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FROM ou 70S ZEROING M1 AND M1iA SERVICE RIFLES BY SCOTT A. DUFF & JOHN M. MILLER Reprinted with permission from the February 1997 American Rileman Sou may purchased that long- after MI Garand or MIA rifle. You've | ‘and reassemble it, inspected each of its components. You know its operation and function. You have gathered eight-round “en bloc clips (or magazines for an MIA) and good quality ammunition of the appro- priate caliber and are now off to the range for your first firing session with your new rifle! Many will ask when they get there: “Now what do [ do?” or “How do I zero this thing without wasting a lot of ammunition?” The design of M1 and MLA rifle sights makes this process eas ier than you might think. The zero of a rifle may be detined as the elevation and windage location at which the rear sight must be placed in order to hit the center of a target ata specific distance on a windless day. Each MI or MLA has its own character- istics that may eause that rifle to shoot a litte differently than another, Similarly, ven rifle may also be slightly different. Therefore, the zero of each rifle and shooter combina- tion must be established, ‘The MI’s and MIA’s sights are among the best designed and are easily adjusted for elevation and windage. The bullet's impact can be moved higher or each shooter's zero on a wed how to disassemble lower by turning the elevation knob and. ing the moved left or right by tu makes audible clicks when tumed, The elevation knob is marked "2.4, 6, 8, 10 and 12” representing meters if marked with an M” on an MIA, or in yards in the absence of an “MM” mark onan MLA or MI. Each click changes the impact of the bullet approximately 1” at 100 sds. (one m.0.2,) for stan: Every rifle has its own shooting characteristics, and the zer0 for fash rifls and chootar combina: tion should be established Elevation Knob Rvittoge Riou ini Il 2 index Windage Gauge Start zeroing by ensuring thewindageindexon the rear sight base is allgned with the center line of the windage gauge on the base of the service rile’s recetver (arrow). dard sights. Those with *M” marked MIAs can convert meters to yds. by multiplying the distance in meters by 1.093. Elevation can be adjusted from 0 to 72 clicks. Windage 16 clicks to the right and left of the cen- ter index line National Match sights are available for both Mis and MIAs, and they’ allow wwindage adjustments of 1/2 moa, The 181 (op) and 1A rifles are equipped with well-designed rear sights that make Windage and plevation adjustments easy. andard windage knob has 32 threads per inch, while the National Match Windage knob has 64, A special hooded ‘aperture allows 1/2 m.o.a, changes in ele~ vation adjustment by rotating the hood. One af two types of zeros may be selected by the individual shooter, either a “bullseye” or “battle” zero. With a bulls: eye of target zero bullets impact the cen ter of the bullseye at a specific range. Ifa typical six-o' clock sight picture is used the impact will be at the center of the sighting black, or one-half the diameter of the bullseye higher than the aiming point, Battle zero isa “point of aim” zero, With this sight setting, the rfleman can engage a man-sized target at ranges from 0.10 400 yds, by aiming at the center of mass. continued on back ‘To establish either zero, first set the winda the windage index tine on the rear sight hase with the center line of the windage gauge on the receiv et, This is mechanical zero On awindless day, fire three to five shots at 100 yds. toestablish a group, Some shooters fire from a bench, rest to establish zero, while others use their standard slow-fire prone position Proper use of & shooting sling is essential with the latter method. Ifthe shot group is not laterally cen- tered, move the front sight in the oppo- site direction in which you want the group to move. The front sight is adjust. ed by loosening the front sight screw with a 3/16" socket-head wrench, so that This rifle has a standard service rifle ear sight. ‘Thera ie no hood and tho windage adjustments arein onem.o.a. increments. Carefully move the front sight laterally along the dovetail base on the flash sup- pressor (or on the gas cylinder for MIs), ‘Moving the front sight 0.008" will move the shot group one inch at 100 yas Don’t forget to tighten the front sight serew afier you are finished! The windage zero of the rifle, on a windless ¥y, should now be set To establish a bullseye elevation zero until the aperture bottoms out. Now raise the aperture by turning the elevation knob The" visible on the elevation drum indicates that this Fifl's sights are tobe read In fers notin yards. clockwise eight to 12 clicks, This should place the first rounds red very close to your siming point at 100 yds. To attain a perfect bullseye zero, simply adjust the elevation knob to center your shot group on the bullseye. When you are satisfied that your group is centered, slowly turn the elevation knob counter-clockwise Until the aperture again bottoms out, care- fully counting the number of clicks. Turn the elevation knob back up (clockwise), the same number of clicks. This is your bullseye elevation zero, ‘The accompanying table gives eleva- tion changes used for moving the rear sight from a 100-y4.. and 100-meter zero to increased distances, These adjust: ments are applicable to military .30-'06 The windage knob ean be adjusted in a range of 16 clicks in either Sireetion on standard rifles and 32 elicks on National Match rifles. M2 and 7.62x51 mm MI18 Special Ball ammunition, Other ammunition m: require slightly differen each rifle and shooter's zero may be adjustments. As pre. M1 RIFLE i Approximate Adjustment slightly different, you should FE ea establish your own settings, ‘Range Approsimate Adjustment for your rifle 200 meters. 100 meter zero click After you have estab- 208) mciers 2N0 ner Zet0 2 (oF Selichs) ‘nO mers SWimeterzero--1els | lished your elevation zero, and written it down for fature reference, itis recom- mended you calibrate the 200-yd. mark on the eleva- tion knob with your 200-y¢. zero. To do this, turn the elevation kiiob unl the aperture bottoms out. Now n the mile of eleva itGght enough wo Sill loosen the serew tion knob, leavin raise the aperture when turned, Turn the knob back up the appropriate number of clicks to attain your 200-yd. zero. Loosen the screw fully and turn the ele vation knob so that the 200-yd. mark aligns with the elevation index line inscribed on the receiver. Tighten the scieW as much as possible while hol the knob with your fingers, Then turn the elevation knob, moving the aperture ‘Thetront sight may be movediaterally you ting that tho shat group fa not centered. Aer loca: fening the front sight screw (arrow), the sights, moved in the opposite direction you want the Shot group to move to its highest adjustment, and tighten the serew firmly. Check your setting by. bot toming out the aperture, tun the knob and count the number of elicks for your 200-yd. zero, The 200-yd. mark should align with the sights index line. “To attain a battle zero, the rifle ata small aiming point set at 25 yds, Adjust the elevation knob so the shot group is centered 1)" above the point of aim for 0-06 Sprg. and 1%" for 7.62x51 mm, This setting should allow hits on targets ‘at ranges from (10 400 yes. ‘Afier your rifle has been zeroed, you may want to apply paint or fingernail polish to the rear sight knobs and receiver to mark the setting. Also, it is a good idea to use plastic protectors to cover the front and rear sight assemblies This article is excerpted from The MI Garand Owners Guide and The M14 Owners Guide, both of which are available from the auihor/publisher Scot A. Duff, Dept. AR, PO, Box 414, Export, PA 15632; (724) 327-8246; wovwescotedufficom. The MI book is $16.95 + 82.05 shipping, and the M14 book is $19.95 plus $3.05 shipping. AD