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WhatWeStandFor

Hellothere!WearetheDevonshireAnemoiWindCompany,orDAWC,blowingyouawaywithour
servicesince2003.WehereatDAWCarededicatedtomakingyourtownsenergyclean,efficient,
andreliablebyhelpingyouconverttowindenergy.Themarketforwindenergyhasbeenbooming
overthepastyears,andnowistheperfecttimetomakeyourenergydependendenceandreliability
simpleandbeneficial.Nomatterthepeopleortown,ourcompanystrivestomakewindenergynot
onlyadependablesource,buteasilyaccessibletoallwhoseekit,includingyou.Nowletslearnabit
moreaboutthebasicsofwindenergy.

Background:WhatisaWindTurbine?
Todayswindturbineisahighlyevolvedversionofawindmill.ModernWindTurbinesharnessthe
windskineticenergyandconvertitintoelectricity.Mostwindturbineshavethreebladesthatsitatop
asteeltubulartower.Thesetowersrangeinsizefrom80to260feettall.Therearealsotwomain
typesofwindturbines:VerticalAxisandHorizontalAxisTurbines.

Background:WindTurbineHistory
Letsstartbygoingbacktowhenwindenergyfirstoriginated.In5,000B.C.Egypt,thefirstknown
useofwindpowerwasrecordedwhenboatsusedsailstotravelfromshoretoshorealongtheNile
Rivertotradegoods.In1,000A.D.Netherlands,windpowertechnologytravelednorthfromNorthern
AfricatoEuropeancountries.TheytooktheformofwindmillstodrainlakesandmarshesintheRhine
RiverDelta.From1870to1930intheRuralUnitedStates,theoriginalheydayofwindpowertook
placewhenthousandsoffarmersacrossthecountryusedwindtopumpwaterfortheiranimalsand
towns.Smallelectricwindturbinespoppedupinthe1920sandprototypesoflargermachineswere
builtinthe1940s.Inthe1980sCalifornia,themoderneraofwindbeganwhenentrepreneursinstalled
15,000mediumsizedwindturbinesinSanFrancisco,providingenoughpowerforeveryresidentof
SanFrancisco.Thismovementsparkedideasofwindpowerinthegovernmentandacrossthecountry,
eventuallypassingtheEnergyPolicyActof1992,whichwasacomprehensiveenergylegislationthat
includedanewproductiontaxcreditforwindandbiomasselectricity.

HowDoTheyWork?:Basics
Whenwindblowspastaturbine,thebladescapturetheenergyandrotate.Thisrotationtriggersan
internalshaft,whichisconnectedtoagearbox,tospin,increasingthespeedoftherotation.This
gearboxisconnectedtoageneratorthatultimatelyproduceselectricity.
Fromtheoutside,horizontalaxiswindturbinesconsistofthreebigparts:thetower,theblades,anda
boxbehindtheblades,calledanacelle.Thenacellehousestheturbinesshaft,gearbox,generator,and
controlsandwheremostoftheactionhappensor,technically,wheremotionisturnedintoelectricity.

HowDoTheyWork?:TheDetails

Inthemosttypicaldesign,thebladesoftheturbineareattachedtoanaxlethatrunsintoa
gearbox.Thegearbox,ortransmission,increasesthespeedoftherotation,from50rpmupto
1,800rpm.Thisfasterspinningshaftspinsinsidethegenerator,producingACelectricity.
Electricitymustbeproducedatjusttherightfrequencyandvoltagetobecompatiblewitha

utilitygrid.Awindturbineisequippedwithwindassessmentequipmentandwillautomatically
rotatetofacethewind,andangleorpitchitsbladestooptimizeenergycapture.Dependingon
thelocation,smallorlargewindturbinescanbeusedtoprovideelectricity.Smallwindturbines
canrangefrom250wattturbinesdesignedforchargingupbatteriesonasailboat,upto
50kilowattturbinesthatpowerdairyfarmsandremotevillages.Largewindturbinescanrange
from250kilowattturbinesusedbyutilitiestoprovidepowertoagrid,uptotheenormous3.5to
5Megawattmachinesthatarebeingusedoffshore.In2009,theaveragelandbasedturbineshad
acapacityof1.75Megawatts.

MarketforWindEnergy

The cost of electricity from the wind has dropped from about 25 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) in
1981 to an average near 4 cents/kWh in 2008.

Analysis by the DOE Lawrence Berkeley Lab found


that wind prices have been competitive with wholesale power since 2003.

As wind power costs


become more competitive, demand is growing exponentially all over the world; the United States
nd
is ranked 2
in the world in wind energy production and consumption

HowDoesWindEnergyGettoYou?
MultipleturbinesgroupedtogetherareknownasWindFarms.Theseturbinesareconnectedsothe
electricitycantravelfromthewindfarmtothepowergrid.Oncewindenergyisonthemainpower
grid,electricutilitiesorpoweroperatorswilldelivertheelectricitywhereitisneeded.Smaller
transmissionlines,calleddistributionlines,willcollecttheelectricitygeneratedandtransportitto
largernetworktransmissionlines,wheretheelectricitycantravellongdistancestothelocations
whereitisneeded.Smallerdistributionlinesdeliverelectricitydirectlytoyourhomeortown.
Transmissionlinesareessentialformovingelectricityfromwhereitisproducedtowhereitis
consumed.TheUnitedStateshasmorethan200,000milesofhighvoltagetransmissionlines,which
servemuchliketheinterstatehighwaybyfacilitatingtheelectricitymarketandprovidingconsumers
withlowercostelectricity.TheU.S.transmissionnetworkisbrokenupintothreemainsections,or
interconnections:TheEasternInterconnection,TheWesternInterconnection,andtheElectricity
ReliabilityCouncilofTexasInterconnection.Eachinterconnectionisoperatedlargelyindependently
withminimaltransfersofelectricitybetweenthem.Liketheinterstatehighwayorthenationsrail
network,thetransmissionnetworkallowsconsumerstopurchaselowercostenergythatcanbe
providedfromotherregions,insteadofbeingdependentonelectricitythatisproducedlocally.

BenefitsofWindEnergy
Oneoftodaysgreatestglobalchallengesistheneedformoreaffordable,reliable,clean,secure,and
renewablesourcesofelectricity.Relyingsolelyoncoal,oil,naturalgas,andnuclearfuelstogenerate
electricityisfarfromoptimal.However,convertingtowindenergydiversifiesournationsenergy
supplyandreducesourdependenceonforeignfuelsupplies.Thoughsomeenvironmentalistsand
citizensvoiceconcernsoftheunpredictability,costs,aesthetics,andthreattowildlifethatwind
turbinesmaypose,throughmuchresearchofyourtownsandcitizenspreferences,wehavebeenable
toascertainthatwindturbineswillthriveinthistownandwillnotbothereitherthetownspeopleorthe

wildlife,whilestillremainingcostefficient.Somebasicadvantagesofwindenergyinclude:thatitsa
greenfuelsource,asharnessingwindenergydoesnotpollutetheair,water,orsoilanddoesnotcreate
acidrainoratmosphericemissionslikefossilfuelsandcoaldo.Itssustainable.Windisactuallya
formofsolarenergy,andaslongasthesunshinesandthewindblows,theenergyproducedcanbe
harnessed.Itseconomical.Windenergyhasrecentlybeenfoundtobecompetitivewiththepriceof
electricityfromfossilfuelplants,likethoseofnaturalgasandcoal,acrossthecountry.Itisalsooneof
thelowestpricedrenewableenergytechnologiesavailabletoday.Itsgoodforruralcommunities.
Windpowerhelpstodiversifytheeconomiesofruralcommunities,addstothepropertytaxbase,and
createshighlyskilledjobsinconstruction,operations,andmaintenance.Andfinally,itscompatible
withotherlanduses.Windturbinesandrelatedfacilitiestypicallyoccupylessthan3%ofthetotal
projectarea,leavingtherestofthelandfreeforfarming,animalgrazing,andrecreation

ProjectionforGrowth
In2012,windbecamethe
Number1
sourceofnewU.S.electricgeneratingcapacity.Althoughwind
poweronlyaccountsforabout2.5%oftotalworldwideelectricityproduction,thecapacityisgrowing
atanincrediblerateof25%peryear.IntheU.S.,numerouspeerreviewedstudieshaveconcludedthat
windenergycanprovide20%ormoreofourelectricitywithoutanyneedforincreasedenergystorage.
Windenergyproduced3.5percentofthenationselectricityin2012thatsenoughtopowerthe
equivalentofover
15millionhomes.
A2008comprehensivestudybytheU.S.DepartmentofEnergy
foundthatexpandingwindpowerby20percentby2030isfeasible,affordable,andwouldnotaffect
thereliabilityofthenationspowersupply.Expandingwindpowerby20percentwouldalsocreate
500,000newU.S.jobs,reduceglobalwarmingemissionsby825millionmetrictonsperyear(about20
percent),andsave4trilliongallonsofwater.

WhatMakesWindEnergyRightforYou?
Windenergywillbenefityourtownthemostifyouhaveanaveragewindspeedofatleast4.5m/s(10
MPH),thoughthebestresultscomewith12MPHormore,butlessthan3540MPH,whichwould
damagethemachinery.Windenergywillworkbestifyourpropertyortownisunobstructedfromtall
buildingsandtrees,ideally,ifyouhave0.5acresofopenspace.Placingawindturbineinyourtown
alsorequiresthatlocalzoningallowsastructurethatisatleast42feettall.Togetthebestresultsout
ofyourwindturbine,werecommendthatyoucanplaceyourturbineonacoastorshoreline,hilltop,or
amesaorplateau.

Overview
Themarketforwindenergyhasbeengrowingimmensely,anddesignsforwindturbinesarebecoming
morehightechandaffordablebytheday.Thefutureforwindenergyseemspromising,andthe
benefitsthatwindturbinescanprovideforyourtownareinfinite.Alcova,Wyomingistheperfectspot
tocreateawindfarm,andnotroublewillcometothecitizens,orthewildlife,byplacingwindturbines
inyourtown.IfyouagreetoaddDAWCswindturbinestoyourenergygrid,yourenergysupplywill
becomeclean,reliable,efficient,andsimple.Nomatterthepeopleortown,ourcompanystrivesto
makewindenergynotonlyadependablesource,buteasilyaccessibletoallwhoseekit,includingyou.
Soshouldyouinvestinthewindturbinemarket?Well,theanswermyfriend,isblowinginthewind.
Thankyou.