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1: EXTREMA ON AN INTERVAL

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

State symbolically, understand and apply the definition of Extrema on an Interval, and be able to distinguish between absolute maxima and minima Apply the Extreme Value Theorem to a closed interval State symbolically, understand and apply the definition of Relative Extrema, and be able to distinguish between relative maxima and minima Visually identify on a graph where relative extrema exist (at cusps, nodes, “hills” or “valleys”) State symbolically, understand and apply the definition of a Critical Number Apply the definition of Critical Number to specific functions, in order to locate potential extrema on an interval

Determine extrema on a closed interval by evaluating all critical numbers and both endpoints in the original function

Analyze non-equation based graphs for presence of relative and absolute extrema

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00

28675813.doc

SECTION 3.2: ROLLE’S THEOREM AND MEAN VALUE THEORM

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

State symbolically, understand and apply Rolle’s Theorem State symbolically, understand and apply the Mean Value Theorem Recognize the inherent fact that Rolle’s is a Corollary of (special instance of) the Mean Value Theorem – and how and why this is the case.

SECTION 3.3: INCREASING AND DECREASING FUNCTIONS AND THE FIRST DERIVATIVE TEST

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

State symbolically, understand and apply the definition of and increasing or increasing function on an interval Apply the first derivative to a function as a test to whether it is increasing, decreasing or constant on a closed interval

Set up a number line for f ′ , place critical numbers and domain restrictions on it, and test intervals for + or – (increasing or decreasing)

**Understand and apply the First Derivative Test, in locating relative maxima and minima
**

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00 28675813.doc

SECTION 3.4: CONCAVITY AND THE SECOND DERIVATIVE TEST

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

Define Concavity based on the increasing/decreasing nature on the first derivative Visually identify portions of a graph which display upward or downward concavity Apply the second derivative as a test for concavity

′ Set up a number line for f ′ , place critical numbers (PPI’s) and domain restrictions on it, and test intervals for + or – (upward or downward concavity for f )

Define, understand, identify and algebraically locate Points of Inflection Connect the analogous concepts of Critical Number for the first derivative to Possible Point of Inflection for the second derivative

Understand and apply the Second Derivative Test, in locating relative maxima and minima

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00

28675813.doc

SECTION 3.5: LIMITS AT INFINITY

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

State symbolically, understand and apply the definition of a Limit at Infinity State symbolically, understand and apply the definition of a Horizontal Asymptote Apply a limit at infinity to various rational functions Understand when an indeterminate form exists

Recognize when it is appropriate to use L’Hôpital’s Rule, and how to apply it (Section 8.7)

Apply limits at infinity to trigonometric functions

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00

28675813.doc

SECTION 3.6: A SUMMARY OF CURVE SKETCHING

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

Synthesize the complete set of Algebraic and Calculus concepts to produce an accurate sketch of a curve

Locate y-intercepts by setting x = 0, and locate x-intercepts by setting y = 0

Utilize the concept of symmetry for even or odd functions whenever appropriate Establish the correct domain and range of a function Locate any discontinuities, and intervals of continuity

Locate any Vertical, Horizontal or Slant Asymptotes

Determine non-differentiable points, and intervals of differentiability Identify increasing/decreasing intervals Identify Relative extrema

Identify intervals of concavity and points of inflection

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00

28675813.doc

SECTION 3.7: OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

Recognize and explain the importance of optimization in multiple real-world contexts Set up a “Primary Equation”, which will be maximized, and do so in a variety of problem contexts Develop a “Secondary Equation”, which will allow for the establishment of the Primary Equation in terms of 1 variable Observe feasible domain restrictions Locate possible optimal values for the Primary Equation, by utilizing the concepts of relative extrema

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00

28675813.doc

SECTION 3.9: DIFFERENTIALS

**Goals: The Student Will Be Able To:
**

Understand that Calculus can be used to create a tangent line approximation to a function at a specific point (c, f(c)) in the general form: also known as

y = f (c ) + f ′(c )( x − c )

y − f (c) = f ′(c)( x − c )

** Understand and appreciate the somewhat controversial overall concept of LOCAL LINEARITY
**

**Understand what a differential is derivative
**

dy dx

( ) and write a derivative in differential form.

( dy ) and

how it is different from a

**Interconnect the seemingly disparate algebraic expressions:
**

y − f (c ) = f ′(c)( x − c )

- Linear Approximation Formula Point Slope Form

y − y1 = m( x − x1 ) f ′( x ) = dy dx

- Two alternate symbolic ways to write a derivative Algebra Slope

m=

y2 − y1 ∆y f (b) − f (a ) f ( x + ∆x) − f ( x ) = = = x2 − x1 ∆x b−a ∆x

dy = f ′( x )dx

- Differential form of a derivative - The “real” change in y approximated by dy

∆y = f ( x + ∆x ) − f ( x ) ≈ f ′( x )dx

Use differentials to approximate a function value. Use the concept that f ( x + ∆x) ≈ f ( x) + f ′( x)dx

Created on 29/11/2007 16:55:00

28675813.doc

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