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kvt\l]qÀÆw A_vZpÅ sNdp¼¡v (3)

t]tcmSpw IpÁymSnbpw ]ns¶ sNdp¼bpw :-- Ignª GXm\pw


Znhk§Ä¡v ap³]v s\Ánse ktlmZc§Ä¡v Xm¦Ä Ab¨ sabn CubpÅh\pw
e`n¨p . IpÁymSnbpw ]cnkc{]tZj§fpw ]p¯³{]kvYm\¡mcpsS ? iIvXn tI{μw
Bbncp¶psh¶p F¶m t]tcmSv hlm_nIfpsS thcdps¯¶pw, IpÁymSnsbbpw
]cnkc{]tZit¯bpw kp¶¯v PamA¯nsâ (?) iIvXntI{μam¡n amÁnsb¶pw
Xm¦fpsS teJ\w am{Xw hmbn¡p¶hcn Nnesc¦nepw Nnet¸mÄ sXÁn²cnt¨¡mw.
Xm¦fpsS hcnIÄ Xmsg

sNdp¼ kmlnt_ lpssk³ ke^nbpsS \mZm]pcw JÞ\w \mZm]pc¯pw


kao]{]tZj§fnepw am{XaÃ, tIcf¯n BsI, Aà aebmfnIÄ FhnsSbpt−m
AhnsSsbms¡ Ne\§Ä krjvSn¨n«p−v. AXv hgntb hniZoIcn¡mw.
1. IpÁymSnbn F´v kw`hn¨p: IpÁymSnbnepw kao]{]tZj§fnepw
CÉmln{]kvYm\w kzm[o\apd¸n¨Xv ]W¯nsâ kzm[o\w sIm−Ã, adn¨v BZÀi¯nsâ
al¯zw sIm−mWv. hnip² JpÀB\nsâbpw Xncpkp¶¯ntâbpw Znhyktμjw
IpÁymSnbnepw kao]{]tZi§fnepw {]Ncn¨t¸mÄ inÀ¡³ hnizmkapÅ P\lrZb
§fn XuloZnsâ ktμjw kzm[o\w sNep¯n . a¡w ^Xln\v IA_bpsS A[nImcw
\_n (k)¡v e`n¨t¸mÄ IA_bpsS DÅnepÅ hn{Kl§Ä \_n (k) hens¨dnªXv
t]mse, inÀ¡³ hnizmk§Ä ]peÀ¯nbncp¶ P\§fn `qcn`mKhpw XuloZv DÄsIm−
t¸mÄ inÀ¡nsâ ASbmfamb aJv_d s]mfn¨p\o¡nbXv kzm`mhnIamWv .t]tcmSnsâ
BKa\w IpÁymSnbpsS a®n CÉmln{]kvYm\¯n\p Hcp tIm«hpw D−m¡nbn«nà F¶v
am{Xaà Icp¯p]IcpIbmWv sNbvXXv F¶v Ignª ]¯v hÀjs¯ IpÁymSn \mZm]pcw
{]tZjs¯ Ncn{Xw ]cntimZn¡p¶ BÀ¡pw a\knemhpw. AXnsâ sXfnhmWv \nehnepÅ
SuWnse ke^n akvPnZpIfnse P\_mlpeyw. hoØpw IpÁymSn SuWnsâ lrZb`mK¯v
at\mlcamb Hcp Ccp\ne ke^n akvPnZv IqSn DbÀ¶v h¶ncn¡p¶p. ]ÅnIsfÃmw {]tZj
hmknIsf sIm−v (kv{XoIÄ DÄs]sS) \ndªv Ihnªp sIm−pÅ ImgvN kvYew
kμÀin¡p¶ GsXmcmÄ¡pw ImWmhp¶XmWv. Zqc{]tZi§fn \n¶pÅ ZÀkv hnZymÀ
¯nIfpw, ]cnkc{]tZi§fnse (IpÁymSn¡v ]pd¯pÅ) F.]n. ¡mcmb kakvX¡mcpw,
ZqckvXe§fn \n¶v s]tcmSnsâ kvYm]\¯n h¶p]Tn¡p¶ hnZymÀ¯nIfpw CÃmbncp
¶psh¦nÂ, kakvX aX{]Imcw PpapA klolmhm³ th− \mÂ]Xv BfpIÄ t]mepw
t]tcmSv D−m¡nb ]Ånbn D−mhpIbnÃ. hncense®mhp¶ {]tZi¯pImÀ am{Xta
(]gb Jpdm^n ]n³XpS¨¡mÀ) Ct¸mgpw t]tcmSnsâ ]utcmlnXys¯ AwKoIcn¡p¶pÅq.
]gb alÃpIsfÃmw Xncn¨p]nSn¨p F¶Xv, IÅw am{Xw ]dªp ]Tn¨ t]tcmSnsâ apcoZnsâ
asÁmcp ]¨IÅamWv. apgph³ alÃpIfnse _lp`qcn]£w P\§fpw Ct¸mgpw bYmÀ¯
hnizmkw DÄs¡m−v Ct¸mgpw Pohn¨p hcp¶p. t]tcmSnsâ Jpdm^m¯nte¡v aS§nb
GsX¦nepw Hcp alÃns\, thØ GsX¦nepw Hcp IpSpw_s¯sb¦nepw ImWn¨p Xcm³
sNdp¼ kmln_n\v IgnbnÃ.
2. Hme sjUvUv \mSIw: KÄ^nse Ad_nIfn \n¶v ]Ww ]Ám³ GXp
thjhpw sI«p¶ Imc´qcnIfpsS \mWw sI« \mSIamWv Hme sjUvUv \mSIw. ]Ww
In«psa¦n F«v dIA¯v Xdmholv \akvIcn¡m\pw, kv{XoIÄ DÅ ]Ånbn t]mbn
PpaA Jp¯v_ \nÀhln¡m\pw aSnbnÃm¯ hÀ¤¯n\v, ]«nWn ]mh§fmb P\¯n\v
\akvIcn¡m³ ]ÅnIfnà F¶pw, HmesjUvUn {]bmks]«mWv Bcm[\IÄ \nÀhln
¡p¶sX¶pw , \njvIf¦cmb Ad_nIsf sXÁn²cn]n¡m\pÅ \mSIamWv Hme
sjUvUneqsS ImWn¡p¶Xv. CsXms¡ IpÁymSn \mZm]pcw {]tZj¯pImÀ¡v \¶mbn
Adnbmhp¶ hkvXpXbmWv F¶Xv sNdp¼ kmln_v HmÀ¡Ww. IpÁymSn¡v ]pd¯pÅ
P\§sf I_fn]n¡m³ ]¨\pWIÄ FgpXnhnSp¶ sNdp¼ kmlnt_ CsXms¡ ]S¨
X¼pcm³ ImWp¶ps−¶v HmÀ¡Ww . kwkvYm\ kp¶nIfpsS tÌPn henªpIbdnbXpw,
kwkvYm\¡mÀ Imc´qcnIsf tÌPn \n¶v B«n]pd¯m¡nbXpw, kakvX¡mcpsS Adnb
s]Sp¶ ]ÞnX³ Iog\ DkvXmXns\ InXm_v Xncnbm¯bmÄ F¶v ]cnlkn¨Xnsâ t]cnÂ
\mZm]pc¯pImÀ s]tcmSns\ FdntªmSn¨Xpamb IYIÄ \mZm]pc¯pw IpÁymSnbnepw
DÅ apPmlnZpIfÃm¯ BÄ¡mtcmsS¦nepw tNmZn¨v a\knem¡pI . sNdp¼ kmlnt_
t]tcmSns\ Ipdn¨pÅ Xm¦fpsS aZvlpKm\w tI«m IpÁymSnbntebpw \mZm]pct¯bpw
P\§Ä s]m«nNncn¡pw , AXn kakvX apPmlnZv hnXymksam¶pap−mhnÃ.
3. \mZm]pcw JÞ\hpw amÁ§fpw: t]tcmSv lpssk³ ke^nbpambn
\S¶ \mZm]pcw JÞ\¯neqsS apPmlnZpIfpsS ASn¯dbnfInsb¶p ]dbp¶ sNdp¼
kmlnt_ IpÁymSn \mZm]pcw taJebn FsX¦nepw Hcp apPmlnZv {]hÀ¯Is\¦nepw
Jpdm^nk¯nte¡v t]mbXmbn Xm¦Ä¡v Nq−nImWn¡m³ Ignbptam?? F¶m Hcp]mSv
kakvX¡mcmb ktlmZc§Ä kXyw a\knem¡n, XuloZv DÄsIm−v CÉmln {]kvYm\
¯nte¡v IS¶v h¶n«p−v F¶Xv ]¨bmb bmYmÀ¯yamWv. hmWnta tNeap¡v alÃnse
kakvX alÃv `mchmlnIÄ, \mZm]pcw I¡w ]Ån alÃp PamA¯v sk¡«dn C§s\
\o−pt]mIpw ]«nI... \qdv iXam\w Jpdm^m¯v \ne\n¶ncp¶ ]md¡Shv , t]tcmSnsâ
aq¡n\pap¶n ke^n akvPnZv DbÀ¶p \n¡p¶p . F´nt\sd ]dbp¶p, t]tcmSpw
ke^nbpw GÁvap«nb \mZm]pc¯v \mZm]pcw P\Iob thZn \mZm]pcs¯ apÉn§Ä¡mbn
daZmsâ apt¶mSnbmbn \S¯nb {]`mjW ]cn]mSnbn c−v Znhkw {]`mjWw \S¯nbXv
_lpam\y]ÞnX³ lpssk³ke^nbmbncp¶p . \mZm]pcw P\Iob thZnbpsS kwLmSIÀ
apPmlnZpIfmtWm F¶v Xm¦Ä \mZ]pc¯v t]mbn At\zjn¡pI . kp¶nIfmb kz´w
\m«pImÀ¡v t]mepw th−m¯ t]tcmSns\ Xm§n\S¡m³ Xm¦Ä¡v \mWantà F¶v
tNmZn¡p¶nÃ.
4. AÂ]w Ncn{Xw: ]gbIme¯v Cu {]tZi§fnse H«pan¡ apÉnw hoSpIfnepw
ameaueoZpIfpw dm¯o_pIfpw JpXv_n¿¯pIfpw \SamSnbncp¶p. ]utcmlnXyw Ac§p
XIÀ¯ncncp¶ B ]gbNcn{Xw ]pXnb Xeapd¡v tI«dnhv am{Xambncn¡pw. AÃmlp
AÃm¯htcmSv klmbw tXSp¶, aJv_dIfn A`bw tXSp¶ Hcp kaqlw Cu {]tZi
§fn C¶v Xptemw hfsc IpdhmWv . Hcp ]¯v hÀjw ap³]v hsc XuloZv DÄsIm−hÀ
Cu {]tZi¯v hncense®mhp¶hÀ am{Xta D−mbncp¶pÅq. F¶m C¶v IpÁymSn,
\mZm]pcw, NotIm¶vv, hmWnta XpS§nb {]tZi§fn [mcmfw ke^n akvPnZpIÄ
DbÀ¶p h¶ncn¡p¶p. IpÁymSn, NotIm¶vv I_ÀkvYm³ DÅ alÃpIÄ hsc Jpdm^m¯nÂ
\n¶pw XuloZn amÀ¤¯nte¡v Xncn¨p h¶ncn¡p¶p. hmWnta {]tZi¯v am{Xw ke^n
IÄ¡v aq¶v PpamA¯v ]ÅnIÄ D−v . \mZm]pcw SuWn\Sp¯mbn \nehnepÅ ]Ån
IqSmsX , ]Ånbpw Ad_nIv tImtfPpw ke^n kvIqfpw DÄs¡mÅp¶ hnZym`ymk kapObw
DbÀ¶p h¶ncn¡p¶p. ( lpssk³ ke^nbpsS \mZm]pcw JÞ\¯nsâ _m¡n ]{Xw) .
sXm«Sp¯ NotIm¶vv henb]Ån alÃpXs¶ Jpdm^nkw ssIsbmgnªv XuloZn]mX
DÄsIm−p. IÃm¨n kp¶n ]Ånbnse apXhÃn kXyw a\knem¡n XuloZn ]mXbnte¡v
amdn. \mZm]pcw IpÁymSn taJebn hyhkvYm]nXambn Bcw`n¨ CÉmln skâdpIfnÂ
\n¶v knUn Ifpw ]pkvXI§fpw hm§n sIm−pt]mbn kXyw DÄs¡mÅp¶hcpsS
F®w km[mcW¡mcmb \nhmknIsfmSv tNmZn¨m a\knemhpw. tIcf¯nse Adnb
s]Sp¶ kp¶n]ÞnX\mb \mZm]pcw kztZin ta¸nemtNcn sambvXo³ apÉymcpsS (1946 Â
\mZm]pc¯v h¨v \S¶ apPmlnZv kp¶n hmZ{]XnhmZ¯n kp¶n hn`mKs¯ \bn¨
]ÞnX\mWv aÀlqw ta¸nemt¨cn) \mepa¡fpw t]ca¡fpw DÄs]sSbpÅ IpSpw_§Â
H¶S¦w C¶v XuloZn amÀ¤¯nemWv . ]S¨X¼pcm\v Hcmbncw kvXpXn . aÁp{]tZi§fnse
km[mcW¡mcmb ]mh§sf sXÁn²cn]n¡m\ÃmsX, \mZm]pcw {]tZis¯ t]tcmSsâ
A\pbmbnIÄ t]mepw hnizkn¡m¯ Imcy§fmWv sNdp¼ ]pe¼p¶Xv .
sNdp¼bpsS teJ\¯nse FXm\pw hcnIÄ IqsS Xmsg

sNdp¼kmlnt_ apPmlnZpIÄ \S¯p¶Xv Ip{]NcWaà , adn¨v kXyaX {]NcWamWv .


AXp sIm−p−mb t\«§fn NneXmWv apIfn ]dªXv. sNdp¼ kmlnt_ Ifhp
]db aÂkcw \S¯nbXv apPmlnZpIfÃ. apPmlnZv {]kvYm\¯n \n¶v ]pd¯pt]mb
hcmWv. AXv P\§Ä Adnbp¶Xv Xs¶ apPmlnZpIÄ ]dªn«mWv. apPmlnZv {]kvYm\
¯n ^nXv\bpw ^kmZpw D−m¡n ]pd¯pt]mb aShqcnIsf Ipdn¨v R§Ä ]dªXv
apPmlnZp IfpsS t]cn Btcm]n¡p¶ Xm¦fpsS sXmen¡«n A]mcw Xs¶. Im´]pc
¯nsâ sXcsªSp¯ \pWIÄ F¶t]cn Hcp ]pkvXIw amÀs¡Án hm§m³ In«pw.
AXv {]kn²oIcn¨ C sI hn`mKw kp¶nIfpambn R§Ä¡v _²anÃ, F¶mWv Xm¦fpsS
adp]Sn F¦nÂ, t]cn am{Xw CÉmapambn _²apÅ Xm¦fpsS CÉmw tIcf sh_v
sskÁn C sI {Kq¸pImc\mb apkvX^ ss^knbpsS aplbp±o³ ame hymJym\w
F´n\p sImSp¯p. Im´]pcw hmb Xpd¶m Ifhp am{Xta ]dbmdpÅq F¶v ]dªXv
Im´]pc¯nsâ aÀ¡kn ]Tn¨ lk³ kJm^nbmWv. CsXms¡ HmÀ½bn D−mbncn
¡p¶Xv \¶mbncn¡pw.
IÅw am{Xw ]dªp ]Tn¨ Xm¦Ä¡pw, t]tcmSn\pw apPmlnZv {]kvYm\¯nsâ
kXyk²Xsb tNmZyw sN¿m³ F´v tbmKyXbmWv DÅXv. Xm¦fpw t]tcmSpw ]dªp
]c¯nb, Im«nIq«nb GXm\pw IfhpIÄ Nq−nImWn¡mw.
Xm¦Ä¡v \s«Ãps−¦n adp]Sn ]dbpI.
Ifhv \¼À 1. Gjymss\Áv hmÀ¯: IA_ ]pX]n¡m\pÅ hkv{Xw D−m¡p¶
kvYe¯v \n¶v Xs¶bmWv, \_nbpsS I_À ]pX]n¡m\pÅ hkv{Xhpw D−m¡p¶Xv
F¶v \n§Ä ]dªv ]c¯nbntÃ? s]mXpP\¯n\v ap¶n Gjymss\Ánse hmÀ¯bpsS
hnUntbm ¢n]v Im«n aÀ¡kn \n¶pw, IpÁymSnbn \n¶pw sIm−ph¶ Iqen]«mfs¯
sIm−v XIv_odpw sNmÃn]n¨v Ipd¨v Imew ap¼v \n§Ä Ducv NpÁnbntÃ? Gjymss\ÁnÂ
IÅhmÀ¯ sImSp¯ \n§fpsS Iqen]«mf¯nÂs]« Peo I®awKes¯ sIm−pXs¶ B
hmÀ¯ AÃmlphnsâ A]mcamb A\p{Khpw, klmbhpw sIm−v apPmlnZpIÄ Xncp¯n¨p.
Ifhv \¼À 2 . \_n (k) I_dnsâ t^mt«m: Xm¦fpsS ssh_v sskÁn \n¶pw e`n¨
t^ms«mbmWv Xmsg ImWp¶Xv. Imc´qcnIÄ Cd¡nb ImWmImgvNIÄ F¶ BÂ_¯nepw
\_n (k) bpsS I_dnsâ t^ms«m F¶t]cn Cu t^mt«m sImSp¯n«p−v.
CXv \_n X§fpsS (k)
I_dnsâ s^mt«m Xs¶bmtWm ? F¦n \n§Ä¡v CXv F§s\, Ft¸mÄ, FhnsS \n¶v
In«n... Rm³ BhÀ¯n¡p¶p.. \s«Ãps−¦nÂ... adp]Sn ]dbpI.
Ifhv \¼À 3 . s\Ãn¡p¯v , Ajvd^v sNdp¸ \mSIw: \n§fpsS tIcf ae_mÀ
CÉmanIv ¢mkvdqw \S¯n¸pImcn {][m\nbmb Ajvd^v sNdp¸sb¶ Ajvd^v _mJhn
AtÃ, s\Ãn¡p¯v apÉymcpsS ASp¯v , apPmlnZpImc\mbn thjan«v , kwib\nhmcW
sa¶ t]cn sN¶Xv . Ahkm\w kwibsaÃmw XoÀ¶v apPmlnZpImc³ kp¶¯v Pam
A¯nte¡v ? Xncn¨p h¶p F¶ t]cn kn Un bpw Cd¡nbntà , \n§Ä . Xm¦Ä F´v
]dbp¶p AXns\ Ipdn¨v ?
Ifhv \¼À 4 . apPmlnZv alÃpIÄ kp¶n(kakvX) alÃpIfmbn amdn: Xm¦fpsS
teJ\¯nse hcnIÄ ImWpI

Xm¦Ä ChnsS kp¶¯v PamA¯v F¶Xv sIm−v Dt²in¨Xv kakvXsb BsW¦nÂ


GXv alÃmWv ktlmZcm kakvXbnte¡v Xncn¨p h¶Xv. F¶m kakvX¡mcpsS
alÃpIÄ bYmÀ¯ kp¶¯v PamA¯nsâ AlvepImÀ¡v e`n¨Xn\v DZmlcWw
IpÁymSnbn Xs¶bp−v. sNdp¼ kmlnt_ IpÁymSn F¶Xv DLm−bntem, Aâm«n
¡bnsem¶p AÃtÃm ? tImgnt¡mSv PnÃbnetà ? ChnsS kXy¯ntâbpw, AkXy
¯ntâbpw {]kIvXnbpw, GXmWv kXysa¶pw, GXmWv AkXysa¶pw, Imc´qcnse
]ptcmlnX·mÀ¡v Xet¨mdv ]Wbw h¨n«nÃm¯ FÃmhÀ¡pw a\knemhpw.
C³im AÃmlv .
lpssk³ ke^ntbmSv \mZm]pcw JÞ\w \nÀ¯cpXv F¶ Xm¦fpsS
D]tZj¯n\v \μn ]dbp¶p . kakvX¡mcmb ]ÞnX·mscÃmw s]tcmSns\ t]mse
bmbncp¶psh¦n hfsc \¶mbncp¶p. \mZm]pcw tamU JÞ\w tIcf¯n FÃm
bnS¯pw \S¡s« . ap³]v ]¿¶qcn \S¶ncp¶p. A\kv auehnbpw t]tcmSpw X½n .
]t£ IqSpX \o−pt]mbnÃ. apPmlnZpIÄ¡v AXn hnjaap−v . t]tcmSmWv hcm
Xncp¶Xv. AtXt]mse Xs¶ ISh¯qcn kw`hn¨p . ISh¯qcn FXncmfn kIcnbm
kzemln Bbncp¶p. apPmlnZpIÄ {]hÀ¯\w \nÀ¯nbm IpÁymSnbn \n¶v
]pd¯nd§p¶ Ip«n t]tcmS·mÀ¡v sXmgnenÃm−mbn t]mIpw F¶p]dbp¶ sNdpt¼...
apPmlnZpIsf FXnÀ¡pI F¶Xv am{XamWv \n§fpsS sXmgn Atà ? F¶mÂ
apPmlnZpIÄ¡v \n§Ä¡v adp]Sn ]db am{Xaà tPmen. Im´]pcs¯ A_q_¡dn\pw,
t]tcmsS A{´phn\pw, amfntb¡ense kpsseam\pw CÉmw ]Tn]n¨p sImSp¡p¶tXmS¸w
Xs¶ ChnSs¯ ss{IkvXhÀ¡pw, sslμhÀ¡pw, bpIvXnhmZnIÄ¡pw, CÉmw ]Tn]n¨p
sImSp¡pI F¶ `mcn¨ tPmenIqSn sN¿p¶ hcmWv apPmlnZpIÄ. Hcp `mK¯v kIcnbm
kzemln amfntb¡ense kpsseamt\mSv hmZ{]XnhmZw \S¯pt_mÄ adp`mK¯v AIv_À
kmln_v amfntb¡ense hÀKokpambn hmZ{]XnhmXw \S¯pIbmWv . R§fmWv
bYmÀ¯ CÉmansâ BÄ¡msc¶v \mgnI¡v \mÂ]Xh«w ]dbp¶ Imc´qcnIsf,
Hm¬sse³ hgn Imc´qcnkw hmcnhnXdp¶ sNdpt¼ AapÉn§fpambn kwhZn¡p¶
Hcp kn Un sb¦nepw \n§fpsS I¿nept−m ? \n§sf´p ]dbpw AapÉn§tfmSv,
{]tXyIn¨v {InkvXym\nItfmSv . \n§Ä Cukm \_ntbbpw, adnbw _ohntbbpw hnfn
¡p¶Xv aXnbm¡n a¼pds¯ X§tfbpw ap\¼s¯ _ohntbbpw hnfn¡Wsa¶mtWm
]dbpI ? Adnbm³ apPmlnZpIÄ¡v B{Klap−v.
]ns¶ ke^n kakvX ]ÞnX·msc am\knI tcmKnIÄ F¶v hnfn¨q
F¶v ]dbp¶ sNdpt¼... sI hn Fw ]´mhqcns\ am\knI tcmKnbm¡nbXv BcmWv ?
hnhmlw Ignªn«v \mepsImÃambn«pw Ip«nIÄ CÃmXncp¶ lnμp kv{Xo, kndmPpÂ
lpZmbnte¡v t\À¨bm¡nbt¸mÄ apdmZv lmknembXn \n¶v Xs¶ kndmPp lpZbpsS
Idma¯nsâ iIvXn icn¡pw a\knembn . Hcp A_q_¡À lmPn¡ KpcphmbqcnÂ
Xpem`mcw \S¯nb hmÀ¯ amXr`qan ]{X¯n h¶ncp¶p. IeymWw Ignªn«v Iptd
hÀjambn«pw Ip«nIfp−mbnà . ^Ìv ¢mkv Jpdm^n BbXv sIm−v Xs¶ Pmdamb
Pmd¯nsems¡ t]mbn. Ahkm\w lmPn¡msâ apdmZv lmknembXv KpcphmbqcnÂ
h¨mWv . lmPn¡ t\À¨bm¡nbtXm Xpem`mcw \S¯m\pw . Idma¯v (?) kndmPpÂ
lpZ¡vv am{Xw hIsh¨v sImSp¯m A_q_¡À lmPn¡ k½Xn¨p Xcptam ?
F¶m apPmlnZpIÄ k´m\ ku`mKy¯n\p th−n AÃmlphnt\mSv
AÃmlphnt\mSv am{Xta {]m°n¡pIbpÅq. ImcWw apPmlnZpIÄ _lpam\n¡p¶,
BZcn¡p¶ {]hmNI·mcpw, almcY·mcpw AÃmlphnt\mSv am{Xta tXSnbn«pÅq ....
DZlcWw kIcnbm \_n (A) bpw, C{_mlnw \_n (A) k´m\ ku`mKyw e`n¡m³
AÃmlphnt\mSv tXSnbXpw AXn\v AhÀ¡v D¯cw e`n¨Xpw hnip² JpÀB³ \s½
]Tn]n¡p¶p.
sNdp¼ kmlnt_ Rm³ t\cs¯ ]dªXv t]mse t]cnÂam{Xw CÉmapambn
_²apÅ Xm¦fpsS sskÁn Jpdm^m¯pw _nZv A¯pw Iq«ntNÀ¡p¶Xn\nSbnÂ
kabw In«pIbmsW¦n Hcp adp]Sn XcWsa¶ At]£tbmsS
hn\oX³ XmPp±o³ a¿nÂ
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