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Index[1]-linear law-add math

Index[1]-linear law-add math

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Published by Nurul Nadia
additional mathematics
-linear law
-SPM qt.
additional mathematics
-linear law
-SPM qt.

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Published by: Nurul Nadia on Feb 03, 2010
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07/10/2013

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43

Paper 1

1

y = px
2
+ qx
y
x
= px + q


For the point (2, 6),

x = 2 and

y
x
= 6.

∴6= p(2) + q …

For the point (10, 2),

x = 10 and

y
x
= 2.

∴2= p(10) + q …

:

−4= 8p ⇒ p = −
1
2


From

:

6= −
1
2






(2) + q ⇒q = 7

2

y = 7x
2
− x
3
y
x
2
= 7− x


The straight line passes through the
point (2, h). Thus,

x = 2and
y
x
2
= h.

y
x
2
= 7− x
h = 7− 2
h = 5


The straight line passes through the
point (k, 3). Thus,

x = k and
y
x
2
= 3.

y
x
2
= 7− x
3= 7− k
k = 4







3 (a)
2
mx y =

log
10
y = log
10
mx
2
log
10
y = log
10
m + log
10
x
2
log
10
y = log
10
m + 2log
10
x
log
10
y = 2 log
10
x + log
10
m





(b) (i) Y-intercept = −1


log
10
m = −1
m = 10
−1
m =
1
10


(ii) Gradient = 2

k − (−1)
2− 0
= 2
k +1= 4
k = 3


4

y = −3x
3
+ 4

y
x
3
= −3+
4
x
3
y
x
3
= 4
1
x
3






− 3
(Y = 4X + c)


By comparison,

Y =
y
x
3
and

X =
1
x
3
.













Form 5: Chapter 13 (Linear Law)
SPM Flashback
Fully-Worked Solutions
Gradient Y-intercept
Divide throughout by x
3
.
Rearrange
44
Paper 2

1 (a)
x 1 2 3 4 5
y 1.32 1.76 2.83 5.51 13.00
x
2
1 4 9 16 25
log
10
y 0.121 0.246 0.452 0.741 1.114

The graph of log
10
y against x
2
is as shown
below.




















(b)

y = ab
x
2
log
10
y = log
10
a + x
2
log
10
b


(i) Y-intercept = 0.08


log
10
a = 0.08
a = antilog 0.08
a = 1.2


(ii) Gradient

=
0.74− 0.12
16−1



log
10
b =
0.62
15
= 0.04133
b = antilog 0.04133
b = 1.1









































Non-linear
Linear
45
2 (a)
x 2 4 6 8 10 12
y 5.18 11.64 26.20 58.95 132.63 298.42
log
10
y 0.71 1.07 1.42 1.77 2.12 2.47


y = pk
x
log
10
y = log
10
p + x log
10
k


The graph of log
10
y against x is a straight-
line graph, as shown below:
















(b) (i)

log
10
p = Y-intercept

log
10
p = 0.36
p = 2.29


(ii)

log
10
k = gradient

log
10
k =
2.12−1.42
10− 6
log
10
k =
0.7
4
log
10
k = 0.175
k = 1.5














































46
3 (a)
x 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0
y 7.0 7.7 8.4 9.9 10.1 11.0
xy 17.5 23.1 29.4 39.6 45.5 55.0
x
2
6.3 9.0 12.3 16.0 20.3 25.0

The graph of xy against x
2
is as shown
below.





















(b) (i) From the graph, the value of y which
is incorrectly recorded is 9.9.

The actual value of y is given by:
xy
actual
= 37
4(y
actual
) = 37
y
actual
= 9.25


(ii)

y = qx +
p
qx
xy = qx
2
+
p
q



q = Gradient
q =
55− 5
25− 0
q = 2



p
q
= Y-intercept
p
q
= 5
p
2
= 5
p = 10






























47
4 (a)
x 1 3 5 7 9 11
y 5 20 80 318 1270 5050
x + 1 2 4 6 8 10 12
log
10
y 0.70 1.30 1.90 2.50 3.10 3.70

The graph of log
10
y against (x + 1) is as
shown below.





























(b)

y = hq
x +1


log
10
y = log
10
h + (x +1)log
10
q
log
10
y = (x +1)log
10
q + log
10
h


Gradient Y-intercept


Y-intercept = 0.1
log
10
h = 0.1
h = 1.26



Gradient =
3.7− 0.7
12− 2
log
10
q = 0.3
q = 2




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