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Changing Students, Changing University

Changing Students, Changing University

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A Presentation to the University of Minnesota Board of Regents - September, 2004
A Presentation to the University of Minnesota Board of Regents - September, 2004

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06/16/2009

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Changing Students, Changing University

A Presentation to the University of Minnesota Board of Regents September, 2004

This Report
• Analyzes U of M students
– How they have changed from the recent past – How they compare to students at other schools – How they are likely to change in the near future

• Focuses primarily on the Twin Cities Campus, especially new freshmen

Three Themes
1. The academic preparation of our students has increased dramatically. 2. Our students are changing demographically and attitudinally. 3. We continue to be committed to both quality and access.

1. Academic Preparation
• During the past decade the academic preparation of entering students has steadily increased. • We are in the mainstream of our Big 10 peers. • We have distanced ourselves from the MNSCU campuses.

Cumulative % Change in UMTC MN Applicants and Minnesota High School Graduates, 1994-2004
70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Sources: HESO and UM data warehouse

Applicants

H.S. Grads

Cumulative % Change in UMTC MN Applicants vs. Pool, 1994-2004
70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20%
H.S. Grads ACT Takers Applicants

10% 0% 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Sources: HESO and UM data warehouse

Average High School Rank of UMTC New Freshmen, 1990-2003
80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Source: UM NSCR Files

Percentage of Big 10 New Freshmen in Top 10% of Their High School Classes
Michigan Northwestern Illinois Wisconsin Penn St Minnesota Ohio St Purdue Michigan St Iowa Indiana 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90%

Source: U.S. News 2004 College Guide

Percentage of Big 10 New Freshmen Scoring 24+ on ACT Composite
Northwestern Wisconsin Michigan Illinois Ohio St Purdue Minnesota Iowa Michigan St Indiana 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

Source: Peterson’s Guide www.petersons.com Penn State data not available

Percentage of UM & MNSCU New Freshmen in Top 10% of Their High School Classes
Minnesota UM Morris UM Duluth Winona St Southwest St MSU Moorhead Bemidji St MSU Mankato St. Cloud St UM Crookston 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35%

Source: Peterson’s Guide www.petersons.com

Percentage of UM and MNSCU New Freshmen Scoring 24+ on ACT Composite
Minnesota UM Morris UM Duluth MSU Moorhead Southwest St Bemidji St MSU Mankato UM Crookston 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%

Source: Peterson’s Guide www.petersons.com Winona State data not available

Our Competition: Destinations of F2003 UMTC Non-Enrolling Admits
Non-MN Private UW Madison MN Private Non-MN Public Other UW Campus Other UM Campus MNSCU 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25%

Source: UMTC Fall 2003 Admitted Applicant Survey

2. Student Demographics & Attitudes
• New UMTC freshmen are:
– – – – – – – – increasingly female diverse geographically diverse racially (compared to MN high schools) career-oriented community-oriented technologically savvy respectful of authority accepting of cultural diversity

UMTC Freshman Gender
100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1994 Women 2004 Men

• For Fall 2004, we expect women to comprise 56% of the entering class, up from 49% ten years ago. • The increase in female enrollments is a national trend, and is expected to continue. • The U of M proportions are close to national averages.

Sources: U of M data warehouse and National Center for Educational Statistics

Percentage of Out-of-State Freshman Big 10 Schools
Northwestern Iowa Penn St Wisconsin Michigan Minnesota Indiana Purdue Ohio State Illinois 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%

Source: US News 2004 College Guide. Michigan State not reporting

UMTC Freshmen vs. MN HS Grads: % Students of Color
25%

MN HS Graduates
20%

UMTC New Freshmen

15%

10%

5%

0% 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Sources: HESO graduation files; UMTC data warehouse; 2004 figures are estimates

UMTC Freshman Students of Color: 2004 (est.) versus 2003
2003 % of All Freshmen Average HS Rank Percentile Average ACT Composite 20.8% 73.0 21.5 2004* 17.9% 74.3 21.8

* 2004 data are preliminary

Source: UM Data warehouse; 2004

Student Ages
• UMTC degree-seeking undergraduates are predominantly of the traditional age.
– 11.5% of Fall 2003 students were aged 25 or over (down from 16% in 1996) – Only 7 out of the 5,186 new freshmen were 25 or older – The average age of full-time degree-seeking undergraduates was 20.7 (down from 21.6 in 1996)

Attitudes: Career and Community
From 2003 CIRP Survey “Essential” or “very important” Goals Being very well off financially Becoming an authority in my field Obtaining recognition from colleagues Helping others who are in difficulty Becoming a community leader 73.1% 59.6% 53.1% 59.5% 32.5%

Other 2003 CIRP Survey Findings
• U of M Students are technologically savvy
– 85% used the Internet for homework or research in high school

• Students are respectful of authority
– Only 8% said that there was a “very good” chance that they would participate in a student protest

• Students are accepting of cultural diversity
– 66% said it was “very likely” that they would socialize with someone of another racial/ethnic group

Community On Campus: % of TC Freshmen in Residence Halls
80% 78% 76% 74% 72% 70% 68% 66% 64% 62% 1999 2000 2001 2003 2004

Source: UMTC registration and housing data files; 2004 data preliminary

UMTC Freshmen: Comfortable with Digital Technology
Used a personal computer Used Internet for research or homework Communicated via email Communicated via instant messaging 0% 10% 20% 30% 1999 40% 2003 50% 60% 70% 80% 90%

Source: F1999 & F2003 UMTC CIRP Surveys

3. Access and Quality
• Over the past decade, the University increased enrollment beyond increases in the numbers of high school graduates • The next decade presents challenges:
– – – – Declining numbers of high school graduates Sharp decline in Greater MN numbers Sharp increase in proportion of students of color Threats to affordability

Cumulative % Change in UMTC MN Applicants And Enrollees vs. Pool, 1994-2004
70%
Applicants

60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Sources: HESO and UM data warehouse

ACT Takers Enrollees H.S. Grads

MN H.S. Graduates 1988-2018
65,000 63,000 61,000 59,000 57,000 55,000 53,000 51,000 49,000 47,000 45,000
19 88 19 90 19 92 19 94 19 96 19 98 20 00 20 02 20 04 20 06 20 08 20 10 20 12 20 14 20 16 20 18
Sources: 1988-2002 data are actual from MN HESO. 2003 combines actual public and WICHE-estimated private. 2004-2013 are WICHE estimates

"Baby Boomlet" +Inmigration
Graduates will decline in 2005, rise briefly and then fall to below 1998 levels in 2013 before starting up again.

"Baby Bust"

Percentage Change in MN H.S. Grads by Region, 2003-2013
Reg 11: Twin Cities Reg 10: Rochester Reg 9: Mankato Reg 8: Marshall Reg 7: St. Cloud Reg 6: Willmar Reg 5: Brainerd Reg 4: Moorhead Reg 3: Duluth Reg 2: Bemidji Reg 1: E. Grand Forks

-30% -25% -20% -15% -10%

-5%

0%

5%

10%

Source: In the Pipeline: MN High School Graduates, 2003-2013, MN HESO. 6/03

Percentage of Total MN H.S. Grads by Ethnicity
90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Am Ind Asian/Pac African Am Chic/Lat SOC White
In 2003, 1 in 8 MN H.S. graduates was a student of color. In 2013, 1 in 5 will be.

2003

2013

Source: Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates, WICHE, 12/03

Freshman Concern about Finances: UM SOC, UM Other, and Other Schools
60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Selective Publics UM All None
Source: Fall 2003 CIRP Freshman Survey

UM SOC Some Major

UM Other

Paying for College: UM vs. Other Schools
From 2003 CIRP Survey
UMTC
Selective Publics

Rating chances as “very likely” that he/she will get a job to help pay for college expenses

62.9% 44.4%

Expect parents or family to pay $6,000 39.2% 50.8% per year for college expenses

Percentage of Pell Grant Recipients, 2000-2004
22% 21% 20% 19% 18% 17% 16% 15% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Access and Quality: Conclusions
• In the past decade, the UM undergraduate student body became larger, better prepared, and more diverse. • In the next decade we will be challenged by:
– Decreasing numbers of high school graduates – Increasing proportions of students of color – Continually increasing costs

• Our commitments to both access and quality will be strongly tested

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