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LisaTran

UWRT1102
ProfessorMorgan
10March2015

AnnotatedBibliography

Erlacher,Daniel,MelanieSchdlich,TadasStumbrys,andMichaelSchredl."Time
forActionsinLucidDreams:EffectsofTaskModality,Length,and
Complexity."FrontiersinPsychology(2013).Print.
Thisarticlepresentstherelationshipbetweenthetimeindreamsandtherealtime.
Motoractionsleadtoprolongedtimeinluciddreams.Thegoalistofindifadifferent
aspectsofataskresultsintheprolongingintimeinluciddreams.Fortheexperiment
theyusedthreeexperimentalconditions,counting,walking,andgymnasticroutine.Many
ofthemotortasksincreaseddurationbymorethan20%.Luciddreamscanbe
successfullyappliedformotorskillpracticeinsports,musicandotherareas.
Thisarticlemademerealizethedifferenceintimeduringwakefulnessandlucid
dreaming.Itgavemeasenseofhowofhow5minutesofrealtimeisanhourof
dreamtime.Thisarticleisnotfullyrelevantastohowtoluciddreambutitgivesdifferent
informationthatotherarticlesdonothave.
TheFrontierofPsychologypublishesarticlesondiscoveriesinpsychology.The
articleisrecentandprovidesdatafrompreviousstudies.Erlacherstudiedatthe
UniversityOfBern,SchadlichandStumbrysstudiedattheUniversityofHeidelberg,and
SchredlistheheadresearchofthesleeplabatCentralInstituteofMentalHealth
SleepLaboratoryinGermany.Alloftheauthorsstudiedsleep,dreamsandlucid
dreaming.
Harrar,Sari."LucidDreamingforBeginners."Preventiom55.7(2003).Print.
Theauthor,Harrarexplainscertainstepsyoushouldtakewhenyouaredreaming.
Thosestepsaretokeepajournal,askyourselfifyouaredreamingandrecognizeifyou
areinadream.Rightafterwakingupfromadream,writeitdown.Harrarstatesthatif

youconstantlyaskyourselfifyouareawake,youwillsoonaskthatinyoursleepalso.
Recognizingdreamsignswillmakeyouawarethatyouaredreaming.Shealsotellsus
to,beforewegotosleep,toconcentrateondreamingtoluciddream.
Thishelpsbecauseshegivesusstepstoluciddreaming.Thestepsaretohelpus
luciddream.Thisisrelevanttomytopicbecauseitiscontrollingonesdreams.
SariHarrarisanawardwinningfreelancewriter.Shehasover20yearsof
experience.Shefocusesonhealth,medicine,andscience.ShewritesforAmericastop
consumermagazinesabouthealthandwellnessandblogsaboutchildrenshealth.
Stumbrys,Tadas,DanielErlacher,MelanieSchdlich,andMichaelSchredl.
"InductionofLucidDreams:ASystematicReviewofEvidence."
ConsciousnessandCognition(2012):1456475.Print.
Thepurposeofthisarticleistoshowtheclassificationsofluciddreaming
inductiontechniques.Theycategorizedthevarioustechniquesintothreebroad
categories,cognitivetechniques,externalstimulation,andmiscellaneoustechniques.This
articleincludedacombinationof35studiestoshowextensivereview.Ofthe35studies,
26hadcognitivetechniques,11externalstimulationandoneuseofdrug.
Thearticleisrelatedtomyinquirybecauseitincludestechniquesonlucid
dreaming.Thearticleprovidedmeknowledgeaboutthevariouswaysapersoncanlucid
dream.Itmademeawarethatluciddreamingisaskillthatcanbelearnedandcertain
techniquesmayormaynotworkdependingontheperson.
Thisarticlehad4authorsfrom3differentuniversitiesandaninstitute.The
authorsspecializeinluciddreaming.Elsevierprovidesinformationthatcanhelpenhance
science,healthandtechnology.Theyhavepublishedapproximately2,200journalsand
over33,000booktitles.

Voss,Ursula,ClemensFrenzel,JudithKoppeheleGossel,andAllanHobson.
"LucidDreaming:AnAgedependentBrainDissociation."JournalofSleep
Research(2012):63442.Print.

Thestudyinthisarticlefocusesonchildreninschoolandyoungadultfromages
619.Thesampleincluded694studentsbothmaleandfemale.Theyfoundthatthe
youngerchildrenhadahigherreportofluciddreaming,andthosewhoaremore
intellectualhavefrequentluciddreams.Thestudyfoundthatthosewhohaveahigher
levelofschoolshowedandincreasedinluciddreams.Luciddreamstendtodecreasein
earlyadulthood.Thegoalistofindalinkbetweenthenaturaloccurrenceoflucid
dreamingandbrainmaturation.
Theresultofthestudydisplaythatbybeingyounger,itgivesyouagreater
chanceofhavingaluciddream.Thatdoenotmeanthatyoucannotluciddreamifyouare
older.Theauthorsalsobelievethatthereisalinkbetweenluciddreamingandbrain
maturation.
TheEuropeanSleepandResearchSocietyanonprofitorganizationthatis
international.Theypromotesleepresearchandmedicine.TheAuthorsareprofessorsof
psychologyandPsychiatry.Theyalsostudysleep.
Voss,Ursula."UnlockingtheLucidDream."ScientificAmericanMind(2011):33
35.Print.
In2009attheUniversityofBonninGermany,Vossandhercolleaguesmeasured
brainwavestogetagraspofluciddreaming.Theirgoalsweretodiscovercluesaboutout
consciousmindandwaystotreatanxietywhileasleep.Shethoroughlyexplainswhen
luciddreamshappenandwhatitdoestooureyesandbrainwhilewesleep.Shealso
includesothersstudiesinformationtohaveabetterunderstandingonluciddreams.Even
thoughshehadagoodunderstandingofluciddreams,sheisalsoawarethatthereismore
toluciddreamingshedoesnotknowabout.

Vossprovidedplentyofusefulinformationonluciddreams.Controllingones
dreamsisluciddreaming.Itmademeawareofwhatwashappeningtoourmindand
bodywhileoneluciddream.Thisarticlealsoopenedmyeyestohowluciddreamingcan
beaformoftreatmentforvariousdisorders/anxiety.
UrsulaVossisavisitingprofessorofpsychologyattheUniversityofBonnin
Germany.ThiswasalsoanarticlethatwaspublishedontheScientificAmericanMind.
ThescientificAmericanMindpublishescontentsrelatedtotheareaofpsychology,
neuroscience,cognition,andvariousotherfieldsthatarerelevanttopsychology.Itis
alsofairlyrecent.