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Group No.

3
Assignment

3.3 The Earth


- The seasons and Axis Tilt
The seasons are the result of the tilt of the Earth's axis.
The Earth's axis is tilted from perpendicular to the plane of
the ecliptic by 23.45°. This tilting is what gives us the four
seasons of the year - spring, summer, autumn (fall) and
winter. Since the axis is tilted, different parts of the globe are
oriented towards the Sun at different times of the year.
Summer is warmer than winter (in each hemisphere)
because the Sun's rays hit the Earth at a more direct angle
during summer than during winter and also because the days
are much longer than the nights during the summer. During
the winter, the Sun's rays hit the Earth at an extreme angle,
and the days are very short. These effects are due to the tilt
of the Earth's axis.

Vocabulary Study
perpendi not leaning to one side or the other but ตัง้ ฉาก

cular exactly vertical

ecliptic the path along which the sun seems to การโคจร


ของดวง
move อาทิตย์

globe the world โลก


angle the space between two straight lines or มุม

surfaces that join each other, measured in


degrees

extreme very great in degree ไกลสุด


สุดยอด

True or False.
1. The seasons are the causes of the tilt of the Earth's axis
2. Summer is warmer than winter because the Sun's rays hit
the Earth at a more direct angle .

3. During the winter, the Sun's rays hit the Earth at the
shortest angle, and the days are very long.
4. There are no effect to the tilt of the Earth's axis.
5. Since the axis is tilted, different parts of the globe are
oriented towards the Sun at same times of the year.

Answers for Group No. 1 Assignment


1. A year.
2. The Northern hemisphere.
3. Four seasons. spring, summer,
autumn, winter.

Answers for Group No. 32 Assignment


1. False.
illuminated.
23.5 degrees.
2. True.
2.
3. False.
4.
3. Perihelion.
False.

5.
4. False.
Aphelion.