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Narrative: Mt Lakes

Narrative: Mt Lakes

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Published by: Morris County NJ on Feb 02, 2010
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03/25/2010

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Borough of Mountain Lakes (1425)
Introduction
This municipal chapter is an element of the Morris County Wastewater Management Plan prepared by the Morris County Department of Planning and Development in accordance with N.J.A.C. 7:15. The Borough of Mountain Lakes is a small community and consists of numerous small lakes and forested greenways. The Borough was incorporated in 1924 and was one of the first planned residential commuter communities in the county. It is known for the original architecture of its numerous Hapsgood houses. The Borough of Mountain Lakes is located in the east central portion of Morris County between the Township of Denville and Borough of Mountain Lakes and encompasses approximately 2.9 square miles. About 30% of the Township consists of protected parks and recreation areas. The remaining land within the Township consists mainly of residential uses, with commercial uses focused along US Highway 46. The Township zoning designations are shown on Map 4M. The Census Bureau estimates the Borough of Mountain Lakes had a population of 4,274 in 2008. The population has remained very steady, showing growth of less than one percent (1%) since 2000. Following are some important considerations for this municipality with respect to wastewater management planning: • • The Borough of Mountain Lakes is considered a non-urban municipality. The entire municipality is located within the New Jersey Highlands (Highlands) Planning Area.

In this document the following terms are used frequently: • EDUs – Equivalent Dwelling Units - a measure where one unit is equivalent to wastewater effluent from one dwelling unit. NJDEP defines a dwelling unit to mean any building or portion of a building, permanent or temporary, used or proposed to be used as a residence either seasonally or throughout the year. Most often, EDU is used in reference to a single family home. • • gpd – gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. GSA – General Service Area – represents the area to be served by residential septic systems. NJDEP refers to septic systems as discharges to groundwater with a design capacity of less than 2,000 gallons per day. GW – groundwater

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Mountain Lakes

HUC11 - Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 11 digits – a United States Geological Survey (USGS) standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. HUC14 – Hydrologic Unit Code consisting of 14 digits – a USGS standard designation for subwatersheds delineated based on topography. mgd – million gallons per day, a unit of flow measurement. NDM - Nitrate Dilution Model – The NDM) is required by NJDEP and follows the calculations methodology developed by the New Jersey Geological Service (NJGS). The NDM uses the soils type to estimate the minimum lot size needed to provide enough recharge to dilute nitrate to a specified target. This method is intended to be a guide for estimating the impact of nitrate

from septic tanks on groundwater quality. The NDM uses the minimum lot size to calculate the number of EDUs possible for a given area. • Non-discharge areas - areas where additional wastewater generation and/or discharge are prohibited. SSA – Sewer Service Area – represents the area to be served by a centralized treatment facility. STP – Sewage Treatment Plant SW – surface water WMP – Wastewater Management Plan WPCF – Water Pollution Control Facility WPCP – Water Pollution Control Plant WWTP – Wastewater Treatment Plant

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Existing Infrastructure
Existing wastewater collection and conveyance infrastructure within this municipality consists of the following: • Collection System – The Borough of Mountain Lakes is developed throughout the majority of the Borough. The collection system and associated trunk sewers convey flow from these populated areas primarily to the Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP. Pumping Stations – There is one small pumping station in the Borough of Mountain Lakes located in the northwest corner of the Borough.

There are no existing major wastewater treatment facilities located in the Borough of Mountain Lakes. The Borough is served by the Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Mountain Lakes

There are no additional minor facilities in the Borough of Mountain Lakes that are regulated by NJDEP that have individual New Jersey Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) discharge permits. However, Tables numbered 1a and 1b are reserved for such facilities if they are noted in the future. The existing treatment facilities, if any, are illustrated on Map 2M.

Environmental and Other Land Features
County-wide environmental features are shown on maps 5A & 5B. The Borough of Mountain Lakes is located just northwest of the intersection of Interstate 287 and Interstate 80. US Highway 46 runs along the southern border of the Borough. There are multiple large water bodies in the Borough including Wildwood Lake, Mountain Lake, Birtchwood Lake, Crystal Lake and Sunset Lake. The northwestern corner of the Borough includes wetlands and tributaries associated with the Rockaway River, which runs north of the northern border of the Borough. Tributaries to the Troy Brook are located along the southeastern and eastern portions of the Borough, connecting to the Troy Brook just east of the eastern border. There are multiple small local open space and recreational areas in the Borough including Halsey A. Fredrick Park and Richard M. Wilcox Park.

Delineation of Service Areas and Planning Integration
Sewer Service Areas
Following are the sewer service areas within Borough of Mountain Lakes. The existing areas served and future SSAs are shown on Maps 2M and 3M, respectively. The facilities providing treatment to these service areas have an associated facilities table in the Appendix. • Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP (NJPDES NJ0024970; DSW) – This SSA serves the majority of the Township.

General Service Area
General Service Areas (GSAs) consist of those areas with discharges to groundwater of less than 2,000 gallons per day (i.e. residential septic systems) that are designated neither for sewer service nor as non-discharge areas.

Coordination and Compliance with the New Jersey Highlands Regional Master Plan
The Borough of Mountain Lakes is entirely within the Highlands Planning Area. As of December 7, 2009, the Borough of Mountain Lakes has not chosen to conform to the Highlands Regional Master Plan for the Planning Area. Therefore, the standards in the

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Mountain Lakes

NJDEP Water Quality Management Rules, N.J.A.C. 7:15-1 et seq., were utilized for the Borough within the Planning Area.

Future Wastewater Demand and Facilities
For the purposes of evaluating capacity and future sanitary flow rates, the full build-out of undeveloped or underdeveloped land in the Township was derived from the existing zoning and the development potential of land parcels within Township. The results of the build-out were compared to the permitted treatment capacity of major wastewater treatment facilities. This analysis is not required for the minor facilities.

Sewer Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 2a presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the SSAs indicated above.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Mountain Lakes

Table 2a: Borough of Mountain Lakes Build-out Table (SSAs) Total Flow Capacity Attributed to Total Residential Allocation/ TWAs Existing Build-out Permitted Approved Flow Flow Capacity But (mgd) (mgd) (mgd) Unconnected (mgd) 0.640 0.405 0.011 0.033

Major Public Wastewater Treatment Facility Par-Troy Hills WTP

NonResidential Build-out Flow (mgd)

Existing Total Septic Projected BuildSystems out Flow Flow (mgd) (mgd) 0 0.454

Remaining Capacity (mgd)

0.004

0.186

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Mountain Lakes

Treatment Works Approvals (TWAs) approved by NJDEP for unconnected projects within Borough of Mountain Lakes consist of the following: Table 2b – Treatment Works Approvals Facility TWA Park Place Housing Development Par-Troy Hills WTP (Morris Ave and Fanny Rd) Total Unconnected Flow (mgd) 0.011 0.011

The majority of the Borough of Mountain Lakes is served by the Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP. The allocated capacity for the Borough of Mountain Lakes is 0.640 mgd from the Parsippany-Troy Hills WTP and the total projected build-out flow is 0.454 mgd, leaving a surplus in capacity of 0.186 mgd. Table 2a shows that the Borough of Mountain Lakes has sufficient allocated capacity to meet the expected build-out potential within the Borough. Undeveloped and underdeveloped parcels are shown on Map 3M. Flows for the additional minor facilities in the municipality are anticipated to remain the same through at least the term of this WMP.

General Service Area Wastewater Capacity Analysis
Table 3 presents the results of the Build-out Analysis within the GSA. The GSA is shown on Map 3M. The breakdown by HUC14 subwatershed is shown below. Table 3 – Borough of Mountain Lakes Build-out by HUC14 (GSA) Build-out Potential (Equivalent Dwelling Units) HUC141 02030103020080 02030103030120 02030103030140 02030103030150
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Using Nitrate Dilution Model 42.91 0.03 0.48 25.73

Under Municipal Zoning 4.00 0.51 0.00 0.00

Surplus/ Deficit 38.91 -0.48 0.48 25.73

The Build-out potential within this HUC 14 is for that portion within the municipal boundary. It does not represent the entire HUC 14 boundary within Morris County and only represents the portion of the HUC14 within the Borough of Mountain Lakes.

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Interim Draft Wastewater Management Plan for Morris County (12/31/09) Borough of Mountain Lakes

For Table 3, equivalent dwelling units were calculated by adding [potential residential flow (gpd)/350] + [potential non-residential flow (gpd)/500]. The General Service Area (i.e., septic) build-out capacity analysis for Borough of Mountain Lakes was based on the 2.0 mg/L statewide standard for the target concentration of nitrate in groundwater. Following are the results of this analysis found in table 3 above for the Borough of Mountain Lake’s portion of the HUC14: • For HUC 02030103030120 the build-out results based on existing zoning is more than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, HUC 02030103030120 needs further evaluation. For HUC 02030103020080, 02030103030140 and 02030103030150 the build-out results based on existing zoning is less than the number of potential EDUs generated by the Nitrate Dilution Model (NDM) for septic capacity, and therefore, no change in zoning is required.

NOTE: Where the number of EDUs generated by zoning is greater than the number of EDUs generated by the NDM, zoning build-out and NDM will be run for the entire HUC 14 to determine if the entire HUC 14 has sufficient nitrate dilution capacity to accommodate full zoning build-out.

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