­v kabw
sXämsX \nÀÆ-ln-¡pI F¶s{X \a-kvImcw \ne-\n-dp-¯Â sIm­p-t±-iyw. \mw
181

`mKw 1

\ÂIn-b-Xn \n¶v Nne-h-gn-¡pI F¶p ]d-ª-Xnsâ Xmev]cyw Ckvemanse
\nÀ_-Ô-Zm-\-amb k¡m-¯pw, k¡m-¯n\p ]pdsa \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-hm³ IÂ]n-¡s¸-«n-«pÅ FÃm Zm\-[Àa-§-fp-am-Ip¶p. A©p t\cs¯ \nÀ_Ô \a-kvIm-c§Ä¡p ]pdsa thsdbpw sFOnI \a-kvIm-c-§fpw, \nÀ_-Ô-amb Zm\-[Àa§Ä¡p ]pdsa thsdbpw Zm\-[Àa-§fpw \nÀÆ-ln-¡p-hm³ Ckvemw t{]mÂkmln-¸n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-¶Xv icn-bm-Wv. ]t£, ap¯-Izn-I-fpsS A\n-hmcyKpW§sf hnh-cn-¡p¶ kµÀ`-am-bXv sIm­s{X \nÀ_-Ô-amb \a-kvIm-c-§fpw Zm\[Àa-§-fp-am-Wp-t±-in-¡-s¸-«n-cn-¡p-¶-sX¶v ]d-ª-Xv. a\p-jy\v AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSpÅ A\p-jvTm-\-]-c-amb IS-a-I-fn hfsc {][m-\-s¸-«-XmWv \a-kvIm-c-IÀaw.
Zm\-[Àa§Ä AÃm-lp-hn-t\m-SpÅ Hcp IS-a-bm-sW-¶-Xn\p ]pdsa kmaq-ly-amb
Hcp IS-abpw IqSn-bm-Ip¶p. Cu c­p IS-a-Ifpw \nd-th-äm-¯-hÀ ap¯-Izn-I-fnÂ
DÄs¸SpIbn-sÃ-¶pw, AhÀ¡v IzpÀ-Bsâ amÀK-ZÀi\w ^e-s¸-Sp-I-bn-söpw
Cu hN-\-§-fnÂ\n¶p hyà-am-Ip-¶p.
[\-¯nÂ\n¶p Nne-h-gn-¡pI Ft¶m atäm ]d-bm-sX, \mw \ÂIn-b-XnÂ\n¶p
ْ ْ ْ
‫ ) ﻣﻤﺎ رزﻗﻨ‬F¶mWv AÃmlp D]-tbm-Kn¨ hm¡v. hfsc
Nne-h-gn-¡pI (‫ ﻳﻨ ِﻔ ُﻘﻮن‬A‫ﺎ‬
َ
ُ ُ َ َ َ َّ ِ
AÀ°-h-¯mb Hcp hm¡m-Wn-Xv. IzpÀ-B-\n ]e Øe-§-fnepw Cu {]tbmKw
ImWmw. [\w k¼m-Zn-¡p-¶Xv `qan-bn \n¶pÅ DÂ]m-Z-\hpw {]b-Xv\hpw
hgnbmWtÃm. `qan¡v DÂ]m-Z-\-iàn \ÂIn-b-Xpw, AXn \n¶v DÂ]-¶-§-fp­m-¡p-¶-Xpw, AXv {]tbm-P-\-{]-Z-am-¡p-¶-Xp-saÃmw AÃm-lp-hm-Wv. a\p-jy\v
bXv\n-¡p-hm-\pÅ Adn-hpw, Ignhpw, D]m-[n-bpw, kml-Nc
- yhpw \ÂIp-¶Xpw AÃmlp-X-s¶. Hcp hnjb¯n Htc {]Im-c-¯n-epÅ {i²bpw {iahpw \S-¯n-s¡m­n-cn-¡p¶ c­p-t]À¡v e`n-¡p¶ t\«§fpw, Htc a®n Htc kz`m-h-¯n \S¯-s¸« c­p Irjn-I-fn \n¶v e`n-¡p¶ ^e-§-fpw, Htc hyàn Xs¶ Htc
coXn-bnepw Htc Af-hnepw c­p {]mhiyw ]cn-{i-an-¨-Xnsâ t\«-§fpw, Ft¸mgpw
H¶m-bn-cn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. Hcn-¡Â Bbn-c-¡-W-¡n\p sa¨w In«nb AtX Øm\¯v
asäm-cn-¡Â ]qPy-am-bn-cn¡pw ^e-sa¶p hcpw. At¸mÄ, `qan-bpsS {]Ir-Xn-tbm,
A²zm-\-¯nsâ kz`m-htam A\p-k-cn¨p am{X-aà hn`-h-§Ä e`y-am-Ip-¶-sX-¶pw,
AÃm-lp-hmWv FÃmw IW-¡m-¡p-¶Xpw \ÂIp-¶-Xp-sa¶pw kv]jvS-am-Wv. ]t£,
AÃmlp IW-¡m-¡nb B hn`-h-§Ä e`n-¡p-¶Xv Ah³ Xs¶ IW-¡m-¡n-bn-cn¡p¶ amÀK-§-fn-eq-sS-bm-sW¶p am{Xw. C§-s\, AÃmlp \ÂIn-b-XmWv a\pjysâ I¿n-epÅ [\hpw hn`-h-§-fp-sa-Ãmw. F¶n-cn-s¡, AXn \n¶p Nne-h-gn¡p-hm³ a\pjy³ F´n\v aSn-¡Ww? AÃmlp \ÂIn-b-Xn \n¶v Ah³ \nÀt±in-¡p¶ hnj-b-§-fn Nne-h-gn-¨m Ah³-þ-H-¶-sÃ-¦n asäm-¶v-þ-C-¶-sÃ-¦nÂ
\msf-þ-]-Icw \ÂIn-tb-¡pw. F¶n-§-s\-bpÅ kqN-\-IÄ Cu {]tbm-K-¯nÂ
A´À`-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p.
ْ
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
َّ ‫و‬
‫ﻳﻦ ﻳﺆﻣﻨ‬6‫ا‬
(4) ‫ﻚ‬
َ ‫ﻚ َو َﻣﺎ أ ُﻧ ِﺰ َل ِﻣﻦ َﻗﺒ ِﻠ‬
َ ‫ﻮن ِﺑ َﻤﺎ أ ُﻧ ِﺰ َل ِإ َﻟﻴ‬
َ ُ ِ ُ َ ِ َ (\n-\¡v Cd-¡-s¸-«-Xnepw \n\¡v
ap¼v Cd-¡-s¸-«-Xnepw hniz-kn-¡p-¶-h-cm-bn-cn-¡pw). AXm-b-Xv, \_n
¡v Cd¡-s¸« Cu thZ-{K-Ù¯n {]tXy-I-ambpw ap³ {]hm-N-I³amÀ¡v Ah-X-cn-¡182

`mKw 1

s¸-«n-«pÅ Xudm-¯v, C³Po apX-emb thZ-{K-Ù-§fn s]mXp-hmbpw hniz-kn¡p-sa¶v kmcw.
FÃm {]hm-N-I³amcpw {]t_m-[\w sNbvXn-cp-¶Xv Ckvemw
ْ
ْ
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﺪ‬
j‫ا‬
Xs¶. ‫اﻹ ْﺳ َﻼم‬
ِ ‫\( إ ن‬n- Ý - b- a mbpw aXw AÃm- l p- hnsâ ASp- ¡Â
ِ ِ َ ّ َ ‫ﻳﻦ ِﻋﻨ‬
ُ
َ ّ َّ ِ
CkvemamIp¶p (3: 19). {]mhÀ¯n-Ihpw A\p-jvTm-\-]-c-hp-amb coXn-bn Imtemْ
ْ
‫( ٍّﻞ ﺟﻌﻠ َﻨﺎ ِﻣﻨ‬
‫ِﻟ‬
Nn-X-amb Nne hyXym-k-§Ä D­m-bn-cn-¡p-sa-¶p-am-{Xw. ‫( ْﻢ‬
ُ
ُ
َ َ
ً‫ ﺎﺟﺎ‬lْ ‫\( ِﺷ ْﺮﻋﺔً و ِﻣ‬n-§-fn FÃm-hÀ¡pw Xs¶ Htcm \S-]-Sn-{I-ahpw Xpd¶ amÀKhpw
َ َ َ
\mw GÀs¸-Sp-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. (5: 48) F¶n-cn-s¡, GsX-¦nepw Hcp {]hm-N-I\ntem At±-l-¯nsâ {KÙ-¯ntem hniz-kn-¡m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xv ^e-¯n FÃm-hscbpw \ntj-[n-¡-em-bn-cn-¡p-a-tÃm. IzpÀ-B³ AXnsâ ap¼pÅ thZ-{K-Ù-§sf
ْ
ً
kXy-am-¡p-¶-Xm-Wv. (ِ‫ﲔ ﻳ َﺪ ْﻳﻪ‬
ََ ‫ ) ُﻣ َﺼ ِّﺪﻗﺎ ﻟِ َﻤﺎ َﺑ‬F¶v IzpÀ-B-\n ]e-t¸mgpw ImWm-hp¶-Xnsâ AÀ°w CXnÂ\n¶p a\-Ên-em-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. (Cu hnjbIam-bn, Cu
kqd-¯nse 136, 137, 285 F¶o hN-\-§-fn-epw, kqd-¯p-¶n-km-Dv 150-þ152 apX-emb
hN-\-§-fnepw IqSp-XÂ hni-Zo-I-cWw ImWm-hp-¶-Xm-Wv).
blq-Zn-Ifpw {InkvXym-\n-I-fp-am-Ip¶ thZ-¡mÀ Nne {]tXyI \_n-am-cn hnizkn-¡p-I-bpw, aäp-Å-h-cn Ahn-iz-kn-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p-¶-h-cm-Wv. thZ-¡m-c-Ãm¯
Ad-_n-I-fm-I-s«, C_vdmlow \_n(A) -bp-am-bpÅ Hcp \ma-am{X ]mc-¼cy _Ôa-ÃmsX aäp {]hm-N-I³am-cp-ambn AhÀ¡v Hcp _Ô-hp-an-Ã. At¸mÄ, thZ-¡mcnÂ\n¶v Ckveman hcp-¶-hsc kw_-Ôn-t¨-St¯mfw AhÀ X§-fpsS thZ-{KÙ-§-fnepw \_n-am-cnepw hnizkn-¨n-cp-¶-Xn\v ]pd-sa, \_n
Xncp-ta-\n-bnepw
IzpÀ-B-\nepw ho­pw hniz-kn-t¡-­-Xp­v: Ad-_n-I-fnÂ\n¶v kXy-hn-izmkw
kzoI-cn-¡p-¶-hsc kw_-Ôn-t¨-S-t¯mfw AhÀ IzpÀ-B\pw \_n bpw AS¡w
FÃm \_n-am-cnepw thZ-{K-Ù-§-fnepw ]pXp-Xmbn hniz­-Xp-­v. AXpْ kْ n-t¡ْ
ْ ْ
sIm-­mWv thZ-¡m-cnÂ\n¶v hniz-kn-¡p-¶-h-sc-¸än ‫ﲔ‬
ِ ‫ َﻣ َّﺮ َﺗ‬Aُ ‫ﻚ ﻳُﺆ َﺗﻮ َن أَﺟ َﺮ‬
َ Lِ َ‫( أ ُوﻟ‬AhÀ¡v Ah-cpsS {]Xn-^-e-§Ä c­p {]mhiyw \ÂI-s¸Spw (28: 54) F¶v AÃmlp
{]-kvXm-hn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-Xpw. \_n
]d-bp¶p: "aq¶p Iq«À¡v AÃmlp c­p
{]mhiyw {]Xn-^ew \ÂIp-¶-Xm-Wv. Xsâ {]hm-N-I-\nepw, F¶nepw hniz-kn-¨h-\pw, AÃm-lp-hn-t\m-SpÅ IS-abpw kz´w bP-am-\-t\m-SpÅ IS-abpw \nÀÆ-ln-¨h-\pw, kz´w ASn-a-kv{Xo¡v \¶mbn acymZ ]Tn-¸n-¨-tijw Ahsf kzX-{´-bm¡n- hnhmlw Ign-¨-h-\p-amWv B aq¶p Iq«À' (_p-. ap.).
thZ-¡m-cn \n¶v apkvenamb Hmtcm hyànbpw asäÃm apkvenwIsf-¡mfpwþAhÀ F{X D¶X ]Z-hn-bn-ep-Å-h-cm-bn-cp-¶mepwþt{i-jvT-X-bp-f-f-h-cm-bn-cn-¡p-sa-¶Ã
C¸-d-ª-Xnsâ AÀ°w. Hcp hnj-b-¯nÂ-þ {]hm-N-I³am-cn-epÅ hnizm-k-¯nÂþ-c­p \ne-¡pÅ {]Xn-^ew AhÀ¡v e`n-¡vsat¶ AXn-\À°-ap-Åq. hnizm-kZmÀVyw-sIm-­pw, k¡Àa-§-fpsS B[nIyw sIm­pw aäp-Å-hÀ¡v Ah-sc-¡mÄ
{]Xn-^ew e`n-¡p-sa-¶p-Å-Xn\p CXv FXn-c-Ã. ap³th-Z-{K-Ù-§-fn hniz-kn-¡pI-sb-¶Xv sIm­p-t±iyw \ne-hn-epÅ Xudm-¯nepw C³Po-en-ep-sams¡ hni-Zambn hniz-kn-¡pI F¶-Ã. Imc-Ww, amä-¯n-cp-¯-ep-IÄt¡m, Gä-¡p-d-hp-IÄt¡m
hnt[- b- am-Im-sX- þ-I zpÀ-B³ Ah-X-cn-¡p-¶-I m- e¯pw AXn\p tij-hpw-þ- A-h183

`mKw 1

sbm¶pw Ah-bpsS km£m cq]-¯n \ne-hn-en-Ã. BI-bm sam¯-¯nepÅ hnizm-k-am-Wp-t±-iyw. ap³ thZ-{K-Ù-§-fnse DÅ-S-¡-§sf kw_-Ôn-t¨S-t¯mfw Ah Cu aq¶n-semcp {]Im-c-¯n-em-bn-cn-¡pw.
1. AÃm-lp-hn-sâbpw dkq-en-sâbpw {]kvXm-h-\-I-tfmSv tbmPn-¡p-¶-Xv. Cu
hn`mKw icn-sh-¡epw hniz-kn-¡epw \nÀ_-Ô-am-Ip-¶p.
2. Ah c­n-t\mSpw FXn-cm-b-Xv. Cu hn`mKw \ncm-I-cn-¡epw hniz-kn-¡m-Xncn-¡epw \nÀ_-Ô-am-Wv.
3. c­p-a-Ãm-¯-Xv. Cu hn`m-K-s¯-¡p-dn-¨mWv \_n
C{]-Imcw ]d-ªXv:
"thZ-¡mÀ \n§-tfmSv hÀ¯-am\w ]d-ªm \n§-f-hsc kXy-am-¡p-Ibpw Ifhm-¡p-Ibpw sN¿-cp-Xv. F¦nepw C§ns\ ]d-ªp-sIm-ÅpI: R§Ä¡v Cd-¡s¸-«-Xnepw \n§Ä¡v Cd-¡-s¸-«-Xnepw R§Ä hniz-kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p; (_p.).
ْ
‫ْ ﻳﻮ ِﻗ ُﻨ‬Aُ ِ‫ﺧﺮة‬
‫]( و ِﺑﺎﻵ‬-c-tem-I-¯n AhÀ ZrV-ambn hniz-kn-¡p-¶p) hmkvX(5) ‫ﻮن‬
ِ
َ
ُ
َ
َ
h-¯n "Kbv_n' hniz-kn-¡pI F¶v ]d-ª-Xn DÄs¸-Sp-¶-Xm-Wv, ]c-tem-I¯n-epÅ hnizm-k-hpw. ]c-tem-I-hn-izm-kw ZrV-am-Ip-t¼mÄ am{Xsa Cu `uXnI
Pohn-X-¯n\v tijw hcm-\n-cn-¡p¶ FÃm Imcy-§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw bYmÀ°-¯nÂ
hnizm-k-ap-­m-hp-I-bpÅq. A\-iz-c-am-bXpw FÃm \· Xn·-IÄ¡pw IrXyhpw
IWn-i-hp-ambn {]Xn-^ew \ÂI-s¸-Sp-¶-Xp-amb Hcp Pohn-X-ap-s­-¶pw, Ahn-sSsh¨p kÀÆ \nb-´m-hmb AÃm-lp-hnsâ ap¼n kIe sNbvXn-Ifpw IW-¡pt_m-[n-¸n-t¡­n hcp-sa-¶p-apÅ ]cn-]qÀW hnizm-khpw Dd-¸p-amWv a\p-jysâ
k·mÀK-t_m-[-¯n-\pÅ GI-\n-Zm-\w. CkvemanI hnizmk kn²m-´-§-fp-sSsbÃmw ASn-¯-d-bmWv AÃm-lp-hnepw ]ctemI-¯n-ep-apÅ hnizm-kw. AYhm
a\p-jysâ XpS-¡-s¯bpw aS-¡-s¯bpw Ipdn-¨pÅ t_m[w. asämcp hn[-¯nÂ
]d-ªmÂ, Xm³ Fhn-sS-\n¶p h¶p, Ft§m«v t]mIp¶p F¶-Xn-s\-¡p-dn-¨pÅ
t_m[w. aäpÅ hnizm-k-§-sfÃmw CXnsâ hni-Zmw-i-§tfm A\n-hmcy hi-§tfm
Bbn-cn-¡pw. AXp-sIm-­mWv hnizm-k-s¯-¡p-dn¨p ]d-bp¶ an¡ Øe¯pw
IzpÀ-B-\nÂ, AÃm-lp-hnepw ]c-tem-I-¯n-ep-apÅ hnizm-k-s¯-¸än {]tXyIw
FSp¯v ]d-bm-dp-Å-Xpw.
Cu A©p KpW-hn-ti-j-W-§-tfmSp IqSn-b-h-cmWv ap¯-Izn-IÄ (kq-£vaX
]men-¡p-¶-hÀ) F¶p ]d-ª-tijw AhcpsS t\«-§-sf-´m-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶v hnhْ
ً M‫ﻚ ﻋ‬L‫( أ ُوﻟ‬A-hÀ X§-fpsS dºn \n¶pÅ k·mÀKcn-¡p¶p: ‫ ْﻢ‬N
ُ َ َ َ َِ
ِ ِّ ‫ﻫﺪ ى ِﻣﻦ َر‬
¯n-em-bn-cn-¡pw) AsX, AÃmlp \nÀt±-in-¨-Xpw, Ah³ Xr]vXn-s¸-«Xpw, Ah³
A\p-{Kln¨-Xp-amb bYmÀ° k·mÀKw GXmtWm B amÀKw AwKo-I-cn-¨-hcpw
AXn Ncn-¡p-¶-h-cp-am-W-hÀ. sF-lnI Pohn-X-¯n sh¨v HcmÄ¡v e`n-¡p-hm\pÅ Gähpw h¼n¨ km£y-]-{X-as{X CXv. CXn-ep-]-cn-bmbn asäm¶p e`n-¡phm³ F´p­v?! Cu hmIy-¯n\v ae-bm-f-`m-jmssien¡-\p-k-cn¨v "AhÀ X§fpsS dºn- \n¶pÅ k³amÀK-¯n-em-bn-cn¡pw' F¶mWv \mw hnhÀ¯\w \ÂInb-sX-¦n-epw, ]Z-§-fpsS AÀ°w t\À¡p-t\sc t\m¡p-¶-]£w "AhÀ X§-fpsS
184

`mKw 1

dºn-Â\n-¶pÅ k·mÀK-¯nt·-emWv ØnXn-sN-¿p-¶Xv ' F¶s{X ]d-tb-­-Xv.
Cu {]tbm-K-¯n-e-S-§nb kqN\ IzpÀ-B³ hymJym-Xm-¡Ä C§s\ Nq­n-¡m«p-¶p: Chsc kw_-Ôn-¨n-S-t¯mfw k·mÀKw tIhew Hcp hml-\-hqw, AhÀ
AXnsâ ]pd-¯n-cn-¡p¶ khm-cn-¡m-cp-am-Ip-¶p. FÃm hml-\-¡mÀ¡pw AhÀ
F¯n-t¨-tc-­p¶ Hcp e£y-Øm\w D­m-bn-cn-¡p-¶Xv t]mse, ChÀ¡p-ap­v
Hcp e£y-Øm-\w. Ch-cpsS e£y-am-Is«, AÃm-lp-hnsâ {]oXnbpw {]Xn-^-e-hpam-Ip-¶p. thsdmcp cq]-¯n ]d-bp-¶-]-£w, k·mÀKw Ah-cn sh¨p-sI-«pItbm ASn-t¨Â¸n-¡p-Itbm Aà sNbvXn-cn-¡p-¶X
- v. Ah-cpsS c£n-Xmhv AhÀ¡v
\nÝ-bn-¨p-sIm-Sp¯ B k·mÀK-Po-hnXw Ah-cpsS CjvS-¯n\pw CÑ¡pw XnI¨pw
A\p-k-cn-¨p-sIm-­m-Wp-Å-Xv' CXmWmkqN-\.
AhÀ k·mÀK¯n-em-Wv, k·mÀKw Ah-cpsS CÑ¡pw A`n-em-j-¯n\pw
CW-§n-b-Xp-am-Wv. icn, F¶m AXp-sIm­v AhÀ¡v F´p t\«-amWv e`n-¡pْ ْ
‫ﺤ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻔ‬
‫ اﻟ ُﻤ‬Aُ ‫ﻚ‬
L‫( وأ ُوﻟ‬A-hÀX-s¶-bmWv hnP-bn-Ihm-\p-ÅXv? AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ‫ﻮن‬
ِ
َ ُ
ُ َ َِ َ
fpw) AsX, GXnÂ\ns¶Ãmw c£ In«p-hm³ AhÀ kq£n¨p h¶n-cp-¶p-thm,
AXn \ns¶Ãmw AhÀ¡v c£ e`n-¡p-¶p. GsXÃmw Imcy-§Ä kn²n-¡-Wsa¶v AhÀ¡v B{K-l-ap-­m-bn-cp-¶pthm AsXÃmw AhÀ¡v kn²n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p. ]c-¯n am{X-a-Ã, Cl-¯nepw hnP-bn-I-fm-W-hÀ. kpJZpxJ k½n-{i-amb
Cu Pohn-X-¯n kt´mj k´m] hyXym-k-an-ÃmsX, im´n-tbmSpw kam-[m-\t¯mSpw IqSn \ne-sIm-Åp-hm³ AhÀt¡ Ign-bq. F¦n-epw, AXà Ah-cpsS
e£yw. ]c-temI hnP-bhpw Gähpw D]-cn-bmbn AÃm-lp-hnsâ {]oXn-bp-am-W-hcpsS e£yw. Npcp-¡-¯n B e£y-¯n Ahsc AÃm-lp F¯n¨p sImSp¡p-¶p. AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: "\n§-fpsS {]Xn-^-e-§Ä \nd-th-än-¯-c-s¸-Sp-¶Xv
Iznbm-a¯p \mfn am{X-amIp-¶p. At¸mÄ, BÀ \c-I-¯nÂ\n¶v AI-ä-s¸-Sp-Ibpw. kzÀK-¯n {]th-in-¡s
- ¸-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXpthm AhÀ `mKyw {]m]n-¨p. CltemI PohnXw Ir{Xn-a-¯nsâ D]-I-c-W-a-ÃmsX asäm-¶p-aÃ'.(-Bep Cwdm³: 185)
"AÃm-lp-hn-¦Â \n¶p-apÅ {]oXn-bm-I-s«, Gähpw hep-Xp-am-Ip-¶p. AXp-X-s¶bmWv h¼n¨ `mKyw'. (Xu_: 72).
IzpÀ-Bsâ amÀK-ZÀi-\-§Ä ^e-{]-Z-am-bn-¯o-cp¶ ap¯-Izn-I-fmb kXy-hn-izmkn-I-fpsS KpW-§fpw t\«hpw hnh-cn¨ tijw, kXy-\n-tj-[n-I-fmb Ahn-izm-knI-sfbpw Ah-cpsS A\p-`-h-s¯bpw Ipdn¨v ]d-bp¶p:-þ

6 \nÝb-am-bpw, Ahn-iz-kn-¨n«pÅhÀ, Ahsc \o Xm¡nXv
sNbvXp-thm, AsÃ-¦n Ahsc
Xm¡oXv sNbvXn-Ãtbm (-c-−m-bmepw) Ah-cn ka-am-Ip-¶p. AhÀ
hniz-kn-¡p-¶-X-Ã.
185

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3
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2 1
#

4

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5

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`mKw 1

7 Ah-cpsS lrZ-b - § -f sS
taepw, Ah- cpsS tIÄhn- b psS
taepw AÃmlp ap{Z sh¨n- c n¡p¶p: Ah-cpsS ZrjvSn-I-fpsS
taepw D−v , Hcp (X- c w) aqSn.
AhÀ¡v h¼n¨ in£-bp-ap−v.

-.
"

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‫ﻳﻦ‬6‫ا‬
Ahn-iz-kn-¨p, ٌ‫ﺳﻮ اء‬
ِ َّ ‫ن‬
َ
َ ّ ‫\ ِإ‬nÝ-b-ambpw bmsXmcp Iq«À ‫ﻛ َﻔ ُﺮ وا‬AhÀ
َ
َ َ
ْ
ْ ْ
ْ
ka-amWv ‫^ ْﻢ‬
ِ ‫ َﻋ َﻠ‬Ah-cpsStaÂ, Ah-cn ‫ُﻢ‬nَ ‫\ َء َأﻧ َﺬر‬o Ahsc Xm¡nXv sNbvXpْ
ْ
thm, ْ‫ َأم‬AsÃ-¦n ْAُ ‫\ َﻟ ْﻢ ُﺗﻨ ِﺬ ْر‬o Ahsc Xm¡nXv sNbvXnÃtbm ‫ َﻻ ﻳﺆ ِﻣﻨُﻮن‬AhÀ
َ
ُ
ْ N‫ ﻗﻠﻮ‬M ‫ ﻋ‬Ah-cpsS lrZ-b‫ﻢ‬
hniz-kn-¡p-I-bn-Ã. 7 ُ ‫اﷲ‬
AÃmlp
ap{Z
s

p,
َ ّ َpَ ‫ﺧ‬
ُ
ُ
َ
ِِ
َ
َ
ْ ْ
ْ ِ ‫ أ ْﺑﺼﺎر‬M‫وﻋ‬
§-fn-t·Â qِ ‫ ِﻌ‬rَ Mَ ‫ وﻋ‬Ah-cpsS tIÄhn-bpsS (Im-Xp-I-fpsS) taepw A
ِ َ َ َ َ َ
َ َ
ٌ
ْ
Ah-cpsS ZrjvSn-If
- psS (I-®nsâ) taep-ap­v ‫ ِﻏ َﺸﺎو ة‬Hcp (X-cw) aqSn qُ ‫ و َﻟ‬AhÀ¡pَ
َ
ٌ
­v-Xm\pw ‫ َﻋ َﺬ اب‬in£ ٌs‫ﻈ‬
ِ ‫ َﻋ‬h¼n-¨.
‫ﻛ َﻔﺮ‬
َ (I-^-d) F¶ {Inb-bpsS aqemÀ°w "ad-¨p-sh-¨p-þ-A-Yhm aqSn-sh¨p' F¶mَ
Ip-¶p. Irjn-¡m-c³ hn¯p a®n-en«v aqSp-¶Xv sIm­v Ah³ ‫ﻛﺎ ِﻓ ْﺮ‬
َ F¶v ]d-bs¸-Spw. cm{Xn AXnâ Ccp-«vsIm­v hkvXp-¡sf ad-¨p-sh-¡p-¶-Xn-\m AXns\bpw "Im^nÀ'
F¶v hnti- j n- ¸ n- ¡ mw. CXnsâ [mXp- \ m- a - § - f m- W v .
ْ ْ ْ ْ
ْ‫ ﻛﻔﻮر‬،‫ان‬
‫ﻛﻔﺮ‬
،‫ﻛﻔﺮ‬
ُ (Ip-^vÀ, Ip^vdm³, Ip^qÀ) F¶o ]Z-§Ä. F¦nepw {]tbm-Kُ ُ
َ ُ
cw- K¯v AÂ]w hyXym-k -§ Ä It­-¡pw. DZm-l -c - W- ambn: Ahn- izmkw
kXy\ntj[w F¶o AÀ°-§-fn "Ip^vÀ' F¶ cq]hpw \µn-tISv F¶ AÀ°¯n "Ip^vdm³' F¶ cq]-hp-amWv A[nIw D]-tbm-Kw. "Ip^qÀ' F¶-Xm-I-s«,
ْ
c­À°-¯ْ nepw [mcmfw D]-tbm-Kn-¡p¶p ‫( ِإﻳﻤﺎن‬Cu-am³þk-Xy-hn-izm-kw)sâ hn]َ
ْ
ْ
co-X-ambn ‫ﻛ ﻔ ْﺮ‬
ُ (Ip-^vÀ) F¶ hm¡pw ‫( ُﻣﺆ ِﻣﻦ‬ap-Avan³-þ-k-Xy-hn-izm-kn)sâ hn]-co^nÀ) F¶ hm¡pw ]cs¡ D]-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. AXp-t]mse
X-ْ ambn ‫(ﻛﺎ ِﻓ ْﺮ‬Imَ
ْ‫( ﺷﻜﺮ‬ipIvÀ-þ-\-µn)-sâbpw ‫ﻛ ْﺮ‬
ِ ‫( َﺷﺎ‬im-Iْ nÀ-þ-\µn sN¿p-¶-h³)-sâbpw hn]-co-X-ambpw
ُ
Ah bYm-{Iaw D]-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Spw. ‫ﻛﻔ ِﺮ‬
ُ sâ [mXp-hnÂ\n-¶pÂ`-hn-¡p¶ aäp ]Zcq-]-§-fnepw Cu c­À°hpw hcpw. FÃmw kµÀ`wsIm­v a\-Ên-em-t¡-­-XmIp-¶p.
ْ ‫( ﻣ ْﺆﻣ‬k-Xy-hn-izm-kn) AÃm-¯-h-scÃmw ‫( ﻛﺎﻓ ْﺮ‬A-hn-izm-kn-)sâ C\-¯nÂ
‫ﻦ‬
ِ ُ
ِ َ
DÄs¸-Sp-¶p. ]t£, FÃm "Im^n-dp-'Ifpw Htc Xc-¡m-c-Ã. e£y-§fpw sXfn-hpIfpw Adn-ªp-sIm­v \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-h-cpw, Adn-bmbva sIm­v \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-hcpw, [n¡m-chpw ]cn-lm-khpw sIm­v \ntj-[n-¡p-¶-h-cpw, Ah-K-W-\tbm Nn´miq-\y-Xtbm \nan¯w hniz-kn-¡m-¯-h-cp-saÃmw "Im^nÀ' Xs¶. Ahn-izm-k-¯nsâ
ImTn-\y-¯nepw emL-h-¯nepw hyXy-kvX-cm-bn-cn-¡p-sa¶v am{Xw. FÃm-Xcw
"Im^ndp'Isfbpw DÄs¸-Sp-¯p¶ hms¡¶ \ne-¡mWv ‫ﻛﺎ ِﻓ ْﺮ‬
َ \v "Ahn-izmkn' F¶pw
ْ
‫ﻛﻔﺮ‬
ُ \v "Ahn-izmkw' F¶pw \mw `mjm-´cw \ÂIn-h-cp-¶-Xv. F¶m Hmtcm

6

186

`mKw 1

Øm\¯pw GXp-Xcw \ntj-[-¯nsâ ASn-Øm-\-¯n-emWv AhnsS AXv D]-tbmKn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶-sX¶v kµÀ`w t\m¡n a\-Ên-cpt¯-­-Xm-Wv.
bpw IzpÀB\pw {]t_m-[\w sN¿p¶ XXz-§-fn hniz-kn-¡msX
kXys¯ aqSn-sh-¡p-I-bpw, ZrjvSm-´§
- sf Ah-K-Wn¨p XÅn-¡f
- b
- p-Ibpw sN¿p¶
ّ
َ
kXy-\n-tj-[n-I-fmb apivcn-¡p-I-fmWv ChnsS ‫ﻳﻦ َﻛ َﻔﺮوا‬6‫ا‬
(A-hn-iz-kn-¨-hÀ)
ِ
َ
ُ
sIm­p-t±-iyw. Ahsc Xm¡oXv sN¿p-¶Xpw sN¿m-Xn-cn-¡p-¶Xpw Hcpt]msebmWvþAhÀ hniz-kn-¡p-hm³ t]mIp-¶n-Ã-þ-F¶v AÃmlp \_n Xncp-ta-\n sb
Adn-bn-¡p-¶p. AÚX sImt­m, ZrjvSm-´-§-fpsS t]mcmbva sImt­m DÅ
\ntj-[-am-sW-¦nÂ, Xm¡oXv sIm­pw D]-tZiw sIm­pw AhÀ¡v am\-km-´cw
ht¶-¡p-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-¡p-hm-\-hI
- m-ia
- p-­v. kXyw a\-Ên-em-bn«v ]ns¶bpw I¸n¨p-Iq«n AXns\ ad-bv¡p-¶-hsc kw_-Ôn¨v AsXm¶pw {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-I-bn-ÃtÃm. D]-tZ-i-§Ä¡v sNhn-sIm-Sp-¡p-I-bpw, ZrjvSm-´-§-fn Nn´n-¡p-Ibpw
sNbvhm³ X¿m-dn-Ãm¯ FÃm Ahn-izm-kn-I-fp-sSbpw ØnXn CXp-X-s¶. \_n
bpsS Ime-s¯ B kXy-\n-tj-[n-I-sf-¸-än-bpÅ Cu Adn-bn-¸n Xncp-ta-\n¡v
Hcp a\-Ê-am-[m\w \ÂI IqSn AS-§n-bn-cn-¡p-¶p. ImcWw, AhÀ hniz-kn-¡m¯-Xn \_n
¡pÅ DÂI-WvTbpw hyk-\hpw hfsc h¼n-¨-Xm-bn-cp¶p.
AÂIlv^v: 6; ipA-dm-Dv: 3 -þ apX-emb Øe-§-fn CXn-s\-¸än AÃmlp {]kvXmhn¨p ImWmw. B ØnXn¡v AhÀ hniz-kn-t¨-¡p-sa¶v {]Xo-£n-t¡-­-Xn-Ã-þ-AhÀ hniz-kn-¡p-I-bn-söv AÃm-lp-hn\v Adn-bmw-þ-F-¶-dn-bp-t¼mÄ, Ah-sc-¸än C\n
hymIp-e-s¸-tS-­-Xn-sÃ-¶pw, AXnsâ D¯-c-hm-ZnXzw hln-t¡-­-Xn-söpw \_n
¡v kam-[m-\n-¡m-a-tÃm.
‫( ﺧ‬A-Ãmlp
AhÀ hniz-kn-¡p-I-bn-sÃ-¶p-Å-Xnsâ Imc-W-amWv ‫ ْﻢ‬N‫ﻮ‬
َّ p
ِ ِ ُ ‫ ﻗُﻠ‬Mَ ‫اﷲ ُ َﻋ‬
َ ََ
Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-§Ä¡v ap{Z-sh-¨n-cn-¡p¶p...) F¶ hN-\-¯n Nq­n-¡m-«p-¶-Xv.
pَ ‫(ﺧ‬JXa)¡v "ap{Z-sh¨p' F¶mWv hm¡À°w. CXnsâ Hcp ]cym-b-amWv ‫ﻃﺒﻊ‬
ََ َ
َ َ
(Xz-_-A) F¶ {Inbbpw. Chbpw, Ch-bp-sS -[m-Xp-¡-fnÂ\n¶pÅ aäp cq]-§fpw
Ae-¦mc cq]-¯n thsd AÀ°-§-fnepw D]-tbm-Kn-¡-s¸-Sm-dp-­v. Hcp ]m{X¯n-t\m, AsÃ-¦n Hcp I¯n-t\m, ap{Z-sh-¨mÂ, ]n¶o-S-Xn hÃXpw Iq«n-t¨À¡phm-t\m, AXnÂ\n¶v hÃXpw Hgn-hm-¡p-hmt\m km[n-¡pIbnÃ-tÃm. AYhm AtXmSp-IqSn AXn\v `{Z-Xbpw A´na cq]hpw h¶p-I-gn-bp-¶p. AXp-sIm­v "`{Z-am¡n'
Dd-¸n-¨p-sh¨p F¶pw, "Ah-km-\n-¸n-¨p;]qÀ¯n-bm¡n' F¶p-apÅ AÀ°§fnÂ
Ah D]-tbm-Kn-¡pI ]Xn-hm-Ip-¶p. (*) Ahn-izmknIfpsS lrZ-b-§Ä¡pw, tIÄhn¡pw-þ-A-Yhm ImXp-IÄ¡pw-þ-ap-{Z-sh-¨p-sh¶pw aäpw ]d-bp-¶X
- nsâ AÀ°hpw CXpX-s¶. AXm-b-Xv, \ntj-[hpw [n¡m-chpw sIm­v Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-§Ä \nd-ªncn-¡p¶p; F\n AXn-te¡v Xm¡o-Xp-I-tfm, D]-tZ-i-§-tfm, ZrjvSm-´-§tfm H¶pw
{]th-in-¡p-I-bnÃ; AXn-te-s¡m¶pw AhÀ {i² ]Xn-¡p-hm-t\m, sNhn-sIm-Sp-¡phm-t\m, I­p-a-\-Ên-em-¡p-hmt\m X¿m-dm-Ip-¶-XÃ; Ah-cpsS {Kl-tW-{µn-b-§Ä
ac-hn¨p Ign-ªn-cn-¡p¶p F¶v XmÂ]-cyw.
(*) C§n-s\-bpÅ Ae-¦m-cmÀ°-§-fn "Ac-¡n«p, koÂsh¨p' Fs¶ms¡ aebm-f-¯nepw ]d-bm-dp-­-tÃm.
187

`mKw 1

"JXa' F¶ hm¡nsâ ta kqNn-¸n¨ AÀ°-§Ä hnh-cn-¨p-sIm­v Camw
dmKn_v (d) At±-l-¯nsâ IzpÀ-B³ \nL-­p-hn {]kvXm-hn¨ Nne hnh-c-§Äþ-C-hnsS am{X-a-Ã-þ-IzpÀ-B-\n Xmsg ]e Øe-§-fn-epw, Nne \_n hN-\-§-fnepw
CXp-t]mse h¶n-«pÅ Nne {]tbm-K-§-fpsS XmÂ]cyw a\-Ên-em-¡p-hm³ hfsc
D]-I-cn-¡p-¶-Xm-Ip-¶p. B {]kvXm-h-\-bpsS kmcw C§ns\ D²-cn¡mw:--þ
"At¸mÄ ‫ ْﻢ‬N‫ﻮ‬
b-§ Ä¡v ap{Z-sh-¨p)
َ ّ َpَ ‫ﺧ‬
ِ ِ ُ ‫ ﻗُﻠ‬Mَ ‫اﷲ ُ َﻋ‬
َ (A- Ãmlp Ah-cْ psS lrZْ
ْ
ْ
ْ
F¶pw, …... ‫ﻮﺑ ( ْﻢ‬
‫(ﻢ وأَ ﺑﺼ‬
‫ﻌ‬rَ ‫اﷲ‬
‫( … إ ن أﺧﺬ‬...-A -Ã mlp \n§ِ ُ ‫ ﻗُﻠ‬Mَ ‫ َﻋ‬p
ُ
َ ‫ﺎر ﻛُﻢ َو‬
َ‫ﺧ‬
َ ُ َّ َ َ َ ِ
َ َ ُ
َ
َ
fpsStIÄhnbpw ImgvN-Ifpw FSp¯p If-bp-Ibpw \n§-fpsS lrZ-b-§Ä¡v ap{Zsh-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXm ... (6:46) F¶p-sams¡ ]d-ªXv AÃmlp \S-¸m-¡nb Hcp
]Xn-hn-te-¡pÅ kqN-\-bm-Ip-¶p. AXm-b-Xv, a\p-jy³ \ncÀ°-amb hnizm-k-¯nepw, \njn-²-amb {]hr¯n-I-fnepw At§-bäw F¯p-I-bpw, bYmÀ°-¯n-te-¡pÅ
Xncn-ªp-t\m«w CÃm-Xm-Ip-Ibpw sN¿p-t¼mÄ, B A\p-k-c-W-t¡Spw sXäp-Ip-ä§fpw sN¿p-¶Xv \¶mbn tXm¶p-I-sb¶ Hcp ioew AX-h-\n D­m-¡n-¯oÀ¡pI-bpw, Ahsâ lrZbw ap{Z-sh-¡-s¸-«-Xp-t]mse Bbn-¯o-cp-Ibpw sN¿p-¶p. CXpْ ْ ْ
ْ
t]m-se-¯-s¶-bmWv ْAِ ‫ﺎر‬
ِ ‫ َو َأﺑ َﺼ‬qِ ‫ ِﻌ‬rَ ‫ﻢ َو‬N‫ﻮ‬
َ (A-h-cpsS lrZ-b-§Ä¡pw
َ ّ ‫ﻃ َﺒ َﻊ‬
ِ ِ ُ ‫ ﻗُﻠ‬Mَ ‫اﷲ ُ َﻋ‬
tIÄhn¡pw
Imgv
N
IÄ¡pw
AÃmlp
ap{ZI
p¯n
(16: 108) F¶ hN-\ - hpw,
ْ ْ ْ ْ
‫ﻦ َأ ﻏ َﻔﻠ َﻨﺎ َﻗﻠﺒ ُﻪ‬
‫\( ﻣ‬mw lrZ-bs¯ A{i-²-bn-em-¡n-b-h³ (18: 28) F¶-Xnse A{i-²َ
َ
ً‫ ْﻢ أ ﻛﻨﺔ‬N‫ ﻗﻠﻮ‬M‫( وﺟ ﻌﻠْﻨﺎ ﻋ‬A-h-cpsS lrZ-b-§fn \mw Nne aqSnbn-em- ¡epw,
َّ ِ َ ِ ِ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ َ َ
ْ
‫( و‬A-h-cpsS lrZ-b-§IsfB¡n (6:25) F¶-Xnse aqSn CSepw, ً‫ﺎﺳﻴﺔ‬
ِ ‫ ْﻢ َﻗ‬N‫ﺟ َﻌﻠ َﻨﺎ ﻗُﻠُﻮ‬
َ َ
َ
ُ َ
sf \mw ISp-¸-ap-Å-Xm¡n (5: 14) F¶-Xnse ISp-¸-am-¡-ep-saÃmw Cu {]Im-c-¯nepÅ Ae-¦mc {]tbm-K-§-fmWv '(‫ ) اﻟﻤﻔﺮدات‬Cu D²-cWn icn¡v a\-Ên-cp-¯p¶Xv ]e kµÀ`-§-fnepw hfsc {]tbm-P-\-s¸-Sp-¶-Xm-sW¶v {]tXyIw DWÀ¯p¶p.
C¯cw {]tbm-K-§Ä IzpÀ-B-\nepw lZo-Ynepw ImWp-t¼mÄ a\-Ên-cp-t¯­p¶ asämcp Imcyw-IqSn ChnsS Nq­n-¡m-«mw. a\-Ên-te¡v kXy-hn-izmkw {]thin-¡m-Xn-cn-¡-¯-¡-h®w BZyta AÃmlp lrZ-b-§Ä¡v ap{Z-sh¨p XS-Ê-ap-­m¡p-I-bw, X³aqew kXy-hn-izmkw DÄs¡m-Åp-hm³ AhÀ¡v Ign-bmsX hcn-Ibpw
sN¿pI F¶Ã Ahn-S-§-fn-sem¶pw Dt±-iyw. Ah-cpsS \ntj-[hpw [n¡m-c-kz-`mhhpw apgp-¯-t¸mÄ, AtX Imc-W-¯m AÃmlp Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-§Ä¡v ap{Zsh-¨p-þ-A-Yhm AXn-te¡v hnizmkw IS¶p sNÃm¯ Ah-Ø-bn-em-¡n-þ-F-t¶bp-Åq. Nne IzpÀ-B³ hN-\-§-fn \n¶p Xs¶ CXv hyà-ambn a\-Ên-em-¡mw.
Ckvdm-Cu-eyÀ AÃm-lp-hnsâ im]-¯n\v ]m{X-am-Ip-hm-\p-­mb Imc-W-§Ä
FSp¯p ImWn-¡p¶ Iq«-¯nÂ, "R§-fpsS lrZ-b-§Ä Dd-bn-en«v aqSn-bn-cn-¡p-IbmWv' (\n-§-fpsS Cu {]t_m-[-\-§-sfm¶pw AXn-te¡v IS-¡p-I-bn-Ã) F¶pÅ
Ah- c psS
{]kvXm-h-ْ \ sb D²- c n-¨p- s Im­v AÃmlp ]d- b p¶p:
ْ
ْ
‫ﺴﺎء‬v‫ اﻟ‬-Aِ ‫اﷲ ﻋ َﻠ ْ^ﺎ ِﺑﻜُﻔ ِﺮ‬
‫]( ﺑﻞ ﻃَﺒ ﻊ‬-t£, Ah-cpsS Ahn-izmkw \nan¯w AXn-t·Â
َ
َ َ ُ َّ َ َ
AÃmlp ap{Z-Ip-¯n-bn-cn-¡p-I-bm-Wv. (4: 155) AÃm-lp-hnsâ ZrjvSm-´-§-fnÂ
IpXÀ¡w \S-¯p-¶-Xn AÃm-lp-hn-\pÅ h¼n¨ AaÀj-s¯-¸än {]kvXm-hn-¨pْ
ْ
sIm­v AÃmlp ]d-bp¶p: ‫ اﻟﻤﺆﻣﻦ‬-‫ﺎر‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫ﺟ‬
‫ﱪ‬
‫ﻜ‬
‫ﺘ‬
‫ﻣ‬
‫ﺐ‬
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﻞ‬
ّ
‫ﻛ‬
M
‫ﻋ‬
‫اﷲ‬
‫ﻊ‬
‫ﺒ‬
‫( ﻛﺬﻟ ﻚ ﻳﻄ‬A{]-Imّ
ِ
َ
ٍ َّ َ ٍ
َ ُ ِ َ ِ ُ َ َ ُ َّ ُ َ َ َ ِ َ َ
188

`mKw 1

cw, Alw-`m-hn-Ifpw tkzÑm-ep-¡-fpambh-cpsS lrZ-b-§-fnseÃmw AÃmlp ap{Z
Ip¯p-¶-XmWv. (40 : 35).
Cu temI-¯pÅ Hmtcm Imcy-¯n¶pw km[m-c-W-amb Nne Imc-W-§Ä
AÃmlp \nÝ-bn¨p sh¨n-«p-­v. B Imc-W-§Ä H¯p-Iq-Sp-t¼mÄ B Imcy-§Ä
kw`-hn-¡p-¶-Xmbn \mw ImWp-¶p. AY-hm, B kµÀ`-¯n AÃmlp AXv
kw`-hn-¸n-¡p-¶p. AÃmlp kw`-hn-¸n-¡p-¶-Xm-bXpsIm­m-WtÃm Nne-t¸mÄ \ap¡-dn-bm-hp¶ Imc-W-§-sfÃmw D­m-bn«v ]ns¶bpw Nne Imcy-§Ä kw`-hn-¡msX
ImWp-¶-Xv. C¸dª-XnÂ\n¶v AÃmlp ap{Z-sh-¨p-þ-A-Yhm ap{Z-sh-¡-ensâ
IÀ¯mhv AÃm-lp-hm-Wv-þ-F¶v ]d-ª-Xnsâ XmÂ]cyw {Kln-¡m-hp-¶-Xm-Wv. B
kXy-\n-tj-[n-I-tfmSv AÃm-lp-hn-\pÅ ITn-\-amb shdp-¸vIqSn Cu {]tbm-K-¯nÂ
kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p-­v. ‫واﷲ أﻋﻠﻢ‬
kqd-¯nsâ Bcw` hN-\-§-fn kXy-hn-izm-kn-Isf¡pdn-¨pw, A\-´cw Cu
c­p hN-\-§-fn apiv-cn-¡p-I-fmb Ahn-izm-kn-I-sf-¡p-dn¨pw {]kvXm-hn-¨-tijw
XpSÀ¶pÅ GXm\pw hN-\-§f
- n I]S hnizm-kn-I-sf-¸än {]kvXm-hn-¡p-¶p. apivcn¡p-IÄ¡v ]pd-sa, ْ aZo-\m-bn Ckvemansâ c­v {]tXyI i{Xp-¡-fm-WtÃm I]-Shn-izmkn (‫ ) اﻟ ُﻤﻨﺎﻓِ ُﻘﻮن‬Ifpw, thZ-¡m-cmb blq-Zn-I-fpw. AXp-sIm­v I]-S-hn-izmَ
َ
kn-I-sf-¸än ChnsS Xmc-X-tay\ Ipd-¨-[nIw kwkm-cn-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. thZ-¡m-sc-¡pdn-¨m-I-s«, hfsc kqà-§Ä Xs¶ Cu kqd-¯n AÃmlq hn\n-tbm-Kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶Xp ImWmw. I]-S-hn-izm-kn-I-sf-¸än AÃmlp ]d-bq¶p:-

hn`mKw þ 2
8 a\p-jy-cnep−v NneÀ; AhÀ
]dbpw: "R§Ä AÃm- lp- hnepw
A´y- Z n- \ - ¯ nepw hniz- k n- ¨ n- c n¡p¶p' F¶v. AhÀ (hm-kvX-h¯nÂ) kXyhnizm-kn-I-f-Ã-Xm-\pw.
9 AhÀ AÃm-lp-hn-t\m-Spw,
hniz-kn-¨-h-tcmSpwh©\
{]hÀ¯n¨p sIm−n-cn-¡p-¶p. (hmkvX-h-¯nÂ) AhÀ X§-sf-¯-s¶b- à msX h©n- ¡ p- ¶ n- à - X m- \ pw.
AhÀ (A-Xv) Adn-bp-¶p-an-Ã.
10 Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-§fn-ep−v
Hcp (X-cw) tcmKw; F¶n«v AÃmlp
AhÀ¡v tcmKw hÀ²n-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-Ibm- W v . AhÀ¡v thZ- \ - t b- d nb

189

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`mKw 1

in£-bp- a p−v; A hÀ hymPw
]dªp sIm−n-c n- ¡p- ¶Xv \nan¯w.

$
@

+ ,?

*-

+( .2

ْ
‫ﺎس‬
‫ و ِﻣ‬a\p-jy-cn-ep­v, ‫ﻮل‬
ِ َ ّ‫ﻦ اﻟﻨ‬
ُ ‫] َﻣﻦ َﻳ ُﻘ‬d-bp¶ NneÀ, ]d-bp-¶-hÀ ‫آﻣ ّﻨَﺎ‬
َ َ
َ
ْ ‫ وﺑﺎﻟْﻴ‬Znh-k-¯nepw‫ ْاﻵﺧﺮ‬Ah‫ﺑ‬
‫م‬
‫ﻮ‬
R§Ä hniz-kn-¨n-cn-¡p¶p ‫ﺎﷲ‬
AÃml
ph

ِ َّ ِ
ِ
ِِ
َ ِ َ
ْ
ْ
km-\s¯ Aُ ‫ وﻣﺎ‬Ah-c-Ã-Xm\pw ‫ﲔ‬
َ ِ‫ ِﺑ ُﻤﺆ ِﻣﻨ‬hniz-kn-¨-hÀ, kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ. 9
َ َ
‫ﻋﻮن‬
‫ ﻳﺨﺎد‬AhÀ h©\ \S-¯p-¶p. ‫اﷲ‬
AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv ‫ﻳﻦ آﻣﻨُﻮا‬6‫ا‬
ِ َّ ‫ و‬hniz-kn-¨-hَ ُ ِ َ ُ
َ َّ
َ َ
َ
ْ
ْ
ْ
tcmSpw ‫ وﻣﺎ ﻳﺨ َﺪ ُﻋﻮن‬AhÀ h©n-¡p-¶n-Ã-Xm\pw qُ ‫ ِإ َّﻻ َأ ﻧ ُﻔﺴ‬Ah-sc-¯s¶ (X-§َ
َ َ َ
َ
ْ
fpsS kz´-§-sf) AÃmsX ‫ وﻣﺎ }َﺸ ُ| ون‬AhÀ Adn-bp-¶p-an-Ã. AhÀ¡v t_m[-apَ ُ
َ َ
ٌ ‫ ﻣﺮ‬Hcp tcmKw
‫ﻠ‬
‫ﻗ‬
‫ﰲ‬
­m-Ip-¶nÃXm\pw. 10 ‫ ْﻢ‬N‫ﻮ‬
AhcpsS lrZ-b-§-fn-ep­v ‫ض‬
ُ
ُ
ِ
ِِ
َ َ
ْ
A‫ ﻓﺰاد‬F¶n«v AhÀ¡v hÀ²n-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p ‫اﷲ‬
‫ ﻣﺮ ًﺿﺎ‬tcmKs¯ qُ ‫و َﻟ‬
ُ َ ّ AÃmlp
َُُ ََ
َ
َ َ
ٌ
ٌ
AhÀ¡p-­v Xm\pw ‫ ﻋ َﺬ اب‬in£ sِ‫ أَﻟ‬thZ-\-tb-dnb ‫ﻛﺎﻧُﻮا‬
َ ‫ ِﺑ َﻤﺎ‬Ah-cm-bn-s¡m-­nَ
ْ
cp-¶-Xp\nan-¯w. ‫ ﻳﻜ ِﺬﺑﻮن‬AhÀ hymPw ]d-bpw.
َ ُ
َ
hm¡pw {]hr¯nbpw X½n-epw, cl-kyhpw ]c-kyhpw X½nepw s]mcp-¯-t¡ْ
Sp-­m-Ip-¶X
- mWv Im]Syw (‫) ِﻧ َﻔﺎق‬. hnizm-k-§-fnepw A\p-jvTm-\-§-fnepw D­mhmw
Im]-Syw. hnizm-k-¯nse Im]Sy-amWv Gähpw Kuc-h-s¸-«-Xv. FÃm Xcw Im]Sy§-sf-¡p-dn¨pw Hmtcm kµÀ`-¯n-embn IzpÀ-B-\n AÃmlp ]cm-aÀin-¨n-«p-­v.
Ckvemansâ ASn-Øm\ hniz-mk-¯nÂXs¶ apgp¯ Im]Syw sh¨p ]peÀ¯ns¡m-­n-cp-¶-þ-D-Ån Ip^vdpw ]pdsa CkvemanI thjhpw kzoI-cn-¨n-cp-¶þ-I-]-Shn-izm-kn-I-sf-¡p-dn-¨mWv Cu kqà-§-fn {]kvXm-hn-¡p-¶-Xv.

8

aZ\o kqd-¯p-I-fn-emWv ap\m-^n-Izp-I-sf-]än ]cm-aÀi-§-fp-Å-Xv. a¡m-bnÂ
ap\m-^n-Izp-IÄ CÃm-bn-cp-¶p. t\sc-a-dn¨v bYmÀ°-¯n kXy-hn-izmkw kzoI-cn¡p-Ibpw, AtXm-Sp-IqSn ZuÀºeyw ImcWw AXv-aq-Sn-sh-¨p-sIm­v _mly-¯nÂ
Ahn-izmkw {]I-Sn-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿m³ \nÀ_-Ôn-X-cmb Nne-cmWv a¡m-bn D­mbn-cp-¶-Xv. Imc-Ww, AhnsS {]Xm-]hpw iànbpw apivcn¡pIÄ¡m-bn-cp-¶-tÃm.
\_n aZo-\m-bn h¶-t¸mÄ Hukv, JkvdPv F¶o c­v tKm{X-¡m-cm-bn-cp¶p
Ahn-Ss¯ Ad-_n-IÄ. ap¼v Ahcpw a¡m- apivcn¡pI-sf-t¸mse hn{K-lm-cm-[-I-cm-bn-cp-¶-psh-¦nepw \_n
bpw kzlm-_n-Ifpw AhnsS F¯pw -ap¼v Xs¶
AhÀ¡n-S-bn Ckveman\p {]Nmcw kn²n¨p XpS-§n-bn-cp-¶p. \_n bpsS hcthm-Sp-IqSn AXv IqSp-X hÀ²n-¨p-sIm-­n-cn-¡p-Ibpw sNbvXp. aZo\m ]cn-k-c-§fn-ep-­m-bn-cp¶ asämcp Iq«À blq-Zn-I-fm-bn-cp¶p. Ah-cpsS blqZ ]mc-¼-cy-a-\pk-cn¨p t]mcp-¶-h-cm-bn-cp¶p AhÀ. blq-Zn-IÄ aq¶p tKm{X-¡m-cm-bn-cp-¶p.
ْ
ْ
ْ ْ
_\qssIz\p-Izm--Dv, _\q\ZzoÀ, _\q-Izp-ssdfz: (‫ َﻧ ِﻀ ﲑ‬، ‫ﻈﺔ‬
َ ‫ ﻗُﺮﻳ‬، ‫) َﻗﻴﻨ ُ َﻘﺎء‬. BZys¯
َ
tKm{Xhpw Jkv-dPqw X½nepw, Ah-km-\s¯ c­p tKm{Xhpw
Hukpw X½nepw
kJy-¯n-em-bn-cp-¶p. Ad-_n-I-fnÂ\n¶v [mcmfw Bfp-IÄ Ckvemans\ AwKo-I190

`mKw 1

cn-¨p-sh-¦nepw blq-Zn-I-fnÂ\n¶v A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p kemapw (d) hfsc Npcp¡w
t]cpw am{Xta Ckveman h¶n-«p-Åq. C¡m-e¯v aZo-\m-bn ap\m-^n-Izp-I-fp−m-bn-cp-¶n-Ã. `b-s¸-S-¯¡ Hcp iàn A¶p apkvenwIÄ¡p e`n¨p Ign-ªncp-¶n-Ã. AXvsIm­v I]Sthj-¯nsâ Bhiyw CÃm-bn-cp-¶p. \_n bmIs«,
blq-Z-cp-ambpw, ]cn-k-c-{]-tZ-i-§-fn-epÅ ]e Ad_o tKm{X-§-fpambpw kJy
DS-¼Sn \S-¯p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-¶p.
JkvdPv tKm{X-¡m-c-\m-sW-¦nepw Huknepw Jkvd-Pnepw s]mXp t\XrXzw
ssIh¶ Hcp t\Xm-hm-bn-cp¶p A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p D_-¿n_v\n\p kpeqÂ. A_vZpÃmsb FÃm-h-cp-sSbpw cmPm-hmbn hmgn-¡p-hm³ Btem-N\ \S¶p hcn-I-bm-bn-cp¶p. A¡m-e-¯mWv Ckveman\p, ta {]kvXm-hn¨ {]Im-c-apÅ kzm[o\w D−mbn-¯oÀ¶-Xv. ]ecpw Ckveman-te¡v BIÀjn-¡-s¸-«-tXmsS B Btem-N\
apt¶m«p t]mIm-Xm-bn. t\XrXztamln-bmb A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p D_-¿n¶v CXpaqew Ckveman-t\mSpw apkvenwI-tfmSpw shdp-¸p-f-hm-bn. kp{]-kn-²-amb _ZvÀ
bp²w Ign-ª-tXmsS apkvenwI-fpsS biÊpw {]Xm-]hpw iàn-s¸-«p-h-tÃm. Ckv
emansâ iàn ]qÀÆm-[nIw hÀ²n-¨p-sIm-−n-cn-¡p-¶Xv I−-t¸mÄ, Ah\pw
Ahsâ knÂ_-Ôn-Ifpw A\p-`m-hn-Ifpw {]Xy-£-¯n Ckvemans\ AwKo-Icn¨v apkvenwI-fmbn A`n-\-bn-¨p. thZ-¡m-cnÂs]« Nnecpw C¡q«-¯n-ep-−m-bn-cp¶p. ChnSw apX¡mWv "ap\m-^n-Izp'-I-fpsS XpS-¡w. {ItaW aZo-\m-bnepw,
Npäp-{]-tZ-i-§-fn-epÅ "AAv-dm_n' (a-cp-`q-hm-kn)IÄ¡n-S-bnepw Ch-cpsS F®w
hÀ²-n¨p. a¡-bn \n¶p lnPvdx h¶ aplm-Pn-dp-I-fn Bcnepw "\n^mIzn' (Im]-Sy-¯n)sâ tcmKw _m[n-¨n-«n-Ã. Ah-cmcpw aäp-Åh
- c
- psS \nÀ_-Ô-¯n-t\m, kzm[o\-¯nt\m hg§n Ckvemans\ AwKo-I-cn-¨-htcm, AÃmlp AÃm¯ aäm-cp-sSsb¦nepw {]oXn- ¡ p- t h−n kXy- h n- i zmkw kzo I- c n-¨- h tcm AÃ- t Ãm
ْ
ْ
( ‫ﻛﺜِ ﲑ‬
َ ‫ﻛ َﻤﺎ ِﰱ إِﺑﻦ‬
َ).
A_vZp-Ãm-ln_v\p D_-¿pw, Ahsâ BÄ¡mcpw bYmÀ°-¯n Ahn-izm-knIÄ Xs¶-bm-sW-¦n-epw, _mly-¯n CkvemwaXw kzoI-cn¨p apkvenwIfm-bn-cn¡p-I-bm-W-tÃm. B Øn-Xn¡v Ah-cpsS _mlym-hØ ]cn-K-Wn¨p kXy-hn-izmkn-IÄ h©n-X-cm-Ip-hm\pw, HmÀ¡m-¸p-d¯v AhÀaqew ]e A\njvS kw`-h-§fpw
D−m-bn-¯o-cp-hm\pw CShcpw. ZpjvS-·m-sc-¸än injvS³am-sc¶v sXän-²-cn-¡p-¶Xv
]e B]-¯p-IÄ¡pw hgn-sh-¡p-a-tÃm. BI-bmÂ, ap\m-^n-Izp-Isf kw_Ôn¨v
kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ kZm PmK-cq-I-cm-bn-cn-t¡-−-Xp−v. Cu hkvXpX kXyhnizmkn-Isf Cu hN-\-§Ä aptJ\ AÃmlp DWÀ¯p-¶p. hfsc Icp-X-temsS \n§Ä
kq£n¨p sIm−n-cn-t¡-−p¶ Hcp aq¶mw tNcn-bpw-IqSn Chn-sS-bp-s−-¶pw, AhcpsS bYmÀ° ØnXn C¶n- ¶ - X m- s W¶pw Adn- b n- ¡ p- I bpw sN¿p- ¶ p.
\_n bpsSbpw kXy-hn-iz-mkn-I-fpsSbpw ASp-¡Â hcp-t¼mÄ X§Ä kXy-hnizmkw kzoI-cn¨ apkvenwIfmsW¶v hm¡p-sIm−pw `mhwsIm−pw AhÀ {]ISn-¸n¡qw. hmkvX-h-¯n hnizmkw Ahsc Xo−n-bn«pt]mep-anà F¶mWv 8þmw
hN-\-¯nsâ XmÂ]cyw, kqd: ap\m-^n-Izq-\n CuIm-cyw C§ns\ ]d-ªn-cn-¡p¶p. "(\_ntb) I]-Sh
- n-izm-kn-IÄ \nsâ ASp-¡Â hcp-t¼mÄ AhÀ ]dbpw: Xm¦Ä
191

`mKw 1

AÃm-lp-hnsâ dkq Xs¶-bm-sW¶v R§Ä km£yw hln-¡p-¶p-sh-¶v. AÃmlp-hn-\-dnbmw \o Ahsâ dkq Xs¶-bm-sW¶v. \nÝ-b-ambpw I]-S-hn-izm-knIÄ Ifhp ]d-bp-¶-hÀ Xs¶-bm-sW¶v AÃmlp km£y-s¸-Sp-¯p-Ibpw sN¿p¶p'. Xmsg 14þmw hN\w t\m¡p-I.
Ah-cpsS Cu A`n-\-b-¯n ip²m-ßm-¡-fmb Nne kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ Nnet¸mÄ I_-fn-¸n-¡-s¸-t«-¡pw. F¶m kXy-hn-izm-kn-IÄ s]mXpsh AXn h©nX-cm-hp-I-bnÃ. AÃm-lp-hns\ h©n-¡p-hm³ km[y-hp-a-Ã-tÃm. F¶mepw X§fpsS DÅp-IÅn Bcpw Adn-bp-I-bn-sÃ-¶m-W-h-cpsS [mc-W. Hcp ]t£, AÃmlp
t]mepw X§-fpsS bYmÀ° ØnXn Adn-bp-I-bn-söv AhÀ [cn-¨p-h-im-bn-cn-¡mw.
Ah-sc-¸än "\n§-tfmSv AhÀ i]Yw sN¿p-¶-Xp-t]mse ]p\-cp-°m\ Znhkw AhÀ
AÃm-lp-hn-t\mSv i]Yw sNbvXp ]d-bpw' F¶v 58 : 18  AÃmlp {]kvXm-hn-¨n-cn¡p-¶Xv ImWmw. F\n, AÃm-lp-hn-s\-¡p-dn¨v B [mcW AhÀ¡n-söv h¶mÂ
Xs¶bpw AÃm-lp-hnsâ I£n-bmb kXyhnizm-kn-I-tfmSv \S-¯p¶ h©\ AÃmlp-hn-t\mSpw \S-¯p¶ h©-\bm-W-tÃm. C{Xbpw \nµy-amb Cu Im]Syw aqew
sFln-Ia
- mb Nne Xm¡m-enI t\«-§Ä am{X-amW-h-cpsS e£yw. ]t£, At§
bäw hj-f-¯hpw A]-am-\-hp-am-bn-cn¡pw AXnsâ ^ew. ]c-tem-I-¯n-em-Is«
ITn-\-I-tTm-c-amb in£bpw! At¸mÄ, Ah-cpsS h©\ bYmÀ°-¯n _m[n¡p-¶Xv AhÀ¡v Xs¶-b-ÃmsX aämÀ¡p-a-Ã. CsXm¶pw B I]-S-·mÀþA-h-cpsS
hnUvVn-¯hpw t`mj-¯hpw Imc-W-am-bn-þ-{K-ln-¡p-¶n-Ã. AXn-\pÅ kpt_m-[hpw
AhÀ¡n-Ã.
Ah-cpsS lrZ-b-§-fn Hcp-Xcw tcmK-ap-s­¶v ]d-ªX
- nsâ XmÂ]cyw taÂ]d-ª-Xn \n¶v a\-Ên-em-¡m-a-tÃm. Im]-Syhpw \ntj-[-hp-sams¡ B tcmK-¯nsâ
e£-W-§-f-s{X. Hmtcm IzpÀ-B³ hN\w Ah-X-cn-¡p-t¼m-gpw, Hmtcm ZrjvSm´w
ImWp-t¼mgpw Ah-cn-ep-­m-Ip¶ {]Xn-I-cWw AXp-X-s¶. A§ns\ B tcmKw
ٌ
ْ ْ
h À ² n - ¨ p s I m - ­ n - c n - ¡ p - I - b m - W v . A Ã m l p ] d - b p ¶ p : - ‫وإِ َذ ا ﻣﺎ أ ُﻧ ِﺰ َﻟ ﺖ ﺳﻮر ة‬
ُ
َ
َ
َ
ْ
‫اﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬-‫ﻛﺎ ِﻓ ٌﺮ ون‬
ِ ِ ‫ َﻗﻮ‬ƒَ ‫ ِإ‬kmcw: "hà kqd¯pw Ah-X-cn-¸n-¡-s¸-«m Ah-cn NneÀ
َ W
َ
(]-cn-lm-ky-am-bn) ]dbpw: \n§-fn BÀ¡mWv CXv hnizmkw hÀ²n-¸n-¨Xv F¶v.
F¶m hniz-kn-¨-hÀ¡v AXv hnizmkw hÀ²n-¸n-¨n-cn-¡p-¶p. AhÀ kt´m-jwsIm-Åp-Ibpw sN¿pw. lrZ-b-¯n tcmK-ap-Å-h-cm-I-s«, AX-h-cpsS avtfNvOXbneqsS avtfNvOX hÀ²n-¸n-¡p-Ibpw sN¿pw. AhÀ Ahnizmkn-I-fm-bn-s¡m­v acW-s¸-Sp-Ibpw sN¿pw'. (Xu_: 124, 125) AÃmlp AhÀ¡v tcmKw hÀ²n-¸n¨p
F¶v ]d-ª-Xnsâ XmÂ]cyw CXnÂ\n¶v a\-Ên-em-¡mw.

11 Ah-tcm-Sv, "\n§Ä `qanbn [\m«nÂ] \mi-ap-−m-¡-cpXv'
F¶p ]d-b-s¸-«mÂ-þ-A-hÀ ]dbpw:
"\nÝ-ba
- m-bpw, R§Ä \·-bp-−m¡p-¶-hÀ am{X-amIp-¶p. F¶v.

192

-)
/C

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