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Mangum1

ChristenMangum
ENG2010
Ms.Webber
March28,2014
AnnotatedBibliography

OnthesocialmediasiteTwitter,theboybandOneDirectionhas,asofMarchof2014,
18millionfollowers.Thismeansthatonaverageonetothreetimesaday,eighteenmillion
peoplearenotifiedoftheactionsandthoughtsofthetheband.Evenifonlyonepercentofthose
followerspayattentiontothosetweets,180,000peoplehavebeeninteractedwith.Depending
onthestrengthandveracityofafansloveforOneDirection,thetweetwilleitherbedismissed,
ortakenintoseriousaccount.Thepurposeofmyresearchistofindouthowandtowhatextent
canfansobsessionsorinterestsaffecttheareasofatheirlife?Answeringthisquestionwilllend
understandingtomanypeopleouttherewhoknowsomeonethathaveobsessionsthatare
sometimesendearingandsometimesconcerninganddiscoverifthereisalineharmlesshobbyor
detrimentalobsession.
ThesourcesIwillbeusinghaveallbeenpublishedrecently,makingsurethattheyare
notoutdated,andarerelevanttomyresearch.Thetopicsofthearticlesrangefrommental
pathologyofafanandtheimportanceofafaninsociety.

aries_gurl."UnhealthyObsessionWithACelebrity*pleaseHelp*."18Nov2009.aries_gurl,
Online
Postingto
TheDepressionForumsADepression&MentalHealthSocialCommunity
SupportGroup
.Web.4Mar.2014.
<
http://www.depressionforums.org/forums/topic/40244unhealthyobsessionwithacele
britypleasehelp/
>.

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Thisdiscussionthread,startedbyaries_gurl,explainsherproblemofhavinganunhealthy
obsessionwithacelebrityandexplicatesherunusualbehaviors.Otherpeopleofferadvice,and
evenempathisewithherbecausetheyarehavingsimilarproblems.Thesesymptomsof
aries_gurlandotherswhorespondedtothethreadaresimilarirrationalbehaviors,likefeeling
thattheyareinarealrelationshipthoughtheyvenevermetthem.Thisdiscussionthreadwillbe
usefulinmypaperbecauseitgivesareallifeandpersonalinsighttowhatanunhealthy
obsessionmightlooklike.Thisthreadispostedonamentalhealthcentricforum,sothereis
possibilitythatthispersonmighthaveothercontributingfactorstoherobsession,butwiththe
numberofresponsesthatsaythattheyknowsomeonewiththesameproblemorarehavingthe
sameproblem,Idontthinkthatthisisanisolatedincident.

Black,RebeccaW."OnlineFanFictionAndCriticalMediaLiteracy."
JournalOfComputingIn
TeacherEducation
26.2(2010):7580.
ERIC
.Web.25Mar.2014.
<
http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ907122
>.

Thisarticlenotestheimportanceofliteracyinmodernsocietytofunction.Notjust
comprehending,butbeingcriticalofvariousformsofmedia.Whenanintriguedindividualtakes
informationandideasthatalreadyexist,combinesitwiththeirownpersonalresourcesof
linguistic,cultural,andcognitiveexperiencesandunderstanding,resultsinfanfiction.This
processinvolvesalevelofcriticalliteracyfromfanfictionauthors,astheydonotpassively
consumematerialandtexts,butquestionthecharacterandplotdecisionsmade.Theauthorstates
thatfanfictionisnotsomethingtobedismissed,andwarrantstobetakenseriouslybecauseof
theamountoffanfictionoutthere,themajorityoftextsthatclaimtobewrittenbyauthorswho

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dislikeEnglishclass,andsharedsimilaritytoEnglishCurriculum.TheperspectivethatBlack
offersinherarticleismorebusinessmindedthanmanyothersoutthere,whichnormallyhave
argumentsabouthowfanfictionboostscreativityandproblemsolving.Blacksarticle,however,
singlesouttheconceptofcriticalmedialiteracy,itsimportance,andhowfanfiction
accomplishesit.Thisarticlewillbeusefulinmyresearchpaperbecausefanfictionisanaspect
offanaticismthatinfluencespeopleslives,andthisarticlegivesanoverallpositiveand
beneficialargumentforfanfiction.

Busse,Kristina."GeekHierarchies,BoundaryPolicing,andtheGenderingoftheGoodFan."
ParticipationsJournalofAudience&ReceptionStudies
.10.1(2013):7391.Web.25
Mar.2014.<http://participations.org/Volume10/Issue1/6Busse10.1.pdf>.

Thisarticletellsusthatfanshavetheirownculture,andwiththatculturethereisasociety.As
withanysociety,therearethoseunspokenrulesaboutwhatitconsideredappropriate.Busse
explainsthatthereisaGeekHierarchy,whenifthereisanactionofafanthatisconsidered
inappropriate,thefandomthattheyarefromloseslegitimacy.However,Bussepointsoutthere
thereareoftendoublestandardsintryingtoobtainthemyfandomisbetterthanyourfandom
claim.Thisarticlegivesgreatinsighttothesubcultureandsocietyoffandom,andusespopular
examplesliketheeventsanddynamicofComicContogivefleshtothesestandardsofbeinga
fan.Thisarticleestablishesthatfanshaveasociety,andthattherearerulesforthatsociety.

Cameron,Bexy,dir.
FanCulture:TheEvolutionofInfluence
.Prod.JackDexon.Amplify,2013.
Film.27Mar2014.
<
http://www.weareamplify.com/presents/opinions/fanculturetheevolutionofinfluence/
>.

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Thisisashortfilmfeaturinginterviewsofindividualsaboutwhattheirthoughtsareabout
fancultureandfandomandhowitrelatedtoreallifemarketingandinfluenceofsociety.This
filmfocusesonhowfansofabrandorproductcanbecomeadecidingfactorofwhetherornot
theyaresuccessful,andthatmoreeffortshouldbeputintopayingattentiontotheirfans.Thisis
usefulbecauseitemphasisesandgivesexamplesabouthowincreasinglyinfluentialfandomis.

Cameron,James,perf.
JamesCameron:BeforeAvatar...ACuriousBoy
.TED,2010.Web.27
Mar
2014.

JamesCameron,inthisTEDvideo,talksabouthisloveandcuriosityforsciencefictionand
howthatleadhimtodoodleinmathclass,getdivinglessons,andeventuallybecominga
cinematicdirectorthatpushedthelimitsoftechnology.ThenotorietythatJamesCameronhas
lendsagoodamountofinfluenceandperspectivetohowbecomingcuriousaboutavarietyof
thingscanleadtogreataccomplishments.

Ferris,KerryO."ThroughAGlass,Darkly:TheDynamicsOfFanCelebrityEncounters."
Symbolic
Interaction
1(2001):25.
JSTORArts&SciencesIX
.Web.4Mar.2014.
<
http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.uvu.edu/stable/pdfplus/10.1525/si.2001.24.1.25.pdf?accep
tTC=true&acceptTC=true&jpdConfirm=true
>.

Ferris,inthisarticle,depictsandgivesexamplesofthedifferentkindofencountersthatfansand
theircorrespondingcelebritieshave.Therearemainlytwotypesofencounters,thefanarranged
andthestararranged.Stararrangedaretheeventsthatthecelebrityispreparedforandhas
publicized.Fanarrangedencountersaretheonesthattheyresearch,plan,andevenfantasize

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about.Theamountoftimeandtheattentiontotheresearchthatthesefansperformpresentsan
imbalanceintheencounters,oftenmakingstarsuneasynomatterhowwellmeaningthefanmay
be.Thisarticleprovidesinsighttotheothersideoffanobsessions,givingexamplesofthe
differentencountersthathavehappenedthroughouthistory,someharmlessandfun,others
terrifyinganddangerous.

Lewis,LisaA.
TheAdoringAudience:FanCultureandPopularMedia
.NewYork:Routledge,
2005.Web.20Mar2014.
<
http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=uBACZl2rNT8C&oi=fnd&pg=PA9&dq
=fan+obsess+media+fandom+fanatic&ots=iuTYkEZEWs&sig=EabofOCwZBSYFzTCo
kfnMUHNfbY#v=onepage&q=fan%20obsess%20media%20fandom%20fanatic&f=false
>

Thisbookanalysesthepathologyofafanandtheculturethattheyhavecreatedforthemselves,
withafocusontheactionsofseeminglyextremefans.Lewisdefinesafanasaresultof
somethingcelebritizedorpromotedbymassmedia.Sheexplainstheeverydayfan,thegame
dayorconcertgoerfan.Theobsessedloneristhefanthatfantasisesarelationshipwiththeir
objectofobsession,goingtosuchlengthsastostalk,threaten,orevenmurder.Thefrenzied
crowdmemberisthefanthatbecomeshysterical,succumbingtomobmentalitywhen
surroundedbyaheightenedatmosphere,likeatasportsgameoramusiciansconcert.This
articlemainlyfocusesonthefansofmusiciansandsportsteams,makingmyresearchmore
roundedandamajorityofmysourcesfocusontelevisionandcelebrityobsessions.

Maltby,John,JamesHouran,LynnMcCutcheon."AClinicalInterpretationofAttitudesand
Behaviors
AssociatedwithCelebrityWorship."
THEJOURNALOFNERVOUSANDMENTAL
DISEASE
.Vol.191.No.1(2003):Print.

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Thisarticlefocusesonthetypesofbehaviorsthatarecommonandleaduptoextremecasesof
celebrityworship.MaltbyandcompanyusetheirresearchinconjunctionwithEysenckian
personalitytheory,atheorywhichclaimsthatthreepersonalitytraits,extraversion,neuroticism,
andpsychoticism,leadtohigherprobabilityofcelebrityworshipinextremes.Thestudyprovides
clinicalinformationandnumbersthatrelatetoobsessionamongthegeneralpopulation.

Savage,Adam,perf.
Myquestforthedodobird,andotherobsessions:AdamSavageon
TED.com
.TED,2008.Web.27Mar2014.
<
http://blog.ted.com/2009/03/18/adam_savage_dodo/
>.

ThisvideofeaturesMythbustersstarAdamSavageashetellstwostoriesofhowhetookhis
fascinationandobsessionoftheextinctdodobirdandoftheMalteseFalconthatledhimto
createaccuratesculptures.Hegoesintodepthabouttheamountoftimeandenergyheexpended
inordertoaccomplishhisgoals,andasyoureadtheendofthevideo,itseemsliketwounrelated
stories,buthequicklywrapsupbysayingthattheendresultofhisprojectsisneverreallyhis
goal,butdoingtheresearch,makingtheconnectionswithothers,andexpandinghisknowledge
waswhatreallymattered.AdamSavageasasuccessfultelevisioncharacterbringsupanaspect
ofhowhavinganobsessioncanleadtogreaterthingsthattheobviousgoal.

Stever,Gayle."Fan/CelebritySymbioticSocialRelationships:AParticipantObserver
EthnographyOf
FanClubs."
ConferencePapersInternationalCommunicationAssociation
(2009):
136.
Communication&MassMediaComplete
.Web.24Feb.2014.
<
http://ezproxy.uvu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&d
b=ufh&AN=45286146&site=edslive
>.

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Thisarticleisacompilationofaseriesofinterviewsthatspanovertwentyyears,Steverclaims
thatpeoplenaturallygravitatetowardslikemindedindividuals,ultimatelyresultinginfanclubs.
Whetherthisclubisthroughanonlinesocialnetworkorinlifemeetings,fansflocktothese
clubsasawaytomakefriendshipsandconnections.Thepeoplethatareinterviewsspanovera
verylargevarietyoffandoms,fromsoapoperastoTheGratefulDead,explainingadynamicand
hierarchysimilartotheoneexplainedinBussesarticleabove.However,thisarticlesinterviews
spendsmoreattentiontothefandomsocietiesintheninetiesthanthecurrentdecades.Because
ofthis,theaccuracyandrelevanceoftheinformationthearticleprovidescouldbecalledinto
questionasthespeedandimportanceoftechnologyandinternethaschanged.Despitethis,itwill
beusefulinmyarticletodrawcomparisonsofhowfandomcultureandsocietyhaschanged.

Citations/Sources
aries_gurl,."UnhealthyObsessionWithACelebrity*pleaseHelp*."18Nov2009.aries_gurl,
Online
Postingto
TheDepressionForumsADepression&MentalHealthSocialCommunity
SupportGroup
.Web.4Mar.2014.
<
http://www.depressionforums.org/forums/topic/40244unhealthyobsessionwithacele
britypleasehelp/
>.
Ferris,KerryO."ThroughAGlass,Darkly:TheDynamicsOfFanCelebrityEncounters."
Symbolic
Interaction
1(2001):25.
JSTORArts&SciencesIX
.Web.4Mar.2014.

Mangum8

<
http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.uvu.edu/eds/detail?vid=5&sid=faa5229a091246db
9c1e22dc9faa82aa%40sessionmgr114&hid=101&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmU
%3d#db=edsjai&AN=jstor.10.1525.si.2001.24.1.25
>
<
http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.uvu.edu/stable/pdfplus/10.1525/si.2001.24.1.25.pdf?accep
tTC=true&acceptTC=true&jpdConfirm=true
>
Copping,Jasper."'HarryPotterhelpedmeovercomedyslexia,'saysPrincessBeatrice."
Telegraph
.
(2013):n.page.Web.6Mar.2014.
<
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/theroyalfamily/10162880/HarryPotterhelped
meovercomedyslexiasaysPrincessBeatrice.html
>.
Misstear,Rachael."'Ispent25,000onmyKissobsessionaftertheyhelpedmecometoterms
with
lifeasadwarf'."
WalesOnline
.(2014):n.page.Web.6Mar.2014.
<
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/walesnews/rocklovingdwarfdangriffithsspends
6467375
>.