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Notes On Koine Greek: Part 64

© 2010, T. Michael W. Halcomb |

1. The Subjunctive Mood: Having made our way through the Indicative Mood and
having developed a visual add to help us understand our path for learning the Greek Verbal Moods (see
“Notes” 62), let us now learn the Subjunctive Mood. More than likely, it will take a few installments
to get the full grasp of the Subjunctive, so here, we will take a shot at explaining it in general and also
reviewing its table.
2. It’s Contingent: That’s right, the Subjuncitve Mood is a Mood of Contingency. In a
way, the Subjunctive is all about possibilities. This means that, unlike the Indicative which deals with
real action, the Subjunctive actually deals with action that may or may not occur. The Subjunctive is
often expressing a wish, a hope, a desire, a thought, doubt, etc. As Dave Black points out, at one point
in time, the Subjunctive was related to the Indicative and this is why the Subjunctive tends to refer to
future type expressions. An English Subjunctive is: “My wife suggested that I clean up my mess.”
Really, what this sentence is expressing is: “My wife wished for me to clean up my mess.”
3. 3 Subjunctive Tenses: In Koine or rather in the New Testament, there are 3
Subjunctive Tenses: The Present, Perfect and Aorist. Here is our Subjunctive Mood M.A.P. which will
help you vizualise and understand the general (general meaning, not dealing with A/Thematic suffix
morphemes) Subjunctive Tenses:

Subjunctive Mood M.A.P.

© 2010, T. Michael W. Halcomb

Aorist Perfect Present

wmai wmeqa w wmen wmai wmeqa
h| hsqe h|j hte h| hsqe
htai wntai h| wsi(n) htai wntai
2nd Aorist is same

Aorist Perfect Present

w wmen w wmen w wmen
h|j hte h|j hte h|j hte
h| wsi(n) h| wsi(n) h| wsi(n)
2nd Aorist is same

Aorist Perfect Present

w wmen w wmen wmai wmeqa
h|j hte h|j hte h| hsqe
h| wsi(n) h| wsi(n) htai wntai
2nd Aorist is same

*Note that of the 4 corners of this M.A.P., 3 of them are shaded yellow because their suffixes match. If you can
memorize the endings of 1 corner and then, memorize the endings of any other non-highlighted box, you have
memorized the general suffix morphemes of the Subjunctive Mood.