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What is Terrorism?

Terrorism is a criminal act that

influences an audience beyond
the immediate victim
History of Terrorism
• Terrorist acts or the threat of such
action have been in existence for
millennia Over the past 20 years,
terrorists have committed extremely
violent acts for alleged political or religious
Terrorist Behavior
• There is clearly a wide choice of definitions for
terrorism. Despite this, there are elements in
common among the majority of useful
definitions. Common threads of the various
definitions identify terrorism as:

• Political
• Psychological
• Coercive
• Dynamic
• Deliberate
Differences between Terrorism and
• A key difference is that an insurgency is
a movement - a political effort with a
specific aim. This sets it apart from both
guerilla warfare and terrorism, as they are
both methods available to pursue the
goals of the political movement.
State Sponsored Terrorism
• Three different ways that states can
engage in the use of terror are:

• Governmental or "State" terror

• State involvement in terror
• State sponsorship of terrorism
Goals and Motivations of Terrorists
• common form of symbolism utilized in
terrorist targeting is striking on particular
anniversaries or commemorative dates
Terrorist Groups

• There are two general categories of

organization; hierarchical and networked.
The age of an organization is one of the
determinants of whether it is likely to adopt
a network or hierarchical structure
The Evolution of Terrorism
• Terrorism is continually changing. While at
the surface it remains "the calculated use
of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful
violence to inculcate fear
Future Trends in Terrorism
• As a conflict method that has survived and
evolved through several millennia to
flourish in the modern information age,
terrorism continues to adapt to meet the
challenges of emerging forms of conflict,
and exploit developments in technology
and society
Terrorism Glossary

• Definitions of some common terrorist and

counter-terrorism terms (A-B)