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AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised

# AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised

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AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised
APCalc 2-1 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised.doc

AP Calculus - Anthony
AP Calculus 2-1 and 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised
APCalc 2-1 2-4 Applications 2008 Revised.doc

AP Calculus - Anthony

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07/12/2013

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# AP Calculus 2.1 – 2.

4 Applications of Derivatives p118, #103 The volume of a cube with sides of length the volume with respect to s when s = 4 centimeters.

s is given by V

= s 3 . Find the rate of change of

1,008,000 + 6.3Q where Q Q is the order size when the inventory is replenished. Find the change in annual cost when Q is increased from 350 to 352, and compare this with the instantaneous rate of change when Q = 351 .

p118, #106 The annual inventory cost C for a manufacturer is given by: C =

p129, #116 An automobile’s velocity starting from rest is given by v( t ) =

in feet per second. Find a) the velocity at 7 seconds, b) the acceleration at 5 seconds, c) the acceleration at 10 seconds, and d) the average acceleration from 5 seconds to 10 seconds p129, #117 A car is traveling at a rate of 66 feet per second (45 miles per hour) when the brakes are applied. The position function for the car is s ( t ) = −8.25t 2 + 66t where s is measured in feet and t is measured in seconds. Use this function to find the velocity and acceleration of the car and then find the average velocity from t = 0 to t = 3, the instantaneous velocity at t = 3, and the acceleration at t = 3. P139, #102 The displacement from equilibrium of an object in harmonic motion on the end of a spring is given by: y = cos 12t − sin 12t where y is measured in feet and t is the time in seconds. Determine the position, velocity, and acceleration of the object when t = Piece-wise examples: Find the interval(s) of differentiability for:  x + 1; x < 1 f ( x) =  2 x + 1 ; x ≥ 1  x−2 : x <3 h ( x) =   1 ; x ≥ 3 2 x + 1 : x ≤ 1 g ( x) =  2 x + 2 ; x > 1  1 ; x > 1 j ( x) =  3   x ; x ≤1
π
8 1 3 1 4

100t where 2t + 15

v is measured

seconds.

The graph at the right represents the function f ( x ) . Sketch the graphs of f ′ ( x ) and f ′′ ( x ) the same set of axes.

on

The graph at the right represents the function g ( x ) . Sketch the graphs of g ′ ( x ) and g ′′ ( x ) on the same set of axes.

the graph at the right represents h ( x ) , sketch the graph of h′ ( x )

If

The graph at the right represents the population in 1000’s of a town at years measured from 1980. Estimate the population in the year 1986? Estimate the average rate of growth from 1979 to 1986? Estimate the rate of growth in 1973? In 1989?

The graph at the left represents the position of an object to the right of an arbitrary starting point in meters with respect to time in minutes. What is the position of the object at t = −7 min ? When is the velocity of the object zero? Over what interval is the velocity negative? When does the velocity appear to be the greatest? When might the acceleration be zero?

Given h ( x ) = f ( g ( x ) ) f ( x) Find h ′ ( 5)

g ( x)

Two functions, f and g are defined on the closed interval −4 ≤ x ≤ 4 . A graph of the function f is given below at the right and a table of some of the values in the continuous function g are given below at left. x g(x ) -4 10 -3 9 -2 5 -1 -1 0 0 1 2 2 6 3 0 4 -3

a) Find f ′ ( 3) b) Approximate g ′ ( 0 ) c) If the function h is defined by h ( x ) = g   f ( x)  , evaluate: h ( 2) h ′ ( 3) The function f is continuous and differentiable on the closed interval [ 1, 5] . The table below gives selected values of f on this interval. Which of the following statements must be true? x f(x) 1 3 2 4 3 5 4 3 5 -2

a) f ′ ( x ) > 0 for 1 < x < 3

b) f ′′ ( x ) < 0 for 3 < x < 5

c) There exists a c, 1 < c < 5 such that f ( c ) = 0 A car is moving along a straight road from A to B, starting at time t = 0. Below is a graph of the car’s velocity (positive direction from A to B), plotted against time. How many kilometers away from A is the car at time t = 6? At what time does the car change direction? Sketch a graph of the acceleration of the car on the same graph.

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