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Prsentation - RHS

Prsentation - RHS

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05/11/2014

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In search of drinking water

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Amount of drinking water in the world

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Per capita consumption – India / World
Litres per person per day Drinking 3 Cooking 4 Bathing 20 Flushing 40 Washing clothes 25 Washing utensils 20 Gardening 23 Total 135
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

In search of drinking water

In many parts of the world, women spend 2-3 hours a Designed by : Shiva Prasad day fetchingRRCE K, 3rd water Sem, MBA,

India – rainfall
India annual rainfall is within the top 6 countries in the world. But we do not conserve the rain water.

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Compare rainfall in 5 Indian cities
35.0 30.0

6

rainfall in Inches

25.0 20.0 15.0 10.0 5.0

Mumbai Chennai

Calcutta Delhi

Bangalore
September November December February January October August March June April July May

0.0

months

Bangalore gets 37”annually but the rainfall is more spread out. Delhi = 32.1” Mumbai=120” Prasad K, 3rd Designed by : Shiva Calcutta=62.3”
Sem, MBA, RRCE

India has 2 seasons – Floods and Drought

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

What is Rainwater harvesting ?
• “Capture rain water, store it and use it - it is as simple as that” - Prime Minister Vajpayayee at a national seminar on Rain water harvesting, New Delhi, May 22, 2000 • Collect the rain water falling on house tops, collection ponds, lakes, open areas with natural grading • Rain water is naturally pure (excepting where it becomes acid rain due to industrial pollution) • Ground water could be salty or brackish
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Collecting surface water at the building gate
The rainwater falling on the open space around the complex can be collected near the gate by providing a gutter with a perforated lid. The collected water can be led through a pipe into a recharge well of 1 metre dia and 5 metre deep.

Rain Centre – Two views of water collection at the gate.

If the area around the flatShiva Prasad K, 3rd paved with concrete, complex is Designed by : Sem, MBA, RRCE we collect the water at the gate.

Collecting roof water and draining it in a well
• Clean the building roof as a collector of rainfall. • Draw rainwater down through pipes and gutters (Rs 2000) • Drain water through a filtering pit 2’x2’x2’ filled with pebbles and sand with a cover slab (Rs1500) • Provide a pipe from the filtering pit to the well. (Rs 500) • Cost estimates for drawing shown. Will vary for other units
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rain Centre Take roof water, filter and charge the well

Roof top Rain Water harvesting
1. Rain water collected on the roof 2. Flows thru drain pipe 3. First flush - discard some initial water 4. Water flows thru a filter - bottom to top (sponge is filter) 5. Store in a sump 6. Pump water to tank 7. Water pumped up 8. Store in a overhead tank - to house 9. Overflow from sump charges the aquifer

Rain water 8 1 tank House - Top floor 2 filter 4 5 sump 9
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

7

House - Ground floor 3 6 pump Ground level

Rural water harvesting

Check dams along a riverK,-3rd Rajasthan Designed by : Shiva Prasad
Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rural water harvesting

Water shed management – Ralegaon Sidhi - Maharashtra

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Water shed management - CCT

No CCT

CCT – Continuous Contour Trenching

CCT is a trench dug across the sloped hills (along the contour ) to hold and retain water and to increase the moisture availability for the plant growth Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd
Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rain Centre opens in Bengaluru
• Opened in August 2003 • Shows how to install RWH using
– – – – – Roofwater RWH Surface water Collect at gate Percolation pit Sump and babywells

• Exhibits by CSE • Design help
Rain Centre – Rainwater harvesting theme park at Jayanagar V Block, Bengaluru. www.raincentre.org Open Hours : 11 AM to 7 PM – all days
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rain Centre opens in Bengaluru and Chennai

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rain Water Harvesting Sites B.M.S. College of Engineering, Bull Temple Road, Bangalore

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rain Water Harvesting Sites K. C. General Hospital, Malleshwaram, Bangalore

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rain Water Harvesting Sites KAVERI Poultry Farm, Chitradurga

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

POSITIVE EXPERIENCE
• • • • Economical & effective, compared to conventional system of water supply The extra initial cost of construction of RHS can be recouped in 3 years and 8 months time. RHS has no running expenses and saves the energy needed for pumping water. Once the RHS is maintained properly, the quality of water is best available, unlike the stream water, which is often polluted and needs treatment to avoid water borne diseases. Adoption of RHS will have a very positive impact on the health of the beneficiaries.
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Typical family of 5 - annual consumption and costs
• Family of 5 that needs 135 litres per person per day will need 246,375 litres in a year • A typical water tanker in Karnataka carries 12,000 litres of water and the tanker of water costs Rs 700 to Rs 1,000 during the summer of 2001 • This will cost our family of 5, Rs 20,531 annually.

How much water can be harvested in a house ?
• A typical house plot in Karnataka is about 2,400 sq.feet • If we harvest the entire 129 cm of annual rainfall, it will yield 700 litres of fresh water per ground per day. • This will result in 255,500 litres per year
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Rainwater harvesting in Austin Texas

Visited these RWH installations in Austin Texas in Feb 2002

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

With students from a local college at the Rain centre

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Collecting rain water in Temple tanks

Before

After

• There are many temple tanks in the city of Shringeri, Karnatka. They act as large storage tanks, percolating rain water and charging the water table. This allows thousands of people living around the tank to draw water from their wells • Desilting a temple tank costs between Rs 5 and 10 lakhs and Designed by : Prasad is being done by the RotaryShivaRRCE K,Chennai Club of 3rd Sem, MBA,

Results to date
• The underground water level has come up by 10 to 15 feet in those places that have installed RWH. • There are about 400,000 plots in Bengaluru. • In 2001, about 5000 plots had RWH implemented. • In 2002, this figure is close to 50,000 plots • In 2003, the current estimate would be around 80,000 • We have reached about 20% of the households.

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Results to date
To cover all the districts of Karnataka, Council has established RWH resource and training center for the southern states at Mahatma Gandhi Regional Institute for Rural Energy and Development in Bangalore and District RWH Nodal Centers at all the 27 districts in the state. Technical support is also being provided in establishing RWH system in 176 villages (one each in every taluk of Karnataka) and 23,680 rural schools in the state (probably the world's largest RWH project) a programme of Rural Development and Panchayat Raj, Government of Karnataka. Over 10,000 people from Bangalore and other parts of Karnataka have availed technical support on Rainwater Harvesting from the Council.
Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

Designed by : Shiva Prasad K, 3rd Sem, MBA, RRCE

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