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P. 1

Index[1]-linear law-add math|Views: 1,750|Likes: 13

Published by Nurul Nadia

additional mathematics

-linear law

-SPM qt.

-linear law

-SPM qt.

additional mathematics

-linear law

-SPM qt.

-linear law

-SPM qt.

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/26310042/Index-1-linear-law-add-math

07/10/2013

text

original

Paper 1

1

y = px

2

+ qx

y

x

= px + q

For the point (2, 6),

x = 2 and

y

x

= 6.

∴6= p(2) + q …

**For the point (10, 2),
**

x = 10 and

y

x

= 2.

∴2= p(10) + q …

−

:

−4= 8p ⇒ p = −

1

2

From

:

6= −

1

2

⎛

⎝

⎜

⎞

⎠

⎟

(2) + q ⇒q = 7

2

y = 7x

2

− x

3

y

x

2

= 7− x

The straight line passes through the

point (2, h). Thus,

x = 2and

y

x

2

= h.

y

x

2

= 7− x

h = 7− 2

h = 5

The straight line passes through the

point (k, 3). Thus,

x = k and

y

x

2

= 3.

y

x

2

= 7− x

3= 7− k

k = 4

3 (a)

2

mx y =

log

10

y = log

10

mx

2

log

10

y = log

10

m + log

10

x

2

log

10

y = log

10

m + 2log

10

x

log

10

y = 2 log

10

x + log

10

m

(b) (i) Y-intercept = −1

log

10

m = −1

m = 10

−1

m =

1

10

(ii) Gradient = 2

k − (−1)

2− 0

= 2

k +1= 4

k = 3

4

y = −3x

3

+ 4

y

x

3

= −3+

4

x

3

y

x

3

= 4

1

x

3

⎛

⎝

⎜

⎞

⎠

⎟

− 3

(Y = 4X + c)

By comparison,

Y =

y

x

3

and

X =

1

x

3

.

Form 5: Chapter 13 (Linear Law)

SPM Flashback

Fully-Worked Solutions

Gradient Y-intercept

Divide throughout by x

3

.

Rearrange

44

Paper 2

1 (a)

x 1 2 3 4 5

y 1.32 1.76 2.83 5.51 13.00

x

2

1 4 9 16 25

log

10

y 0.121 0.246 0.452 0.741 1.114

The graph of log

10

y against x

2

is as shown

below.

(b)

y = ab

x

2

log

10

y = log

10

a + x

2

log

10

b

(i) Y-intercept = 0.08

log

10

a = 0.08

a = antilog 0.08

a = 1.2

(ii) Gradient

=

0.74− 0.12

16−1

log

10

b =

0.62

15

= 0.04133

b = antilog 0.04133

b = 1.1

→

↑

Non-linear

Linear

45

2 (a)

x 2 4 6 8 10 12

y 5.18 11.64 26.20 58.95 132.63 298.42

log

10

y 0.71 1.07 1.42 1.77 2.12 2.47

y = pk

x

log

10

y = log

10

p + x log

10

k

The graph of log

10

y against x is a straight-

line graph, as shown below:

(b) (i)

log

10

p = Y-intercept

log

10

p = 0.36

p = 2.29

(ii)

log

10

k = gradient

log

10

k =

2.12−1.42

10− 6

log

10

k =

0.7

4

log

10

k = 0.175

k = 1.5

→

↑

46

3 (a)

x 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0

y 7.0 7.7 8.4 9.9 10.1 11.0

xy 17.5 23.1 29.4 39.6 45.5 55.0

x

2

6.3 9.0 12.3 16.0 20.3 25.0

The graph of xy against x

2

is as shown

below.

(b) (i) From the graph, the value of y which

is incorrectly recorded is 9.9.

The actual value of y is given by:

xy

actual

= 37

4(y

actual

) = 37

y

actual

= 9.25

(ii)

y = qx +

p

qx

xy = qx

2

+

p

q

q = Gradient

q =

55− 5

25− 0

q = 2

p

q

= Y-intercept

p

q

= 5

p

2

= 5

p = 10

→

↑

47

4 (a)

x 1 3 5 7 9 11

y 5 20 80 318 1270 5050

x + 1 2 4 6 8 10 12

log

10

y 0.70 1.30 1.90 2.50 3.10 3.70

The graph of log

10

y against (x + 1) is as

shown below.

(b)

y = hq

x +1

log

10

y = log

10

h + (x +1)log

10

q

log

10

y = (x +1)log

10

q + log

10

h

Gradient Y-intercept

Y-intercept = 0.1

log

10

h = 0.1

h = 1.26

Gradient =

3.7− 0.7

12− 2

log

10

q = 0.3

q = 2

→

↑

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