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Tran Nguyen

School Violence
School violence is widely held to have become a serious problem in recent
decades in many countries. It includes violence between school students as well as
physical attacks by students on school staff and it is a subset of youth violence, a broader
public health problem. There are many factors for the occurrence of school violence. The
three most common factors are substance abuse or association with gangs, guns,
depression, and pressure from school, work, home. School laws try to prevent these
factors from endangering the youths in the schools. Many school officials and citizens are
convinced that the growing problems of student disruption and general lack of respect for
authorities are attributable directly to an over emphasis on students rights. The increase
in violence, drugs, and weapons in schools has directed our attention to the need to talk
all reasonable steps to ensure a safe learning environment for students and teachers. I
believe that this is not only a United States problem, but also a global problem that
quickly needs to be resolved

According to the, school violence has gotten worse over the past
ten years due to a number of factors. The U.S. Department of Education reported in 2012
that nearly 6,300 students were expelled from American schools for carrying firearms in
1997. Of these expulsions, 58% of them were for carrying handguns and 17% were for

shotguns. Nationally, from 2004 through the year 2008, there has been an increase in
juvenile arrests for murder and manslaughter (non-negligent) of 19%. In 2008, in the U.S.
alone, there were 16,270 homicides. One in ten of these were under aged juveniles and
over half of these murders were the results of arguments the youths had previously had
with their victims.
Most of the times cause mental and behavioral plays an important role in
developing the strange behavior. Young students with disorders like bipolar diseases ad
depression find it difficult to see the positive things around them. They can easy get
angry, due to overpowering negative feelings towards life, this develops obsessive
behavior in them even for their personal shortcomings and faults. They usually retaliate
over the things not really matter. They want to end their lives and hurt other live as well.
Moreover, oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder tend them to lean towards
rebellious and violent acts. Youth and children through behavioral disorders show
extreme aggression towards members of the school. They do not have any regard for
human rights and others. Attention deficit disorder can lead kids show disruptive
behavior may continue to result in the development of school violence.
Most teenagers today, who have to deal with many social issues, are experiencing
a lot of pressure from school, home or social. This pressure puts a great strain on many
teens. Naturally, some will experience a greater strain that others. If any of those who do
feel the pressure as a significant burden also have a natural tendency to be violent, then
the consequences can be serious. This is especially so when you consider the apparent
ease with which teenagers can access weapons.

As mentioned above, depression breeds hatred and anger in the student may
continue to lead them to develop violent tendencies. Such students at least are interested
in learning and school activities. This is the basic reason why such students fail again and
again. Low self-esteem can also result in depression and increasing dropout rate among
students. Psychologists also believe that the extreme effects of school violence can
develop suicidal thoughts among students to the members of the family should be
involved in the sharing of all the fears of children their children allows them to move in a
better direction.
According to the Teen Violence Statistics article on youth violence stated FBI
in 2011, there were 33,000 violent street, motorcycles, and prison gangs active in the
U.S., with more than 1.4 million members (a 40% increase from 2009) and 86% of US
cities with a population of 100,000 or more report gang activity. Gangs have also played
a large role in school violence. According to Absence of a Family and its Unconditional
Love, Positive Role Models, and Proper Discipline article they stated about gang is a
group of people, usually of the same ethnic group and from the same neighborhood.
Gangs occur in schools for many reasons, but the primary attraction toward gangs are
their ability to respond to student needs that are not currently being met in their lives.
Gangs often provide these dysfunctional youths with a sense of family and acceptance,
thus allowing for them to disregard true family.
Substance abuse is another reason there is violence in the schools. Crime raters
are higher at school alcohol and illegal drugs are easily obtained. Gun violence poses a
serious threat to Americas children and youth. Existing data clearly point to the need for
improved strategies for keeping guns out of the hands of children and youth and those

who would harm them. Gun violence in schools is extremely rare, as are violent crimes
committed by people with mental illness. However, the majority of youth murdered are
killed with a firearm and nearly half of youth suicide deaths involve the use of a gun.
Efforts to end youth gun violence must focus on accessibility and prevention.
While it is easy to speculate about what the main causes of school violence is the
impact of school violence is quite simple to see. One of the most devastating is the
frequency of school shootings across America. Unfortunately, a visible effect is the loss
of lives as a result of school violence. One obvious effect of school violence is many
students finally fear of other students or school. When dealing with school bullies,
teenagers tease each other, and the recent riots; teenagers began to fear what would
happen to them every day. Some parents react swiftly to these types of fears and look into
homeschooling their own children.
The effect of school violence can cause more emotional harm than physical harm
and can lead to serious injury or even death. Have you ever gone to school with the fear,
which is not the fear of not doing homework or coming late but that of being injured?
You can say no but I can say yes because of the significant increase of school violence
nowadays. It has no longer been a national issue but a global problem. In fact, it
happened in any levels of education, from primary to university. When I was in my
country (Vietnam), I see it happened everyday at school. But almost people cant do
nothing because they scared they will do something their back and the law not tight
enough. The highest price they have to pay is out of school for couple days thats all.
Especially serious, the number of people killed has raised recently. The statistic given
recently by Ministry of Education and Training in Vietnam showed that there were about

1600 school violence situations happened in one school year, 5 circumstances each day
on average (Cam n.d.). It rang the alarming bell to government and citizens to address
this problem. Therefore, this research paper, with the aim at reducing violence in schools
and creating friendly and safe educational environment for students.

Adolescent Risk Behaviors by Family Income Level

The chart above shows statistics about youths from low-income familiar are as
likely to use or sell drugs, as are their higher-income counterparts, the former are
significantly more likely to engage in criminal activities that target other people.
I believe that school violence is a global problem. Its time to get the guns,
violence, and drugs out of our school system. Percentage of violence in schools has

increased significantly. Some ways to end school violence are: supporting public policies
against violence broad and comprehensive, assessment and resolution level of violence in
personal relationships you, stand up against bigoted behavior or comments, welcoming
community programs useful, do not carry a gun, do not buy violent games or toys, is a
positive role model to others, and raise awareness of the problem of violence among
peers. On the other hand, they made the school police officers and security guards, metal
detectors and other programs, respect other individuals and how to properly handle their
emotions, characteristics especially anger, and communities can participate in and
contribute to the program that the school was initiated to reduce school violence.

Tran Nguyen
English 112-38
Reflection On Essay
I felt my writing has improved during this semester because of all the different
types of essays that I experimented with. I wrote 2-3 essays and 5-6 reflections in the past
four or five months which were all very challenging. Over the essays I felt I had some
very interesting stories. I feel I always write best when I write about my life, past
experiences or my culture. It seems to me that when I first started to learn to write it was
no fun at all because the small experience I had with writing. I believe that since I have 2
different types of the essay to find out I'm on my way to an easier way there near future.
At first, my topic was why it is important to learn second language I choose this
topic because its similar with me but I was wrong, I didnt listen very carefully because
the topic we pick should be relate with the movie we have watch in class. In the same
way as my This I Believe essay, I also had a difficult time thinking of a topic to write
about for my second essay. First off, I could not even think about what I was going to
write about until almost the last minute. My mind went blank, and I just could not think. I
finally decided to write about school violence. But finally the idea came to my head
more quickly than the other essays. I really enjoyed writing this essay, and I decided to
give directions on the cause and effect and how to prevention school violence. This idea
came to my head because when I was in my country I see this happened everyday at
school and almost people can't do anything. I really want to help people know whats
going, this problem is alarming dangerous and it need to be stop. As I was getting started,
I just sat at my computer and type free hand thinking over very carefully step-by-step.
Then I checked for spelling errors and I think I revised this essay one or two times before
I actually upload the file on e-portfolio. I felt I would get a good grade on this essay
because I try my best on this.

In my research I found a lot of source, information and paper about school

violence. I think it is popular topic now because school violence is a major problem
around the world and the number of violence keep increase every day. One thing is
surprise in my research is the number of school violence in other is very big. First at all, I
know school violence happens everywhere around the world but it not really worst than
my country, but on my research I what found out during the survey when they ask student
about what you gonna do when you see school violence? Their answer make me surprise,
they said: "I see it happens everyday and for me it's "normal" , " I can't do anything and
I wont do anything because it not my problem".
My small critique group was helping me organization the detail and idea for my
essay. For example I wrote the draft essay and bring to class then they read it and help me
go over grammar or additional sentence, word, make the essay more clear. I learn one
thing very interesting over my essay is researching help me a lot on the essay. Because
when I write the essay the information and detail never comes to my head so thats why it
took me a lot of time to write. But now it is easier for me because I can found the best
way to do it. First at all I will choose the topic then go ahead and research my topic while
I researching it will appear a lot of detail and information so you just need to write it
down and organize them. Then write an outline with those information and based on this
outline you can easy write and essay.

Step 2 and 3
School Violence
1. What do you know about your subject already?
School violence is widely held to have become a serious problem in recent
decades in many countries, especially where weapons such as guns or
knives are involved. It includes violence between school students as well
as physical attacks by students on school staff.
2. Why did you choose this subject over others? Why does it interest
When I was in my country, I see this happened everyday. Almost people
cant do nothing because they scare they will do something their back. Its
interesting me because its a major problem around the world and really
bad problem in my country so I want write this essay to stop that behavior.
3. Write ten questions you want to find answers to. At least half of those
can be fact-based. The rest must be substantive.

Why school violence is major problem around the world?

Is there a lot of violence in your country?
Why are people afraid of school violence?
If you see violence, what do you do about it?
Why are people violent?
Does your country inform its citizens about violence and try to
prevent it?
What is school violence?
Define cause of violence?
Define effects of school violence?
When you hear the word violence, which country do you think of
first? Why?

4. From that list, choose one or two of the substantive questions that
interest you most. These will be your primary inquiry questions as
you begin your research.

What is school violence?

Define cause of violence?

Define effects of school violence?

When you hear the word violence, which country do you
think of first? Why?

5. List, where do you think you will find answers you seek? Possibilities
are articles from popular journals or web sites, scholarly research or
studies, government documents, individuals who might be good
subjects for interview. What questions might be difficult to find
answers for?

CPCC library database


6. If the results of your initial research are so numerous you need to

narrow your subject, what will you narrow it to?

Why school violence is major problem around the world?

7. If your preliminary research turns up very little information, in what

way will you broaden your subject to open up more research findings?

When you hear the word violence, which country do

you think of first? Why?

School violence is a social problem, thus there is something that all individuals can do to
help put an end to the violence among out youngsters. Schools are doing their parts, and
implementing school police officers and security guards, metal detectors and other
programs. Parents can do their part by teaching their children right from wrong,
respecting other individuals and how to properly handle their emotions, particularly
anger. The community can get involved and make contributions to the programs that
schools are initiating to minimize school violence

Annotated Bibliography
"Causes of School Violence." Constitutional Rights Foundation. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar.
Constitutional Rights Foundation (CRF) seeks to instill in our nation's youth a
deeper understanding of citizenship through values expressed in our Constitution
and its Bill of Rights and to educate young people to become active and
responsible participants in our society. CRF is dedicated to assuring our country's
future by investing in our youth today. This journal article outline school violence
is a many-faceted problem, making it difficult for researchers and practitioners to
pinpoint its causes.

Simultaneously, school-based studies reveal that many violent behaviors have

increased among children and adolescents. During the late 1980's and early
1990's, teen gun violence increased dramatically in the United States. More teens
began to acquire and carry guns, leading to a sharp increase in gun deaths and
injuries. On the other hand, the Internet, blogging, e-mail, and cell-phone text
messaging have grown to play significant roles in the erosion of school safety.
Violent, Internet-based video games have also grown in popularity as cyber
technology becomes more sophisticated.
This is a credible source because CRF is a non-profit, non-partisan, communitybased organization dedicated to educating America's young people about the
importance of civic participation in a democratic society. Under the guidance of a
Board of Directors chosen from the worlds of law, business, government,

education, the media, and the community, CRF develops, produces, and
distributes programs and materials to teachers, students, and public-minded
citizens all across the nation.

"Checklist to Help Prevent Violence in Schools." National PTA. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar.
There is no author for this article. It's write based on National PTA. The overall
purpose of PTA is to make every childs potential a reality by engaging and
empowering families and communities to advocate for all children. This is a
checklist 10 Things You Can Do to Prevent Violence in Your School Community.

School should be a safe place for students to learn and have fun, but recent acts of
violence have caused some parents to be afraid to send their children to schools,
and sometimes the children to be afraid to go. But remember, preventing the
violence from happening in the first place is the best thing you can do for the well
being of you, your peers and your teachers.
This is credible source because no one factor in isolation causes school violence,
so stopping school violence involves using multiple prevention strategies that
address the many individual, relationship, community, and societal factors that
influence the likelihood of violence. Prevention efforts should ultimately reduce
risk factors and promote protective factors at these multiple levels of influence.

"Common Menu Bar Links." School Violence. N.p., 17 Oct. 2014. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

It's write based on Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) The RCMP's
mandate, as outlined in section 18 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Act, is
multi-faceted. It includes preventing and investigating crime; maintaining peace
and order; enforcing laws; contributing to national security; ensuring the safety of
state officials, visiting dignitaries and foreign missions; and providing vital
operational support services to other police and law enforcement agencies within
Canada and abroad. It talk about school violence has become a serious problem in
recent decades in many parts of the world. It can be subtle and almost go
unnoticed (bullying, verbal abuse, threats).

In any form, school violence has the power to affect students, parents, teachers,
police officers and community members. The perpetrator(s) may be part of a
youth gang or radicalization group, or may be a victim of violence themselves.

This is credible and useful because one of the RCMP's five strategic priorities is
to reduce youth involvement in crime, whether as victims or offenders. The
current priority issues are bullying and cyber bullying, impaired and distracted
driving, substance abuse, and youth violence. This is really good information for
my paper.

Kehoe, Jena. "What Is the Definition of School Violence?" EHow. Demand Media, 10
Dec. 2009. Web. 25 Mar. 2015.

Jena Kehoe worked as a copy editor at the college newspaper, "The Daily Illini,"
for two years, and has written music reviews and editorials for the website She started writing professionally in 2006. Kehoe
attended the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. School violence
certainly has frightening connotations when you hear about it. But there are
varying degrees of school violence, and it's important to be educated about the
topic to help identify and prevent potential problems.
School violence is a subset of youth violence, a broader public health problem.
Violence is the intentional use of physical force or power, against another person,
group, or community, with the behavior likely to cause physical or psychological
harm. Youth Violence typically includes persons between the ages of 10 and 24,
although pathways to youth violence can begin in early childhood.
This useful for my paper because it target exactly what meaning and why school
violence happened. Its also told us the percent of student threatened or injured on
the survey.
"Youth Violence Statistics." - Teen Violence Statistics. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2015.
Statistics show youth violence is becoming a huge problem throughout the world.
The purpose of this website is to help educate the public on teenage violence
issues; such as gang violence, school shootings, school bullying, anger issues,
date rape, and more. Our goal is to help teens, families, and communities get the
education and help they need to prevent teen violence. This site offers information
on how to seek therapy or treatment for teens and families who are suffering from
teen violence issues or abuse. By learning about the causes of teen violence and

what each of us can do to help prevent this type of abuse we can help our
communities be a safer place. This article describe about teen violence has
become an increasing problem in the U.S. Teen violence and teen gang
involvement escalated in the 1990s and has remained high. Youth are the most
likely group to be victims or perpetrators of teen violence, but the results of teen
violence affect everyone. This is credible and useful because it shows you the
cause of violence and how to handle that problem. For example they said parents
who are concerned about their teens should not hesitate to ask for help from a
school counselor, medical professional, religious leader, or other trusted adult.

Dwojan, Tania. "Cause and Effect of School Violence." LoveToKnow. N.p., n.d. Web. 01
May 2015. This article wrote by Tania Dwojan and there is no information about
this author. The summarize of this article is to the media, the cause and effect of
school violence is a self-explanatory negative that we should all aim to avoid.
However, the fact of the matter is things is never that simple. There is much more
to school violence than initially meets the eye. There isn't one factor that causes
school violence (not music, bullying, or anything else), and there is not a clear
effect that results from violence. Keep reading for more information on this
controversial and emotional issue. This is really useful source because it so you
the effect and they prevention how to stop and decrease of school violence. For
instance no one will ever know the exact reason as to what causes more extreme
cases of school violence. However, no matter the expert, one thing everyone can
agree on is that violence in schools needs to stop. Rather than focusing on what is

behind violence in schools or what can happen as a result of it, we need to

become focused on preventing school violence.

Carlie, Mike, Ph.D. "Into the Abyss: The Absence of a Family and Its Unconditional
Love." Into the Abyss: The Absence of a Family and Its Unconditional Love. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 01 May 2015. Mike Carlie was born in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1944. He
attended the University of Missouri (Columbia) where he received a Bachelor of
Arts degree in 1966 and a Master of Arts in 1967. In 1967 Dr. Carlie received a
scholarship from the Midwest Center for Social Research on Aging to attend
Washington University (St. Louis) where he received a Ph.D. in sociology. At that
time his areas of specialization included gerontology and social psychology. His
interest in criminology and criminal justice were to surface only two years after
receiving his PhD. Over his forty years as a practicing academic Dr. Carlie served
on various community agency boards that dealt directly with problems associated
with delinquency and crime. Its described about gang. Why gang form? Gangs
form due to the absence of a family and its unconditional love, positive adult role
models, and proper discipline. Why youths join gang? The need for a family,
unconditional love, positive adult role models, and proper discipline. This is
credible and useful because this article opened with a quote from Jankowski in
which he stated that he found as many gang members he studied came from intact
homes as from broken homes. What I found was that, regardless of whether a
gang member's home was intact or not, they were more likely to be defined as
unhealthy than healthy. But the lack of a healthy family setting alone is

insufficient as an explanation for the formation of gangs. Feelings of

powerlessness may also contribute to their development.


SOCIOLOGY toolbox. N.p., 17 June 2014. Web. 01 May 2015. Teed Beer is
author of this paper but there is no information about him/her. There is one quote
that the author writes is "Staggering rates of mass incarceration are impacting
minority communities disproportionally and it is the consequence of changes in
policy and the economy- changes in the social context rather than changes in
individual behavior". Here is the chart and that should be enough to get
everyones attention. The following draws mostly on resources from the Hamilton
Project of the Brookings Institute (brought to my attention by Ezra Kleins piece
on Vox).