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Ben

Introduction

First used 1971, CGI is now used almost all


films. Used in the experimental film Metadata,
it was used to create a short animated 2D film, this
was the first film to ever use CGI.

In 1981, CGI was used to create the first human


character and use 3D CGI as we think of it today.

In 1991 CGI was change forever with the creation of


Terminator 2: Judgment Day. This was the first film
to use realistic human movement on a CGI charac-
ter. It was also the first film to use a computer to cre-
ate all the major 3D effects.

In 2004, polar express was released, this was the


very first movie to use motion capture for all its actors
Computer Generated Imagery (CGI) is the use of
computers to generate 3D graphics for films, adverts
and simulators. Video games however do not use
CGI apart from cut in clips. CGI is used in movies as
computer visual effects are more easily controllable
than filming the set live. It is also used in films for
scenes such as space ships, where it is not possible
to film on location. The first film to ever use CGI was
Metadata, this movie features a short 2D animated
clip. The first big investment into CGI technology
was Tron in 1982, the film however failed causing
almost all directors to give up on CGI all together
saying that it created images that were suppose to
look like they were created on a computer. It was not
until 1993 that CGI really revolutionized the movie
business. In Jurassic Park dinosaurs created using
CGI were seamlessly integrated into to the action
packed film. This started the revolution that is CGI.

First used by weather forecasters, Croma keying


consists of merging two video segments together
by removing a colour and adding the additional
video clip in its place. Now adapted by all films
green screens allow actors to be transported into
places that are not physically possible. The process
involves filming an actor in front of a blue or green
screen and acting out what needs to be put into the
film. This is then transferred onto a computer and
the new background is added.
Now the technology is here, all that is needed is the
imagination for what needs to be shot. In August
2008 the worlds largest sound and green screening
set outside of Los Angeles was unveiled in Toronto,
Canada. The sound system for the venue alone cov-
ers a massive 45,900 sq feet. Plans have are already
been made to extend the venue.
With green screening software readily available
anyone can now be a film maker.