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07/25/2010
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1
Abstract.
Spiral Fresnel wavelet patterns carrying topological charges allow for a
holographic en/decoding of spin and charge. The nature of charge is given by a
linear spinprecession coupling encoded in the spiral form with (Dirac,…)
magnetic monopoles located at the spiral phase singularities. The Berry phase
pattern emerging in the overlap region between charged spiral zones on the
Poincaré disc are perfect Fresnel holograms, wavelets, or “Fresnelets”
representing neutral particles (standard Fresnel zones). The corresponding
stereographic projections of rotated rotations in Ndimensional space onto the
N1dimensional Poincaré disc show an exact algebraic relation to the
Kepler/CoulombOscillator duality. The spherical results can be related by
analytic continuation to the hyperbolic case of helicoid/catenoid modes
(DNA,…) supported by solutions to the Schrödinger equations with a
superintegrable Hamiltonian and hypergeometric functions from PöschlTeller
potentials in the angular variables. The corresponding bridge between spaces of
different curvature in angular variables is given by the MercatorGudermann
stereographic relations mapping loxodromes to helicoids. Coupling strengths fit
very well to the Sommerfeld fine structure constant, where the deviation from
1/137 can be assigned to the Berry phase. Regarding multimonopole interaction,
the relevance to strong interaction is show with a model called
9
BeBerryllium,
where 4 charged (spiral) patterns excite and support 5 neutral patterns in the
overlap region at a similar scale. Above is a computergenerated gradient
picture of the
12
CCarbon model pattern.
Geometric Phase Patterns and Holography
 Encoding Model for Charge and Spin
AharonovBohm Effect and Berry Phase Anniversary 50/25
2009, Dec., 1415, University Bristol, GB (poster presentation)
Bernd Binder
binder@quanics.com
2
2
1. Stereographic Projection of Rotated Rotations and
Differential Relations
The Kepler/Coulomb  Oscillator relation (KCO) [2]
(4)
well known since Schrödinger. Here it describes a gyoscopic dissipation
of holonomy, where a negative exponential loxodromic oscillation of
the spin axis on the sphere is mapped to a helical path on the cylinder
with KeplerCoulomb radial dependence. The optimum distance
and magic precession can be iteratively obtained for a given M.
κ
θ
+
1/
κ
ϕ
−
/
d
cosh ,
d
M
M
e
κ
κ κ
κ
θ θ κ
κ κ
κ κ
ϕ
ϕ ϕ
θ θ
+
+ −
+
−
− −
− +
∝ = =
The Rolling Rotation of the Rotator
Given three Euler angles , a special holonomic condition (characterizing a rotated rotation like
a rolling cone) with interesting properties providing for a Berry geometric phase on a spherical surface is
given by [4, 5, 6] (curvature index κ)
(1)
Mapping this (rolling) rotation of the rotator axis onto a cylinder by a
Mercator stereographic projection corresponds to a Gudermannian relation
(2)
where the axis tilt angle is mapped onto the height of the cylinder [7].
With linearly related to the hyperbolic height by a helical pitch M, we get
(3)
a helix projected to a loxodrome on the sphere, see fig 1. Eqs. (1)–(3) lead to
, M
κ
κ
ϕ ϕ
+
−
=
1 d
cos ,
cosh d
κ
κ
κ κ
θ
θ
ϕ ϕ
+
+
− −
= =
cos .
κ
κ
θ
θ
ϕ
−
+
⇔ =
( ) 1 cos
Berry κ κ
γ ϕ θ ϕ θ
− +
= − = −
, ,
κ κ
ϕ θ θ
− +
κ
ϕ
−
κ
ϕ
−
Fig 1: Stereographic projections of the
Mercator/Gudermann type with a
distancedependent holonomy related
to a KCOtype interaction. Top: loxo
dromes to helicoids. Above: soliton
wave packets with distance given by
special/magic precession angles.
κ
θ
+
κ
θ
+
ϕ
κ
θ
+
ϕ
ϕ
PöschlTeller (PT) and SineGordon Nonlinear Potentials
The KCO is based on the pullpack (4) applied to the PT Schrödinger
equation [2] with nonlinear potentials and hypergeometric
(5)
narrowing the magic angular range, handling both curvatures by
analytic continuation. This form can directly be obtained considering
the SO(3) and SO(2,1) rotations subject to equ. (1), where represent
the Wigner rotationtransition matrix elements [7]. The hyperbolic
SO(2,1) solution has been assigned to the DNA helix structure [1] as a
minimal surface in accordance with equ. (3), which means that a
stereographic projection (2) is part of the Hamiltonian. The
Gudermannian (2) can be written as
(6)
showing a sine/sinh GordonBäcklund type solitonic local twist.
Fig 2: Assume the spin axis rolls in the
bearing (on the rim of the groove by
friction) according to equation (1). This
enables with equ. (2)(3) and M >> 1 to
control a high frequency spin externally
by a low frequency holonomy (surface
area) modulation, where the distance
dependent holonomy effect can be
illustrated with geodesic triangles [5,6].
Since 1973 there exists a patented
mechanical toy (Mishler, Gyrotwister or
Powerball US Patent #3,726,146,)
2
2
d
,
d
V E
κ
Ψ
Ψ Ψ
θ
±
± ± ± ±
±
+ =
( ) ( )
2 2
,
sin cos
a b
V
κ κ
κθ κθ
±
± ±
= +
∓ ∓
Ψ
±
Ψ
±
( )
2
2
d 1
sin 2
d 2
κ
κ
κ
θ
κ θ
ϕ
±
±
= −
∓
∓
( ) V θ
± ±
κ
θ
−
κ
ϕ
−
The Kepler/Coulomb  Oscillator relation (KCO) [2]
(4)
well known since Schrödinger. Here it describes a gyoscopic dissipation
of holonomy, where a negative exponential loxodromic oscillation of
the spin axis on the sphere is mapped to a helical path on the cylinder
with KeplerCoulomb radial dependence. The optimum distance
and magic precession can be iteratively obtained for a given M.
κ
θ
+
1/
κ
ϕ
−
/
d
cosh ,
d
M
M
e
κ
κ κ
κ
θ θ κ
κ κ
κ κ
ϕ
ϕ ϕ
θ θ
+
+ −
+
−
− −
− +
∝ = =
The Rolling Rotation of the Rotator
Given three Euler angles , a special holonomic condition (characterizing a rotated rotation like
a rolling cone) with interesting properties providing for a Berry geometric phase on a spherical surface is
given by [4, 5, 6] (curvature index κ)
(1)
Mapping this (rolling) rotation of the rotator axis onto a cylinder by a
Mercator stereographic projection corresponds to a Gudermannian relation
(2)
where the axis tilt angle is mapped onto the height of the cylinder [7].
With linearly related to the hyperbolic height by a helical pitch M, we get
(3)
a helix projected to a loxodrome on the sphere, see fig 1. Eqs. (1)–(3) lead to
, M
κ
κ
ϕ ϕ
+
−
=
1 d
cos ,
cosh d
κ
κ
κ κ
θ
θ
ϕ ϕ
+
+
− −
= =
cos .
κ
κ
θ
θ
ϕ
−
+
⇔ =
( ) 1 cos
Berry κ κ
γ ϕ θ ϕ θ
− +
= − = −
, ,
κ κ
ϕ θ θ
− +
κ
ϕ
−
κ
ϕ
−κ
ϕ
−
Fig 1: Stereographic projections of the
Mercator/Gudermann type with a
distancedependent holonomy related
to a KCOtype interaction. Top: loxo
dromes to helicoids. Above: soliton
wave packets with distance given by
special/magic precession angles.
κ
θ
+κ
θ
+
κ
θ
+
ϕ
κ
θ
+
ϕ
ϕ
PöschlTeller (PT) and SineGordon Nonlinear Potentials
The KCO is based on the pullpack (4) applied to the PT Schrödinger
equation [2] with nonlinear potentials and hypergeometric
(5)
narrowing the magic angular range, handling both curvatures by
analytic continuation. This form can directly be obtained considering
the SO(3) and SO(2,1) rotations subject to equ. (1), where represent
the Wigner rotationtransition matrix elements [7]. The hyperbolic
SO(2,1) solution has been assigned to the DNA helix structure [1] as a
minimal surface in accordance with equ. (3), which means that a
stereographic projection (2) is part of the Hamiltonian. The
Gudermannian (2) can be written as
(6)
showing a sine/sinh GordonBäcklund type solitonic local twist.
Fig 2: Assume the spin axis rolls in the
bearing (on the rim of the groove by
friction) according to equation (1). This
enables with equ. (2)(3) and M >> 1 to
control a high frequency spin externally
by a low frequency holonomy (surface
area) modulation, where the distance
dependent holonomy effect can be
illustrated with geodesic triangles [5,6].
Since 1973 there exists a patented
mechanical toy (Mishler, Gyrotwister or
Powerball US Patent #3,726,146,)
2
2
d
,
d
V E
κ
Ψ
Ψ Ψ
θ
±
± ± ± ±
±
+ =
( ) ( )
2 2
,
sin cos
a b
V
κ κ
κθ κθ
±
± ±
= +
∓ ∓
Ψ
±
Ψ
±
( )
2
2
d 1
sin 2
d 2
κ
κ
κ
θ
κ θ
ϕ
±
±
= −
∓
∓
( ) V θ
± ±
κ
θ
−
κ
ϕ
−
3
3
Increasing Dimensionality, CurvatureInvariance
We can add to the 1dimensional Gudermann relation another complementary
Gudermannian. This provides for a 2x2dimensional (vector) crossrelation on geodesic
surfaces with different curvature signs, leading to the curvatureinvariant ( ) forms
(8)
cos , M
κ κ
κ
κ
θ
κθ
ϕ
+ +
+
+
= +
1 d
cos ,
d cos
κ
κ
κ κ
θ
κθ
ϕ κϕ
−
−
+ +
− = =
+
fast,
local
slow,
global
Hyperb. Ellipt.
κ
θ
+
κ
ϕ
−
κ
θ
−
κ
ϕ
+
κ κ + ↔ −
Magic Angle Precession if [47] . The closed/recurrent geodesic flow between
metric spaces of different constant curvature will be relevant to holographic encoding,
where it is necessary to have also a proper decoding process to get the information back.
Note, we get for and one loop on the sphere an accurate value for the
Sommerfeld finestructure constant , where the Berry phase can be
assigned to the deviation from the integral monopole quantum number M. Considering
the angular length ratio we get a special kind of isometry confirming eqs. (1) and (3), see
figs. 3, 4: if one angular dynamic drives the other (precession as a
gauge potential driving spin currents) the invariant angular ratio
provides for a good transmission of spin current between spaces
of different curvature, see fig.4, maybe relevant to twister dynamics.
1
137.036
κ
πα θ
−
+
= ≈
κ
ϕ π
+
= 137 M =
tan( ) sin( ), sin( ) tan( ),
κ κ κ κ
κθ κϕ κθ κϕ
± ±
± = ± =
∓ ∓
∓ ∓
0
C
0
B
0
A
0
ϕ
κ
ϕ
−
κ
ϕ
+
κ
θ
+
κ
θ
−
0
θ
0
C C C
κ κ − +
> >
Holonomy:
0
0
A A A
B B B
κ κ
κ κ
+ −
+ −
= =
= =
line of constant azimuth
C
κ −
C
κ +
0
0
R i
κ
κ
ϕ
→
±
÷÷÷→
Fig 3: Triangular relations of
two coupled rotations (on the
sphere spin and precession)
projected onto surfaces with
different curvature along the
lines of constant azimuth
relevant to parallel transport
on surfaces with alternating
curvature [6].
Fig 4: Applications: transpor
ting spin currents on surfaces
with alternating curvatures
but same impedance, Bloch
surfaces [6].
( )
( )
0
0
sin
sin
.
sin
sin
B
A
κ
κ
κ
κ
κθ
θ
ϕ
κϕ
±
±
±
±
±
= =
±
Ndimensional Stereographic Projection
In ambient Weierstrass coordinates [3]
representing spherical or hyperbolical surfaces
we can encode the (holographic) depth coordinate by a stereo
graphic projection to Poincaré space coordinates , with
(9)
an inversion in , and radial distance in both systems given by
is the common variable in parts of the superintegrable Ndim.
Hamiltonian [3] and maps between KC, oscillator , monopole,
and PTpotential terms from inversion by switching curvature
(10)
The mass scalar part of the kinetic energy term T is given by
(11)
2
,
1 κ
=
±
2
q
x
q
( )
tan
2
,
1
R
κ
κ
κθ
κ κ
±
±
= = =
±
2
2
2
q
x
q ∓
2 2 2
1
,
2 2
N
i
i
i
b
H T
R R q R
κ κ κ
u α
=
± ± ±
= + + +
∑
2 2
p
. R R
κ κ
κ κ
+ −
+ −
=
( )
4d
d ,
1
s
κ
=
±
2
2
2
2
q
q
( )
1
2
tan .
κ
κθ
±
= ±
2
q
N
∈ q ℝ
2
0
1 x κ ± =
2
x
1
0 0 1
( , ) ( , ,..., )
N
N
x x x x
+
= ⊂ x ℝ
0
x
0
1
,
1
x
κ
κ
=
±
2
2
q
q
∓
0
x
2
,
2 2
T
R m
κ κ ± ±
= =
2 2 2
q p p
m
κ ±
= p q, ɺ
2
, , m
κ κ κ
λ λ
± ± ±
= = x q
2
2
0 2
(1 ) .
Berry
m x
κ
γ
ϕ
±
= − =
R
κ ±
2
R
κ ±
2 2 2 2
,
Berry
R
κ
ϕ γ
±
= q
j
κ
ϕ π
+
=
Increasing Dimensionality, CurvatureInvariance
We can add to the 1dimensional Gudermann relation another complementary
Gudermannian. This provides for a 2x2dimensional (vector) crossrelation on geodesic
surfaces with different curvature signs, leading to the curvatureinvariant ( ) forms
(8)
cos , M
κ κ
κ
κ
θ
κθ
ϕ
+ +
+
+
= +
1 d
cos ,
d cos
κ
κ
κ κ
θ
κθ
ϕ κϕ
−
−
+ +
− = =
+
fast,
local
slow,
global
Hyperb. Ellipt.
κ
θ
+
κ
ϕ
−
κ
θ
−
κ
ϕ
+
κ κ + ↔ −
Magic Angle Precession if [47] . The closed/recurrent geodesic flow between
metric spaces of different constant curvature will be relevant to holographic encoding,
where it is necessary to have also a proper decoding process to get the information back.
Note, we get for and one loop on the sphere an accurate value for the
Sommerfeld finestructure constant , where the Berry phase can be
assigned to the deviation from the integral monopole quantum number M. Considering
the angular length ratio we get a special kind of isometry confirming eqs. (1) and (3), see
figs. 3, 4: if one angular dynamic drives the other (precession as a
gauge potential driving spin currents) the invariant angular ratio
provides for a good transmission of spin current between spaces
of different curvature, see fig.4, maybe relevant to twister dynamics.
1
137.036
κ
πα θ
−
+
= ≈
κ
ϕ π
+
= 137 M =
tan( ) sin( ), sin( ) tan( ),
κ κ κ κ
κθ κϕ κθ κϕ
± ±
± = ± =
∓ ∓
∓ ∓
0
C
0
B
0
A
0
ϕ
κ
ϕ
−
κ
ϕ
+
κ
θ
+
κ
θ
−
0
θ
0
C C C
κ κ − +
> >
Holonomy:
0
0
A A A
B B B
κ κ
κ κ
+ −
+ −
= =
= =
line of constant azimuth
C
κ −
C
κ +
0
0
R i
κ
κ
ϕ
→
±
÷÷÷→
Fig 3: Triangular relations of
two coupled rotations (on the
sphere spin and precession)
projected onto surfaces with
different curvature along the
lines of constant azimuth
relevant to parallel transport
on surfaces with alternating
curvature [6].
Fig 4: Applications: transpor
ting spin currents on surfaces
with alternating curvatures
but same impedance, Bloch
surfaces [6].
( )
( )
0
0
sin
sin
.
sin
sin
B
A
κ
κ
κ
κ
κθ
θ
ϕ
κϕ
±
±
±
±
±
= =
±
Ndimensional Stereographic Projection
In ambient Weierstrass coordinates [3]
representing spherical or hyperbolical surfaces
we can encode the (holographic) depth coordinate by a stereo
graphic projection to Poincaré space coordinates , with
(9)
an inversion in , and radial distance in both systems given by
is the common variable in parts of the superintegrable Ndim.
Hamiltonian [3] and maps between KC, oscillator , monopole,
and PTpotential terms from inversion by switching curvature
(10)
The mass scalar part of the kinetic energy term T is given by
(11)
2
,
1 κ
=
±
2
q
x
q
( )
tan
2
,
1
R
κ
κ
κθ
κ κ
±
±
= = =
±
2
2
2
q
x
q ∓
2 2 2
1
,
2 2
N
i
i
i
b
H T
R R q R
κ κ κ
u α
=
± ± ±
= + + +
∑
2 2
p
. R R
κ κ
κ κ
+ −
+ −
=
( )
4d
d ,
1
s
κ
=
±
2
2
2
2
q
q
( )
1
2
tan .
κ
κθ
±
= ±
2
q
N
∈ q ℝ
2
0
1 x κ ± =
2
x
1
0 0 1
( , ) ( , ,..., )
N
N
x x x x
+
= ⊂ x ℝ
0
x
0
1
,
1
x
κ
κ
=
±
2
2
q
q
∓
0
x
2
,
2 2
T
R m
κ κ ± ±
= =
2 2 2
q p p
m
κ ±
= p q, ɺ
2
, , m
κ κ κ
λ λ
± ± ±
= = x q
2
2
0 2
(1 ) .
Berry
m x
κ
γ
ϕ
±
= − =
R
κ ±
2
R
κ ±
2 2 2 2
,
Berry
R
κ
ϕ γ
±
= q
j
κ
ϕ π
+
=
4
4
2. Charged Geometric Phase Patterns and Holography
see figs. 57, where the twist is the sum of a geometric and a dynamical twist .
Eq. (15) has the well known form with M as the number of topological monopole charges
and (15) is exact  no approximation. Reversely, the point hologram acting as a Fresnel lense
can focus a plane wave back onto a point located at a depth generating extreme local field
densities, spin with topological charges. For there are highly
accurate computergenerated diffraction patterns by convolution techniques in Fourier
space based on the Berry phase propagator in eq.(15), see figs. 510.
0
x
{ } { }
1 2 0 1 2
, , , , x x x x x q = x =
ϕ
Berry
γ
κ
θ
−
Fig 6: Left the ideal circular symmetric Fresnel zones with topological charge M = 0, in
the mid and right charged spiral zones FSZ with M= 1 and 2 (double helix), respectively.
Fig 7: FSZ with M = 18 sho
wing an central hole.
Charged Spiral Zones (FSZ) carry Berry Phase Patterns
A diffraction pattern carrying holographic information encoded
by stereographic projection according to eqs. (9)(10) can be
thought as a coherent superposition of many point holograms or
point diffractions, which are the Fresnel zone patterns on the
curved x or flat qsurface and image (hyper)plane. The diffraction
patterns arise by interference between flat and spherically
propagating wave signals, usually due to Huygens’ principle.
Spin and topological charges can be easily introduced by
considering twisted patterns also called spiral zone plates, see fig.
5  7. The holographic depth is the cosine of the scattering
angle and provides with eqs.(1)(3) and (9) for a interference phase
pattern on the flat qhypersurface at given by
(15)
carrying Mmonopole charges
(16) 1
2
arctan .
Berry
x
M
x
κ
θ ϕ γ
−
 
= − =

\ ¹
κ
θ
+
2
1
0 2
arctan ,
1
Berry
x
M
x x
κ
κ
γ ϕ ϕ
−
 
= = −

+
\ ¹
x
0
( , ) ,
i
x e
ϕ
Ψ ∝ x
Fig 5: Stereographic projection
mapping spin angular
variables to . Fresnel
(spiral) zone holography
requires a coherent reference
beam generating (twisted)
paraboloid x
2
interference
patterns [7].
θ
+
2
x
1
0
1
x
0
x
κ
θ
−
0
x
0
( , ) x Ψ x
0
1 x +
0
( , ) x Ψ x
see figs. 57, where the twist is the sum of a geometric and a dynamical twist .
Eq. (15) has the well known form with M as the number of topological monopole charges
and (15) is exact  no approximation. Reversely, the point hologram acting as a Fresnel lense
can focus a plane wave back onto a point located at a depth generating extreme local field
densities, spin with topological charges. For there are highly
accurate computergenerated diffraction patterns by convolution techniques in Fourier
space based on the Berry phase propagator in eq.(15), see figs. 510.
0
x
{ } { }
1 2 0 1 2
, , , , x x x x x q = x =
ϕ
Berry
γ
κ
θ
−
Fig 6: Left the ideal circular symmetric Fresnel zones with topological charge M = 0, in
the mid and right charged spiral zones FSZ with M= 1 and 2 (double helix), respectively.
Fig 7: FSZ with M = 18 sho
wing an central hole.
Fig 6: Left the ideal circular symmetric Fresnel zones with topological charge M = 0, in
the mid and right charged spiral zones FSZ with M= 1 and 2 (double helix), respectively.
Fig 7: FSZ with M = 18 sho
wing an central hole.
Charged Spiral Zones (FSZ) carry Berry Phase Patterns
A diffraction pattern carrying holographic information encoded
by stereographic projection according to eqs. (9)(10) can be
thought as a coherent superposition of many point holograms or
point diffractions, which are the Fresnel zone patterns on the
curved x or flat qsurface and image (hyper)plane. The diffraction
patterns arise by interference between flat and spherically
propagating wave signals, usually due to Huygens’ principle.
Spin and topological charges can be easily introduced by
considering twisted patterns also called spiral zone plates, see fig.
5  7. The holographic depth is the cosine of the scattering
angle and provides with eqs.(1)(3) and (9) for a interference phase
pattern on the flat qhypersurface at given by
(15)
carrying Mmonopole charges
(16) 1
2
arctan .
Berry
x
M
x
κ
θ ϕ γ
−
 
= − =

\ ¹
κ
θ
+
2
1
0 2
arctan ,
1
Berry
x
M
x x
κ
κ
γ ϕ ϕ
−
 
= = −

+
\ ¹
x
0
( , ) ,
i
x e
ϕ
Ψ ∝ x
Fig 5: Stereographic projection
mapping spin angular
variables to . Fresnel
(spiral) zone holography
requires a coherent reference
beam generating (twisted)
paraboloid x
2
interference
patterns [7].
θ
+
2
x
1
0
1
x
0
x
κ
θ
−
0
x
0
( , ) x Ψ x
0
1 x +
0
( , ) x Ψ x
5
5
[4] Binder, B., “Berry Phase and Fine Structure,” http://www.quanics.com/alfa137MN6.pdf, (2002). [
[5] Binder, B., “Magic Angle Chaotic Precession,” Topics on Chaotic Systems. Selected Papers from CHAOS 2008 …, World Scientific, (2009).
[6] Binder, B., AIP Conference Proceedings Melville, New York: 969, pp. 11031110 (2008), 1103, pp. 629655 (2009).
[7] Binder, B., “Geometrically Induced Interactions and Bifurcations” AIP Conference Proceedings, to be published, (2010).
References (see also www.quanics.com)
[1] Boudaoud, A., Patrício, P. and Ben Amar, M., “The Helicoid versus the Catenoid: …,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 83(19), (1999), p. 3839.
[2] Kalnins, E. G., Miller Jr., W. and Pogosyan, G. S., “The Coulomboscillator …,” Phys. Atom. Nuclei, 65, (2002), pp. 10861094.
[3] Ballesteros, A. and Herranz, Francisco J., “Maximal superintegrability …,” J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 42, (2009), p. 245203.
Fig 8: three overlapping FSZ
producing slightly visible M =
0 Berry interference patterns.
Results
+
=
Neutral Berry Patterns from Overlapping Charged Patterns
A linear superposition of the patterns provides for information about interaction. A simple computer
experiment shows that the interaction itself is neutral with M = 0, where two nearby located parabolic
FSZ patterns carrying the same charge/twist are overlapped, see fig. 8. Shifting two parabolic diffraction
centers apart at distance 2x
1
can be be assigned to a virtual neutral pattern with similar size/energy
(17)
Figs 10: Beryllium
There are 2 possibilities partly overlapping
4 identical charged patterns. Top: 5 neutral
patterns partly overlapping with a high
mean square reduction. Right: the chain
configuration has 3 neutral patterns but
lower stability (the gradient is shown). Here
Helium is a kind of substructure.
( ) ( )
1 1
1 1 1 2 2
.
separation
x x x ÷÷÷÷→ − + + = +
2 2
2 2 2
x x x x
Berryllium
9
Be
Assume that neutral (Berry) soliton modes
emerge and mediate in the overlap region
between charged or twisted geometric phase
patterns, we could assign this behaviour to
the role of neutrons/neutrinos in strong and
weak interactions, e.g. Beryllium has only one
stable configuration with 5 neutrons (
9
Be) and
a very rare isotope with 3 neutrons, see fig. 10.
Fig 9: Two oppositely charged/counterrotating patterns with M=7 linearly superimposed (full
overlap) to one pattern. The result on the right is a neutral star pattern with 14symmetry. A partial
overlap usually reduces the mean square of the pattern amplitude (energy), thus could be attractive.
More
The presented projections can be directly
related to known Hopf fibrations and various
types of monopoles in higher dimensions on
a rather abstract level, where recurrent phase
relations are missing. Interestingly, Berry
phase patterns also apply to molecular (DNA)
structures sharing the same bifurcation
instabilities or overload ambiguities, with
first bifurcation at [1,5] tanh 1 1.
κ κ
θ θ
± ±
± = ±
Fig 8: three overlapping FSZ
producing slightly visible M =
0 Berry interference patterns.
Results
+
=
Results Results
+
=
Neutral Berry Patterns from Overlapping Charged Patterns
A linear superposition of the patterns provides for information about interaction. A simple computer
experiment shows that the interaction itself is neutral with M = 0, where two nearby located parabolic
FSZ patterns carrying the same charge/twist are overlapped, see fig. 8. Shifting two parabolic diffraction
centers apart at distance 2x
1
can be be assigned to a virtual neutral pattern with similar size/energy
(17)
Figs 10: Beryllium
There are 2 possibilities partly overlapping
4 identical charged patterns. Top: 5 neutral
patterns partly overlapping with a high
mean square reduction. Right: the chain
configuration has 3 neutral patterns but
lower stability (the gradient is shown). Here
Helium is a kind of substructure.
( ) ( )
1 1
1 1 1 2 2
.
separation
x x x ÷÷÷÷→ − + + = +
2 2
2 2 2
x x x x
Berryllium
9
Be
Assume that neutral (Berry) soliton modes
emerge and mediate in the overlap region
between charged or twisted geometric phase
patterns, we could assign this behaviour to
the role of neutrons/neutrinos in strong and
weak interactions, e.g. Beryllium has only one
stable configuration with 5 neutrons (
9
Be) and
a very rare isotope with 3 neutrons, see fig. 10.
Fig 9: Two oppositely charged/counterrotating patterns with M=7 linearly superimposed (full
overlap) to one pattern. The result on the right is a neutral star pattern with 14symmetry. A partial
overlap usually reduces the mean square of the pattern amplitude (energy), thus could be attractive.
More
The presented projections can be directly
related to known Hopf fibrations and various
types of monopoles in higher dimensions on
a rather abstract level, where recurrent phase
relations are missing. Interestingly, Berry
phase patterns also apply to molecular (DNA)
structures sharing the same bifurcation
instabilities or overload ambiguities, with
first bifurcation at [1,5] tanh 1 1.
κ κ
θ θ
± ±
± = ±
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