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Some cognitive processes are seen in a variety of species;

others are unique to human beings.


Intersubjectiviity

Through both informall conversations and formal schooling,


adults convey to children the ways in which their culture
interprets and responds to the world.

Social Construction of memory


Collaborative use of strategies

Every culture passes along physical and cognitive tools that


make dailty living more effective and efficient.

Situated learning or situated cognition

Thought and language become increasingly interdependent in the first few years of life.

Distributed cignition or distributed intelligence

Complex mental processes emerge out of social activities

Embodiment

Children appropriate their cultures tools in their own idiosyncratic manner.


Children can accomplish more difficult tasks when they have assistance of people more advanced than themselves.

Learners can think more effectively when they acquire the


basic cognitive tools of various activities and academic
disciplines.

Challenging tasks promote maximum cognitive growth.


Play allows children to cognitively stretch themselves.

Children learn and remember more when they talk about their
experiences.

Social Construction of meaning

Children should have opportunities to engage in activities that


closely resemble those they encounter in the adult world.

Scaffolding
Children often acquire better strategies when they collaborate
with adults on complex tasks.

Participation in Adult Activities

Challenging tasks are likely to foster maximum congnitive


development.

Apprenticeships
Aquisition of teaching skills

Childrens abilities should be assessed under a variety of work conditions.

Dynamic Assessment

Group learning can help children internalize cognitive strategies.


Links to maps for each lesson