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1

a 0
a 0


1)||=|-|0
2)|| ||=-
3)||2=2
>0,
1)||== =-
2)||=|| = =-

1)||=||||

||=||||
||2=(||||)2

()2=||2||2
()2=22
2) |+|||+||

| |2 (| | | |) 2
( ) 2 | |2 2 | || | | |2
2 2 2 | |2 2 | || | | |2
| |2 2 | |2 | |2 2 | || | | |2
| || |
| |

2
=|| 0 ,

| |
|
| |

0.( :
0)


, ,

2 | |

0 0
0,0

1) 0

( )

2) 0

| |

3
,0

1)

2)

3)

4)

1)
:

( ) ( )

( ) ( )


.
2

3)

[(

) ( )
) ]

( )

4)

( )


>0

3 3 1 3
.

+=0.

=0 =- : 0=-

) =0 : 0=- 0=0

5
) 0 0=-


>0 : =

4 8 4 8


>0 :

3 8 3 8 2


<0 :

. 4=-8

| |
<0 :

3=-8

3 8 2

2++=0 0.

..
2++=0 0.

ax 2 0

2 0

2 2

2

2 2
( )2 ( )2
2
2
2

2
2

(
)

2
2
4
2 2 4
(
)
2
4 2
0

/ 2

=2-4
1

7
>0

)
2
4 2

2
2
4
2
4 2

2 2
2
2

2 2
2 2

1,2


2 :
=0 :

2
4 2
2
(
) 0
2

(
) ( ) 0
2
2

0
0
2
2



2
2
(

3
<0


=2-4
>0

2++=0 0

1,2
=0

<0

2++=0 0 1 2

S=x1+x2=

P=x1x2=

2
2
2
2

( ) ( ) ( ) 2
P

2
2
4 2
4 2
2 ( 2 4 ) 2 2 4

4 2
4 2


VIETA
2++=0 0.

2 0
2

2 ( ) 0

2
( 1 2 ) ( 1 2 ) 0
2 Sx P 0

+>0

10


1 : >0

2 :

<0

=0 >-0>-
) >0

) 0

2++ 2 .

2++ =0

1,2

..

11

ax 2

ax 2
=

( 2

[ 2 2

( )2 ( ) 2 ]
2
2
2

[(

2 2
) 2 ]
2
4

[(

2 4 2
)
]
2
4

[(

2 2 4
)
]
2
4 2

[(

) 2]
2
4

(1)

>0 =

ax 2
=
2

[( ) 2
]
2
4 2

[(

2
2
) (
) ]
2
2

) (

)
2 2
2 2

12



) (
)
2
2

[ (



)] [ (
)]
2
2

(-1)(-2)

ax 2
:

= (-1)(-2)

=0

ax
2

2
)
2


<0 ||=-, ( 1)

[(

ax
2

2 ||
) 2 ] [(
) 2]
2
4
2
4
=

ax 2
>0

= (-1)(-2) 1,2

13

ax
2

=0

2
)
2

[(

2 ||
)
]
2
4 2

ax
2

<0





f
f: :
=f()



f()
f()


E ( 1,1)
(2,2) .

( ) ( 2 1 ) 2 ( 2 1 ) 2

14


()2=()2+()2= |2-1|2 +|2-1|2=(2-1)2 +(2-1)2

2 1
( )=

2 1